Scrapbookpages Blog

June 12, 2013

If you don’t have mandatory Holocaust education in your state, demand it

Filed under: California, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:42 am

There are only 5 states in the United States of America that have a law which makes Holocaust education mandatory.  I didn’t realize this until I read a newspaper article about a workshop at Youngstown State University in Ohio, at which teachers were taught about the Holocaust.

This quote is from the newspaper article which you can read in full here:

A workshop at Youngstown State University on Monday educated local teachers about the Holocaust and genocide.

The Ohio Council on Holocaust Education sponsored the free workshop for teachers from public, private and parochial schools around the state. They were given a curriculum to use in their respective schools.

For more than 25 years, the non-profit organization has been pushing for Holocaust education to be mandatory.

“I’m sure our legislators will be involved within the state, and I am hoping through more publicity and marketing such as today’s workshop, we will be on the right road and finally see some type of mandate for Holocaust education in our schools,” said Suzyn Schwebel Epstein, president of the Ohio Council on Holocaust Education.

I looked up mandatory Holocaust education laws on Wikipedia and found this: “As of September 2009, laws of this kind [mandatory Holocaust education] were on the books of Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Israel, the United Kingdom, and the American states of Florida, New York, New Jersey, California, and Illinois.

The first state in America to pass a law making Holocaust education mandatory was California; Holocaust education was mandated in California in 1985.

According to the California law: “Instruction shall provide a foundation for understanding … human rights issues, with particular attention to the study of the inhumanity of genocide, slavery, and the Holocaust, and contemporary issues.”

Note that, in California, Holocaust education is included in education on slavery and “the inhumanity of genocide.”  There was no slavery in California and no genocide, unless you categorize the killing of American Indians as “genocide.”  California is also mandated to teach “contemporary issues,” whatever that means.

The next state to enact a law which mandated the teaching of the Holocaust was New Jersey, which passed a law requiring Holocaust education in 1991.  Then New York and Florida passed similar laws in 1994.  But Illinois passed a law on mandatory Holocaust education in 1989.

The Holocaust didn’t happen in America and was not perpetrated by Americans, so why should Holocaust education be mandatory in America?  I don’t know for sure, but I think it is because there are now around 6 million Jews in America, many of them Holocaust survivors or descendants of Holocaust survivors, who want to make sure that there will never be another Holocaust.  Americans must learn tolerance, so that Jews will be safe in America.

The Nazis forced the Jews to wear a Star of David on their clothes

The Nazis forced the Jews to wear a Star of David on their clothes

How are American children introduced to the Holocaust?  Around 17 years ago, one of my grandchildren came home from kindergarten and very proudly told his family about what he had learned in school that day.  He said that the King of Denmark had worn a yellow star because all the Jews were forced to wear a yellow star and the King wanted to show that, although he was not Jewish, he was sympathetic to the Jews and wanted to show his disapproval of Jews being forced to wear identification on their clothing.

Was this 5-year-old kindergarten student told to verify what he had learned by looking it up on the Internet?  No, of course not — he had not learned to read yet.

You can look it up yourself on the website of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum at  http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10008043

Who doesn't love Anne Frank, the most famous Holocaust victim?

Who doesn’t love Anne Frank, the most famous Holocaust victim?

Another one of my grandchildren was assigned to read “The Diary of Anne Frank” in the 5th grade.  Ann Frank died at Bergen-Belsen, so this gives the schools a chance to teach American students about the Jews who were killed at Bergen-Belsen.

This sign was put up by the British at the Bergen-Belsen camp

This sign was put up by the British at the Bergen-Belsen camp

The words on the sign, that was put up by the British, after the Bergen-Belsen camp was voluntarily turned over to them, read as follows:  “10,000 unburied dead were found here. Another 13,000 have since died.  All of them victims of the German New Order in Europe and an example of Nazi Kultur.”

Are American school children taught about the typhus epidemic that killed thousands of people in the last days of World War II?  The Belsen camp, which had been originally set up as an EXCHANGE CAMP, was turned over to the British because there was a typhus epidemic in the camp and the camp was located in a war zone.  Are American students told this in their mandatory education classes?  I doubt it.

Why should all this bother me?  Recently, I wanted to go to a local high school to hear a Holocaust survivor speak.  I changed my mind when I learned that the price of a ticket for the lecture was $18 in advance and $25 at the door.  It was too late for me to get an advance ticket; I was not willing to pay $25 to hear a Holocaust survivor tell about how she escaped the gas chamber at Auschwitz, no matter how unique her story was.

The only time that I heard a Holocaust survivor speak, she spent 55 minutes ranting against “Holocaust deniers” and 5 minutes telling her sad story about how she suffered at Auschwitz, starting WHEN SHE WAS FOUR YEARS OLD.  She didn’t explain why she was not gassed, even though, as everyone in the world knows, Jews under the age of 15 were immediately gassed at Auschwitz, unless they were twins, who were saved by Dr. Josef Mengele because he wanted to experiment on them.  Strangely, some children, who weren’t twins, also survived Auschwitz.

