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September 4, 2012

300 Luxembourg policemen killed at Dachau — Why has this atrocity been suppressed?

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 2:05 pm

I was doing some research on the Dachau concentration camp today, when I came across this blog:  Sráid Marx, An Irish Marxist Blog, which has some information here about a tour that the blogger took at Dachau with an Irish tour guide.

This quote is from Sráid Marx, An Irish Marxist Blog:

[The Dachau tour guide] told the story of the three hundred Luxembourg policemen who refused to swear allegiance to Adolf Hitler and who were sent to Dachau as punishment.  When they arrived they were ordered to do so again in the main square.  When they again refused seventeen were selected at random and executed.  The same ritual was held every year.

Although I have read many books about Dachau, and I have visited the Memorial Site five times, this is the first and only time that I have ever heard about 300 Luxembourg policemen being killed at Dachau, or about the ritual that was held every year.  One would think that this atrocity would be well known.  I have never taken a tour at Dachau; I have always wandered around on my own.  Maybe I should go back one more time and take a tour given by an Irish guide.

I tried searching the Internet for more information on the 300 Luxembourg policemen, but all I could find was this website which sells military items.  This quote is from the website:

Accused: Kolb, August Heinrich 4 Years 3 Months. Crime Category:NS-Crimes in etainment Centres, War Crimes Court: LG Nürnberg-Fürth 541013 BGH 550624 Country where the crime was committed: Germany Crime Location: HS KL Sachsenhausen Crime Date: 42-45 Victims: Prisoners, Prisoners of War. Nationality: German, Luxembourg, Polish, Soviet, unknown.Office: Haftstättenpersonal KL Sachsenhausen. Subject of the proceeding: Participation of a Schutzhaftlagerführer in the hanging of prisoners on the roll-call square as well as in individual executions of a total of at least 100 persons, who were killed in the factory court-yard by a shot in the back of the neck (‘Genickschuss’) or by hanging, on orders of the Reich Security Main Office. Shooting of at least 50 prisoners, who were unfit for work as well as of 19 Luxembourg policemen, who had refused to take the oath of loyalty on Hitler. Participation in the shooting of at least 20 prisoners, who fell behind because of exhaustion during an evacuation march in April 1945

Note that the above reference is to the shooting of 19 Luxembourg policemen at the Sachsenhausen camp, not at Dachau.

Just how reliable is the information given by the Irish tour guide at Dachau?  Here is another quote about what the Irish tour guide said:

He told the story [of] Johann Georg Elser, a religious worker who was a keen defender of workers’ rights who had voted for the Communist Party until 1933. In 1939 he planted a bomb in a Munich beer hall where Hitler was due to speak.  Hitler was due to fly back to Berlin that night but because of fog it was thought he should take the train so he left earlier than planned.  The bomb missed Hitler by 13 minutes.  Elser was caught, severely tortured by the Gestapo, and incarcerated in Dachau.  Hitler planned that when the war was won he would be put in front of a show trial and executed.

Just a few short weeks before the end of the war Hitler ordered the killing of Elser and he was shot in the bunker at Dachau.

I am surprised that a tour guide at Dachau is now telling visitors that Georg Elser was shot in the camp bunker.  The Dachau Memorial Site was previously telling visitors that Elser was killed by a bomb that hit the camp on April 9, 1945. This was the same day that a British prisoner, Sigismund Payne-Best, arrived at the camp; he had been transferred to Dachau from Buchenwald.  All the prisoners in the bunker had been taken to a bomb shelter on the day that the bomb hit, so Elser could not have been killed by the bomb.

I blogged about the death of Georg Elser at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2010/05/17/who-killed-georg-elser-the-man-who-tried-to-kill-hitler/

So now the truth comes out: it was Hitler who ordered the shooting of Georg Elser.   Hitler thought that the British were involved in the plot to kill him. Did Hitler give an order to kill Elser because he didn’t want anyone to know that the British were involved in the assassination attempt? Or was it Sigismund Payne-Best who gave the order to kill Elser?  I previously blogged about the death of Georg Elser here.

Here is one more quote about what the Irish tour guide told visitors to Dachau:

Our guide pointed out that the concentration camp was only a relatively small part of the whole and the much larger part was the SS training camp.  Today it is a training camp for the German police.  In 1972, for the Munich Olympic Games and because of the widespread media attention this would bring, the authorities knocked down parts of the site and built a mound between this training camp and the concentration camp.  In this way it would not be possible to view the training camp and it would perhaps not arouse questions.  This is now covered in grass and trees today.A campaign involving survivors succeeded in getting part of this removed so that today you can see, but not enter, this camp, and see one of the original but otherwise unremarkable buildings still in existence.

