Scrapbookpages Blog

September 12, 2014

Another American school teacher in trouble for asking students to compare George W. Bush with Adolf Hitler

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 8:49 am

You can read about the latest flap in American education here.  A school teacher in Washington, DC recently assigned sixth grade students to write an essay, comparing George W. Bush’s “abuse of power” to Hitler’s “abuse of power.”

George W. Bush, former president of the United States of America

George W. Bush, former president of the United States of America

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler

This quote is from the news article, cited above:

Marc Thiessen, who worked for years as Bush’s speechwriter, said the teacher should be terminated immediately.

“A person who can’t tell the difference between George W. Bush and Adolf Hitler shouldn’t be teaching children,” Thiessen told FoxNews.com. “This isn’t even political bias, this is utter incompetence.”

The McKinley Middle School teacher sent students home with a Venn diagram instructing them to compare and contrast Bush and Hitler as part of a unit on “War and Peace,” according to a statement by district officials. It was left to the students to determine how Bush, the 43rd U.S. president who was elected to two terms, stacked up against Hitler, whose Nazi Germany perpetrated a Holocaust that killed more than 6 million Jews.

Here is more on the assignment, as reported by USA Today and in the teacher’s own words:

“Now that we have read about two men of power who abused their power in various ways, we will compare and contrast them and their actions,” the assignment reads. “Please refer to your texts, ‘Fighting Hitler – A Holocaust Story’ and ‘Bush: Iraq War Justified Despite No WMD’ to compare and contrast former President George W. Bush and Hitler. We will use this in class tomorrow for an activity!”

Apparently the sixth-grade class has been studying both the Holocaust and the Iraq War.

This would have been a very difficult assignment.  Good luck finding out anything good about Adolf Hitler.  It can’t be done — unless the students were willing to go to Revisionist books and websites, and I’m sure the teacher did not want that to happen.   This is the “common core” assignment about the Holocaust all over again

As everyone knows, Hitler started World War II.  I blogged about this at http://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2010/02/24/alfred-naujocks-and-the-start-of-world-war-ii/

If the students had been allowed to complete this assignment, they would have discovered “the Bush doctrine” which is mentioned on Wikipedia.

This quote is from Wikipedia:
Begin quote:
The Bush Doctrine is a phrase used to describe various related foreign policy principles of the 43rd President of the United States, George W. Bush. The phrase was first used by Charles Krauthammer in June 2001 to describe the Bush Administration’s “unilaterally withdrawing from the ABM treaty and rejecting the Kyoto protocol.”[1] After 9/11 the phrase described the policy that the United States had the right to secure itself against countries that harbor or give aid to terrorist groups, which was used to justify the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan.[1][2]
End quote

If you can’t tolerate learning anything good about Adolf Hitler, stop reading right now, because I am now going to tell you a few good things about Hitler, which will lead you to believe that Hitler was better than George W. Bush as a leader of a country.

This quote is from this website:

We loved [Hitler] because he had bold plans which benefited man and harmonized with nature.

We loved him because he gave us the best roads in the world, envied and emulated by other peoples ever since. Not only did he give us roads, but a cheap, practical car to run on them, the Volkswagen: the People’s Car.

We loved him for giving us honest money and thereby saving our jobs, our homes and our industry. He made our lives not only bearable, but fruitful.

We loved him because he did the Work of the Lord, by driving the money-changers out of our country. He taught us that true wealth is not based on gold nor upon credit. but upon the productivity of our land and people. Honest money is only possible with honest men. No system of law or gold can protect us from criminals in government. There is no substitute for honest men.

We loved him because he wrested the creation of our money away from the Jews, like his American predecessor, Abraham Lincoln. He restored our economy to peacetime prosperity. It was not preparation for war that ended our depression. Where the Jews retained their money power, the depression worsened. Unemployment rose drastically in America and Britain at this time. As the British military strategist, Liddell Hart, maintained: The last thing Hitler wanted was war. But war came at last. and none too soon for the Jewish bankers! War was declared by Britain in 1939, but little fighting occurred. Britain announced Jewish terms for ending the war: Kill Hitler and return to the international gold standard. For Germany, the choice was certain death by starvation or possible death in battle.

The Jewish bankers had created massive unemployment in our country, just as they had done in England, France, America and throughout the world. They did this by decreasing the supply of money, which our racial renegade governments had allowed them to control entirely.

Before Hitler came to power, 7 million Germans were unemployed and over 6 million only partially employed. In the four bleak years from 1929 to 1933, despair and hopelessness caused the death by suicide of some 250,000 of our people.

Before I went to visit the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, I did some research on Hitler.  I wrote the following, on my website, after taking the trouble to learn what Hitler did for Germany.

Begin quote from my scrapbookpages.com website:

In the summer of 1936, Nazi Germany was the envy of the Western world. From the depths of the Great Depression in 1932, Hitler had achieved an “economic miracle” in Germany in less than three years. As yet, there was no sign of Nazi aggression, nor any attempt at world domination by Germany. Gertrude Stein, the famous Jewish writer who was a mentor to Ernest Hemingway, even suggested in 1937 that Hitler should be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Because of the Nazi program of nationalism, the German people had regained their self respect after the humiliating Treaty of Versailles, which Germany was forced to sign at the end of World War I. They now had great pride in their ethnicity and their country. No people in the world were more patriotic than the Germans in 1936 and no other world leader had the total dedication to his country that Adolph Hitler had.

The ordinary Germans were satisfied with their lives and had no reason to fear the concentration camps or the Gestapo. Hitler was a hero to the 127 million ethnic Germans throughout Europe, whom he wanted to unite into the Greater German Empire, a dream that had been discussed in his native Austria for over 50 years. In less than four years, this dream would be accomplished when Austria, parts of Poland that had formerly been German territory, Luxembourg, the French provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, and the Sudetenland were combined with Germany to form the Greater German Reich.

In 1936, Hitler was more loved and admired than all the other world leaders put together. He was also the only world leader who was actively helping the Zionists with their plan to reclaim Palestine as their country.

While America and the rest of Europe were still in the depths of the depression caused by the stock market crash in October 1929, Germany had stabilized its economy and had virtually eliminated unemployment. Unlike the other countries in Europe in 1936, Nazi Germany was doing well, thanks in part to American investment capital. Many American businessmen, led by auto maker Henry Ford, supported Hitler and his Fascist form of government. Other prominent Americans who supported Hitler included Joseph P. Kennedy (the father of President John F. Kennedy), and Prescott Bush (the grandfather of President George W. Bush) and Charles Lindbergh.

Meanwhile, the American government was drifting to the liberal left; Communist refugees like playwright Bertold Brecht and Jewish refugees like Albert Einstein were flocking to America and their influence was strong in American politics. In the 1936 presidential election in America, Al Smith, who had run as the Democratic candidate in 1928 against Herbert Hoover, accused fellow Democrat President Roosevelt of being a Communist.