Children who survived the Auschwitz death camp show their tattoos

Children who survived the Auschwitz death camp show their tattoos

June 10, 2013

Muslim religious leaders pray for the prisoners who were executed at the Black Wall at Auschwitz

Muslim leaders pray at the Black Wall in the Auschwitz main camp

Muslim leaders pray at the Black Wall in the Auschwitz main camp

The Wall of Death is at the end of a courtyard between Block 10 and Block 11 at Auschwitz

The Wall of Death is at the end of a courtyard between Block 10 and Block 11 at Auschwitz

Muslims bow their head to the ground in front of the Black Wall at Auschwitz

Muslims bow their heads to the ground in front of the Black Wall at Auschwitz; Block 10 is in the background

The Muslim leaders may have thought that they were praying for the Jews who were murdered, for no reason, at the black wall, but they were misguided — literally.

The men and women who were executed in front of the Black Wall were political prisoners, mostly Polish resistance fighters, who had been convicted by the Gestapo Summary Court, which was located in Block 11, the brick building on the right hand side of the courtyard.

These Polish resistance fighters, aka illegal combatants, had been brought to the Auschwitz main camp, after they were captured, but were not registered as inmates; they were housed in dormitory rooms on the first and second floors of Block 11 while they awaited trial in a courtroom set up in Block 11.

If and when they were convicted, these illegal combatants were taken to a small washroom in the Block 11 building where they were ordered to strip naked, after which they were marched to the wall in groups of three. They were then executed with one shot to the neck at close range.

Some of the prisoners, who were shot at the wall, were Czech resistance fighters from the Gestapo prison at the Small Fortress in Theresienstadt.  There were also two Jewish leaders from the Theresienstadt ghetto who were executed at the Black Wall because they had refused to obey orders. Camp inmates at Auschwitz-Birkenau were also executed at this wall for resistance activity inside the concentration camp.

But the Muslim leaders were not told any of this.  They were led to believe that they were praying for Jews who had been genocided because of intolerance on the part of the Nazis.

This quote is from a news article, about the visit of the Muslims, which you can read in full here:

Muslim religious leaders from across the globe knelt in solemn prayer for Holocaust dead at Auschwitz on May 22, before the notorious Wall of Death at the former Nazi German death camp in southern Poland.

Thousands of Auschwitz prisoners perished at the wall, grey and still riddled with bullet holes. Adorned with flowers, it is a stone’s throw from the infamous wrought iron “Arbeit macht frei” (Work makes you free) gate at the camp’s entrance.
[…]
The emotional visit was part of a Holocaust awareness and anti-genocide programme organised in part by the US State Department’s Office of International Religious Freedom. Of the six million Jews killed by the Nazis during World War II, a million were murdered at Auschwitz-Birkenau, mostly in its notorious gas chambers, along with tens of thousands of others including Poles, Roma and Soviet prisoners of war.
[…]

The total number of people executed at the black wall, according to the Nazi records, was 1,646 people, including 117 Jews, 1,485 Poles, 19 Russians, 5 Czechs and 20 Gypsies, but according to the Auschwitz Museum, there were 20,000 people murdered at the black wall.

There are no records of the 20,000 people who were allegedly executed at the black wall.  The complete records, compiled by the office of Richard Glücks for all the Nazi concentration camps in the years 1935 to 1944, are now stored on microfilm and kept in the Russian Central Archives in the Central State Archives No. 187603 on Rolls 281 through 286. Richard Glücks was the head of Amt D: Konzentrationslagerwesen of the WVHA; he was the highest-ranking “Inspector of Concentration Camps” in Nazi Germany.

Many people have noticed that there are no bullet holes in the black wall. That’s because this is not the original black wall; according to my tour guide in 1998, this is a reconstruction which is supposed to look like the original. The original black wall, made out of cork, was removed after Arthur Liebehenschel replaced Rudolf Hoess as the camp commander in November, 1943, and ordered the executions at the wall to stop.

The wall at the end of the courtyard, as it looked when Soviet troops liberated Auschwitz

The wall at the end of the courtyard in 1945 when Soviet troops liberated Auschwitz

The Auschwitz Black Wall is a recostruction

The Auschwitz Black Wall is a reconstruction

Notice the lack of bullet holes in the wall and the cork panels in front of the wall, where allegedly 20,000 Jews were shot.

June 9, 2013

June 10th, the anniversary of the Oradour-sur-Glane tragedy

Filed under: Germany, World War II — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 9:35 pm
The Center of Memory at Oradour sur Glane with the ruined village in the background

The Center of Memory at Oradour-sur-Glane with the ruined village in the background

June 10th is the anniversary of the tragedy in the French village of Oradour-sur-Glane in 1944. I previously blogged about Oradour-sur-Glane at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2010/04/03/oradour-sur-glane-shown-in-the-tv-series-the-world-at-war/

There are two sides to the Oradour-sur-Glane story: the official version and the German side of the story.

The official story of the massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane is told in a 190-page book entitled Oradour-sur-Glane, a Vision of Horror. This is the Official Publication of the Remembrance Committee and the National Association of the Families of the Martyrs of Oradour-sur-Glane, written by Guy Pauchou, sub-prefect of Rochechouart, which is a nearby town, and Dr. Pierre Masfrand, the curator of the ruins of Oradour-sur-Glane.

The book tells the official story of the destruction of the peaceful village of Oradour-sur-Glane on June 10, 1944 when 642 innocent men, women and children were brutally murdered for no reason at all and the whole town was destroyed by Waffen-SS soldiers in Hitler’s elite army.

