Scrapbookpages Blog

December 1, 2013

College students in Pennsylvania don’t know the Nuremberg laws from a hole in the ground…

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , , — furtherglory @ 11:57 am

A recent news story in an online newspaper in Philadelphia has this headline:

Nuremberg? Forget it. They don’t even know Hitler.

The city of Nuremberg was Hitler's favorite city in Germany

The city of Nuremberg was Hitler’s favorite city in Germany

This quote is from the news article:

When Rhonda Fink-Whitman decided to test college students’ knowledge of the Holocaust, lugging a video camera to four local campuses, she discovered some amazing facts:

Adolf Hitler was the leader of Amsterdam. Josef Mengele was an author. And JFK led the Allies during World War II, assisted by an American Army general named Winston Churchill.

Hardly any students had heard of the Holocaust, the Nazis’ systematic murder of six million Jews. And when her questions turned to the Night of Broken Glass, the Nuremberg Trials, or the meaning of the phrase the Final Solution, forget it.

Why is it that college students in Philadelphia don’t know the first thing about the Holocaust? Because only 5 states in the United States of America MANDATE Holocaust education, and Pennsylvania is not one of those states.

Rhonda Fink-Whitman, the author of a novel, entitled 94 Maidens, wants to change all that.  She has made a video of her interviews with Philadelphia students. Her video shows that the students are completely uneducated about the Holocaust and World War II, except for the students, who transferred from states like New Jersey, which is one of the 5 states that mandate Holocaust education.

Why should college students in America be concerned with what happened in Europe 70 years ago?  Because it could happen here.  Half of the survivors of the Holocaust are living in America.  These students don’t know the meaning of the word “genocide.”  The Jews in America could be genocided again, unless today’s students in Philadelphia learn the meaning of the term “by-stander,” which they also don’t know.

You can watch the YouTube video, entitled “94 Maidens The Mandate Video,” below:

So what were the Nuremberg laws, which are mentioned in the video?

The term “Nuremberg Laws” means the laws, pertaining to the Jews, in Hitler’s Germany.  These laws, which were signed by Hermann Göring, were announced at the annual Nazi party rally at Nuremberg in 1935.

However, the term “Nuremberg Laws” could also mean the ex-post-facto laws, passed by the Allies after World War II, which were used in the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal, at which the German war criminals were put on trial in November 1945.

The “1935 Nuremberg Laws” defined who was a Jew, based on heredity, and allowed German citizenship only to the Germans, who did not have Jewish ancestors.

The Nuremberg Laws formed the basis for the plans that were made on January 20, 1942, at the Wannsee Conference, for “The Final Solution of the Jewish Question in Europe.” The Nuremberg Laws were used to determine who would be transported, from Germany and the Nazi occupied countries, to the infamous concentration camps, such as Dachau, Treblinka, and Auschwitz.

Here is a little known fact, that the students should also know: The Nuremberg Laws denied the Jews the right to fly the Nazi flag, but at the same time, protected the right of the Jewish Zionists to fly their own flag, which is now the blue and white flag of Israel.

Why did Hitler allow the Jews to fly the Zionist flag?  Because he wanted the Jews to leave Germany and set up their own country in Palestine.  Read “the Transfer Agreement” to learn more about this.

The city of Nürnberg, which is located in the German state of Bavaria, is famous for its medieval walls and its ancient castle, and also for gingerbread cookies, toy manufacturing, Gothic churches, Nürnberger bratwurst and the Christmas market.

The city of Nuremberg, after the bombed ruins were rebuilt

The city of Nuremberg, after the bombed ruins were rebuilt

Nürnberg dates back to the year 1050 and for around 500 years, it was the unofficial capital of the Holy Roman Empire, sometimes referred to by historians as the First Reich or first German empire.

The National Socialists, aka Nazis, made Nürnberg the unofficial capital of their empire, which was known to Americans as the Third Reich. The Second Reich was the unification of the German states in 1871.  The first Reich was “the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation.”

In January 1945, 90% of the old city of Nürnberg was destroyed when it was bombed by the Allies because of its historic importance to Hitler and the Nazis. The famous Nürnberg Castle and the city wall were damaged in the bombing raid, but have since been restored.

On April 20, 1945 (Hitler’s 56th birthday), the city of Nürnberg was captured by three divisions of the American Seventh Army, after a fierce battle that had lasted for several days.

It was at the Zeppelin Field, just outside the city of Nürnberg, that the National Socialists had staged huge annual party rallies. Each rally would be preceded by a performance of the Wagnerian opera, “Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg,” the story of Hans Sachs, which was Hitler’s favorite opera.

Because of its close association with the Nazi party, the city of Nürnberg was chosen as the site of the International Military Tribunal, the war crimes trial, which started in November 1945 at the Justizgebäude (Palace of Justice).

The building where the Nuremberg IMT took place

The building where the Nuremberg IMT took place (Note the eyelid windows on the roof.)

After the war, Nuremberg was in the American zone of occupation and American troops were stationed in the city until 1992.

A restored church in Nuremberg has "eyelid" windows

A restored Christian church in Nuremberg has “eyelid” windows on the roof

Nuremberg castle in the background and former home of Albrect Durer in the foreground

Nuremberg castle in the background with the former home of the famous German artist, Albrect Dürer, in the foreground

One of the towers at the Nuremberg castle

One of the towers at the Nuremberg castle