Hitler had thumbed his nose at the Versailles Treaty by stopping the payment of reparations to France and Great Britain, and a massive program of industrialization had restored the country to full employment, compared to the 20% unemployment in America in 1936. Roosevelt had copied many of the social welfare programs in Germany, including Social Security, but America was still struggling to recover from the depression.

The workers in Nazi Germany enjoyed unprecedented social benefits such as paid vacations under the Strength Through Joy program (Kraft durch Freude). Factory workers listened to classical music as they worked, and took showers before going home. In order to demonstrate their importance to the country, workers were allowed to march in Nazi parades, carrying shovels on their shoulders just like the soldiers who marched with their rifles.

Everything in Nazi Germany was clean and orderly; there were no slums; the trains ran on time. By 1938, the crime rate was at an all-time low because repeat offenders were being sent to a concentration camp after they had completed their second sentence. Anyone who did not have a permanent address and some visible means of support was hauled off the Dachau and put to work.

The political parties of the opposition (Communists and Social Democrats) had been banned in Germany; political dissidents were being locked up; there was no more bomb throwing or revolutionary fighting in the streets. There were no more crippling general strikes because the trade unions had been banned to prevent the Communists from organizing the workers.

A healthy lifestyle was encouraged by the Nazis and group calisthenics for young people were compulsory. Family values were the order of the day: abortion was banned; homosexuals and prostitutes were imprisoned; women were encouraged to be homemakers, and mothers with four or more children would shortly be awarded military style medals for serving their country.

It was safe to walk the city streets in Germany at night; no bars were needed on the windows of German homes to keep the criminal element out; all the social misfits were being sent away to the concentration camps; bums and vagrants were no longer allowed to beg on the streets. Money that had formerly been spent to care for institutionalized persons with mental and physical disabilities was now being used for other purposes as the mentally ill and the severely disabled were being put to death in gas chambers.

The single-minded Nazis were attempting to achieve a perfect world like Disneyland’s Main Street which ends at a replica of Germany’s Neuschwanstein Castle; their advanced technology was the Tomorrowland of its day. Fifty years later, the backlash from their ideology of racialism and nationalism was the impetus for the creation of today’s Politically Correct world of diversity and tolerance, which is the exact opposite of Nazi Germany.

The Nuremberg laws, enacted in 1935, stripped the Jews of their citizenship and made it a crime for Jews to have sexual intercourse with Germans. Jews were excluded from many jobs and government positions, and they were not allowed to ride on street cars or sit on park benches reserved for Aryans. The rest of the world, particularly Americans, ignored these early warnings; at that time America was a segregated country with institutionalized racism, and there were many restricted neighborhoods where Jews were not allowed to buy a home. American universities had quotas for Jewish students and numerous clubs and organizations did not allow Jews as members. While the Nazi racists were encouraging 300,000 Jews to leave Germany in the 1930ies, the American government was handing a one-way ticket to Mexico to 500,000 Mexican immigrants and Mexican-American citizens during the same time period.

Ever since the leftist revolutions, led by the Jews in Russia and Germany, had brought an end to World War I, the world had been polarized by Communism and Fascism. The first hint that a second world war was soon going to be fought over the conflicting ideologies of Communism and Fascism came in July 1936 with the Spanish Civil War which started when General Francisco Franco led a military revolt against the leftist Republic. Hitler and Mussolini gave their support to Franco, while Roosevelt and the leftist French leader supported the Communist side. The battle lines for World War II were already drawn in 1936 when Nazi Germany formed the Axis Alliance with Mussolini’s Fascist Italy and imperial Japan. In his book Mein Kampf, written while he was imprisoned for treason in 1924, Hitler had already predicted future problems between Japan and the United States.

The Treaty of Versailles included a provision for establishing the League of Nations, which consisted of the Allied countries and any neutral countries that wanted to join. Not until years later was Germany allowed to join. The purpose of the League, which America did not join after Congress voted against it, was to prevent future wars. The League was a forerunner of the United Nations which was formed in May 1945, shortly before the end of the second World War.

Germany was eventually allowed to join the League of Nations in 1926 after the country had been politically rehabilitated, but Hitler had withdrawn from it because the main objective of the Nazi party was to overturn the Treaty of Versailles.

In 1931, the rules of the League of Nations were violated for the first time when Japan invaded China, another member of the League. When the other nations in the League did nothing, this signaled to the world that the Treaty of Versailles could be violated with impunity and this set the stage for Hitler to disregard its terms. By 1936, Hitler had already violated the Treaty by stopping the payment of reparations and by building up an army of 400,00 men, which was considerably larger than the 100,000 soldiers that the Treaty allowed.

Hitler had also put troops into the demilitarized Rhineland in violation of the Treaty of Versailles; then he took back the Ruhr after France had annexed this German territory when Germany was unable to pay reparations after its economy had collapsed a decade earlier.

America had signed a separate peace treaty with Germany after World War I because the American Congress refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, so America was in no position to stop Hitler once he started on his path to German hegemony, as world domination by one super power, such as the United States, is now called.

In August 1936, the Olympic games were being held in Berlin, and the Nazis had removed all the bums, winos and male prostitutes from the streets, sending them to Dachau or Sachsenhausen for six months of rehabilitation. Then in a concession to the liberals in America, Great Britain and France, who were threatening to boycott the games, the anti-Semitic signs and slogans on the city streets were temporarily removed and the anti-Jewish newspapers were taken off the stands. Two token Jews were even allowed to train for the Olympics on the German team, and a Jew, Captain Wolfgang Fürstner, was put in charge of the Olympic Village. Fürstner killed himself after he was replaced at the last minute.

The Germans won the most medals for first place, second place and third place in the 1936 Olympics, defeating the second-place Americans by a wide margin of 57 points. The story about Hitler refusing to acknowledge a victory by Jesse Owens was incorrect, according to noted historian John Toland, who wrote:

“That the Führer publicly turned his back on the great black athlete was denied by Owens himself, who further claimed that Hitler did pay him a tribute. “When I passed the Chancellor he arose, waved his hand at me, and I waved back at him. I think the writers showed bad taste in criticizing the man of the hour in Germany.”

Charles Lindbergh, who was America’s greatest hero after flying solo to Europe, was the special guest of Hitler at the Olympics and sat beside him at the games. Lindbergh had by then moved to England in an effort to get away from the rampant crime in America. He was so impressed with Germany’s right-wing Utopia that, by 1938, he was making plans to move there and Hitler’s chief architect, Albert Speer, had been commissioned to design a house for him. He quickly changed his mind in November 1938 after Kristallnacht, the state-sponsored pogrom in Germany, in which the windows of Jewish businesses were smashed and Synagogues were burned. Newspapers around the world played up the story with banner headlines. Kristallnacht marked the end of Hitler’s popularity and the Western world’s admiration for Germany. Time magazine selected Stalin, the Communist leader of the Soviet Union, for its Man of the Year award in 1939.

