Scrapbookpages Blog

February 15, 2012

Elie Wiesel rejects Mormon heaven; tells Mitt Romney not to baptize dead Jews

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 10:17 am

According to USA Today, “Holocaust survivor and Nobel Prize winner Elie Wiesel on Tuesday called on Mitt Romney to tell the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon church) to stop doing proxy baptisms in the names of dead Jews, including Holocaust victims such as Wiesel’s parents.”

Romney has already admitted that, when he was a Mormon bishop in Boston, he participated in the practice of baptizing the dead.

I am a baptized Catholic, but I am currently a “fallen-away Catholic.”  When I die, I want to go to Catholic heaven because I was told in Catholic school that Catholic heaven will be just the way I want it to be.  I do not want to go to Mormon heaven, and I have requested that my family members, who are Mormons, not baptize me after I am dead.   The problem with this is that the Mormon Church does not recognize that there is any other heaven except Mormon heaven.  And the only way to get into Mormon heaven is to be baptized as a Mormon.  When non-Mormons die, they go to a spiritual prison where they remain for all eternity, until they are baptized in the Mormon religion.  However, non-Mormons who are baptized after they die do not have to accept this baptism — the spirit of a non-Mormon can reject Mormon heaven.

There are three levels of Mormon heaven; the highest level of heaven is only for Mormons who have been married in the Mormon temple.  To even enter a Mormon temple, one must be “temple worthy” and to be worthy, a Mormon must give 10% of his or her income to the Mormon church.

When a dead person is baptized in the Mormon church, a living Mormon, who is temple worthy, stands in for the dead spirit and is physically baptized in a Mormon temple on behalf of the dead person. Any temple worthy Mormon can be baptized multiple times on behalf of many non-Mormons.

The Mormon church has a huge geneology database, from which they select names of dead people to baptize.  Jewish people are not normally included in the geneology database.  So if Jews don’t want to wind up in Mormon heaven, all they have to do is to request that their family tree not be recorded in the database.  The problem is that some Jews have requested that their family names not be put into the Mormon database, but they have somehow gotten into the database in spite of this.  That is because anyone, including non-Mormons, can submit their family records to the Mormon database.

Elie Wiesel has no cause to worry.  After he dies, his spirit can reject Mormon heaven.  Elie Wiesel can go to hell if he so desires.

February 7, 2012

Why is the main stream media ignoring this news? the Nikolaus (Miklós) Grüner libel suit

Filed under: Buchenwald, Holocaust — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 10:52 am

The libel suit brought by Holocaust Survivor Nikolaus Grüner against a rabbi who accused him of “falsifying history” has been rejected by a court in Budapest, Hungary.  You can read about it here and here.

It ain’t over til it’s over, as Yogi Berra famously said.  This quote from the news article tells about the next step in this controversial case:

Despite the legal setback in Hungary, Grüner plans to travel to the United States this month to demand that American authorities extradite Wiesel to Hungary and to meet a lawyer representing Holocaust survivors.

Extradite Elie Wiesel?  I don’t think so. If Holocaust survivors are not safe in America, where are they safe?

If there is anyone out there who is not familiar with this case, here is the famous photo that allegedly shows Nikolaus Grüner and Elie Wiesel in a barrack in Buchenwald.  Nikolaus Grüner claims that he is the teenager in the lower left corner of the photo, but Elie Wiesel is not in the photo. Grüner claims that Elie Wiesel was never a prisoner at Buchenwald and that Wiesel stole the identity of another prisoner.

Elie Wiesel claims to be the man in the red circle

If you need to catch up on this story, there is a whole blog here which is devoted to explaining the story in detail. Check out this blog post which shows that Grüner has an Auschwitz tattoo, but Elie Wiesel apparently does not.  (Wiesel claims that he has a tattoo but won’t show it.)

January 23, 2012

The famous Buchenwald photo — is that Elie Wiesel or a 40-year-old man?

Filed under: Buchenwald, Holocaust — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 9:57 am

This morning I googled “famous photo of Elie Wiesel at Buchenwald” and the first website that came up in the search results was the website “Elie Wiesel Cons the World” which has a wealth of information about the famous Buchenwald photo, which you can read here.

