Scrapbookpages Blog

July 23, 2015

Holocaust professorship has been launched in Germany

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 12:59 pm

The latest Holocaust news is that a “Holocaust professorship” has been launched in Germany; you can read the full story here.

The photo below accompanies the news article.

Survivors of Ebensee camp

Survivors of Ebensee camp in Austria

In the photo shown above, the prisoners have removed their pants in order to show off their skinny legs.  Note that the prisoner on the far right is holding his pants in front of himself.

The following quote is from the news article, cited above:

Goethe University in Frankfurt has secured funding to establish Germany’s first ever professor position dedicated to studying the Holocaust, the Hessian Ministry for Science and the Arts announced on Monday.

The programme will launch in 2017 to support a professor researching the history and impact of the Holocaust in which six million Jews were killed by the Nazi regime during the Second World War.

“Seventy years after the end of the Holocaust this is a long overdue step. In the land of the perpetrators, one must not forget what happened,” said regional Science Minister Boris Rhein in a statement.

“It is our duty to be at the forefront of this research. What is special about this Holocaust professorship is that it is not only about understanding the past. Specifically it is about the repercussions of the events up until the present, and that will be the focus of the research.”

There was no explanation for the photo that was shown above the news article, so I am going to explain it to you now.

The photo in the news article shows survivors of the Ebensee sub-camp of the Mauthausen prison camp, posing on May 7, 1945 after they had been liberated by American troops a few days day before.

In the photograph, the prisoners all have shaved heads, a procedure which was used in all the Nazi concentration camps in an effort to control the lice which spreads typhus. Their heads were shaved first on the sides and the next time on the top. These prisoners have a regrowth of hair on the top, but have recently been shaved on the sides of their heads. The privileged Kapos were allowed to have a full growth of hair or a beard if they were bald.

Prisoners celebrate their liberation from Ebensee

Prisoners celebrate their liberation from Ebensee

The photograph above shows a sign that was erected by the German prisoners at Ebensee. It reads “We welcome our liberators.” Among the German prisoners were some who were condemned criminals.

Gate into Ebensee camp

Gate into Ebensee camp

The photograph immediately above was taken on May 6, 1945, after Ebensee, a sub-camp of the Mauthausen Concentration Camp, had been liberated by soldiers in the 80th Division of the US Third Army on May 4th and 5th. The banner, written in French, reads “The French prisoners Salute the Allies.” (Note that all of the prisoners are wearing trousers.)

The banner, that is shown in the photo, had been erected by the anti-Nazi resistance fighters who were imprisoned here after being captured and accused of doing acts of sabotage during the Nazi occupation of France.

The prisoners in these photos are not Jews who were being Holocausted, and such photos should not be used to teach the Holocaust.

According to author Martin Gilbert, the last “death marches” of the war began on May 1, 1945 as the American Army approached; prisoners from the main camp at Mauthausen and the sub-camps at Gusen and St. Valentin were marched to Gunskirchen and Ebensee.

Hundreds of these prisoners died from exhaustion, or  they were shot because they couldn’t keep up with the march, or as they attempted to escape.

When American troops in the 80th Infantry Division arrived on May 4, 1945, there were around 60,000 prisoners from 25 different countries at Ebensee.

The prisoners at Ebensee had been working in underground factories in which Messerschmitt airplanes were being manufactured. German engineers and German civilians also worked in these factories. The site had been chosen because there were natural caves which could be enlarged into tunnels so that the munitions factories could be protected from Allied bombing raids.

According to Martin Gilbert, the author of a book entitled Holocaust, Ebensee was an “end destination” for Jewish prisoners who had been evacuated from camps farther east as the Soviet Army advanced toward Germany.

In the last months of the war, the Ebensee camp was seriously over-crowded with these exhausted prisoners, many of whom had just arrived in the weeks prior to the liberation.

