Scrapbookpages Blog

January 31, 2015

How the New York Times reported the liberation of Auschwitz in 1945

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:24 am

Poland Auschwitz Anniversary

The New York Times news story about the liberation of Auschwitz on January 27, 1945 was reprinted this year in commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz complex. The photo above was used to illustrate the news story.

I have visited Auschwitz twice, in 1998 and again in 2005, but I did not see this sign; the photo appears to have been taken in the main Auschwitz camp. I believe that this ominous sign has been added recently for the benefit of millions of tourists who flock to see the Auschwitz “Murder Factory.”

This quote is from the original New York Times article:

Saved from “Murder Factory”

MOSCOW, Feb. 2 [1945] (U.P.) —-The Newspaper Pravda reported today that the Red Army had saved several thousand tortured, emaciated inmates of the Germans’ greatest “murder factory” at Oswiecim [Oświęcim] in southwest Poland.
Pravda’s corespondent said fragmentary reports indicated that at least 1,500,000 persons were slaughtered at Oswiecim. During 1941, 1942 and early 1943 five trains arrived daily at Oswiecim with Russians Poles, Jews, Czechs, French and Yugoslaves jammed in sealed cars.

Oświęcim  is the Polish name for Auschwitz.  In 1945, the town was still known as Auschwitz, it’s original name. I blogged about this on a previous blog post at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2011/08/27/whats-in-a-name-auschwitz-and-birkenau/

I took photos of the warning signs on my two visits to Auschwitz. My photos are shown below.

Warning sign at the entrance to the Auschwitz main camp

Warning sign at the entrance to the Auschwitz main camp

A faded original sign at the Auschwitz main camp

A faded original sign at the Auschwitz main camp

To get back to the original New York Times article, note that the news story says that 1,500,000 people were murdered in the camp.

At the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal, the Soviets reported that 4 million people had been killed at Auschwitz-Birkenau. Now we know that the original report claimed that 1.5 million were killed; this number is now on the stones at the International monument, but the official claim now is that only 1.1 million people were  killed at Auschwitz, most of whom were Jews.

Note that the New York Times news report says that “During 1941, 1942 and early 1943 five trains arrived daily at [Oświęcim] with Russians Poles, Jews, Czechs, French and Yugoslaves jammed in sealed cars.”

It is now known that, after 1943, it was mostly Jews who arrived on the trains to Auschwitz.

Inside the Auschwitz main camp

Inside the Auschwitz main camp

The Auschwitz Visitors Center, the first stop for tourists

The Auschwitz Visitors Center, the first stop for tourists

Artwork in the Auschwitz Museum

My 2005 photo of Artwork in the Auschwitz Museum Visitors Center

 

 

14 Comments »

  1. furtherglory — Regarding the top photo on this post, I was there in 2008 and this sign was not there. I have a photograph of this very scene. I remind everyone that Polish law states that as of 1948 or so, no changes can be made to any building or aspect of the Auschwitz-Birkenau campsite as it appeared then. But they are changing many things, aren’t they?

    Comment by Carolyn Yeager — February 3, 2015 @ 4:57 pm

    • Thanks for confirming that this sign is not original. The fact that the sign is in color indicates that it is not original because all the other signs are in black and white.

      Comment by furtherglory — February 4, 2015 @ 9:29 am

  2. The Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation has released the documents regarding “Liberation of Auschwitz” The photocopies of documents were published exactly on January 27th of this year.
    The documents consist outlandish claims made by the former inmates as well as numerous clear propaganda stunts.
    No wonder that these documents were classified for almost 70 years.
    The very fact of release of such embarrassing evidence, one might consider as a subtle warning of president Putin to the West. He might just destroy the whole story of Holocaust, just by releasing even more documents.

    http://mil.ru/winner_may/media/grafic/dyn/oswenzim.htm

    Comment by Gasan — January 31, 2015 @ 9:00 pm

    • How I do wish I understood Russian. I doubt that the documents will be translated anytime soon.

      Comment by Trent — February 1, 2015 @ 6:37 am

    • How come I can’t find anything about this anywhere else. The flash content on the linked page doesn’t load for me, probably because my internet connection is too slow.

      Comment by Harold — February 1, 2015 @ 9:21 pm

  3. Never forget the Bielski Brothers and the IDF, see the movie Defiance about them, Zus, one brother was my father.

    Comment by bellskee — January 31, 2015 @ 10:44 am

  4. The Newspaper Pravda reported today…

    I see. Basically they just regurgitated what the Russians said. And as we all now know — well, some of us anyway — most of it was lies. To this point I’ve seen many fotos of prisoners supposedly liberated from Auschwitz — maybe they were staged, who knows? — but never have I seen a prisoner who looked “emaciated”. Nor any who looked like they’d recently been “tortured” (you never know for sure of course — but why would the Germans ‘torture’ them?). So actually it looks like those who stayed at Auschwitz, as opposed to those evacuated to Bergen-Belsen — eg Anne Frank — were the more fortunate ones.

    Comment by eah — January 31, 2015 @ 10:29 am

    • Anne Frank was sick BEFORE she was sent to Bergen-Belsen. She was sent there to recover, but unfortunately, a typhus epidemic got started at Bergen-Belsen, and she got typhus because she was already in a weakened condition.

      The prisoners who stayed behind at Auschwitz were not photographed until 4 weeks after the camp was liberated. The Soviet liberators did not have cameras with them. That’s why the liberated survivors looked so healthy, and some were over weight.

      Comment by furtherglory — January 31, 2015 @ 11:14 am

      • So unlike the Americans who had Billy Wilder in tow and were producing propaganda pieces including shrunken heads and human skin lampshades within hours of arriving in the west !
        No wonder the Soviet Union couldn’t with the west.

        Comment by peter — January 31, 2015 @ 3:12 pm

      • Furtherglory — And some of those “survivors” were Poles living in the neighborhood, paid to be in a movie!

        Comment by Carolyn Yeager — February 3, 2015 @ 5:04 pm

        • You must be referring to the photo at the top of this page on my website: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/History/Articles/Liberation2.html

          When I first wrote the above page of my website, many years ago, I wrote that these people were survivors of the camp. Then someone wrote me and explained that these were Polish peasants, but he or she did not say that they were paid to be in the film taken by the Soviets about a month after the liberation of the camp.

          Comment by furtherglory — February 4, 2015 @ 9:26 am

    • eah wrote: “Basically they just regurgitated what the Russians said. ”

      Not exactly, eah. The guys of the NYT cautiously kept some details in the Pravda ‘report’ for themselves. But other newspapers weren’t so cautious and, fortunately for accuracy and Holocaust revisionism, they reported the crazy allegations of Soviet propagandists. The NY Times was right to conceal the Pravda’s “electrically charged conveyors belts which killed the victims and delivered the bodies to furnaces” (the Pravda even talked about giant blast furnaces). The NY Times was also right to conceal the Pravda’s “special devices for killing young children”. The NY Times was so cautious that it didn’t even report the Pravda’s “gas chambers” as a weapon of mass murder in that camp.

      The Perth Daily News, February 3, 1945, “Mechanised Slaughter at Hun Murder Factory” : http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/78771487?searchTerm=OSWIECIM&searchLimits=sortby=dateDesc

      Comment by hermie — January 31, 2015 @ 8:50 pm

      • That’s interesting, thanks. So it was all even more lurid than I imagined.

        Comment by eah — January 31, 2015 @ 9:13 pm


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