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July 26, 2012

Why did the Commandant of Auschwitz confess to the gassing of millions of Jews?

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 10:57 am

A British blogger has written an outstanding blog post about how Rudolf Hoess, the Commandant of Auschwitz-Birkenau, was tortured and intimidated in order to get him to confess to the gassing of millions of Jews.  The title of the blog post is The British Catholic, Rudolph Hoess, and torturing children; you can read it in full here.

The blog post is quite long, but it is a must read for anyone who is interested in the history of Auschwitz and how the number of deaths was determined by the Allies.  Included are photos of Rudolf Hoess, showing him with a bloody nose after he was beaten, and a photo of British Major Gerald Draper confronting Hoess who has an expression of fear on his face.

What was Draper saying to Hoess at that moment, that induced Hoess to confess that millions of people were gassed at Auschwitz?  Was Major Draper threatening to torture the children of Rudolf Hoess?  I always thought that Hoess confessed because the British threatened to turn his wife and children over to the Russians.

Read what my fellow blogger wrote: http://winstonsmithministryoftruth.blogspot.co.uk/2012/07/the-british-catholic-who-tortured-hoess.html

My photo taken in 2000 in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC

On May 14, 1946, the former Commandant of Auschwitz-Birkenau, Rudolf Höß, also known as Rudolf Hoess, signed a sworn affidavit (shown in the photo above) in which he stated that two million Jews had been gassed at Auschwitz-Birkenau between 1941 and 1943 while he was the Commandant. This did not include the period, during which Hoess was not the Commandant, when over 300,000 Hungarian Jews were gassed during a period of 10 weeks in the Summer of 1944, according to the Auschwitz Museum.

The English translation of the German text in the affidavit reads: “I declare herewith under oath that in the years 1941 to 1943 during my tenure in office as commandant of Auschwitz Concentration Camp 2 million Jews were put to death by gassing and a 1/2 million by other means. Rudolf Hoess. May 14, 1946.” The confession was signed by Hoess and by Josef Maier of the US Chief of Counsel’s office.

The photo that is displayed at the USHMM, along with the affidavit, shows Hungarian Jewish women and children walking to one of the four gas chambers in the Birkenau death camp on May 26, 1944, carrying their hand baggage in sacks.  What happened to all those sacks?  Did the Jews march past the barracks, nicknamed Canada, where the clothing taken from the Jews was sorted?

The spot where the clothing warehouse at Birkenau was located

Krema IV was located just north of the clothing warehouses, which were in a section that the prisoners called Canada. Across the road from Canada was the Central Sauna which had a shower room and disinfection chambers where the prisoners’ clothing was deloused. Krema IV had a fake shower room which was actually a gas chamber.

The caption underneath the photo in the USHMM reads:

On May 14, 1946, Rudolf Hoess, the former commandant of Auschwitz, signed a declaration stating that during his tenure in office, 2 million Jews had been gassed at Auschwitz and another 500,000 killed in other ways. Hoess overestimated the number of Jews gassed by about 1 million.

Was this confession obtained from Rudolf Hoess by means of torture? Rupert Butler wrote in his book entitled Legions of Death, published by Arrow Books in London in 1983, that Hoess had been beaten for three days by a British team of torturers under the command of Jewish interrogator Bernard Clarke.

Despite the confessions of Rudolf Hoess, the number of victims killed at Auschwitz-Birkenau is now officially given by the Auschwitz Musuem as 1.1 million, of which 900,000 were Jews.  This does not change the figure of 6 million Jews killed in the Holocaust.  That number is sacrosanct and the penalty for denying it, in 19 countries, is 5 years or more in prison.

You can read more about the confessions of Rudolf Hoess on my website here.