Martin Gilbert wrote the following regarding the evacuations and the death marches:

“Jews who had already survived the ‘selections’ in Birkenau, and work as slave laborers in factories, had now to survive the death marches. Throughout February and March [1945] columns of men, and crowded cattle trucks, converged on the long-existing concentration camps, now given a new task. These camps had been transformed into holding camps for the remnant of a destroyed people, men and women whose labor was still of some last-minute utility for a dying Reich, or whose emaciated bodies were to be left to languish in agony in one final camp.”

According to Martin Gilbert, a train loaded with 2,059 Jews arrived at Ebensee on March 3, 1945. They had survived the death camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau and had first been sent to the Gross Rosen concentration camp, then on to Ebensee.

Forty-nine of the Jewish prisoners had died on the train, and on their first day in the camp, 182 more prisoners died during the disinfection procedure. New arrivals had to be disinfected to kill the body lice which spreads typhus. There was a typhus epidemic in Mauthausen and the sub-camps. According to Martin Gilbert, 30,000 prisoners died in these camps in the last four months of the war.

I sincerely hope that “the professor” will tell the true story of the photo which is shown in the news article, but I don’t think that there is much chance of that happening.

26 Comments »

  1. Thank you for providing updated information on history of the Holocaust.

    As for the picture, I do NOT agree that it is misleading. As per the contemporary historical and political realities,
    the Holocaust was the POLITICAL PROCESS of persecution, deportation and murder of million of people, Jews, Christians and others, in IMPERIAL Europe and beyond, because of Nazi, nationalist, fascist, racist, world-expansionist, and antisemitic ideology.
    Charlotte Delbo, a French Catholic, was a Holocaust survivor. Schindler was a Holocaust rescuer.

    Shoah or the Jewish Holocaust, as defined and presented with an imperial map of Europe, in Block 27 at the Auschwitz Museum created by Yad Vashem, was at the center of the Holocaust. Europe as shown and presented in Block 27, means the European nations and their overseas colonies,” as defined by Hitler himself. “Europe” did not mean CONTINENTAL Europe, or Europe as a geographical entity, as some scholars are incorrectly thinking.

    Yad Vashem also has an IMPERIAL POLITICAL Europe, which included the Jewish communities in Vichy-Morocco, Vichy-Algeria, Vichy-Tunisia, Vichy-French Levant (today Syria and Lebanon), Mandatory British Palestine, and Italian Libya.

    MISLEADING
    “Martin Gilbert, the author of a book entitled Holocaust” – It is misleading to only give the partial name of Gilbert’s book; the full name of Gilbert’s book is:
    The Holocaust: A History of the JEWS of Europe During the Second World War. And in his book, Gilbert also tell the stories of the Jews of IMPERIAL Europe (Europe and its overseas territories, inclusive of European North Africa), who were persecuted, deported and murdered in the Shoah in Europe (political).

    Gilbert’s book, like Bauer and Yahill’s books, shows that he persecution, deportations, and murder of the Jews of Vichy-North Africa and Italy’s Libya- are an INTEGRAL part of the Shoah in “France” and in Italy, respectively.

    “FRANCE” as correctly acknowledged in Yad Vashem’s book, the Shoah in France (which includes the prsecution of the Jews in Vichy-North Africa), Renée Poznanski (an expert of the Shoah in France), Gilbert, and others, means “mainland France” (Poznanski) AND Vichy-North Africa.
    Pro-Nazi “Vichy-France” means continental/mainland Vichy and its overseas possessions in Vichy-North Africa, the French Levant and other possessions.

    Thank you again for keeping us informed.