During the two days of rioting during the Kristallnacht pogrom in Germany and Austria, on Nov. 9th and 10th in 1938, Nazi officials went to all the small towns in Germany and ordered the Jews to leave within 24 hours or be sent to a concentration camp. This was a plan to consolidate all the Jews in a few large cities. Those who were unable to leave, or refused to leave, were rounded up in the following days and sent to the three main concentration camps: Dachau, Sachsenhausen and Buchenwald. There were 30,000 Jews in all who were arrested, and around 10,000 were sent to each of these three main camps. They were released within a few weeks if they paid a fine and promised to leave Germany within six months. There were few countries willing to accept them, so the majority wound up in Shanghai which was the only place they could enter without a visa.

In July 1938, President Roosevelt sponsored a conference at which the countries of the Western world met to decide what to do about the problem of thousands of German Jewish refugees, but no country was willing to change its immigration quotas, including the United States of America. A few of the Jewish prisoners were unable to pay the fine or to raise enough money to leave the country; in 1942, they were all transferred from the concentration camps in Germany to the death camps in what is now Poland where the majority of them died in the Holocaust.

Hitler had predicted that his Third Reich would last for 1,000 years, but it came crashing down after only 12 years, and the image of Germany as the most cultured and advanced civilization in the modern world has been replaced by one of brutality and racism as Germany has become the most hated and reviled country in the world in the post-war Politically Correct era.

End quote from my website.

Freedom of Speech will soon be gone in America, and you will have to know the kosher version of history to stay out of prison.  You can read the correct version of history, with regard to Hitler, on this website:  https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/hitler.html

September 1, 2014

September 1, 2014 — the 75th anniversary of the day that Hitler started World War II

Filed under: Germany, World War II — Tags: , , , , , , — furtherglory @ 8:41 am

You can read about the start of World War II in this article in a German newspaper: http://www.dw.de/marking-the-75th-anniversary-of-the-outbreak-of-world-war-ii/a-17891943

This quote is from the news article in the above link:

The fighting [in World War II] began in the early hours of September 1, 1939, when the German battleship Schleswig-Holstein fired on the Polish fort of Westerplatte. The first battle of the Second World War quickly ensued.

The attack on Poland by Adolf Hitler’s Nazi regime led Britain and France to declare war on Germany two days later.

The fewer than 200 Polish soldiers posted to Westerplatte fought bravely, holding out for a full week before their commander surrendered to the German forces.

Prior to the attack on Westerplatte, the Nazi’s had staged a number of operations aimed at creating the illusion of Polish aggression on Germany as a pretext for attack. The best know[n] of this was the “Gleiwitz incident,” an operation by Nazis posing as Poles on the German radio station “Sender Gleiwitz” in Gliwice, which was then part of Germany.

I wrote about the attack on Gleiwitz on this previous blog post:

http://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2010/02/24/alfred-naujocks-and-the-start-of-world-war-ii/

I wrote another blog post about the start of World War II here:

http://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2011/07/28/youtube-video-proves-that-hitler-did-not-start-wwii/

Another recent news article, which you can read in full here, claims that the Germans fired the first shots of World War II at Gdansk.  It doesn’t really matter where the Germans fired the first shots to start World War, the important point is that Poland had nothing to do with starting World War II.

The Poles were planning to take Berlin with their cavalry which was the best in the world.  When the Poles started their cavalry charge, heading for Berlin, they knew nothing about Blitzkreig, nor did they know that Germany had the best tanks in the world.  They thought they could defeat Germany with horses.

This news story, which you can read in full here, also claims that the first shots were fired at Gdansk, which, to the Germans, was the German city of Danzig.

1939 photo shows ethnic Germans in Danzig saluting under a banner which says that Danzig is  a German city

1939 photo shows ethnic Germans in Danzig saluting under a banner which says that Danzig is a German city

Wikipedia mentions the Polish cavalry here:  “The charge at Krojanty, battle at Krojanty[1] or skirmish of Krojanty[2] was a cavalry charge that occurred during the Invasion of Poland in the Second World War. It took place on the evening of September 1, 1939, near the Pomeranian village of Krojanty.”

You can read this about the Polish cavalry at http://www.france24.com/en/20140901-poland-german-invasion-anniversary-wwii-75-years/

This quote is from Wikipedia:

From the very first German shells fired at a Polish fort in Gdansk in the early hours of September 1, 1939, to the final days in 1945, Poland suffered some of the worst horrors of the war, chief among them the extermination of most of its Jewish population by the Nazis.

You don’t hear much about how the Germans were treated badly by the Polish people.  For example, do a search on “Bloody Sunday” and you will find this website which has lots of photos of Germans killed and mutilated by the Poles:  http://www.saveyourheritage.com/bloody_sunday.htm

 

 

July 16, 2014

New Jersey schools teach students about “Greek atrocities in World War II”

This morning, I read an article in the on-line NJSpotlight newspaper, which is about Paul Winkler, who is entering his 40th year leading the nation’s first Holocaust education program.

The article included the quote below:

The [New Jersey Holocaust] commission is best known for its Holocaust curriculum, but it has also developed curricula on 13 other acts of horror throughout modern history, from the Native American genocide through Darfur. The most recent was a 20th anniversary presentation about the mass killings in Rwanda, as well as curricula on Greek atrocities in World War II and Soviet leader Josef Stalin’s gulags.

The Greeks committed atrocities in World War II?  How could that be?  Only the Nazis committed atrocities during World War II, never the Allies.  I hurried to Wikipedia, as fast as my fingers could take me, to find out the truth.

Here is what Wikipedia has to say about atrocities in Greece in World War II:

In early December 1943, the German Army’s 117th Jäger Division began a mission named Unternehmen Kalavryta (Operation Kalavryta), intending to encircle Greek Resistancefighters in the mountainous area surrounding Kalavryta. During the operation, 78 German soldiers, who had been taken prisoner by the guerillas in October, were executed by their captors. The commander of the German division, General Karl von Le Suire reacted with harsh and massive reprisal operations across the region. He personally ordered the “severest measures”—the killing of the male population of Kalavryta—on 10 December 1943.

So it seems that students in New Jersey schools are not only learning about the Jews killed by the Nazis, they are also learning about reprisals, which were legal during World War II.  There were reprisals against the Greek Resistance fighters, who were illegal combatants in World War II; the purpose of these legal reprisals was to stop the illegal killing of German soldiers who were fighting on the battlefield.