On my first three visits to Dachau in 1997, 2001 and 2003, the entrance into the camp was on the east side, through a hole in the fence around the camp, as shown in the 2003 photo below.

The east side of Dachau Memorial Site where the former tourist entrance was located

My photo below shows some of what is left of the SS training camp today.  The mounds that you see on each side cover the old factory buildings that were torn down. The “authorities” did not build these mounds.

A view of the SS training camp that was next to the Dachau concentration camp

Compare the two photos below.  The old black and white photo below shows factories that were formerly outside the entrance through the Dachau gatehouse.  These factories were torn down and covered over with grass, which you see in recent photos.

Current tourist entrance to Dachau Memorial Site has mounds covered with grass on each side

Old photo shows a large factory near the entrance into the  Dachau concentration camp

There was previously a high wall, built by the American military, which separated the Dachau Memorial Site from the SS training camp, which the US Army took over and occupied for 28 years.  This wall was torn down when the Memorial Site officials decided to allow tourists to enter the camp through the Arbeit Macht Frei gate, just as the prisoners did.  The incoming prisoners had to walk from the train station in the town of Dachau to the camp. They did not arrive on the train tracks that you see at Dachau today.  These were narrow gauge tracks for transporting goods into the camp.

4 Comments

  1. When I visited Sachsenhausen in June 2012, there was also an Irish tour guide at that camp too.

    There’s a photo of him on the link below. I suspect he was a Jew.
    http://sachsenhausen2012.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/gate-house.html

    Comment by The Black Rabbit of Inlé — September 5, 2012 @ 4:30 am

  2. FG
    Luxenbourg Policemen
    At Hinzert Concentration Camp executions of detainees took place, either through targeted killings or by planned mass killings of Luxembourgers and Soviet prisoners of war. As far as Hinzert is concerned there have been 321 recorded deaths. In October 1941, due to the so-called “Commissar Order” 70 Soviet POWs were shot. After the general strike in Luxembourg in August 1942, which was directed against the introduction of compulsory military service for all Luxembourgers born between 1920 to 1924, 19 participants of the strike had been shot. They were buried in mass graves in the woods. In the fall of 1943 during various raids in Luxembourg 350 people were arrested and deported to Hinzert. I do not know of their fate. On 25 February 1944, 23 people were killied in the vicinity of the camp, as a warning against the growing resistance of the Luxembourg population. Many prisoners who were processed and sent to other camps. It is doubtfull that they came to Dachau, some went to Flossenbürg, Sachsenhausen and Graz. There are books written about the resistance within Luxembourg Police Companies which were established, and resisted German domination.
    As at June 7, 1945 a total of 5101 Luxembourgers, 2857 men and 2244 women where held for political offences in prison, 12 collaborators were sentenced to death, 249 to forced labour, 1366 to prison terms and 645 to Zuchthausstrafen (penetentiary) , around 0.80% of the population was therefore judicially punished. There is an excellent forum discussion, but in German on this website: http://www.forum-der-wehrmacht.de/thread.php?postid=270812

    Comment by Herbert Stolpmann — September 5, 2012 @ 2:36 am

    • Thanks a million for this information. I have put the full quote, regarding the 19 Luxembourg policemen who were shot, on my blog post. It actually says that the 19 policemen were shot at Sachsenhausen, not Dachau. This is a long way from 300 men being shot at Dachau and 17 being shot in a ceremony each year. This is why I never take guided tours if I can help it. I think tour guides always lie or exaggerate so that the tourists can get their money’s worth. A tourist who was told the truth by a guide at Dachau would be very disappointed and demand his or her money back.

      Comment by furtherglory — September 5, 2012 @ 6:21 am

    • “23 people were killied in the vicinity of the camp, as a warning against the growing resistance of the Luxembourg population.” not really a werhmacht nor ss method this edith. as a warning,,,, you mean like as a retribution for the killing of wehrmacht soldiers as stated in the geneva convention or just as a ,,,, warning, for fun or a method of saying we’re not done yet let’s kill some luxemborugeois “”targeted killings or by planned mass killings of Luxembourgers””” you quote/invent this stuff and you served in the Wehr 🙂

      Comment by wolf — September 9, 2012 @ 4:41 pm


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