8 Comments »

  1. Zimmermann’s lack of German is not the point, there are numerous scholars that received critical acclaim in reviewing books written in other languages they were not familiar with. As a Briton I would like to point out to you, that your people during Höss’s interrogation did not behave any better than the Gestapo, if not worse. Höss did not understand English, yet he had to sign a confession at 3 am on the 15th March,1945 Ref.:No.1210 which was later translated into German full of grammatical as well as typing errors, yet it was used during the Nürnberg Trials. .And when it comes to a British Officer and a Gentleman following is an example of their behaviour, to get want they want, when it comes to treatment of ladies:
    I quote:
    There was a burning thirst for revenge on those who had executed Hitler’s notorious eastern policy. But it could not be slaked immediately. In the case of Rudolph Hoess, Commandant of Auschwitz, it was to take over a year from the war’s end. […] At 5 pm on 11 march 1946, Frau Hoess opened her front door to six intelligence specialists in British uniform, most of the tall and menacing all of then practised in the more sophisticated techniques of sustained and merciless investigation. […] Then all at once his manner had changed and he was shouting: ‘If you don’t tell us we’ll turn you over to the Russians and they’ll put you before a firing-squad. Your son will go to Sibera.’ It proved enough. Eventually, a broken Frau Hoess betrayed the whereabouts of the former Auschwitz Kommandant, the man who now called himself Franz lang. Suitable intimidation of the son and daughter produced precisely identical information. […] Clarke recalls vivdly: ‚He was lying on top of a three-tier bunker wearing a new pair of silk pyjamas. We discovered later that he had lost the cyanide pill [these were glass capsules, I had one sewn into my tunic] most of them carried. Not that he would have had much chance to use it because we had rammed a torch into his mouth.‘ Hoess screamed in terror at the mere sight of British uniforms. Clarke yelled: What is your name? With each answer of ‚Franz Lang‘, Clarke’s hand crashed into the face of the prisoner. The fourth time that happened, Hoess broke and admitted who he was. The admission suddenly unleashed the loathing of the jewish sergeants in the arresting party whose parents had died in Auschwitz following an order signed by Hoess. The prisioner was torn from the top bunk, the pyjamas ripped from his body. He was then dragged naked to one of the slaughter tables, where it seemed to Clarke the blows and screams were endless. A blanket was thrown over Hoess and he was dragged to Clarke’s car, where the sergeant poured a substantial slug of wisky down his throat. Then Hoess tried to sleep.
    Clarke thrust his service stick under the man’s eyelids and ordered in German: ’Keep your pig eyes open, you swine.’
    The party arrived back at Heide[I think this should read Hinden] aroud three in the morning. The snow was swirling still, but the blanket was torn from Hoess and he was made to walk completely nude through the prison yard to his cell.
    It took three days to get a coherent statement out of him. But once he started talking, there was no holding him.
    PS.: And yeas I lived in London, Roehampton Lane, were I met my wife.
    Have a good day!

    Comment by Herbert Stolpmann — July 27, 2012 @ 10:00 pm

    • Re.: My reply under 1. I made an error, the year Höß signed the confession should read 1946, not 1945, sorry about that.

      Comment by Herbert Stolpmann — July 28, 2012 @ 2:13 am

  2. Thanks for the plug Furtherglory.

    Comment by The Black Rabbit of Inlé — July 27, 2012 @ 6:57 am

  3. 1.How the British Obtained the Confessions of Rudolf Höss by Robert Faurisson 1986: http://www.whale.to/b/faurisson.html
    2. Jewish Brigade Shot nazi Prisoners in Revenge: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/jewish-brigade-shot-nazi-prisoners-in-revenge-1191139.html 3. The Ritchie Boys were the American equivalent of the British Army’s Jewish Brigade, fresh-off- the- boat German speaking Jewish psychological warfare soldiers trained at Fort Ritche, Maryland. Where did they come from?! http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ritchie_Boys

    Oskar Dirlewanger beaten to death by “Polish” guards. Other mysterious heart attacks in war crimes kangaroo court holding cells. Rudolf Hess suffering in solitary confinement for thirty years then self-strangled in a makeshift green house in Spandau prison.”Democracy” now code for not privileged to know.