Read more at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Oradour-sur-Glane/Story/OfficialStory.html

Ruins of the church in Oradour-sur-Glane

Ruins of the church in Oradour-sur-Glane

One of the first sights that can be seen on the entrance road into the ruined village is the “Tragic Well,” where dead bodies that had been thrown into the well were found.  The photo below was taken from inside the enclosure of an old farmstead; it shows the old well with a wooden cross placed beside it.

The "Tragic Well" at Oradour-sur-Glane

The “Tragic Well” at Oradour-sur-Glane

According to Philip Beck, who wrote a book about Oradour-sur-Glane, entitled Oradour, Village of the Dead, the names of the victims whose bodies were found in the well are unknown. Out of the 642 people murdered in the village by the SS soldiers, the bodies of only 52 were ever identified. But according to defense testimony at the Nuremberg IMT, the SS claimed to have found a number of bodies of German soldiers in the well.

Old car at the ruins of Oradour-sur-Glane

Old car at the ruins of Oradour-sur-Glane

Here is the German version of the Oradour-sur-Glane story:

On 10 June 1944, two platoons of soldiers in the 3rd company of Der Führer regiment of Das Reich division in the Waffen-SS army, under the command of Captain Otto Kahn and accompanied by Battalion Commander Adolf Diekmann, went to the village of Oradour-sur-Glane for the express purpose of searching for another battalion commander, Major Helmut Kämpfe, a beloved officer and a close personal friend of Diekmann, who was missing. It was known that Kämpfe’s car had been ambushed and that he had been kidnapped by members of the Maquis, who were part of the FTP, a French Communist resistance organization, commanded by Georges Guingouin. It was believed that the Maquis was planning to ceremoniously execute Kämpfe that very day.

Diekmann had received information that morning from two collaborators in the French Milice (secret police), who told him that Kämpfe was being held prisoner in Oradour-sur-Glane and that the Maquisards, as the resistance fighters were called, were planning to burn Kämpfe alive. This information was confirmed by German intelligence reports.

Another SS officer, named Karl Gerlach, had been kidnapped the day before by the Maquis and taken to Oradour-sur-Glane, after he had offered to give information to their leader in exchange for his life. In the village, Gerlach saw members of the Maquis, including women who were dressed in leather jackets and wearing steel helmets, the clothing of Resistance fighters. He escaped, wearing nothing but his underwear, just as they were preparing to execute him. He gave this information to Diekmann and showed him the location of Oradour-sur-Glane on a map.

Read more at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Oradour-sur-Glane/Story/Synopsis02.html

Body parts of victims in church, still wearing unburned clothing

Body parts of victims found in the Oradour church, still wearing unburned clothing

The photo above shows unburned body parts, found with clothing still intact, in the ruins of the Church in Oradour-sur-Glane.

The photo below shows the burned corpse of Dr. Jean Desourteaux, the mayor of the town. His body was one of only 52 victims that could be positively identified.

Burned body of Desourteaux, the mayor of Oradour-sur-Glane

Burned body of Mr. Desourteaux, the mayor of Oradour-sur-Glane

In spite of the fact that the evidence shows that the church in Oradour-sur-Glane was destroyed by bombs stored in the church by the resistance fighters in the town, the official story, that you must believe if you don’t want to go to prison, is that the German soldiers set fire to the church.

Vincent Reynouard was imprisoned because he contradicted the official story of Oradour-sur-Glane.

In 1953, a trial was conducted by a French tribunal in Bordeaux.  You can read about the trial at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Oradour-sur-Glane/Story/BordeauxTrial.html

More about soap made from Jews….it wouldn’t suds and it wouldn’t foam

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 8:28 am
Bar of soap made from Jewish fat

Bar of soap made from Jewish fat

Soap made from Jewish fat is honored

Eyal Ballas at grave of soap in Hod Hasharon

The photo above shows Eyal Ballas, the director of the film Soaps, at a grave in Israel.  The words on the tombstone, where soap made from Jews was buried, read “Soap from martyrs.”

This morning, I searched for more news about the soap made from Jewish fat and found this quote here:

Holocaust historian Deborah Lipstadt told The Jewish Week that “there is no proof that the Nazis made Jews into soap in a mass fashion … There were attempts, but it was never practical.”

I interpreted this as an attempt by Ms. Lipstadt to save the myth of the Jewish soap, just as the myth of the gas chamber at Dachau has been saved by claims that there was no mass gassing at Dachau, but a few people were gassed for the purpose of testing and for the training of the SS men in how to gas prisoners.

The “attempts” at making soap from Jews was mentioned in the testimony at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal on February 19, 1946.

This quote is from the Nuremberg testimony:

In the Danzig Anatomic Institute semi-industrial experiments in the production of soap from human bodies and the tanning of human skin for industrial purposes were carried out. I, submit to the Tribunal, as Exhibit Number USSR-197 (Document Number USSR-197), the testimony of one of the direct participants in the production of soap from human fat. It is the testimony of Sigmund Mazur, who was a laboratory assistant at the Danzig Anatomic Institute.
[…]
“Q: ‘Tell us how the soap was made out of human fat at the Danzig Anatomic Institute.’

