Anne Frank is back in the news because the copyright on her famous book, entitled The Diary of Anne Frank, has run out.
You can read about it in the news article at http://www.haaretz.com/jewish/news/1.695307
The following quote is from the news article:
Frank’s diary, which chronicles two years of hiding from the Nazis in an Amsterdam attic, may be the most famous Holocaust-era document and has inspired several play and film adaptations. Anne died in 1945 at the Bergen-Belsen extermination camp.
And you thought that Bergen-Belsen was an EXCHANGE camp, where Jews were sent to await an exchange for German prisoners who were being held by the Allies.
I have a section on my website about the Bergen-Belsen camp at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/BergenBelsen/index.html
This section on my website contains articles about the camp: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/BergenBelsen/ConcentrationCamp.html
The following information about Bergen-Belsen is from my website:
Ironically, although 50,000 civilian prisoners and another 50,000 Russian Prisoners of War died at Bergen-Belsen, the US Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC does not call it a “death camp.” The term “death camp” is reserved for only six camps, all of them in what is now Poland, where Jews were gassed to death as part of Hitler’s Final Solution to the Jewish Question. According to the USHMM, the six “death camps” were Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau.
When Bergen-Belsen first came into being in April 1943, it was called an Aufenthaltslager, which means a holding camp. Its purpose was to hold prisoners who were suitable for exchange with the Allies for German citizens being held in internment camps in America and Great Britain.
Although Bergen-Belsen was, from the beginning, under the jurisdiction of the camp administration in Oranienburg, near Berlin, it was not until December 2, 1944 that it was designated a concentration camp.
According to a Bergen-Belsen Memorial Site booklet, the Bergen-Belsen exchange camp was not called a civilian internment camp because this would have meant that access had to be allowed by international commissions according to the Geneva convention. That is why the term Aufenthaltslager, which means “camp of staying,” was used instead.
According to Yehuda Bauer, in his book Freikauf von Juden? published in 1994, Hitler authorized the exchange of Jewish prisoners for German citizens, or for ransom money, on December 10, 1942. This was almost a year after the Wannsee Conference, at which the Final Solution was planned on January 20, 1942.