Famous photo taken in Buchenwald Barracks #56

Elie Wiesel claims to be the man in the circle

Is this the face of 16-year-old Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel? Or is this the face of a 40-year-old man?

Elie Wiesel wrote in Night that he got out of his hospital bed at the Monowitz camp in Auschwitz and joined the death march out of the camp on January 18, 1945.  He also wrote that he became sick three days after the liberation of Buchenwald on April 11, 1945 and was confined to a hospital bed for 2 weeks.  Did he also get out of his hospital bed and go over to barracks #56 to get into this famous picture?  Elie Wiesel was an orphan after his father died at Buchenwald, and he was allegedly in barracks #66, the orphan’s barracks, when the camp was liberated.

January 20, 2012

Should Elie Wiesel come clean?

Filed under: Holocaust, TV shows — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 8:00 pm

Should Elie Wiesel, the world’s most famous Holocaust survivor, come clean about his life story?  There is a whole website devoted to proving that Elie Wiesel was never a prisoner at Auschwitz, nor at Buchenwald.  The latest article on this website is entitled “When did Elie Wiesel arrive at Auschwitz? Could he have received the number A-7713?”  You can read the article in full here.

As far as I know, Elie Wiesel has never acknowledged that Carolyn Yeager has done extensive research and has proved that he lied under oath when he claimed that he has the number A-7713 tattooed on his arm.  I think that Elie should come clean and admit that he is a fraud.  I believe that all the little kids who have read his book Night would come to his defense and forgive him.

Elie Wiesel appears to be in good health, but he is at the age where he could leave this earth any day now.  He should ensure that his legacy is protected before that happens. Who knows what will happen if he dies before coming clean and asking for forgiveness.

I blame Oprah for this debacle. In 2005, Oprah selected the “memoir” of James Frey, entitled A Million Little Pieces as her book club selection. Some people questioned the truth of the book, and Oprah came to the defense of James Frey. Two weeks after defending Frey on the Larry King show, Oprah brought Frey back onto her show and confronted him in front of a live audience. Meanwhile Frey’s “memoir” had sold 2 million copies in the three-month window between Oprah’s announcement of its selection and her confrontation of Frey before a live audience. Oprah’s next book club selection was Elie Wiesel’s Night.  At that time, the book Night was classified as fiction on Elie Wiesel’s own website.  But when Oprah selected it for her Book Club, the book became a non-fictional account of Elie Wiesel’s true story of surviving Auschwitz and Buchenwald.

Another Holocaust survivor, Herman Rosenblat, went on Oprah’s show and told the story of how he met his wife when she threw apples over the fence to him (at the age of 9) while he was in a sub-camp of Buchenwald.  After the publicity that he received from the Oprah show, Rosenblat landed a book contract.  Rosenblat was on the Oprah show twice.  The second time that he was on, I watched the show, and the minute that it was over, I e-mailed Oprah that this story could not possibly be true.  I don’t think anyone paid any attention to my e-mail, but other people also told Oprah that the Rosenblat story was fiction and his book was never published, as far as I know.

All is not lost.  Oprah no longer has a talk show, but she could go on some other talk show (I like the Dr. Drew show) and apologize to Elie Wiesel for enticing him to change the status of his book to non-fiction.  Night is a great piece of literature and Elie Wiesel is a Holocaust icon.  None of that would change if Elie Wiesel would just come clean and tell the truth.  He would be admired even more for telling the truth.  Keep in mind that nothing bad happened to Herman Rosenblat.

November 10, 2011

“the Holocaust never happened” (What does this mean?)

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 7:59 am

In a comment on this post on my blog, a reader used the expression “the Holocaust never happened.” But what does this mean?  Does anyone ever seriously say “The Holocaust never happened”?

Billboard that was put up in Berlin several years ago

Before the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe was built in Berlin, the billboard shown in the photo above was put up at the future site of the memorial.  The message on this billboard was intended to be facetious, but some people took it literally, and the sign had to be taken down.  (The English translation is “the Holocaust never happened.”)

The expression “the Holocaust never happened” is used by Holocaust believers, followed by “of course, it happened.”  This is not an expression used by Holocaust revisionists.

There were a lot of lies told about World War I, including “The Big Lie.”  Does anyone ever say that World War I never happened?  (“The Big Lie” was the claim that Germany lost the war on the battlefield.)

