I read numerous news stories today about the celebration of the 65th anniversary of the liberation of Buchenwald on April 11, 1945. All of these news articles mentioned that “an estimated 56,000 prisoners” were killed at Buchenwald. Why an estimate? Were no records of the exact number of deaths found? (more…)
April 11, 2010
Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen and Dachau were the three major concentration camps in Nazi Germany. The fourth major camp was Mauthausen in Austria. During World War II, all four of these camps held Soviet Prisoners of War, and at all four camps, Soviet POWs were executed according to the Commissar Order (Kommissarbefehl) issued by the supreme commander of the German army, Adolf Hitler.
At Sachsenhausen and Buchenwald, the Soviet POWs were shot in the neck through a hole in a measuring stick mounted on a wall. Curiously, this execution method was not used at Dachau or Mauthausen. Hmm, I wonder why? (more…)