Scrapbookpages Blog

April 28, 2010

Women prisoners liberated at Dachau

There were a few women at the Dachau concentration camp when it was liberated by American soldiers on April 29, 1945.  A short time before the liberators arrived, these women had been brought from various labor camps in Germany to the main Dachau camp so that they could be surrendered to the Allies.  One of the women, who was liberated from Dachau, was Ann Rosenheck, who told her story to students at Troy University in Dothan, Alabama a week ago. You can read all about it here on the web site of the Dothan Eagle newspaper.

Women at Dachau when the camp was liberated, April 1945 Click on the photo for a larger size

Ann Rosenheck is a survivor of Auschwitz-Birkenau; she was only 13 years old when she was sent from her home in Rachov, Czechoslovakia in 1944 to the Birkenau death camp. By that time, Rachov was part of Hungary.

According to the Dothan Eagle article about her talk to the students, “By luck or fate, Rosenheck was not killed.”

“Rosenheck was only spared at first because her mother told her to lie about her age after getting wind of the Nazi’s policy of killing anyone older or younger than a certain age.” One of the Jewish workers at the train ramp had told Rosenheck’s mother that there was no one over 38 or under 17 in the camp.

The Holocaust survivors still alive today were all very young when they were sent to Birkenau and they all tell about how they lied about their age to escape the gas chamber.  This makes me wonder why Dr. Josef Mengele, a medical doctor who also had a PhD in anthropology, could not tell the difference between a girl of 13 and a girl of 17.  Maybe he deliberately accepted the lies told by the incoming prisoners so that the Germans could have more workers for their war effort.

Here is a quote from the Dothan Eagle article:

During her time in the camp, Rosenheck was subjected to frequent sortings by the Nazis as they chose who would live and who would die.

“First they were gassed, and then they were burned,” she said.

Once Rosenheck missed being sent to the gas chamber only because the chamber was busy at the time she was scheduled to die. Eventually, she managed to slip into a detail of Jews being sent to factory and escaped the camp.

Other survivors have told similar stories about the gas chamber being full or busy at the time that they were sent there, and after that, they were never selected again for the gas chamber.  This seems to me to be a very sloppy way to run an extermination camp.

Rosenheck “managed to slip into a detail of Jews being sent to (a) factory and escaped the camp.”  This is another common story told by the survivors: they sneaked into a group that was going to a factory and “escaped the camp.”

Rosenheck was only in the Birkenau camp for four months before going to the Geisingen labor camp in Germany, where she worked in a munitions factory until she was transferred to Dachau.  All together, she spent 15 months in the Nazi concentration camps.

According to her talk, as reported by the Dothan Eagle, Rosenheck was taken to Dachau to be killed.  Here is a quote from the newspaper article:

Toward the war’s end, Rosenheck and many of the other work camp prisoners were transferred to Dachau, where they were slated to be killed. The intervention of a camp physician, and the liberation of the camp by American forces prevented Rosenheck from being killed.

So, toward the war’s end, when trains were scarce and the tracks had been bombed by American planes, the Germans decided to transport the women to Dachau to be killed?  Why not just shoot them in the labor camp?  Or put them all inside a barn and burn them to death?  No wonder Germany lost the war!  The Nazis did everything in a totally stupid  and inefficient way.


  1. Blah,blah,blah,blah. She didn’t get gassed .because they were “too busy” at the time. Okay . For the sake of argument let’s say the Krauts killed as many people as the world said. They’re gonna have a full house day and night. Wouldn’t it make more sense to tell that person ” okay we’re way over booked here . Go to the end of the line and hook up with one of the groups that are being put together?

    Comment by Tim — May 4, 2015 @ 8:26 am

  2. […] Off to Concentration Camp Ann Rosenheck was only 13 years old when she was sent from her home in Rachov, Czechoslovakia in […]

    Pingback by Ann Rosenheck, Holocaust Survivor | Jerry Gladstone Success Blog — April 18, 2014 @ 1:02 pm

  3. Does anyone know where I could possibly go for more detailed information about Ukrainian prisoners at Dachau?
    My Grandmother was there for 2 years until the day it was liberated. I am looking for photographs, and/or prisoner lists of those who were there. I am only able to find lists of Jewish prisoners, but my Grandmother and many others who were slaves there, was not Jewish.

    Any replies would be greatly appreciated.

    Comment by Adam B — February 10, 2014 @ 2:42 pm

    • Have you gotten any info from your post? My mother said she was in Dachau during the war. I may have been wrong all these years about that but can no longer ask her such things. She was German, born in Russia in the Odessa area.

      Comment by Mary Youngblood Buttram — October 16, 2015 @ 11:07 pm

    • Dachau was not a camp for women. There were no barracks for women there. There were a few women that were sent to Dachau; they lived in the town of Dachau and worked in the bakery there or in other places in the town. I wrote about the women who were liberated from Dachau at

      Women prisoners were sent to the sub-camps of Dachau. In the last days of the war, the women were brought to the main Dachau camp, so that they could be liberated by the Americans. I wrote about this on this blog post:

      The former Dachau camp is now a memorial site and there is a large office there where you can have one of the workers there look up the names of your relatives. Go to the official website for the camp at You can write to the people who work at the camp and ask them to look up the records for your relative.

      Comment by furtherglory — October 17, 2015 @ 8:00 am

  4. Ironic, isnt it, that the Jews are always talking about the atrocities that befell them during the war, but look at how they have been basically funding blood wars over diamonds in africa.

    Comment by J Mann — February 10, 2014 @ 2:39 pm

  5. I just came from Dauchau. Woah!!! Justification for efficiency in pure evil? Never again. I’m certain in the history of humans there has been an amazing amount of cruelty to each other for beliefs, culture, etc. This preserved history is fresh… would be Eastern European and Africa. Will we ever learn????

    Comment by Tim Corcoran — October 14, 2013 @ 12:56 pm

  6. Whose side are you on?
    So not a lot of empathy with those who suffered the indignities and fear of horrific death at the hands of the Nazis then.
    Good luck in your next life.

    Comment by Claudia — December 20, 2011 @ 9:20 am

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