After World War II, millions of ethnic Germans were expelled from Poland, Czechoslovakia and other countries and forced to go to Germany, which was a pile of rubble at that time.  Thousands of the expellees lived at the former Dachau concentration camp for 17 years before they were thrown out so that the camp could be made into a Memorial site.  This piece of history is very controversial, but does anyone ever say that it never happened?

The question is “How much of history are people required by law to believe in order to stay out of prison?”  Do we have to believe every survivor story, no matter how ridiculous it is?  Do we have to believe Elie Wiesel’s story, even though he has no tattoo from Auschwitz and no ID number from Buchenwald?

November 9, 2011

Elie Wiesel is expected to speak about the Talmud in his next lectures

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , , , — furtherglory @ 9:45 am

In an article today in The Daily Free Press, The Independent Student Newspaper of Boston University, I read this: “In his next lectures, Wiesel is expected to speak about the Talmud and good and evil.”  The caption on an old photo accompanying the article was this: “Nobel Laureate and Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities Elie Wiesel gives a talk entitled, “The Rebbe of Ger: A Tragedy in Hasidism,” at Metcalf Hall on Nov. 1, 2010.”

I couldn’t believe it when I read that Elie Wiesel had given a lecture on Hasidism last year and he is going to lecture on the Talmud this year.  I was reminded of a line spoken by Paulie Walnuts on The Sopranos, an HBO series that I used watch:  “Hasidim, but I don’t believe ‘em” ( The joke centers on the word Hasidim which sounds something like Hah-seed-em. Hasidim is explained here.)

According to Wikipedia, “Boston University is a private research university located in Boston, Massachusetts. With more than 4,000 faculty members and more than 31,000 students, Boston University is one of the largest private universities in the United States and one of Boston’s largest employers. The university identifies itself as nonsectarian, although it maintains an affiliation with The United Methodist Church.”

This sentence in the student newspaper article cited above is not entirely clear to me:  “In his next lectures, Wiesel is expected to speak about the Talmud and good and evil.” Does this mean that Wiesel is going to talk about the good and the evil that is in the Talmud? Or that he is going to talk about two separate topics:  1. the Talmud and 2. good and evil?

I always thought that the Talmud was a closely guarded secret.  Surely, Elie Wiesel is not going to spill the beans on the Talmud.

You can read more about Elie Wiesel on this blog; the title of the blog is “Elie Wiesel Cons the World.”  Eric Hunt has a blog that includes many articles on Elie Wiesel which you can read here.  Check out this blog post on Winston Smith’s excellent blog, which is unique and fun for all.

October 3, 2011

if you insist on answers to your questions, you could be “morally ill”

Filed under: Buchenwald, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 10:34 am

According to the world’s most famous Holocaust survivor, there is a difference between being mentally ill and “morally ill.”  In 2007, Elie Wiesel stepped into an elevator at the Hotel Argent in San Francisco where he was scheduled to speak at a peace conference. A young man named Eric Hunt got into the elevator with Wiesel.  Eric Hunt wanted answers to some questions about the Holocaust. Elie Wiesel told a reporter recently that he does not think that Eric Hunt’s problem is mental illness.  No — Eric Hunt is morally ill, according to Elie Wiesel, because he questions the Holocaust.

This quote is from a recent news article in the Tallahassee Democrat which mentions the incident in the elevator:

“He wanted to drag me off to his room and convince me that the Holocaust never happened and videotape me saying it was all made up, which is completely ridiculous,” Wiesel, who turned 83 this week, said.

Wiesel, who will speak Tuesday night at Florida State University, eluded the erstwhile kidnapper and alerted police. The culprit was arrested, put on trial and convicted.

“He was a college graduate. Only 22. His career is finished. And for that? I had to attend his trial. He apologized to me,” Wiesel said. “Personally, I felt nothing. I felt sorry for his mother, but not him. I felt nothing. There are some people who are mentally ill. There are other people who are not mentally ill but morally ill.”

Elie Wiesel prefers to ask questions, rather than answer them.  Here is another quote from the news article in the Tallahassee Democrat:

When asked what he will speak about next week during his return to FSU for The Golden Tribe Lecture Series, Wiesel quickly reversed the question, “I don’t know. What do you think I should talk about?”

