I was very pleased to learn, from the website of the Auschwitz Memorial and Museum website, that all the Jews who died at Auschwitz were killed in the gas chambers. Apparently, no one died of starvation or illness.
This quote is from the website: “Of the approximately 1.1 million Jews deported to Auschwitz, about 200 thousand were chosen in this way [for labor]. The remainder, about 900 thousand people, were killed in the gas chambers.”
What? No Jews died of typhus at Auschwitz? This must have been because the Nazis forced all the Jews to take a shower immediately upon arrival, and then shaved their heads to get rid of any lice; they regularly disinfected the prisoner’s clothing with Zyklon-B gas to eliminate the lice that spreads typhus.
This quote is from the home page of the Auschwitz Memorial and Museum:
All over the world, Auschwitz has become a symbol of terror, genocide, and the Holocaust. It was established by Germans in 1940, in the suburbs of Oswiecim, a Polish city that was annexed to the Third Reich by the Nazis. [Oswiecim’s] name was changed to Auschwitz, which also became the name of Konzentrationslager Auschwitz.
The direct reason for the establishment of the camp was the fact that mass arrests of Poles were increasing beyond the capacity of existing “local” prisons. Initially, Auschwitz was to be one more concentration camp of the type that the Nazis had been setting up since the early 1930s. It functioned in this role throughout its existence, even when, beginning in 1942, it also became the largest of the death camps.
Way back in 1998, after my first visit to Auschwitz, I wrote about the town on this page of my website: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/History/Articles/AuschwitzTown.html I updated the page, after my second visit to the town in 2005.
Today’s students, who are taken to see the Auschwitz camps, are first taken to the town, where they are told that the town was originally a Polish town named Oswiecim, and that the name was changed to Auschwitz by the Germans.
I blogged here about British students on the HET tours who are first taken to Oswiecim where they are told that the town was built by the Polish people. Not true. The town dates back to the year 1270 when it was built by the Germans.
In 2005, when I went back to visit Auschwitz again; I took photos of the town which you can see on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/Tour/Oswiecim/index.html