    Edith Shaked, Advisory Board Member H-Holocaust

    Comment by Edith Shaked — July 24, 2015 @ 7:58 am

    • I don’t know as much about the persecutions of Jews in North Africa during the Mediterranean campaigns.
      Also, thank you for mentioning that the Holocaust also includes others besides Jews, including 3.3 million Red Army soldiers, 70,000 (perhaps higher) mentally and physically handicapped, 700,000 gypsies and up to 3 million Christian Polish.
      My objection to the picture above is based upon the fact that the Jews in Birkenau responsible for disposing of the dead took secret pictures and that these pictures are more suitable to the fact of the Holocaust, not pictures of concentration camp survivors liberated by British and U.S. Soldiers. While many of the survivors in the camps were Jews from Birkenau, many of the others were from labor/work camps that are not classed as extermination camps, even though many died in them.
      I also think it would be more suitable to use pictures
      of the Eizatgruppen murders, of which there are an abundance.
      Thank you. I will have to look into some of the books mentioned.

      Comment by P. O. Truth — July 24, 2015 @ 8:26 am

      • took secret pictures

        Oh they did, did they! Are these “secret pictures” available for public viewing on the internet? If so, could you please post a link? TIA.

        the Jews in Birkenau responsible for disposing of the dead

        Every time I hear such claims I think of the film ‘Holocaust, Hate Speech & Were the Germans so Stupid?’. The answer is apparently yes — not only did they allow members of the so-called Sonderkommando to live and tell the tale, they also allowed them to take fotos.

        Comment by eah — July 24, 2015 @ 1:19 pm

          • Thanks for the links.

            I find the fotos rather unconvincing, especially since they are supposed to serve as evidence to help convict Germans of deliberate mass murder. Especially the so-called Einsatzgruppen fotos. It is of course for the most part impossible to know exactly when and where they were taken, and what the fotos depict. But of course that does not stop those who have already chosen to believe the ‘Holocaust’ story — regardless — from either making or accepting whatever claims about them.

            Comment by eah — July 24, 2015 @ 2:54 pm

            • Ok. You asked for links with pictures, I provided them.
              I know I can’t convince you of what actually happened and that’s fine. In the future I’ll continue to state my case as well as I can. I’ll continue to give you authors and books to read for yourself. Whether or not you do so is up to you.

              Comment by P. O. Truth — July 24, 2015 @ 3:14 pm

        • Well, there’s this link:
          https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonderkommando_photographs
          And this:
          http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/education/newsletter/29/photographs_sonderkommando.asp
          And this for Eizatgruppen:
          pictures of einsatzgruppen shooting
          Auschwitz had a thriving black market, a great many things were for sale. It would be fairly easy to get a camera. The pictures for Auschwitz are a little blurry owing to the circumstances they were taken.

          Comment by P. O. Truth — July 24, 2015 @ 1:39 pm

        • Can you direct me to a website where I can see photos taken by the Sonderkommando Jews?

          During World War II, film was very hard to get because it was being used only by the military. This was the case in America, and I think it was also true in Europe. I find it hard to believe that the Sonderkommando were allowed to have cameras and to take photos.

          Comment by furtherglory — July 24, 2015 @ 2:30 pm

          • Dear fg, they were “secret pictures” that were taken with — natürlich — secret cameras.

            Comment by eah — July 24, 2015 @ 2:49 pm

            • They are not really secret. The pictures were shot secretly and smuggled out. I’ve known about them for quite some time and it took me about 10 seconds to find links to them after you requested them.

              Comment by P. O. Truth — July 24, 2015 @ 3:30 pm

          • I put the links above.
            Wikipedia includes the story, from what I understand both film and camera were smuggled in. I thought at first glance the camera was obtained on the black market. While the one guy took the pictures the others stood as lookouts. Even so the guy taking the picture shot them from hip level to conceal the fact he was taking the pictures.