“A: ‘In the courtyard of the Anatomic Institute a one-story stone building of three rooms was built during the summer of 1943. This building was erected for the- utilization of human bodies and for the boiling of bones. This was officially announced by Professor Spanner. This laboratory was called a laboratory for the fabrication of skeletons, the burning of meat and unnecessary bones. But already during the winter of 1943-44 Professor Spanner ordered us to collect human fat, and not to throw it away. This order was given to Reichert and Borkmann.

” ‘In February 1944 Professor Spanner gave me the recipe for the preparation of soap from human fat. According to this recipe 5 kilos of human fat are mixed with 10 liters of water and 500 or 1,000 grams of caustic soda. All this is boiled 2 or 3 hours and then cooled. The soap floats to the surface while the water and other sediment remain at the bottom. A bit of salt and soda is added to this mixture. Then fresh water is added, and the mixture again boiled 2 or 3 hours. After having cooled the soap is poured into molds.’ “
[…]

“The fat of the human bodies was collected by Borkmann and Reichert. I boiled the soap out of the bodies of women and men. The process of boiling alone took several days- from 3 to 7. During two manufacturing processes, in which I directly participated, more than 25 kilograms of soap were produced. The amount of human fat necessary for these two processes was 70 to 80 kilograms collected from some 40 bodies. The finished soap then went to Professor Spanner, who kept it personally.

[…]
“I used this human soap for my personal needs, for toilet and for laundering. For myself I took 4 kilograms of this soap.” I omit one paragraph and continue the quotation.

“Reichert, Borkmann, Von Bargen, and our chief professor, Spanner, also personally used this soap.”

June 7, 2013

New film “searches for the root of the myth that Germans used the bodies of Jews to manufacture soap”

Filed under: Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 11:54 am

A new documentary film, entitled Soaps, has recently been made by Eyal Ballas.  You can read the full story at  http://www.haaretz.com/jewish-world/jewish-world-features/new-israeli-film-debunks-myth-that-nazis-made-soap-from-jews.premium-1.527623

This quote is from the very end of the article:

At the climax of the film, people who have believed for their entire lives that the soaps are made of Jewish fat are confronted with the overwhelming historiographic consensus that they are not. Even when the believers are told that Yad Vashem has declared the soap myth baseless, they stubbornly refuse to change their minds, arguing that the studies which disprove it were paid for by Germans. Israeli poet Yisrael Har, who is interviewed in the film, says the refutations of the soap myth come from Holocaust deniers and Wikipedia.

As everyone, who wasn’t literally born yesterday, knows, the Nazis DID make soap out of Jewish fat. This well-known fact was proved by the Soviet prosecutor at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal in 1945.  Well, maybe not PROVED, but soap was shown at Nuremberg and the Soviets claimed that it was made from Jewish fat.

There was no need to prove anything at the Nuremberg IMT because the Allies had made up new rules: anything that was “common knowledge” did not have to be proved in court.

Article 21. [of the IMT rules]: The Tribunal shall not require proof of facts of common knowledge but shall take judicial notice thereof.

The judges at the Nuremberg IMT took judicial notice that the soap shown in the photo below was made from Jewish fat.

Soap made from Jewish fat was entered into the Nuremberg IMT as evidence

Soap made from Jewish fat was entered into the Nuremberg IMT as evidence of Nazi war crimes

I have actually seen soap being made; I explained the process of soap making in this blog post.

So what WAS the root of the soap myth?

The article about the new film Soaps explains, in this quote, about how the soap myth got started:

During World War II, SS guards often tormented concentration camp prisoners by threatening to turn them into soap. The rumor gained further credence when at the end of the war the Soviet Red Army discovered a horrifying laboratory near Gdansk, Poland, with body parts alongside soap made from humans.

Did the SS guards really threaten to turn the prisoners into soap?  Or is that just another lie told by Holocaust survivors?

Did the Soviets test the soap, to determine that it was made from human fat, before bringing it into the courtroom at Nuremberg?  No, there was no need to test the soap.  It had been known since World War I that the Nazis had been making soap out of human fat, while they weren’t busy “cutting the hands off babies in Belgium” or engaging in other atrocities, which were claimed by British propaganda.

This quote is from the Haaretz article:

“Soaps” shows that one thing that contributed to the myth was confusion over the markings on some bars of soap. Certain German soaps produced in the Third Reich had the initial “RIF” imprinted on them, which was thought to stand for “Reichs Juden Fett,” which means “State Jewish Fat.” In fact, RIF stands for “Reichsstelle fur industrielle Fettversorgung, or “National Center for Industrial Fat Provisioning,” the German government agency responsible for the wartime production and distribution of soap and washing products. RIF soap contained no fat at all, human or vegetable. The Holocaust Museum in Bat Yam exhibits an RIF soap bar donated by a Holocaust survivor, though the museum’s director, Prof. Yuri Lyakhovitsky, does not claim to be sure it is made from Jewish fat. He says the charismatic personality of Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal influenced the development of the myth.

Yad Vashem has sent mixed signals about the soap myth. On one hand, the center has released chemical analyses of soaps and vehemently denied the claims that they are made from the bodies of Jews – thereby helping to dispel the myth. On the other hand, three photographs of soap burials appear on its website. One of them has the caption, “In this grave is buried soap made from pure Jewish fat … A silent testimony to the Holocaust and the brutality of the Germans.”