The most famous reprisal during World War II was the one at Oradour-sur-Glane.  I have written several blog posts about Orddour-sur-Glane, including this one: http://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2013/06/09/june-10th-the-anniversary-of-the-oradour-sur-glane-tragedy/

If the New Jersey schools want to teach students about atrocities during World War II, the reprisal at Oradour-sur-Glane is the best example of the Germans fighting legally against the illegal combatants in World War II.

July 8, 2014

“the Wereth 11″ get new honors, as German SS soldiers in WW2 are accused of “what was undeniably a war crime”

Filed under: Germany, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 10:53 am

Update July 21, 2014:   The War Heroes TV channel (formerly the Military Channel) had a story today about the Wereth 11, the black heroes, who were tortured and killed by German soldiers during the Battle of the Bulge.

Continue reading my original post:

A reader of my blog recently mentioned “the Wereth 11″ in a comment. I had never heard of “the Wereth 11,” so I had to look it up on the Internet.  I discovered that “the Wereth 11″ was a group of 11 African American soldiers who were fighting in the Battle of the Bulge during World War II. After deserting from the battlefield, they had walked 10 miles to Wereth, a hamlet in Belgium, where they hid out, safe from the worst battle of World War II. You can read their story at http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/11/07/wereth-black-soldiers-battle-of-bulge-army-world-war-ii-history/3465059/

The Wereth 11 now has a Facebook page, where you can read all about these heroes who were gunned down by German soldiers in wartime.  There is also a resolution that has been introduced into the US Congress (H. Con. Res. 68) to recognize the service and sacrifice of these 11 American soldiers.  You can read about it here.

The hamlet of Wereth in Belgium

The hamlet of Wereth in Belgium (Click to enlarge)

This website gives the story from the point of view of the African-American soldiers:

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/11/07/wereth-black-soldiers-battle-of-bulge-army-world-war-ii-history/3465059/

This is the story, as told by a former African-American soldier:

The unit was decimated. “We were all either killed or captured,” said George Shomo, 92, a veteran of the 333rd who lives in Tinton Falls, N.J.

Eleven members of the 333rd managed to escape. For hours, they trudged through waist-deep snow, staying away from roads and hoping to avoid German patrols. They carried only two weapons.

Exhausted and hungry, the men stumbled upon the tiny Belgian farming hamlet of Wereth shortly before dusk. They were waving a white flag, recalls Tina Heinrichs-Langer, who at the time was 17 years old.

Tina’s father, Mathias Langer, didn’t hesitate to offer help. He invited the men into his home, seating them at the family’s rustic kitchen table, where he gave the grateful soldiers hot coffee and bread.

Harboring the Americans was a risky move for the Langer family. Wereth was a town of divided loyalties. It had been part of Germany before World War I, and some of its residents still identified themselves as German.

But Mathias Langer was unwavering in his support of the Allies. He hid deserters from the German army and sent his own sons away to avoid having them conscripted.

There is a recent documentary film about “the Wereth 11,” which you can read about here.

This quote is from the link above:

Titled The Wereth Eleven, and of course based on a true story, it’s described as…

… an epic docudrama… that retraces the steps of the 11 soldiers of the 333rd Field Artillery Battalion who escaped The 18th Volksgrenadiers after their unit was overrun at the start of the Battle of the Bulge. Their 10-mile trek from their battery position to Wereth, Belgium led them to refuge with a Belgian family until a Nazi sympathizer revealed their presence to an SS Reconn Patrol. The soldiers surrendered, but were taken to a field, where they were tortured, maimed, and shot on Dec. 17, 1944. The killings were investigated, but never prosecuted.

Wait a minute!  German soldiers “tortured, maimed and shot” African American soldiers, but these German soldiers were “never prosecuted.” Unmöglich!

I quickly got out my copy of the book entitled Justice at Dachau by Joshua M. Greene.  This book tells all about the war crimes trials that were held at Dachau, by the Americans after World War II.  The “Wereth 11″ was not mentioned in this comprehensive book, probably because no one was ever prosecuted for this crime.

A few years ago, I spent a great deal of time studying the war crimes trials at Dachau, and wrote about it on my scrapbookpages.com website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/DachauTrials/MalmedyMassacre03.html

It is very strange, and highly suspicious, that no one was ever put on trial for the torture, maiming and shooting of the “Wereth 11″ in Belgium.  These black soldiers had deserted from the Battle of the Bulge and had gone 10 miles from the battlefield to hide in the hamlet of Wereth in Begium. They should have been taken as Prisoners of War by the Germans and given all their rights under the Geneva Convention.

This quote is from my website page about the Malmady Massacre:

Forty-two of the accused [at the Malmedy Massacre trial] were sentenced to death by hanging, including Col. Joaquin Peiper. Peiper made a request through his defense attorney that he and his men be shot by a firing squad, the traditional soldier’s execution. His request was denied. General Sepp Dietrich was sentenced to life in prison along with 21 others. The rest of the accused were sentenced to prison terms of 10, 15 or 20 years.

None of the convicted SS soldiers were ever executed and by 1956, all of them had been released from prison. All of the death sentences had been commuted to life in prison. As it turned out, the Malmedy Massacre proceedings at Dachau, which were intended to show the world that the Waffen-SS soldiers were a bunch of heartless killers, became instead a controversial case which dragged on for over ten years and resulted in criticism of the American Occupation, the war crimes military tribunals, the Jewish prosecutors at Dachau and the whole American system of justice.

Before the last man convicted in the Dachau proceedings walked out of Landsberg prison as a free man, the aftermath of the case had involved the US Supreme Court, the International Court at the Hague, the US Congress, Dr. Johann Neuhäusler, a Bishop from Munich, who was a survivor of the Dachau concentration camp, and the government of the new Federal Republic of Germany. All of this was due to the efforts of the defense attorney, Lt. Col. Willis M. Everett.

[...]

The prosecution case hinged on the accusation that Adolf Hitler himself had given the order that no prisoners were to be taken during the Battle of the Bulge and that General Sepp Dietrich had passed down this order to the commanding officers in his Sixth Panzer Army. This meant that there was a Nazi conspiracy to kill American prisoners of war and thus, all of the accused were guilty because they were participants in a “common plan” to break the rules of the Geneva Convention. Yet General Dietrich’s Sixth Panzer Army had taken thousands of other prisoners who were not shot. According to US Army figures, there was a total of 23,554 Americans captured during the Battle of the Bulge.

[...]

Patton’s Army was accused of several incidents in which German prisoners of war were shot, which he admitted in his autobiography. Patton wrote the following entry in his diary on 4 January 1945:

“The Eleventh Armored is very green and took unnecessary losses to no effect. There were also some unfortunate incidents in the shooting of prisoners. I hope we can conceal this.”

