Scrapbookpages Blog

August 25, 2014

93-year-old survivor of Mauthausen visits the Memorial site

93-year-old survivor of Mauthausen visits the Memorial site

93-year-old survivor of Mauthausen visits the Memorial site

The photo above shows Pal Ferenczi, a 93-year-old survivor of the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria; he recently returned to visit the Memorial Site at the former camp. You can read about it here; the article includes this quote: “Mauthausen was the only category III concentration camp – which means it had the most brutal conditions, according to the memorial’s website. Nearly 200,000 people were taken to the camp, and half of them died there.”

This quote is from the news article about Ferenczi’s visit to Mauthausen:

Passing an empty room, he recalled how corpses would be stacked on top of each other there, waiting to be burned in the furnace. At the gas chamber, he told his family how 50 men would be shoved into the tiny room to die. Terrified victims left scratch marks on the door.

Pal Ferenczi enters the Mausthausen gas chamber

Pal Ferenczi enters the Mausthausen gas chamber

The photo above shows the inside of one of the two doors into the Mauthausen gas chamber, as Pal Ferenczi enters the room. The object on the right hand side, just above the peephole, is what is left of the door handle, which has had the actual handle removed. When prisoners took a shower in this room, it was possible for them to turn a handle and open the door to get out of the room.

When I visited Mauthausen a few years ago, I didn’t notice the scratch marks on the door of the gas chamber.  I took the photo below, which shows the same door into the gas chamber.  There is a peephole in the center of the door which has some white marks around it, but I don’t think that these are scratch marks.

One of the two doors into the Mauthausen gas chamber

One of the two doors into the Mauthausen gas chamber

Door latch on the inside of the Mauthausen gas chamber has no handle

Door latch on the inside of the Mauthausen gas chamber has no handle

Close-up of the peephole in the Mauthausen gas chamber door is called a Judas opening

Close-up of the peephole in the Mauthausen gas chamber — this peephole is called a “Judas opening”

Mauthausen was the only Class III camp in the Nazi concentration camp system. It was a punishment camp where prisoners were rarely ever released.  I have an extensive section about Mauthausen on my website, which you can read here.  You can read about the Jewish prisoners at Mauthausen on my website here — this page is a MUST read.

Mauthausen was the first Nazi concentration camp to receive foreign prisoners; it was not a camp that was particularly for Austrians, nor was it a camp that was specifically designed for killing the Jews. It was mainly a camp for resistance fighters from Nazi occupied countries, such as France, Hungary and the Netherlands, and for German “career criminals.”

Pal Ferenczi was undoubtedly sent to Mauthausen because he was fighting as an illegal combatant in the Hungarian Resistance. On his trip back to visit the camp, he was photographed as he stood near the Monument to the Hungarian Resistance fighters.

Pal Ferenczi visited the Memorial to the Hungarian Resistance fighters at Mauthausen

Pal Ferenczi visited the Memorial to the Hungarian Resistance fighters at Mauthausen

My photo of the monument to the Hungarian Resistance fighters a Mauthausen

My photo of the monument to the Hungarian Resistance fighters at Mauthausen

On his visit to Mauthausen, Ferenczi visited the former morgue, which has been converted into a room where the names of the victims who died at Mauthausen are engraved.  The photo below shows Ferenczi on his visit to this room.

Former morgue room at Mauthausen has names of the victims

Former morgue room at Mauthausen has names of the victims

When I visited the Mauthausen camp, I took the photo below, which shows the former morgue before it was converted into a Memorial room. Note the two posts which are the same in both photos.

My photo of the Mauthausen morgue before it was turned into a Museum room

My photo of the Mauthausen morgue before it was turned into a room of names

I took the morgue photo below, because it shows a water pipe which goes into the gas chamber room.

Water pipe in the Mauthausen morgue goes through the wall into the gas chamber

Water pipe in the Mauthausen morgue goes through the wall into the gas chamber

Why would a gas chamber need water pipes?  The Mauthausen gas chamber was a multi-purpose room where prisoners could take a shower with water coming through real shower heads, or they could be gassed with Zyklon-B which came through a special device that has since been removed.

The article about the visit of Pal Ferenczi to Mauthausen includes a photo which shows the first crematory oven.  When I visited Mauthausen, I was told that the first crematory oven was the oven that is shown in my photo below.

My photo of the first crematory oven at Mauthausen

My photo of the first crematory oven at Mauthausen

An American Tragedy: “Unarmed teenager gunned down by white policeman”

Photo of Michael Brown which was shown many times on TV

Photo of Michael Brown which has been shown many times on TV

The title of my blog post today is in quotes because these words were spoken a million times today as “unarmed teenager” Michael Brown was laid to rest, after being “gunned down” by a white policeman.  The date of his death was August 9th.  Michael Brown could not be laid to rest before now because three (or maybe four) autopsies had to be performed, and the rioting caused by his death had to be allowed to continue unabated.

This photo of Michael Brown was displayed in the church at his funeral

This photo of Michael Brown was displayed in the church at his funeral

The funeral of Michael Brown took place today in the “Friendly Temple” Baptist church in Ferguson, MO as 4,500 people attended, including many famous people, such as Snoop Dog and Spike Lee. President Obama skipped this important event, but sent THREE White House aids to represent him.

The eulogy was given by Al Sharpton, who wore a white suit.  Many people in the church were wearing red, including the mother of Michael Brown.  A man sitting beside her, chewing gum, was wearing a red shirt. 485 members of Michael Brown’s family were at the funeral.

I saw one photo taken at the funeral, which showed a man wearing a T-Shirt that said “No Justice, no Peace.”

All of this could have been avoided if Michael Brown had been trained, as a child, in how to avoid being gunned down by a white policeman.  The first thing that he should have been taught, by his parents, is that after you rob a store, you should not attract the attention of a police officer by walking down the double yellow line in the middle of a major street.  If a police officer orders you to get out of the middle of the street, you should not approach his police car and try to take his gun.

Of course, this advice applies to all criminals, regardless of age or color.  In fact, the best advice that I can give to potential criminals is to pay for small items in a store.  Then the police won’t be called and you won’t be gunned down by a white policeman.