June 5, 2013

Wanted: German composer to write a new opera about “die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.” Must love Jews.

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 6:02 pm
Richard Wagner, famous anti-Semite

Richard Wagner, famous anti-Semite

The famous German composer, Richard Wagner, has been featured in the news lately because May 22, 2013 is the anniversary of his birth 200 years ago.  Sadly, Wagner has become more famous for being an anti-Semite than he is for his music.   Wagner wrote an essay entitled “Das Judenthum in der Musik” (“Jewishness in Music”) which was published in 1850 under a pseudonym.  In 1889, he wrote an expanded version under his own name.  That was when the shit hit the fan, and his good name was ruined forever.

This quote is from a news article about Wagner which you can read in full here:

May 22 marked the 200th anniversary of Wagner’s birth. The occasion was feted worldwide, with commemorative performances in London, New York and Milan. In Germany, however, the mood was tempered by more sombre appraisals of the man behind the music. Wagner was a virulent anti-Semite, and his posthumous association with Hitler has made it hard for Germans to consume his music without apology. In Berlin, the bicentenary was as much an opportunity for post-Third Reich hand-wringing as it was an artistic celebration.

Early in May, an adaptation of Wagner’s Tannhäuser opened in Düsseldorf; set in a Nazi concentration camp during the Holocaust, its traditionally erotic overture was replaced by a gas chamber murder scene. The production was expected to be one of the highlights of the bicentenary, but the controversial staging was quickly pulled—after an outpouring of complaints and reports that some audience members were so traumatized they required medical attention. In 2012, a production of Wagner’s Flying Dutchman in northern Bavaria was nearly cancelled after news leaked that its star, Evgeny Nikitin, had a large swastika tattooed on his chest.

Wagner was Hitler’s favorite composer. Every Nazi party rally in the city of Nürnberg began with a performance of “Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg,” which was Hitler’s favorite opera. The music composed by Wagner glorified Germany’s past and German nationalism, which is why Wagner was so beloved by Hitler and the Nazis.

To this day, the music of Wagner is hated by the Jews because it was Hitler’s favorite music.

The photo below shows a statue of Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, which survived the destruction of the city of Nürnberg by Allied bombs on the night of January 2, 1945, although all the buildings around it were demolished. New modern buildings have replaced the historic buildings that were destroyed.  Nürnberg was bombed because it was the favorite city of Hitler and the Nazis; there were no factories nor military installations there.

Statue of Hans Sachs, die Meistersinger von Nurnberg

Statue of Hans Sachs, die Meistersinger von Nurnberg

Statue was saved during the bombing of Nuremberg

Statue of Hans Sachs was saved during the bombing of Nuremberg

Hans Sachs lived from 1494 to 1576, during the Renaissance period, and was a contemporary of Albrecht Dürer and Martin Luther, the man who led the Protestant Reformation. Sachs was a folk singer who belonged to the guild of Meistersingers or master singers in Germany. In 1515, he established his residence at Nürnberg after a period of traveling all over Germany writing and singing songs.

Sachs became a shoemaker but continued to compose thousands of poems and songs. His name was immortalized by Richard Wagner (1813 to 1883) who wrote an opera based on him, called “Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.” A performance of this opera always preceded the annual Nazi rallies at Nürnberg in the 1930ies.

Here is what Wikipedia has to say about Wagner being an antiSemite:

The Wagner scholar Barry Millington has advanced the idea that Beckmesser represents a Jewish stereotype, whose humiliation by the aryan Walther is an onstage representation of Wagner’s antisemitism.[12] Millington argued in his 1991 “Nuremberg Trial: Is There Anti-Semitism in ‘Die Meistersinger’?” that common antisemitic stereotypes prevalent in 19th-century Germany were a part of the “ideological fabric” of “Die Meistersinger” and that Beckmesser embodied these unmistakable antisemitic characteristics.[13]

Is there a pejorative term, analogous to the term “anti-Semite,” for people who hate Germans?  No, it is normal and expected that everyone hates Germans, and for good reason, so there is no word for it.  The Germans have been rehabilitated and they now bow down to the Jews, but it is no use — they can never be forgiven for the Holocaust.

60,000 Buchenwald prisoners were executed just before the camp was liberated, according to a Jewish survivor

Filed under: Buchenwald, Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:39 am
Bodies piled up at Buchenwald after the camp was liberated

Bodies piled up at Buchenwald after the camp was liberated

Holocaust survivor Moshe Avital was a 16-year-old orphan at Buchenwald on April 11, 1945 when American troops found the camp.  Communist prisoners had already taken over the camp, and the German SS guards had fled for their lives.  According to estimates by the U.S. military, there were 21,000 survivors, including 4,000 Jews, in the Buchenwald main camp when American troops arrived to save them.

According to a recent article in the Wall Street Journal, 84-year-old Moshe Avital spoke to students in May this year at Wappingers Junior High School in Wappingers Falls, NY.