In another incident involving the shooting of German and Italian Prisoners of War, an American captain was acquitted on the grounds that he had been following the orders of General Patton, who had discouraged American troops from taking prisoners during the landing of the US Seventh Army in Sicily.

Ironically, an incident in which Americans executed German prisoners happened within half a mile of the Dachau courtroom. On April 29, 1945, the day that the SS surrendered the camp at Dachau, American soldiers of the 45th Thunderbird Division of the US Seventh Army lined up surrendered Waffen-SS soldiers against a wall and machine-gunned them down in the SS Training Camp, next to the concentration camp. This was followed by a second incident, on the same day, which happened at a spot very near the courtroom: the killing of SS guards at the Dachau concentration camp after they came down from their guard tower and surrendered with their hands in the air.

A third execution of German soldiers who had surrendered on April 29th, known as the Webling Incident happened in the village of Webling on the outskirts of of the town of Dachau. American soldiers of the 222nd Regiment of the 42nd Rainbow Division executed soldiers of the German Home Guard after they had surrendered. The Home Guard consisted of young boys and old men who were forced into service in the last desperate days of the war to defend their cities and towns.

[...]

After the war, the Germans attempted to bring a list of 369 murder cases, involving US Army soldiers killing German POWs and wounded men, before a German court, but the cases were thrown out. The list of these 369 killings was published in a German newspaper.

So who was really killing Prisoners of War in World War II?

 

July 4, 2014

The famous old car in the ruins at Oradour-sur-Glane

Filed under: Germany, World War II — Tags: — furtherglory @ 10:59 am

There is renewed interest in Ordour-sur-Glane because an 88-year-old German army veteran might soon be put on trial in Germany, as a war criminal, because he was there when the Germans did a legal reprisal against the citizens of the town.

Oradour-sur-Glane is now a popular tourist attraction, and an old car in the ruins is frequently photographed. I took photos of the car when I visited the ruins several years ago.

Famous old car at Oradour-sur-Glane

My best photo of the famous old car at Oradour-sur-Glane

There are many old cars in the ruins of Oradour-sur-Glane, but the  most famous one is the car, shown in my photo above.

This old car allegedly belonged to Dr. Jacques Desourteaux, the town doctor who arrived back in the village just as the villagers were being assembled on the Fairgrounds. He had been visiting a patient in a nearby hamlet.  The car is just a burned-out empty shell: everything in the interior is gone except the steering wheel. The roof of the car is gone, but the luggage rack is still intact.

Old car with the fairgrounds in the background

Early morning photo of the old car with the fairgrounds in the background

Rear view of the old car at the fairgrounds

Rear view of the old car at the fairgrounds

Notice the bricks that have been placed under the car to keep it from sinking into the ground.

According to Sarah Farmer, in her book entitled Martyred Village, an effort was made in 1992 to preserve this famous old car. Restoration experts dismantled the car, sanded the body, painted the interior with tar to prevent further decay and waxed the outside to repel moisture.

The famous old car with a building in the background

The famous old car with a building on the fairgrounds in the background

The photo directly above shows the old car in front of a building. This photo was taken with a telephoto lens, which makes the car look closer to the building than it really is. A similar photo is shown on the cover of a video that I purchased in the bookshop of the Center of Memory, except that the direction of the car in the video photo is reversed.

According to Sarah Farmer’s book, Martyred Village, the car on the Fairgrounds, shown in the  photos above, is NOT the car, owned by Dr. Jacques Desourteaux.

In her book, Sarah Farmer wrote the following regarding the car:

“When Dr. Desourteaux arrived at the entrance to the town, soldiers forced him to drive up the main street and stop across from the marketplace, where he joined the assembled townspeople. He died with the others that afternoon. A few weeks later, the doctor’s brother and his nephew moved the Desourteaux car to the family property, where it still lies inside the garden wall. The car on the marketplace actually belonged to the wine merchant.”

The doctor’s brother was Hubert Desourteaux and his nephew was Andre Desourteaux.

The old car was at the entrance into the fairgrounds, as shown in my photo below.

The famous old car was parked at the entrance into the fairgrounds

The famous old car is parked at the entrance into the fairgrounds

How the French use a baby’s pram to demonize the German people

Filed under: Germany, World War II — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 8:07 am
Baby's Pram near altar in church at Oradour-sur-Glane

Baby’s Pram to the right of the altar in the church at Oradour-sur-Glane

There is a heated discussion going on in the comment section of my recent blog post about Oradour-sur-Glane.  There is a difference of opinion about whether the German army should have stopped the French terrorists, who were fighting illegally in World War II, by doing a legal reprisal. Some of the visitors to my blog believe that the French should have been allowed to burn captured German soldiers alive, and that the Germans should not have stopped the French by legal means.

The reprisal, conducted by the Germans at Oradour-sur-Glane, would have been completely forgotten by now, had it not been for the efforts of the French to keep the Oradour-sur-Glane story alive.  The ruined village is now a tourist attraction, on par with Auschwitz.  One of the sights that causes tourists to weep is the baby’s pram, which has been placed strategicly near the altar.

When I visited the ruins of Oradour-sur-Glane several years ago, I was appalled by the placement of a baby’s pram near the altar of the church.  In the photo at the top of this page, you can see an old rusted baby’s pram on the right side of the altar. The photo above shows a close-up of the pram.

Close-up of baby's pram inside church at Oradour-sur-Glane

Close-up of baby’s pram inside church at Oradour-sur-Glane

Notice that there is a large hole in the floor in the photo at the top of this page. The photo below shows a close-up of the hole.  In the background, you can see the baby’s pram.

Close-up of the hole in the floor near the communion rail in the church

Close-up of the hole in the floor near the communion rail in the church

Tourists are made to believe that mothers, in the church that day, took their babies behind the communion rail to save them from the German soldiers who had entered the church in order to kill the women and children.  In those days, women were forbidden to go behind the communion rail, except in a position of servitude, such as cleaning the church.

While the evil Germans were blowing up babies in their prams, the side altar on the left side of the church remained in pristine condition.

Side altar in the church at Oradour-sur-Glane is in pristine condition

Side altar in the church at Oradour-sur-Glane is in pristine condition

For any open-minded person, one glance inside the church shows what really happened at Oradour-sur-Glane.  The town was full of French Resistance fighters who were storing explosives inside the church.  German soldiers did not enter the church and blow up babies in their prams, but try to tell that to today’s German haters.

The records of the trial of the German soldiers have been sealed for 100 years, so that the German haters can continue their vile comments about the tragedy.

You can read the official version of what happened at Oradour-sur-Glane on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Oradour-sur-Glane/Story/OfficialStory.html

If you believe the official version of what happened at Oradour-sur-Glane, I have a bridge that I want to sell you….