            Comment by P. O. Truth — July 24, 2015 @ 3:09 pm

        • The Germans made regular selections of Jewish Sondercommandos, killing those either too sick or those worn out by the work they did. They replaced them with other Jews from incoming transports. Depending on the amount of transports coming the Germans increased or decreased the amount of Sondercommandos working at any given time.
          The Sondercommandos inAuschwitz revolted in October of 1944 because transports slowed down and they realized the end was coming. The revolt was not successful. The surviving Sondercommandos blended in with the general population while the SS evacuated Auschwitz.
          The Sondercommandos in Treblinka and Sobibor (not really the correct term for these Jews but I’ll use it to avoid the trouble of explaining what they were called) survived by revolting against their SS and Ukrainian guards in the fall of 1943. Most of the Jewish prisoners were recaptured but enough got away so we know a great deal about these camps. There was no revolt at Belzec or Chelmno, only random escapes so we know less about these camps.
          The upshot is, the Germans did kill Sondercommandos and never intended any of them to survive.

          Comment by P. O. Truth — July 28, 2015 @ 10:33 am

      • Truth,
        You wrote: I don’t know as much about the persecutions of Jews in North Africa during the Mediterranean campaigns.
        Please, carefully read again my post: The persecutions of Jews in Europe’s possessions in North Africa has nothing to do with the Mediterranean campaigns.

        Mainland France was divided into 2: 1. Nazi occupied mainland France; 2. unoccupied pro-Nazi Vichy, under Petain, who also ruled and controlled the Jews in the rest of “France” – France’s overseas possessions. The antisemitic statut des Juifs by collaborator Petain was also implemented in France over the seas (France’s possessions oveseas), because article 11 of the Statut specifically stated that.
        Nothing to do with Mediterranean campaigns.

        Mussolini, Italian ruler and ally of Hitler, started to persecute the Jews of Italian Libya, already in 1938.
        Again, nothing to do with the Mediterranean campaigns.

        Thank you,
        Edith Shaked
        Advisory Board Member, International H-Holocaust
        http://www.u.arizona.edu/~shaked/

        Comment by Edith Shaked — July 24, 2015 @ 2:50 pm

        • I appreciate you clearing that up for me. i will look up some of the books you suggested.

          Comment by P. O. Truth — July 24, 2015 @ 3:18 pm

    • Thank you for your comment. I wrote about Block 27 on my website.

      This quote is from my website: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/Tour/Auschwitz1/Auschwitz11.html

      Block 27 has special displays about the Jewish prisoners; these displays were put up after the fall of Communism when the plight of the Jews in the camps was given more importance at the museum. The whole Auschwitz museum puts heavy emphasis on the resistance movement, and in keeping with this theme, there is a special section on the second floor which is devoted to the Jewish resistance to the Nazis, both inside the camp and on the outside. Jewish partisans fought with the Polish Home Army, known as the Armia Krajowa or Polish AK, and also organized resistance on their own.

      In front of Block 27 is a small memorial stone to the Jews who were gassed; it is the only memorial specifically dedicated to the Jews in all of Auschwitz-Birkenau. Most of the Jews were sent to Auschwitz II, otherwise known as Birkenau, which had enough barracks space to house between 90,000 to 200,000 prisoners at one time. Auschwitz I was strictly a camp for prisoners who were able to work in the factories; the old, the young and the sick were sent to Birkenau.

      Block 27 is located on the first street that intersects the main camp street, as you enter through the “Arbeit Macht Frei” gate. Turn to your right on this street and go past the camp kitchen to Block 27.

      Comment by furtherglory — July 24, 2015 @ 9:18 am

  2. I saw something about Himmler making a deal with some Swiss clown. He got so much money,he’d release some of the jews to go to Switzerland . Whats the skinny on that ?

    Comment by Tim — July 23, 2015 @ 5:44 pm

    • I wrote about the Jews who were sent to Switzerland from Bergen-Belsen on my website.

      This quote is from my website scrapbookpages.com
      http://www.scrapbookpages.com/BergenBelsen/BergenBelsen06.html

      Altogether, there was a total of 2,896 Jews released for ransom, including a transport of 1210 Jews from the Theresienstadt Ghetto who entered Switzerland on February 7, 1945.

