Scrapbookpages Blog

March 7, 2016

Only 1 percent of the Jewish children at Terezin survived?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 6:54 am

If you ever take a city bus to Theresienstadt, be sure to ask for a ticket to Terezin, the name by which this place is now known.  The ticket seller will not know what you mean if you say Theresienstadt, which is the German name of the place that was called “the Paradise Ghetto” years ago when prominent Jews and their children were sent there.

The following quote is from a news article which you can read in full here.

Begin quote

Life was anything but peaceful for Inge Auerbacher at a young age. From the time she was 7 years old to 10 her home was Terezin, a Nazi “holding” camp.

According to Auerbacher, she says 15,000 children passed through the Czechoslovakia camp and only one percent survived. Auerbacher was born in Germany and raised Jewish. Her father, Berthold Auerbacher, was a solider for the German Army during World War I. Just a child, she couldn’t fathom why her own country sent her there in 1942. “I didn’t know where I was,” she added.

“It was like going in to hell.”

71 years later, after she was freed in 1945, Auerbacher has written four books. She also has become a motivational speaker. Her message is to help create peace among everyone. Specifically, making sure no one is hungry and discriminated against like she harshly was in Terezin.

End quote

I have visited the town formerly known as Theresienstadt twice. I have a section about the town on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/CzechRepublic/Theresienstadt/TheresienstadtGhetto/index.html

The horrible building where little Inge was forced to live

The horrible building where little Inge was forced to live as a child in Theresienstadt

Children's nursery at Theresienstadt was converted to a post office

Theresienstadt children’s nursery  was converted into post office

The newspaper article continues with this quote:

Terezin, the performances setting, was a stopping place before people were sent to “The East” such as the Auschwitz gas chambers. Left behind were writings and artwork, salvaged by survivors, which first made “I never Saw Another Butterfly” a book. “They are memories of Prague or wherever they came from,” said Auerbacher. “Certainly some wrote the poems which signified  what was going on around them.”

Auerbacher spoke after the performance sharing her story and her message. A message she is hoping resonates uniting diverse backgrounds, not separating them.
End quote

Another building where children lived at Theresienstadt

Building where children lived at Theresienstadt

The building shown in the photo above is one of the first buildings that tourists see after getting off the bus to the camp.

A park at Theresienstadt with hotel in background

A park at Theresienstadt with hotel in background

One of 3 courtyards in Magdeburg building at Theresienstadt

One of three courtyards in Magdeburg building where Jewish self government was housed

You can see more photos of the buildings at Theresienstadt on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/CzechRepublic/Theresienstadt/TheresienstadtGhetto/GhettoTour/index.html

3 Comments »

  1. One percent is a clear typing error. I have read the article quoted here and sent it to a student who is working on a doctor dissertation about the Theresienstadt children.

    Comment by Wolf Murmelsteine — March 8, 2016 @ 10:09 am

  2. The story of Ms Auerbacher surprises me a bit. But then the USA is a long way from Theresienstadt, which was supposed to be one of the nicer transit camps. The Dutch boy who went there was the son of my teacher. He wrote that his family was picked up end March 1943 ( late -which means that they had good connections or were of some importance) to be taken via Barneveld (which was not a bad place for a child) to Westerbork together with some of the Jewish Council. From there transports went to the East. He comments: food was plentiful but of low quality. Early September 1944 they were transported to Theresienstadt, where there was less to eat but the quality was much better.
    There is nowhere in his story any mentioning of children being gassed. Food was of course most important during the war. His father had to work at a concrete plant – for which he was ill suited – and his mother had to work as a maid for an important Czech couple.
    On 5 February 1945 they had a chance to get on a regular train into Switzerland. (In fact it seems that most of the trains they were transported on were regular trains)

    To me this report is of some importance because it never mentions any of the things that Ms Auerbacher seems to have witnessed. Yet they must have been of the same age.
    One learns that his family feared being sent to the East, but not why. It is obvious that titles, rank, status, importance played a big role in how you were treated. Auerbacher was of course not in the same league. Her father was a common soldier in the German army and I think t that did not help much amongst the Jews nor amongst the Germans.

    Op 07-03-2016 om 15:54 schreef Scrapbookpages Blog:
    > Respond to this post by replying above this line
    > New post on Scrapbookpages Blog
    >
    >
    > Only 1 percent of the Jewish children at Terezin survived?
    > by furtherglory
    >
    > If you ever take a city bus to Theresienstadt, be sure to ask for a ticket to Terezin, the name by which this place is now known. The ticket seller will not know what you mean if you say Theresienstadt, which is the German name of the place that was called “the Paradise Ghetto” years ago when prominent Jews and their children were sent there.
    >
    > The following quote is from a news article which you can read in full here.
    >
    > Begin quote
    >
    > Life was anything but peaceful for Inge Auerbacher at a young age. From the time she was 7 years old to 10 her home was Terezin, a Nazi “holding” camp.
    >
    > According to Auerbacher, she says 15,000 children passed through the Czechoslovakia camp and only one percent survived. Auerbacher was born in Germany and raised Jewish. Her father, Berthold Auerbacher, was a solider for the German Army during World War I. Just a child, she couldn’t fathom why her own country sent her there in 1942. “I didn’t know where I was,” she added.
    >
    > “It was like going in to hell.”
    >
    > 71 years later, after she was freed in 1945, Auerbacher has written four books. She also has become a motivational speaker. Her message is to help create peace among everyone. Specifically, making sure no one is hungry and discriminated against like she harshly was in Terezin.
    >
    > End quote
    >
    > I have visited the town formerly known as Theresienstadt twice. I have a section about the town on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/CzechRepublic/Theresienstadt/TheresienstadtGhetto/index.html
    >
    > The horrible building where little Inge was forced to live
    >
    > The horrible building where little Inge was forced to live as a child in Theresienstadt
    >
    > Children’s nursery at Theresienstadt was converted to a post office
    >
    > Theresienstadt children’s nursery was converted into post office
    >
    > The newspaper article continues with this quote:
    >
    > Terezin, the performances setting, was a stopping place before people were sent to “The East” such as the Auschwitz gas chambers. Left behind were writings and artwork, salvaged by survivors, which first made “I never Saw Another Butterfly” a book. “They are memories of Prague or wherever they came from,” said Auerbacher. “Certainly some wrote the poems which signified what was going on around them.”
    >
    > Auerbacher spoke after the performance sharing her story and her message. A message she is hoping resonates uniting diverse backgrounds, not separating them.
    > End quote
    >
    > Another building where children lived at Theresienstadt
    >
    > Building where children lived at Theresienstadt
    >
    > The building shown in the photo above is one of the first buildings that tourists see after getting off the bus to the camp.
    >
    > A park at Theresienstadt with hotel in background
    >
    > A park at Theresienstadt with hotel in background
    >
    > One of 3 courtyards in Magdeburg building at Theresienstadt
    >
    > One of three courtyards in Magdeburg building where Jewish self government was housed
    > furtherglory | March 7, 2016 at 6:54 am | Tags: Inge Auerbacher, Terezin | Categories: Germany, Holocaust | URL: http://wp.me/pNJdc-bKR
    >
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    Comment by dr kim — March 8, 2016 @ 2:08 am

    • The Dutch boy who went there was the son of my teacher.

      That’s very interesting — people with such personal contacts to that time are increasingly rare — I hope you will comment more often.

      Comment by eah — March 8, 2016 @ 3:24 am


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