 

July 3, 2014

What’s the difference between the words “avenge” and “reprisal”?

Filed under: Germany, World War II — furtherglory @ 10:41 am
Inside the ruined church at Oradour-sur-Glane where women and children were allegedly burned alive

Inside the ruined church at Oradour-sur-Glane where women and children were allegedly burned alive

(Click on the photo to enlarge) Note the baby pram on the floor of the church where women and children were burned alive, but strangely their clothing didn’t burn.

Read my previous post about a former German soldier, named Werner C, whom the present day Germans are trying to put on trial as a war criminal:   http://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2014/01/30/todays-germany-no-country-for-old-men/

This is the headline of a news article in the Mail Online today, which you can read in full here:

On June 10, in 1944, SS Panzer Division member entered the village to avenge a German soldier kidnapped by the French Resistance

“avenge” means to get even for something.  It is not a legal term. A reprisal was legal, under the Geneva Convention in 1944. The laws have since changed and a reprisal is no longer legal.  The Germans are now changing the laws so that actions that were legal during World War II are now illegal under the ex-post-facto laws of the Allies.

This quote is from the Mail Online article:

 An 88-year-old former member of an SS armored division has been charged with murder and accessory to murder for allegedly taking part in the massacre of 642 French villagers by Nazi soldiers during World War Two.

The man, named only as Werner C, from Cologne, has been charged with 25 counts of murder and hundreds of counts of accessory to murder in connection with the slaughter in Oradour-sur-Glane.

The investigation into the massacre where almost the entire population of the village, including more than 400 women and children, was gunned down or burned alive on June 10, 1944, was re-opened by German prosecutors last year.

I previously blogged about Oradour-sur-Glane at http://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2012/06/12/what-does-the-evidence-show-about-the-real-story-of-oradour-sur-glane/

My photo of the ruined church at Oradour-sur-Glane church

My photo of the ruins of the church at Oradour-sur-Glane which was burned in 1944

The Germans are at it again:  another old German soldier will be hauled into a German court, on a stretcher, to be put on trial in connection with the legal reprisal carried out by German soldiers at Oradour-sur-glane in June 1944, in an effort to stop the murder of German soldiers by illegal combatants in the French Resistance.

The French surrendered after 5 weeks of fighting in World War II, but they never stopped fighting. They continued to fight as illegal combatants, ambushing and killing German soldiers by burning them alive.

You can read about it on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Oradour-sur-Glane/Story/Synopsis02.html

The bakery in Oradour-sur-Glane where a burned body was found

The bakery in Oradour-sur-Glane where a burned body was found

I have studied the reprisal at Oradour-sur-Glane and I have written extensively about it on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Oradour-sur-Glane/index.html

June 25, 2014

Should old American soldiers be brought into court on a stretcher and tried for World War II war crimes?

German soldiers, killed by Lt. Bill Walsh, after they had surrendered

German soldiers, killed by American Lt. Bill Walsh, after they had surrendered

I previously blogged about the killing of German soldiers by Lt. Bill Walsh, shown in the photo above, at http://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2013/04/29/ss-soldiers-were-shot-by-lt-bill-walsh-on-the-day-that-dachau-was-liberated/

Today’s news is filled with stories about Johann Breyer, an 89-year-old former German soldier, who has been accused of being an accessory to murder in 158 cases, involving the gassing of Jews at Auchwitz-Birkenau in 1944.  Breyer was a guard at the Auschwitz main camp, and had no involvement with the 158 trains that brought 216,000 Jews to the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp in May 1944.  There is no evidence that any of these 216,000 Jews were killed in a gas chamber.  There is no evidence that gas chambers existed at Auschwitz-Birkenau.

If Johann Breyer can be brought to trial in Germany for alleged crimes committed in 1944, can old American soldiers be tried for the well-known killing of German soldiers, who had surrendered with their hands in the air, in April 1945 at Dachau?

General Patton’s Army was accused of several incidents in which German prisoners of war were shot, which he admitted in his autobiography.

Patton wrote the following entry in his diary on 4 January 1945:

“The Eleventh Armored is very green and took unnecessary losses to no effect. There were also some unfortunate incidents in the shooting of prisoners. I hope we can conceal this.”

In another incident involving the shooting of German and Italian Prisoners of War, an American captain was acquitted on the grounds that he had been following the orders of General Patton, who had discouraged American troops from taking prisoners during the landing of the US Seventh Army in Sicily.

A third execution of German soldiers who had surrendered on April 29th, known as the Webling Incident happened in the village of Webling on the outskirts of of the town of Dachau. American soldiers of the 222nd Regiment of the 42nd Rainbow Division executed soldiers of the German Home Guard after they had surrendered. The Home Guard consisted of young boys and old men who were forced into service in the last desperate days of the war to defend their cities and towns.

After an investigation by the US Army resulted in the court martial of the soldiers involved in these killings, General George S. Patton tore up the papers and tossed them in the wastebasket.

Col. Howard A. Buechner, the American medical officer who was there when Waffen-SS soldiers were executed during the liberation of Dachau, wrote in his book The Hour of the Avenger, regarding the court martial of soldiers in the 45th Thunderbird Division:

“Public outrage would certainly have opposed the prosecution of American heroes for eliminating a group of sadists who so richly deserved to die.”

German soldiers, who so richly deserved to die, had nothing to do with the Dachau concentration camp

German soldiers, who so richly deserved to die, had nothing to do with the concentration camp

I previously blogged about another incident in the killing of innocent German soldiers at Dachau at http://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2011/04/30/the-us-7th-army-ig-report-on-the-killing-of-guards-in-tower-b-at-dachau/

German soldiers were imprisoned at Dachau

German soldiers were imprisoned at Dachau

In early July 1945, the U.S. Counter Intelligence Corp (CIC) set up War Crimes Enclosure No. 1 in the former concentration camp at Dachau for suspected German war criminals who had been rounded up by the U.S. Third Army War Crimes Detachment.

In the photo above, accused German war criminals are shown entering the prison compound of the former Dachau concentration camp.

The authority for charging the defeated Germans with war crimes came from the London Agreement, signed after the war on August 8, 1945 by the four winning countries: Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the USA. The basis for the charges against the accused German war criminals was Law Order No. 10, issued by the Allied Control Council, the governing body for Germany before the country was divided into East and West Germany.

Law Order No. 10 defined Crimes against Peace, War Crimes, and Crimes against Humanity. A fourth crime category was membership in any organization, such as the Nazi party or the SS, that was declared to be criminal by the Allies. The war crimes contained in Law Order No. 10 were new crimes, created specifically for the defeated Germans, not crimes against existing international laws. Any acts committed by the winning Allies which were covered under Law Order No. 10 were not considered war crimes.