      After the departure of the second Hungarian transport to Switzerland in December, more transports from Budapest continued to arrive at Bergen-Belsen and the Hungarian section remained in existence there until April 1945. According to Eberhard Kolb, it was a transport of Hungarian Jews in February 1945 that bought in the lice that started a typhus epidemic in the camp. The delousing facilities in the camp had been temporarily out of order at that time.

      When Hitler learned that Himmler was negotiating to ransom the Hungarian Jews he was so enraged that he later expelled Himmler from the Nazi party. However, Hitler had already given his permission in December 1942 to release Jews for ransom, so Himmler was not going against established Nazi policy.

      After the Hungarian Jews had entered Switzerland, there were false reports by the Swiss press that the Jews were being ransomed in exchange for asylum for 200 SS officers who were planning to defect. When Hitler heard this, from Ernst Kaltenbrunner who was no friend of Himmler, he ordered all further releases of Jews for ransom to stop. Nevertheless, Himmler continued to release Jews from the concentration camps, as he continued to negotiate with the Allies. For example, he allowed a transport of prisoners to leave the Ravensbrück women’s camp in the last days of the war.

      Comment by furtherglory — July 24, 2015 @ 9:25 am

  3. Tell ya what. I’m fed the f**k up with the jews pissing and moaning. That’s past f**kin history. Let’s look at far more important issues. What about those little babies you see in the African countries. Bellies all swollen up,cause they had shit to eat. F**k that BS holocaust program! Let’s get a program where we can turn out people to combat food shortage programs. Let’s come up with professorship programs,on how to prevent wars in the first place. Let’s try to come up with different programs for substance abuse. Turn out the next generation of medical and substance abuse counselors have a different approach to take. They just keep beatin a dead horse with this shit. F**k the rest of humanity. Just so long as the jews are front and center. Right?

    Comment by Tim — July 23, 2015 @ 4:13 pm

  4. The more it becomes the de facto state religion of the west the more it will attract doubters who will eventually pull the edifice down.

    Comment by peter — July 23, 2015 @ 4:09 pm

    • I don’t think that the Holocaust religion will ever be pulled down. There will be more laws and stronger laws passed against Holocaust denial, so that no one will be brave enough to be a denier.

      Comment by furtherglory — July 23, 2015 @ 5:23 pm

  5. Comedian Jerry Lewis meet Rolf, the guy that pulled the gas lever at Auschwitz, while he was there in the ’70s making his yet to be realeased movie THE DAY THE CLOWN CRIED about a washed up German circus clown named Helmut Doork who leads children to their deaths in the gas chambers. http://www.aintitcool.com/node/63765?sa=X&ved=0CBYQ9QEwAGoVChMI3Y2G96jyxgIVRqWICh02lQpo

    Comment by who dares wings — July 23, 2015 @ 3:50 pm

  6. Journalism, or government history. Pick your poison.

    Comment by Jett Rucker — July 23, 2015 @ 3:13 pm

  7. six million Jews

    Appears to be a universal constant — like the speed of light in a vacuum. Even though the death toll at Auschwitz (not to mention other camps) has been reduced from 4m to about 1m, the total will always and forever be 6m.

    Comment by eah — July 23, 2015 @ 1:24 pm

    • That’s because the 4 million mentioned on the sign said “people” not Jews and the Soviets purposefully inflated the numbers for propaganda purposes. The Communist government in Poland also downplayed the number of Polish Jews that died during the German occupation.
      As for the picture, I agree. Using pictures taken of Concentration camp prisoners after their liberation is misleading and gives a wrong impression of what the camps were actually used for. The camps liberated in Germany after WW2 were not death camps per se even though a lot of people died in them. Originally intended for political prisoners the camps expanded to include habitual criminals, the “Work Shy,” etc. In the beginning there were not a lot of Jews in the camps. For the most part the Nazis released inmates after a certain period of time, usually no longer than a year. I just finished reading KL, the History of the Nazi Concentration Camps. It was interesting, I learned a lot of things.

      Comment by P. O. Truth — July 23, 2015 @ 1:53 pm


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