“Wiesel also exhibits what I think to be a wonderful attitude to life which is driven by the desire to question — the existence of God, why he survived, etc.,” [FSU religion professor Martin] Kavka said. “My favorite quote from him is from an interview he gave to Oprah Winfrey over a decade ago: ‘I have no answer for anything, really. I have shelves and shelves of books in my apartment, but none of them has answers — only questions. I teach my students how to ask questions. In the word ‘question,’ there is a beautiful word ‘quest.’ I love that word. We are all partners in a quest.’”

When Elie Wiesel speaks at FSU tomorrow night, hopefully there will not be some “morally ill” student in the audience, who will dare to ask him any embarrassing questions like “Where’s your Auschwitz tattoo?” or “Where’s your Buchenwald registration card?” or “What was your identification number at Buchenwald?”

In his famous book Night, Elie wrote that he became sick three days after the Buchenwald camp was liberated on April 11, 1945 and was in the hospital for two weeks. Yet he also claims that he is in the photo below, which was taken inside Buchenwald Barrack #56 by Private H. Miller of the Civil Affairs Branch of the U.S. Army Signal Corps on April 16, 1945.

Famous photo taken at Buchenwald on April 16, 1945

Close-up of the famous photo in Barrack 56 at Buchenwald

The face of the man to the left of post on the lower bunk is allegedly the face of Elie Wiesel who was 16 years old at the time that this photo was taken.

Eric Hunt, the “morally ill” young man who confronted Elie Wiesel years ago in a San Francisco elevator is still around.  He has his own web site here.

September 29, 2011

Elie Wiesel at Buchenwald: “I was there, but I wasn’t there.”

Filed under: Buchenwald, Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 10:33 am

On June 5, 2009, Elie Wiesel accompanied President Barack Obama on a trip to the Memorial Site on the grounds of the former Buchenwald concentration camp.  Obama made a televised speech, standing in front of the Jedem Das Seine gate, which was in the open position.  Standing (unseen) behind him was Bertrand Hertz, one of the Buchenwald orphans who survived.

Early in his speech, Obama said this:

We saw the area known as Little Camp where Elie and Bertrand were sent as boys. In fact, at the place that commemorates this camp, there is a photograph in which we can see a 16-year-old Elie in one of the bunks along with the others. We saw the ovens of the crematorium, the guard towers, the barbed wire fences, the foundations of barracks that once held people in the most unimaginable conditions.

Following Obama’s speech, Elie Wiesel stepped up to the podium, and said this:

Mr. President, Chancellor Merkel, Bertrand, ladies and gentlemen. As I came here today it was actually a way of coming and visiting my father’s grave — but he had no grave. His grave is somewhere in the sky. This has become in those years the largest cemetery of the Jewish people.  The day he died was one of the darkest in my life. He became sick, weak, and I was there. I was there when he suffered. I was there when he asked for help, for water. I was there to receive his last words. But I was not there when he called for me, although we were in the same block; he on the upper bed and I on the lower bed. He called my name, and I was too afraid to move. All of us were. And then he died. I was there, but I was not there.

What are we to make of this?  The reason that I dredged up this memory of Elie Wiesel’s words at Buchenwald is because the question of whether Elie was really an orphan at Buchenwald just won’t go away.  Now a new post, which questions Elie Wiesel’s claim to be a Buchenwald orphan, has just gone up on the Elie Wiesel Cons the World blog, which you can read here.

September 24, 2011

Registration card for Lazar Wiesel at Buchenwald

Filed under: Buchenwald, Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:14 am

A new post has just gone up on Carolyn Yeager’s website Elie Wiesel Cons the World.  This website (or blog) is devoted to the study of Elie Wiesel, the world’s most famous Holocaust survivor.  This latest post shows a photo of a Buchenwald registration card for Lazar Wiesel.  The Germans were famous for keeping detailed records during World War II.  Strangely, there is no Buchenwald registration card for Elie Wiesel, the most famous survivor of Buchenwald.  I previously blogged about this here. Maybe Lazar Wiesel was a relative of Elie Wiesel.  You’ll have to read Carolyn’s latest post to find out.

July 22, 2011

What did Buchenwald look like when Elie Wiesel was a prisoner there?