Every member of the elite SS volunteer Army was automatically a war criminal because the SS was designated by the Allies as a criminal organization even before anyone was put on trial. Any member of the Nazi political party, who had any official job within the party, was likewise automatically a war criminal regardless of what they had personally done.

Under the Allied concept of participating in a “common plan” to commit war crimes, it was not necessary for a Nazi or a member of the SS to have committed an atrocity themselves; all were automatically guilty under the concept of co-responsibility for any atrocity that might have occurred.

The basis for the “common plan” theory of guilt was Article II, paragraph 2 of Law Order No. 10 which stated as follows:

2. Any person without regard to nationality or the capacity in which he acted, is deemed to have committed a crime as defined in paragraph 1 of this Article, if he was (a) a principal or (b) was an accessory to the commission of any such crime or ordered or abetted the same or (c) took a consenting part therein or (d) was connected with plans or enterprises involving its commission or (e) was a member of any organization or group connected with the commission of any such crime or (f) with reference to paragraph 1 (a), if he held a high political, civil or military (including General Staff) position in Germany or in one of its Allies, co-belligerents or satellites or held high position in the financial, industrial or economic life of any such country.

Thirty thousand German soldiers were held, without trial, as prisoners for years after the war. Note that the name of the camp indicated that all German soldiers were war criminals.

As far as I know, there were no American soldiers put on trial for killing German soldiers who had surrendered with their hands in the air.

What is sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander. Shouldn’t old soldiers in American be treated the same as old soldiers in the German army?

Unfortunately, the policy in America is to cover up crimes committed by US soldiers.  Remember Bradley Manning?

This quote is from an article, which you can read at http://www.thecrimson.com/article/2012/2/10/America-war-crime/

[US] Soldiers who have blown the whistle on atrocities committed by others in uniform, meanwhile, have been subjected to the full force of the government’s wrath. Since 2008, six soldiers have been charged with espionage for revealing information to journalists about atrocities committed by U.S. soldiers. When Private Bradley E. Manning sent Wikileaks a video of U.S. soldiers gunning down civilians in Iraq, he was arrested, and he has been detained in inhumane conditions in solitary confinement since. As Mazahir M. Hussain noted, “Bradley Manning should’ve really considered committing some war crimes instead of exposing them, [it] worked well for Frank Wuterich.”

http://www.thecrimson.com/article/2012/2/10/America-war-crime/

 

April 27, 2014

Dachau inmate who was mistakenly arrested by the American liberators of the camp

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, World War II — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 10:58 am

I have just learned that there is a book, entitled Unforgotten - A Memoir of Dachau, which was written by Franz Thaler, a former non-Jewish inmate of Dachau.  The book was originally published in 1988; a new edition was published in 2011 by Kiener Press.

Thaler’s book is for sale at the Dachau Memorial Site, and on the Amazon website in the UK.

You can read a review of this book at http://www.marcinonabike.com/reviews/review_unforgotten.php

This quote from the review introduces the story of Franz Thaler, who was an ethnic German, living in the South Tyrol during World War II:

By September 1943 and after the Italian capitulation, the German Army ends up occupying Italy, as well as the Tyrol. The 19 year old Franz refuses to serve in the German army and is forced to go on the run and ends up living higher up in the mountains sleeping rough for many months, surviving on plants, berries and the occasional hand-outs from friendly farmers and shepherds. After a law was passed by the Nazi’s to punish the families of deserters Franz is forced to give himself up, and subsequently ends up in the Dachau KZ.

After his first initial days in the Dachau Bunker he was eventually moved around several [sub-camps] before being transferred back to Dachau [main camp] where he was liberated on the 29th April 1945.

This quote from the review explains what happened to Franz Thaler during the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp by American soldiers:

After his transfer back to Dachau for the final month of the war he was in the [concentration] camp on the day of liberation. He, and a few other prisoners noticed the guards had already fled [the night before] and he made his way to the gate of the Jourhaus and through into the S.S. training camp that bordered the concentration camp, and there Thaler was found by the American soldiers who treated him unbelievably not as a prisoner, but as a guard! He, and quite a few other prisoners were mistaken for members of the S.S. and eventually sent to a POW camp in France before finally being set free.

He finally makes it home, back to the South Tyrol at the end of August 1945. In other words his suffering, this time at the hands of the Americans meant his war and imprisonment didn’t finish until many months after the war had ended in Europe.

The photo below shows the entrance into the Dachau concentration camp, which was separated from the SS training camp by a canal.

Dachau Jourhaus (Gate House)

Dachau Jourhaus — the SS training camp is on the left, but not shown in the photo

Entrance into the Dachau gatehouse; the SS camp is behind the camera

Entrance into the Dachau gatehouse from the SS camp, which is behind the camera

This quote is at the end of the review of the book:

[Thaler] finally makes it home, back to the South Tyrol at the end of August 1945. In other words his suffering, this time at the hands of the Americans meant his war and imprisonment didn’t finish until many months after the war had ended in Europe.

Whilst in an American camp between Dachau and Munich, and after not being fed for 6 days he tells of his first food…

“When I opened the tins I heard and saw nothing around me any more. One tin contained green beans in oil, the other three biscuits, a small piece of chocolate and four sweets. Before I started eating I broke out in tears. I had not seen delicacies like this for a long time. After months of starvation and the last six days without food and without water, I began to eat. Tears kept on running down my face and I swallowed many a tear. According to a wise saying, you have to eat bread mixed with tears once in your life in order to be able to appreciate its true value.”

Note that Thaler wrote that he was not given any food, nor water, for SIX DAYS.  I find it hard to believe that a person could live without water for six days!  I once went on a  fast for 10 days, but I drank plenty of water. After 10 days, with no food, I could barely stand up.

Why was Thaler treated this way by the American liberators of Dachau?  It was because they mistakenly thought that he was an SS man, who had disguised himself by wearing prisoner clothes.  He was lucky that he wasn’t killed in the Dachau massacre.

The remarkable thing about this story is that Thaler gave testimony about how the Americans treated the SS men in the Dachau SS training camp, after the camp was liberated.

Arbeit macht Frei sign on the Dachau gatehouse

Arbeit macht Frei sign on the Dachau gatehouse was removed when the camp was turned into a prison enclosure for German war criminals

Several months after Dachau was liberated, the former camp was turned into War Crimes Enclosure No. 1.  You can read about how the German war criminals were treated, on this page of my website:  http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/NaziPrison.html

 

 

April 26, 2014

Memorial to the Soviet POWs who were shot for target practice at Herbertshausen near Dachau

The anniversary of the liberation of Dachau on April 29, 1945 will be coming up soon, and there will be lots of news articles about the camp. There might also be some news about the Herbertshausen shooting range, where Soviet Prisoners of War were allegedly shot for target practice.