    Comment by who dares wings — July 26, 2012 @ 12:07 pm

    • EXCESS VIOLENCE DURING THE ARREST OF HÖSS
      Partly because of the book “The Legion of Death” by Rupert Butler it claims that the testimony of Höss had been extracted by torture. The book describes that Höss was arrested and severely beaten plus subjected to the influence of alcohol. According to book “The Legion of Death” the perpetrators were the Anglo-Jewish sergeants Bernard Clarke and a British-Jewish sergeant of the 92nd Arrestierungskommandos Field Security Section, whose parents had been murdered on the orders of Höss.
      “Hoess screamed in terror at the mere sight of a British uniform. Clarke yelled: What is your name? With each answer of “Franz Lang,” Clarke’s hand crashed into the face of the prisoner. The fourth time that
      happened, Höss broke and admitted who he was. The admission suddenly unleashed the loathing of the Jewish sergeants in the arresting party whose parents had died in Auschwitz following an order signed by Höss. The prisoner was torn from the top bunk, the pajamas ripped from his body. He was then dragged naked to one of the slaughter tables, where it seemed to Clarke the blows and screams were endless. (…) A blanket was thrown over Höss and he was dragged to Clarke’s car, where the sergeant poured a substantial slug of whisky down his throat”.[Rupert Butler, “The Ligion of Death, page 237,sic]
      He was then arrested and interrogated over the next three days. He was slow in his speech and often stopped, but has acknowledged that he was responsible for the deaths of two million people.
      “It took three days to get a coherent statement out of him. But once he started talking, there was no holding him back. The man who suffered most during the interrogation, however, was not the prisoner but Bernard Clarke. He recalls: (…) It was not due to the strain of events. I could cope with that. But Höss had repeated with pride that he had given the instructions to prisoners to dig pits in which they where subsequently shot. He revealed how the bodies were ignited and how fat oozing from them poured over others. He admitted without a trace of remorse that he had been responsible for around two million deaths and killings that had frequently been carried out at the rate of 10,000 a day”.
      When Clarke was censoring the correspondence to his wife[Höss’s,sic] and his children and found on two pages, the gentle and loving father and not the brutal commander who allegedly murdered millions. According to Clarke, Höss has never tried to deny his responsibility or put it into perspective.
      In his autobiography, Rudolf Höss described the circumstances of this “first hearing”:

      “In striking evidence came about my first interrogation. What stands in the record, I do not know, although I signed it. Alcohol and the whip were too much for me”. [Commandant of Auschwitz, page 225, sic]

      The autobiography and the book of Butler shows an excess of violence during the arrest and before the first hearing, but not just that the confession had been extracted by torture. On the contrary, Butler explains that Höss testified to the abuse out of free will and that he was not slow in fothcoming. But slow it was. The content of the autobiography has been studied by the historian John C. Zimmerman for compliance with the Holocaust and other sources and deemed to be authentic.

      Comment by Herbert Stolpmann — July 26, 2012 @ 9:42 pm

      • John C. Zimmerman doesn’t speak or read German. According to his own article, he had to have documents translated for him:

        “The author wishes to thank Judith Jenner and Karola Raab, both of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, for their translations of the German language material used in this study”
        — Body Disposal at Auschwitz: The End of Holocaust-Denial. (1999).
        http://www.holocaust-history.org/auschwitz/body-disposal/

        So a real expert on German documents there!

        Comment by The Black Rabbit of Inlé — July 27, 2012 @ 6:53 am

    • I wrote a review of a documentary about the Ritchie Boys. You can read it on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/RitchieBoys.html

      Comment by furtherglory — July 27, 2012 @ 6:44 am

      • John C. Zimmerman can’t even read German, according to his own article:

        “The author wishes to thank Judith Jenner and Karola Raab, both of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, for their translations of the German language material used in this study.”

        – Body Disposal at Auschwitz: The End of Holocaust-Denial. (1999)
        http://www.holocaust-history.org/auschwitz/body-disposal/

        So a real expert in German documents you’re relying on there Herb. Perhaps you could help him out.

        Comment by The Black Rabbit of Inlé — July 27, 2012 @ 6:56 am


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