This quote is from the article in the Wall Street Journal:

In 1945, Avital weighed 70 pounds after a two-year period of starvation and hard labor in six concentration camps. He also was an orphan. Avital’s mother and father, along with half of his 10 siblings, were killed during the Holocaust. His parents were sent to the gas chambers at Auschwitz, the first camp the family went to.  […]

Buchenwald, the sixth and final camp Avital was in, became infamous for the cruelty its SS, or Schutzstaffel, officers inflicted on prisoners. Most prisoners there died of starvation and poor living conditions, Avital said.  […]

“The German high command gave orders to the SS to annihilate the entire population because the Americans were coming closer,” Avital said. “Barrack by barrack we were taken into the woods (surrounding the camp) and … 60,000 of 80,000 prisoners were executed.”

The Holocaust museum reports that exact numbers of the dead aren’t available, but at least 56,000 men in the camp system were killed, about 11,000 of them Jewish.

There were 63,084 prisoners in the Buchenwald complex, including the sub-camps, in December 1944 according to the records kept by the Germans. The population of the main Buchenwald camp and all the sub-camps reached 80,436 in late March 1945 after the death camps in what is now Poland were closed and the Jewish survivors were brought to various camps in Germany, including Buchenwald.  Moshe Avital was among the prisoners who were evacuated out of the war zone in what is now Poland and brought to Buchenwald.

Non-Jewish survivors of Buchenwald, April 14, 1945

Non-Jewish survivors of Buchenwald, April 14, 1945 (US Army photo)

What the article in the Wall Street Journal neglected to mention is that the Nazis kept records of the deaths in the Buchenwald camp.

According to a U.S. Army report dated May 25, 1945, there was a total of 238,980 prisoners sent to Buchenwald during its 8-year history from July 1937 to April 11, 1945, and 34,375 of them died in the camp. This report was based on records confiscated from the camp by the US military, after the camp was liberated.

A later U.S. Government report in June, 1945 put the total deaths at 33,462 with 20,000 of the deaths in the final months of the war.

The International Tracing Service of Arolsen, an affiliate of the Red Cross, released a report in 1984 which said that the number of documented deaths in Buchenwald was 20,671 plus an additional 7,463 at the notorious satellite camp called Dora, where prisoners were forced to work underground in the manufacturing of V-2 rockets for the German military. (In October 1944, Dora became an independent camp named Nordhausen.)

According to an information booklet, which I obtained from the Buchenwald Memorial Site, records kept by the camp secretary show the number of deaths each year in Buchenwald, as follows:

1937 – 48
1938 – 771
1939 – 1235
1940 – 1772
1941 – 1522
1942 – 2898
1943 – 3516
1944 – 8644
January to March 1945 – 13,056
March to April 11, 1945 – 913

Total 34,375

The horrendous death toll during the first two months of 1945 was due to a typhus epidemic in the camp. During the same time period, there were also severe epidemics in all the other major concentration camps in Germany.

Monument in honor of the Resistance Fighters who were prisoners at Buchenwald

Monument in honor of the Resistance Fighters who were prisoners at Buchenwald

Buchenwald was primarily a camp for political prisoners, including prominent Communists and Social Democrats, as well as French, Polish and Dutch resistance fighters, and also pastors of the Confessional Church and Catholic priests who preached against the Nazis. A Monument to the Resistance Fighters is shown in the photo above; it stands on the highest point of the Ettersberg about one kilometer from the former Buchenwald camp.

On April 11, 1945, the day that American troops arrived to liberate the Buchenwald camp, the Communist political prisoners had already taken control of the camp and forced the SS guards to flee for their lives. When the American liberators arrived, they observed that some of the prisoners had left the camp and were hunting down the SS men in the surrounding forest. The SS soldiers were brought back to the camp and shot, hanged or beaten to death by the inmates while the American soldiers looked on and sometimes joined in.

Buchenwald was one of the two main camps for French Resistance fighters who were fighting as illegal combatants in World War II; the other one was Natzweiler.  These captured Resistance fighters could have been legally executed because they were fighting in a war in violation of the rules of the Geneva Convention, but instead, they were allowed to live, but put into concentration camps.

Starting in January 1945, Jewish survivors of Auschwitz were brought to Germany and put into various concentration camps, including Buchenwald.   Most of the Jews were sent to sub-camps of Buchenwald to work in factories, except for the youngest prisoners.  One of the sub-camps was Ohrdruf, which was found by American soldiers on April 4, 1945.  Ohrdruf was the only camp ever visited by General Eisenhower.

You can read about other Buchenwald liars in this article on another website here.

There should be a law in America that punishes persons who tell lies that promote hatred of a race or ethnic group.  In this case, Moshe Avital should go to prison for at least 5 years for promoting hatred of the German people.  It is highly unlikely that the junior high school students in Wappingers Falls, who were brain-washed by Moshe, will look up the facts about Buchenwald.

June 3, 2013

89-year-old Holocaust survivor has died — he was a “commando” at Auschwitz

I have just finished reading the online obituary of Benny Hochman, who was sent to Auschwitz in 1939 and later marched to Buchenwald where he was liberated by American soldiers.

According to Benny Hochman’s obituary, “One night in the winter of 1939, Nazi soldiers arrived at the family’s home to take Benny’s older brother Boleak, a Polish officer, to Auschwitz. They took 16-year-old Benny, too. He became B-3156.”