Filed under: Buchenwald, Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 10:52 am

Elie Wiesel’s book Night has very few details about what the Buchenwald concentration camp actually looked like when he was a prisoner there for several months just before the camp was liberated on April 11, 1945.  There is an article here on the Elie Wiesel Cons The World web site about the curious lack of a detailed description of Buchenwald in Elie’s most famous book.

The Buchenwald camp was mainly a concentration camp for political prisoners; as a Jewish prisoner, Elie Wiesel would not have been allowed to walk around the whole camp, so he may not have seen everything. One thing that he would have seen is the gatehouse into the camp, which is shown in the photo below.  All incoming prisoners entered through this gatehouse.

Gatehouse at the entrance to Buchenwald

Note the clock on top which is permanently stopped at 3:15 p.m., the exact time, on April 11, 1945, when the Communist prisoners took over the camp and the SS men fled into the woods.  This view of the gatehouse is what Elie Wiesel would have seen as he marched up to the camp.

 Jedem Das Seine on Buchenwald gate

Jedem das Seine is usually translated into English as “To each his own,” but the phrase has the connotation of “Everyone gets what he deserves.”  Buchenwald was a Class II concentration camp for dangerous political prisoners and hardened criminals, who had little chance of being released, so the Buchenwald camp did not have the “Arbeit Macht Frei” sign that was used on Class I camps.  Note that the photo above was taken from inside the camp, looking out; the sign faces the inside of the camp.

Entrance to Buchenwald with zoo and gatehouse

Buchenwald had the usual barbed wire fence around it; in this old photo, the gatehouse is shown on the extreme right.  On the left side can be seen the Zoo.  Yes, those mean ole Nazis had a zoo for bears and other animals, but only the SS men, who guarded the camp, were allowed to visit it.

Bear pit in Buchenwald zoo

Sign points to zoo at Buchenwald

The Buchenwald camp was built on the northern slope of a gentle hill, so that all the prisoners in the main part of the camp had a view of the gatehouse from their barrack windows. In the foreground of the photo below you can see the doors into the root cellar where potatoes, carrots, turnips and rutabagas were kept for the prisoners’ food. The camp diet consisted mainly of whole grain bread and vegetable soup. Each prisoner carried his soup spoon in his pocket; the enamelware soup bowls on display in the Buchenwald museum are the size of an American serving bowl.

Root cellar in the foreground with the Buchenwald gate house in the background

View of Buchenwald from the gatehouse tower

In the photo above, taken from the gatehouse tower, the large two-story building on the far right is the camp storehouse, which is still standing today.

The photo below shows the same storehouse building on the left; the one-story building on the right was where the prisoners had to go through disinfection before entering the barracks. In the foreground is the stump of Goethe’s oak.  Buchenwald is in the middle of a woods where Goethe used to sit under his favorite oak tree.

Storehouse and disinfection building

The one-story building to the right in the photo above is the disinfection building which is connected to the storehouse by an underground tunnel. Incoming prisoners were first brought to the disinfection building where their heads and entire bodies were shaved. Then they were completely submerged into a large tub of creosote to kill lice and bacteria. Then they had to go into the showers, after which they were sprayed with a liquid disinfectant. All this was done in the effort to stop epidemics in the camp.

After that, the prisoners were driven naked through the tunnel to the storehouse where they were given a blue and gray striped uniform and a pair of shoes with wooden soles. Only then were they allowed to enter their assigned barrack building in the “Small Camp.”

Location of the former “Small Camp”

At the end of 1942, a quarantine camp was set up in the northwest section of the camp, far down the slope from the gatehouse. The prisoners called this the “Small Camp.” The photo above shows a stone path at the former location of the “Small Camp,” which was torn down long ago. Note how close the “Small Camp” was to the the storehouse and disinfection building. The prisoners didn’t have far to walk after their disinfection and shower.

The quarantine camp was called Camp II by the SS.  At first Camp II consisted of 12 army horse stables of the kind used for barracks at Birkenau, the notorious death camp in Poland. These buildings had only very small windows underneath the roof, not like the other barracks in Buchenwald which had lots of windows at eye level.