Rifle range at Herbertshausen Photo credit: xxx

Rifle range at Herbertshausen Photo credit: Donald E. Jackson

There is now a Memorial to these POWs, which you can read about at http://www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de/news-hebertshausen.html

This quote is from the website, cited above:

On June 22, 2011 a commemorative service was held to mark the burial of the mortal remains of unknown Soviet prisoners of war on the former “SS shooting range Hebertshausen”. In 1941-1942 SS units of the Dachau concentration camp shot dead around 4,500 Soviet prisoners, contravening international law – officers, Communist officials, intellectuals, and Jews. A memorial now commemorates the unknown murdered victims at the site of the crime. Speeches were held by Dr. Gabriele Hammermann, Head of the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site, Karl Freller, MP, director of the Bavarian Memorial Foundation, Andrei Grozow, Consul General of the Russian Federation, Alexander Ganevich, Consul General of the Republic of Belarus, Charlotte Knobloch, president of the Jewish Community of Munich and Upper Bavaria. Subsequently, representatives of the Jewish, Russian Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant and Islamic religious communities said funeral prayers in memory of the unknown victims.

Memorial to the murdered Soviet POWs at Herbertshausen

Memorial to the murdered Soviet POWs at Herbertshausen

Wikipedia has a page about the Herbertshausen Memorial site at http://wikimapia.org/22774181/Memorial-to-the-murdered-Soviet-soldiers

This quote is from Wikipedia:

Some 4,000 imprisoned Soviet soldiers were executed there between 1941 and 1945. These murders were a clear violation of the provisions laid down in the Geneva Convention for prisoners of war. The SS used the cynical term “special treatment” for these criminal executions. The first executions of the Soviet prisoners of war at the Hebertshausen shooting range took place on November 25 1941.
The prisoners brought to Dachau for execution were not recorded in the concentration camp files. Today, an arduous evaluation of the lists and statistics from the prisoner camps at Hammelburg in the Rhone, Nuremberg-Langwasser, and Moosburg on the Isar is trying to obtain a complete record of the names.

Alert readers may have noticed that I used the word “allegedly” in the first sentence of my blog post today.  Surely, there must be plenty of proof that Soviet Prisoners of War were used for target practice at Herbertshausen.

No, dear readers,  I am sad to say that there is no proof whatsoever that Soviet POWs were shot at Herbertshausen.

This quote is from my own website scrapbookpages.com

After October 1941, captured Soviet soldiers were brought to Dachau. They were interrogated and 90 Russian officers, who were believed to be Communist Commissars, were executed on the direct orders of Adolf Hitler. This order was a violation of the Geneva Convention which set rules for the treatment of enemy POWs. Germany had signed the Convention but the Russians had declined to be a party to it.

During the American Military Tribunal for the staff members of the Dachau concentration camp, which was held in the Dachau complex in November 1945, the American prosecutor charged that several of the accused were guilty of “a common plan to violate the Laws and Usages of War” because they were present when 90 alleged Communist Commissars were executed at Dachau and did not try to stop the execution.

According to the American prosecutors at the American Military Tribunals held at Dachau, thousands of Russian POWs were taken to the SS shooting range at Herbertshausen, which was located in the Dachau suburb of Etzenhausen, where they were executed by a firing squad. The American defense attorneys at the American Military Tribunal for 40 Dachau staff members claimed that there was no proof that 5,000 Russian POWs were shot for target practice at Herbertshausen, as alleged by the prosecution.

I previously blogged about the trial of the German war criminals at the American Military Tribunal in which it was NOT proved that thousands of Soviet POWs at Dachau had been shot.

This quote is from my previous blog post at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2010/12/05/german-war-crimes-in-wwii-shooting-soviet-pows-for-target-practice/:

Major Boysen was an American defense attorney for Alex Piorkowski, a former Dachau Commandant, who was charged with war crimes in a subsidiary case of the Dachau trials. The prosecution’s case against Piorkowski was based on the testimony of 34 paid witnesses who were former prisoners at Dachau.

As the defense attorney for Piorkowski, Major Boysen pointed out that the prosecution’s allegation, that 6,000 to 8,000 Soviet POWs had been executed at Dachau in the spring of 1942, while Piorkowski was the Commandant, had not been proved in the main trial of Dachau camp personnel, yet it was put into evidence in the Piorkowski trial, along with other atrocities that had become matters of judicial notice and did not have to be proved again.

According to Joseph Halow, the court reporter who wrote the book Innocent at Dachau, Major Boysen concluded that he was of the “definite opinion that no such massacre occurred at Dachau as is factually stated to have taken place there in Prosecution Exhibit 1.”

After the first proceedings, against former Commandant Martin Weiss and 39 staff members at the Dachau camp, had been concluded, Major Boysen had learned that the Dachau railroad station commander, a man named Rohrmuehler, had witnessed the arrival of the trains bringing Soviet Prisoners of War to Dachau.

Rohrmuehler claimed that no more than 500 Russians had ever passed through the Dachau camp, and that the claim that 6,000 to 8,000 Soviet POWs had been massacred at Dachau was absurd. The testimony at the Dachau proceedings, concerning the killing of Soviet POWs, was in the form of affidavits and the witnesses had not been subjected to cross-examination in the courtroom, according to Court Reporter Joseph Halow.

The claim, by the Dachau railroad station man, does not make sense, since there were 3,900 Russians still in the Dachau camp when it was liberated, according to the Official Army Report. If 6,000 Russians had been used for target practice, as alleged by the prosecution, that would mean that at least 9,900 Russians had been brought to Dachau.

In spite of the fact that the shooting of Soviet POWs was never proved by the American Military Tribunal at Dachau, this story is still being told to tourists every day at the Dachau Memorial Site, along with the story that the shower room at Dachau is a gas chamber that was used to kill a few prisoners at Dachau, although not for mass gassing.

Dachau is not the only place where tourists are told that the SS shot prisoners for target practice. When I visited the Little Fortress, across the road from the Theresienstadt ghetto, I was told that prisoners who had been condemned to death were used for target practice.

The photograph below shows the place where prisoners were executed in the Small Fortress at Theresienstadt. One of the fortification walls is in the background and the spot where the condemned prisoner stood is in the center of the picture. The concrete form in the foreground was one of three places, under a free-standing roof, from which the firing squad would shoot while in a prone position.

According to a small booklet which I purchased at the Museum, between 250 and 300 of the 32,000 prisoners, who were inmates at the Small Fortress, were executed. The first recorded execution was on May 11, 1943 when a leader of the Communist resistance, Frantisek Prokop, was shot at the firing range.

Firing range at Terezin

Firing range at the Small Fortresss at  Theresienstadt

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