Gate into the Auschwitz main camp which was opened in 1940

Gate into the Auschwitz main camp which was opened in 1940

Several years ago, I wrote this on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/Tour/Auschwitz1/Auschwitz02.html:

The decision to open a concentration camp for Polish political prisoners in the town of Auschwitz was made by Heinrich Himmler on April 27, 1940. The first prisoners, a group of 728 Poles, arrived at the Auschwitz I camp on June 14, 1940. They were political prisoners from the Gestapo prison at Tarnow, a Polish town about 40 miles east of Krakow. Tarnow was also the site of a Ghetto set up by the Nazis in 1940 where 3,000 Jews worked in a clothing factory making uniforms for the German army; over 40,000 Jews lived in the Tarnow Ghetto until it was liquidated.

I suppose that I will have to go back and correct the information on my website, since Auschwitz was opened in 1939, according to Benny Hochman.

The first prisoners, that were sent to Auschwitz, were Polish “political prisoners,” so Benny is admitting that he was sent to Auschwitz because he was fighting with the Polish Resistance.  Nowhere in his obituary does it say that Benny was Jewish, yet he had a mis-spelled German name, not a Polish name.

Benny Hochman was given the number B-3156 at Auschwitz when he arrived in 1939, at least a year before the Auschwitz camp was opened.

On their website, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum has this quote, regarding the Auschwitz tattoo numbers:

In order to avoid the assignment of excessively high numbers from the general series to the large number of Hungarian Jews arriving in 1944, the SS authorities introduced new sequences of numbers in mid-May 1944. This series, prefaced by the letter A, began with “1” and ended at “20,000.” Once the number 20,000 was reached, a new series beginning with “B” series was introduced. Some 15,000 men received “B” series tattoos. For an unknown reason, the “A” series for women did not stop at 20,000 and continued to 30,000.

The obituary in the online Journal Star starts out with this quote:

An American soldier found Benny Hochman lying near the perimeter of the Buchenwald concentration camp in central Germany.

The 21-year-old Polish man stood 6 feet tall and weighed 78 pounds.

For three years at Auschwitz, Hochman fought for scraps of food and wheeled bodies out of gas chambers. Days before the Allies arrived [at Auschwitz], the Nazis marched the prisoners to Buchenwald. He worked on Autobahn and avoided the wrath of Ilse Koch.

I thought that the Autobahn was completed before World War II started, but maybe he was working to repair sections of  the Autobahn that had been bombed.  In any case, Hochman was able to avoid Ilse Koch, the wife of the Buchenwald Commandant, who ordered lampshades to be made from the skin of Buchenwald prisoners.

Hochman survived Auschwitz because he “wheeled bodies out of gas chambers,” meaning that he was a Sonderkommando, who worked in a crematorium at Auschwitz.  The Sonderkommando workers were killed every three months, but the last group was marched out of Auschwitz because the Nazis wanted to make sure that there would be witnesses to the gas chambers.

I previously blogged about the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2013/05/23/if-this-is-a-gas-chamber-im-groucho-marx/

The most interesting part of Hochman’s obituary comes at the end:

Hochman worked as a “commando.” He removed the thousands of bodies from the gas chambers, loaded them onto wagons and wheeled them to the crematoriums. When the furnaces couldn’t keep up with the number of corpses, Hochman unloaded them into open dirt pits, into open flames.  [This contradicts Elie Wiesel’s story about prisoners being thrown ALIVE into open flames.]

Hochman was given a small hammer to knock out any gold teeth in the mouths of the dead. The scraps of food he found in the pockets of the dead helped him stay alive.

Wait a minute!  Benny ate food found in the POCKETS of the dead?  No, no, no!  The Jews were marched into an UNDRESSING ROOM and told to take off all their clothes before proceeding into the gas chamber. Benny’s story indicates that he was working in the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp which did not have an undressing room.  Filip Mueller, one of the Commandos who worked in the main camp gas chamber, wrote that he ate some cheese that he found in the gas chamber in the main camp.

Besides that, the food in the pockets of the dead, in the gas chamber, would have been saturated with Zyklon-B gas and anyone who ate the food would have died a horrible death.

Benny Hochman’s obituary continues with this quote:

Nazis moved those left at Auschwitz to Buchenwald in 1944. About 80 percent died on the monthlong trip. Hochman worked to avoid death, but eventually the five years he’d spent fighting for his life started to take their toll.

He was lying on the ground, near death when the 926th Signal Battalion of the American Army arrived.

Benny can be excused for not knowing that the 926th Signal Battalion is not credited with being liberators of Buchenwald, since he was near death at the time.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum has a list of Army units which liberated the camps.  I checked on the 926th Signal Battalion to make sure and found this:  http://www.ushmm.org/shared/search/main.php?q__typ=&q=926th+Signal+Battalion&Submit=

Truck loads of American soldiers were brought to see Buchenwald after the camp was liberated

Truck loads of American soldiers were brought to see Buchenwald after the camp was liberated

After the Buchenwald camp was liberated by the prisoners themselves on April 11, 1945, the US Army brought as many soldiers as they could to see the exhibits that had been put up by the survivors.  Benny may have been lying on the ground, near death, days after the Buchenwald camp was liberated, when a soldier from the 926th Signal Battalion found him.