In 1945, Camp II, aka the “Small Camp,” had become increasingly overcrowded as Jewish prisoners were brought from the abandoned camps in Poland. During this period, between 1,200 and 1,700 people were packed into each horse-barn barrack which measured 40 meters long by 9.5 meters wide. When the barracks were full, some of the prisoners were put into tents. Thousands of prisoners died of disease in the “Small Camp” which eventually became a camp where sick and dying prisoners were isolated from the rest of the prisoners.

The interior of one of the regular Buchenwald barracks is shown in the old photo below.

Interior of a barracks at Buchenwald

The photo below shows a barracks building for Jewish prisoners.  Note the star of David inside a circle at the top of the building.  This photo was taken immediately after the camp was liberated; it shows dead bodies in front of the building.

Barracks for Jewish prisoners had Star of David

The “Small Camp” was a quarantine camp

All incoming prisoners in all the concentration camps had to stay in the quarantine barracks for several weeks in case they had some disease that was contagious.  At Buchenwald, the “Small Camp” was the quarantine camp.  The photo above shows the “Small Camp” which was sectioned off from the main part of the camp by a barbed wire fence.  The death rate for Jews was higher because they were living among prisoners who were possible disease carriers.

Wooden barrack building at Buchenwald

Most of the Buchenwald prisoners lived in long, low wooden buildings like the one shown in the photo above. There were more than 30 of these wooden barrack buildings, each of them accommodating between 180 and 250 prisoners. These buildings, which were called “blocks,” measured 53 meters long by 8 meters wide. There were also 15 two-story brick barrack buildings in the main part of the camp, which was for the Communists and other political prisoners.

The photo below shows a reconstructed barrack near the spot where the “Small Camp” used to be.

Reconstructed barrack at Buchenwald

Buchenwald became the third major camp in the German concentration camp system on June 3, 1936, when the Inspector of the Concentration Camps, SS General Theodor Eicke, proposed to transfer the concentration camp of Lichtenburg near Berlin to Thuringia, a state in central Germany where Buchenwald was to be located. The wooded hill called the Ettersberg was officially chosen as the site of the camp on May 5, 1937 and on July 16, 1937, the first 300 prisoners arrived in the camp.

Initially the name of the camp was Konzentrationslager Ettersberg but on August 6, 1937, the name was changed to Konzentrationslager Buchenwald. (Buchenwald means Beech Tree Forest.)

Like all of the major concentration camps in Germany, there was an SS garrison right next to the Buchenwald camp.  The photo below shows some of the SS barracks buildings that are still standing; Elie Wiesel would not have seen these barracks buildings.

Former SS barrack buildings at Buchenwald

In 1940, a railroad line was extended to the Buchenwald camp.  The old photo below shows the Buchenwald gatehouse on the right hand side.

Workers building railroad line to Buchenwald in 1940

After arriving at the railroad station inside the Buchenwald camp, the prisoners marched into the camp on a road that led from the railroad station to the gatehouse.  There were a few “Red Spaniards,” or Communists that had fought the Fascists in the Spanish Civil War, who were imprisoned at Buchenwald.  These Spanish prisoners named the road into the camp Carachoweg (Caracho Way). The Spanish word caracho was prison slang for double time.

The Communist political prisoners, who lived in the barracks near the gatehouse, discriminated against the Jewish prisoners and would not allow them into their nicer section unless they received a bribe. After the camp was liberated, the Jews were not even allowed to attend the celebration ceremony which was conducted by the Communist prisoners near the gatehouse.

Monument erected at Buchenwald by Communist prisoners

The monument shown in the photo above is the memorial that was erected by the Communist prisoners at Buchenwald on April 19, 1945 in honor of the political prisoners in the camp. The Jewish survivors were not allowed to attend the ceremonies when the monument was dedicated.  The camp had actually been liberated by the Communist prisoners before the American soldiers arrived at around 5 or 6 o’clock in the evening on April 11, 1945.

This stone monument was moved in 1961 to a spot called Frederic-Manhes-Platz, which is the place where the road to the camp branches off from the main road up the hill called the Ettersberg. The place where it now stands was named after a French Resistance fighter named Col. Henri Frederic Manhes. Buchenwald was one of the camps to which many of the captured partisans in the French Resistance were deported.

Buchenwald was surrounded by an electrified fence

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