My parents wanted me to go to Washington University in St. Louis, which was a Catholic university in the 1950s. If I had taken the advice of my parents, one of my history teachers might have been Kurt von Schuschnigg, the former Chancellor of Austria, who became a professor at Washington University after World War II. I could have gotten a first-hand account of the how “Hitler took Austria” from the former Chancellor himself.
Now his son, also named Kurt von Schuschnigg, has written a book entitled When Hitler Took Austria. You can read about Kurt, the son, in this news article. His father, the Chancellor, also wrote a book; it is entitled The Brutal Takeover.
I became interested in the story of Chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg because I almost got to meet him. I did some research on “the brutal takeover” and wrote about it several years ago on my website here.
After the Anschluss, Kurt von Schuschnigg was imprisoned by the Nazis from March 1938 until early May 1945. He spent some time in the VIP section of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp before he was transferred to Dachau in the last days of the war. He was one of the prisoners who were taken from Dachau to the Tyrol, where he was finally liberated by American troops.
Kurt von Schuschnigg was detained for two years by the American Military until he was finally allowed to emigrate to America in 1947. In 1948, he became a Professor of International Law and Contemporary Diplomatic History at Washington University. He retired to Innsbruck, Austria where he died in 1977.