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March 27, 2014

Ireland’s desperation for victims of the Holocaust

Filed under: Dachau, Holocaust — furtherglory @ 11:05 am

The Irish are desperate to be included among the countries that suffered at the hands of the Nazis. The Irish have recently put up a memorial to a Jewish woman who lived for a time in Ireland before she was sent to Auschwitz in 1942 and killed.

A couple of years ago, a teacher in Ireland assigned students to find the one and only Irish prisoner who had been incarcerated in the Dachau concentration camp.  I received many e-mails from Irish students who were trying to find out the name of the only Irish prisoner at Dachau.

I did some research on the subject of the only Irish prisoner at Dachau and wrote two blog posts about this:

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2012/08/06/more-about-the-only-irish-prisoner-at-dachau/

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2012/08/05/the-only-irish-prisoner-at-dachau/

You can read about the only Irish prisoner to be killed by the Nazis in this news article:

http://www.irishtimes.com/news/education/memorial-to-ireland-s-only-holocaust-victim-unveiled-1.1737753

This quote is from the Irish Times article, cited above:

A memorial to Ireland’s only Holocaust victim Ettie Steinberg has been unveiled at a secondary school in Malahide, Co Dublin.

[Lynne Jackson, chair of Holocaust Education Trust Ireland] said the stone memorial to Ettie Steinberg was a way for the school to create a permanent Holocaust memorial.

Steinberg’s family were [sic] from Czechoslovakia and came to Dublin from London in 1926. In 1937 she married a Belgian man and later moved to Belgium and then Paris, where she had a son. In 1942 she and her little boy were transported to Auschwitz and killed.

In Jews in Twentieth-Century Ireland , Dermot Keogh notes, “the Steinbergs in Dublin had secured visas for Ettie and her family trough [sic] the British home office in Belfast. The visas were sent immediately to Toulouse but they arrived too late. Ettie and her family had been rounded up the day before…”

I checked the timeline for Auschwitz to confirm that Jews were killed at Auschwitz in 1942 and found this on the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum website at

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007259

January 25, 1940
The SS decides to construct a concentration camp near Oswiecim (Auschwitz).

May 20, 1940
The first concentration camp prisoners—30 recidivist criminals from Sachsenhausen—arrive at Auschwitz concentration camp.
March 1, 1941
Reichsfuehrer SS and Chief of German Police Heinrich Himmler inspects Oswiecim (Auschwitz). Because nearby factories use prisoners for forced labor, Himmler is concerned about the prisoner capacity of the camp. On this visit, he orders both the expansion of Auschwitz I camp facilities to hold 30,000 prisoners and the building of a camp near Birkenau for an expected influx of 100,000 Soviet prisoners of war. Himmler also orders that the camp supply 10,000 prisoners for forced labor to construct an I.G. Farben factory complex at Dwory, about a mile away. Himmler will make additional visits to Auschwitz in 1942, when he will witness the killing of prisoners in the gas chambers.

[…]

January 25, 1942
SS chief Heinrich Himmler informs Richard Gluecks, the Inspector of Concentration Camps, that 100,000 Jewish men and 50,000 Jewish women would be deported from Germany to Auschwitz as forced laborers.

February 15, 1942
The first transport of Jews from Bytom (Beuthen) in German-annexed Upper Silesia arrives in Auschwitz I. The SS camp authorities kill all those on the transport immediately upon arrival with Zyklon B gas.

December 31, 1942
German SS and police authorities deported approximately 175,000 Jews to Auschwitz in 1942.

Notice that the last entry in the timeline says that 175,000 Jews were sent to Auschwitz in 1942, which could have included the Jews sent from France to Auschwitz in 1942.  Ettie Steinberg and her son, who were killed in Auschwitz, were in Paris in 1942, and could have been on a transport sent from Paris to Auschwitz.

This quote is from a Yad Vashem web page about the Holocaust in  France:

In July 1942 some 23,000 Jews were arrested in Paris and in the remainder of the Occupied Zone. At the initiative of Pierre Laval, the Prime Minister of the Vichy regime, most of the Jewish children were deported to the East together with their parents.

So the Irish have a legitimate claim for a Holocaust Memorial.