I also found another obituary for Benny Hochman.  It was written by Klark Byrd in the Dickinson Press; you can read it at http://www.thedickinsonpress.com/event/article/id/68954/

This quote is from the article written by Klark Byrd:

After the Nazis invaded Poland in 1939, Benny’s life was on a course for something terrible. Though he and his family weren’t Jewish, his brother was educated and a member of the Polish army. For those reasons, he was targeted by the Gestapo in 1940. When they came for his brother, they took Benny too.

Why would the Gestapo be after a member of the “Polish army”?  Could it be that his brother was in an army of partisans who were fighting illegally, not as soldiers on a battlefield?  Was his brother in the “Polish Home Army,” which fought as Resistance fighters, not as soldiers?

The quote from Klark Byrd’s article continues:

His autobiography, “From Hell to Here,” states that “On April 14, 1945, a starving emaciated Polish lad lay in the gutter near the electrically charged perimeter fence of Buchenwald Concentration Camp with guns of war sounding in the distance.”

An American soldier found him. He offered Benny a piece of hard candy. Benny was too weak to take it. The soldier scooped him up and took him to an Army hospital to recuperate.

Benny was found, lying in a gutter, on April 14, 1945 after the Buchenwald camp had been liberated on April 11, 1945.  Had he been lying there in the gutter for 3 days before he was found?

June 1, 2013

Hitler’s Jewish neighbor in Munich had a better car, a home library, and his uncle’s novel sold more copies than Hitler’s deadly dull book

German Jewish historian Edgar Feuchtwanger has written a new book entitled “Hitler My Neighbor: a Jewish Boy’s Memories,” about how his family lived across the street from Adolf Hitler in Munich from 1929 to 1939, before they were forced to leave Germany.

Edgar was just 5 years old when Hitler moved into an apartment across from his family on Grillparzer Street in Munich. Edgar’s uncle was the famous writer Lion (pronounced Leon) Feuchtwanger who had written a historical novel in 1925, entitled Jew Süss.  (Jud Süss was also the title of a film made by the Nazis.)

Edgar’s father, Ludwig Feuchtwanger, was one of the Jews who was rounded up on Kristallnacht in November 1938 and sent to Dachau for a couple of weeks.

Hitler leaves Landsberg prison in his car that was not good enough for the Jews

Hitler leaves Landsberg prison in his car that was not good enough for the Jews

In an article about the book, this quote reveals how the Feuchtwanger family looked down on Hitler:

The Feuchtwanger family drew some comfort from the observation that their car was fancier than Hitler’s, and that “Jud Süß” (Jew Süss), Uncle Lion’s 1925 historical novel based on the life of an 18th century Stuttgart court Jew, still outsold “Mein Kampf.” [Lion Feuchtwanger’s book], as Edgar notes, recounts how “in the past, other upstarts have inspired the crowd to massacre our ancestors in our own country.” […]

Edgar’s father also noted with disdain that to avoid being importuned by worshipful female admirers, the “coward” Hitler put Winter, his housemaid’s name, on the building directory instead of his own. Having fought in the trenches in World War I on the German side, as did Hitler, Ludwig Feuchtwanger, Edgar’s father, failed to see why the politician should be “afraid of his own shadow,” to which Uncle Lion replied:

“Ah yes, the trenches! [Hitler] whines about them all through his deadly dull tome, ‘Mein Kampf.’ He moans. He laments. He screams. One can imagine him writing the book while rolling around the floor like a brat.”

Hitler’s presence on Grillparzer Street was seen by the Feuchtwangers as a canny move to blend into a comfortable neighborhood, as if he were nothing more than an upwardly mobile leader. Yet the Feuchtwanger family was not deceived, nor were their house employees, including Rosie, Edgar’s nanny.

After the Nazi rise to power in 1933, the danger became even clearer, although the Feuchtwanger family was stymied about where to find refuge. Edgar’s father made a special trip to relatives who lived in Talpiot, a neighborhood in southeast Jerusalem established in 1922, yet reported that the conditions of life there were too difficult, and feared that young Edgar would not receive a satisfactory education. […]

In 1939, Edgar was put on a train for England, armed with a few English phrases learned in a hurry, including “How do you do?… How old are you?… I am a Jew.” Once safely in England, he notes, he would no longer be required to use the last phrase in response to any interrogation by officials. Although his parents and uncle would also reach safety, not all of the Feuchtwanger family would be so fortunate. Some of them would be murdered in concentration camps, at the behest of their evil neighbor.

It is very clear that Hitler was not good enough for the vastly superior Feuchtwanger Jews.  Hitler wanted to unite Germany into a nation for ethnic Germans, who would work for the good of the country; he did not want Germany to be a geographical region of diversity in Europe, ruled by the superior Jews, who worked only for themselves. Germany had a long history of persecution of the Jews before Hitler came along.

Hitler didn’t have a Jewish Communist nanny, as little Edgar did.  Hitler wrote a “deadly dull” book about how Germany was betrayed by the Jews during World War One, not a popular novel about a famous Jew.

Hitler rode though the streets in a Mercedes as crowds cheered

Hitler rode though the streets in a Mercedes as crowds cheered

After Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany, he rode through the streets in a Mercedes, a German made car.  To this day, many Jews will not buy a German car, especially a Mercedes.

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