Scrapbookpages Blog

March 21, 2016

Holocaust survivor says that her brother was gassed on the 8th of March in 1944

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , , — furtherglory @ 9:24 am

As every student of the Holocaust knows, the Nazis did not keep records of the prisoners that were gassed at Auschwitz-Birkenau, nor at any other death camp.

My photo of the ruins of gas chamber at Auschwitz-Birkenau

My photo of the ruins of gas chamber number 3 at Auschwitz-Birkenau

A news article, which you can read in full here, reports that Holocaust survivor Liselotte Ivry said that

“her brother, Hans, was taken to the [Auschwitz-Birkenau] gas chamber on March 8 [1944] .”

Jews arriving at Auschwitz Birkenau

Jews arriving on a train at Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1944

The gas chambers at Auschwitz-Birkenau were very close to the train tracks where the Jews arrived in 1944.

The following quote is from the news article, cited above:

Begin quote

Her mother, weakened and ill, perished in Auschwitz on Jan. 4, 1944; her brother, Hans, was taken to the gas chamber on March 8 [1944]. When she [Lisolette] saw him the day before [he was gassed] and offered him her mittens, he replied: “Where I am going, you don’t need mittens,” Ivry recalled in testimony about her Holocaust experience for the University of Southern California Shoah Foundation.

End quote

What did Lisolette’s brother mean when he said “Where I am going, you don’t need mittens.”  Did he mean that he was going to Hell because he was lying? I was told, years ago, by a Jewish friend, that Jews don’t believe in Heaven and Hell.

The following quote is from the news article, cited above:

Begin quote

Ivry was born Liselotte Epstein in 1925 in Listany, a small village in what is now the Czech Republic. Her father died when she was 3½, and she and her younger brother were raised by their mother, who ran a general store. She remembers an idyllic childhood of picking berries, playing soccer, sleigh riding in winter and swimming in summer with the geese and ducks in the pond in front of the house.

But that idyll would end all to soon. On Oct. 1, 1938, Adolf Hitler and the armies of Nazi Germany crossed into the Sudetenland, in western Czechoslovakia. By month’s end, the family was living with relatives in Prague. The following March, the Germans walked into Prague “and we were not allowed to go to school after that,” Ivry recalled. In time, Jews were not permitted in parks or movie houses or even on the sidewalk; they could shop only at certain hours. “Every day there was something new.”

The roundups of Jews began; in September 1942, Ivry’s family was sent to the concentration camp of Terezin [Theresienstadt], north of Prague; from there, to the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp in Nazi-occupied Poland.

End quote

According to Wolf Murmelstein, who often comments on my blog, there was a gas chamber at Terezin, the camp formerly known as Theresienstadt. So why was Hans Ivry sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1944 to be gassed?

As every student of the Holohoax knows, the Nazis never did anything the right way.  If Hans had been gassed at Theresienstadt, there would have been no record of it, and his sister would never have known what happened to him.


March 20, 2016

It’s in the books: Over 70 years ago the Holocaust claimed the lives of 11 million people

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 12:24 pm

And you thought that only 6 million people were killed by the Nazis. No, it was 11 million. The famous 6 million victims were all Jews.

You can read about all the victims of the Holocaust in this news article:

The following quote is from the website cited above:

Begin quote

Over 70 years ago the Holocaust claimed the lives of 11 million people after Hitler took power in 1933. Of these victims were children, the disabled, the elderly, and gays. There were also gypsies, pastors, ending interracial marriages and the sterilization of black children. The reasons behind these despicable actions were to create a master race.

The leader and murder wanted a master race that would control the world after conquering Europe. The idea was if this Aryan race took the helm that Germany would become more fruitful and successful. The Nazis killed two-thirds of Jews living in Europe. Those who escaped and survived remind us through the written words that we should never forget the sins and bloodstains of the past.

End quote


Note that the article mentions that disabled people and gays were killed in the Holocaust. I blogged about gay people and the Holocaust at

I mentioned the “Master Race” in this previous blog post:

The article continues on with the story of Corrie ten Boom who “rescued Dutch Jews from the Gestapo during the Holocaust.”

I wrote about Corrie ten Boom on this blog post:

Another book that is recommended is “The boy in the striped pajamas.”

I wrote about this book in two blog posts:

Elie Wiesel’s book Night is also recommended. I have written several blog posts under the tag “Elie Wiesel.”

The following quote about Elie Wiesel is from the article:

Begin quote

[Elie Wiesel’s] book, Night, was published in 1960 and explored the terror he witnessed as a teen. His family was marched into cattle cars and the men and women were separated upon reaching the camp. Those who were selected to the right were gasses [gassed] and those to the left were sent to work camps. After the war he’s worked to end anti-Semitism through education, and shared that the rise of Hitler could’ve been averted.

End quote

I have written several blog posts about Elie Wiesel, which you can read at

Holocaust survivor says she “was taken to the extermination camp Bergen-Belsen”

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:11 am

Today, I read a news article about Holocaust survivor Magda Hertzberger, who says that she is “A survivor of three death camps.”  She has written a book, entitled “Survivor” and is now out on the lecture circuit, telling her story.

One of the three camps, which Magda survived, was the Bergen-Belsen exchange camp.

British soldier driving the bulldozer that shoved bodies into graves at Bergen-Belse

Famous photo of British soldier driving a bulldozer to shove bodies into graves at Bergen-Belsen

In today’s world, Bergen-Belsen has become a symbol of the Holocaust that claimed the lives of 6 million Jews in Europe more than sixty years ago. The photo above was shown in newsreels in theaters around the world. I remember seeing this in a theater, and being horrified.

In 1943, Bergen-Belsen was initially set up as a detention camp (Aufenthaltslager) for prisoners who held foreign passports and were thus eligible to be traded for German citizens being held in Allied internment camps. Sadly, no other country want to exchange prisoners, so in December 1944, Bergen-Belsen was converted into a concentration camp under the command of Josef Kramer, the former Commandant of the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp.

A section for sick prisoners, who could no longer work in the Nazi forced labor camps, had been set aside at Bergen-Belsen in March 1944. Anne Frank was one of the sick prisoners at Auschwitz-Birkeanau who was transferred to Bergen-Belsen, where she died.

Fake grave of Anne Frank at Bergen-Belsen

My photo of the fake grave of Anne Frank and her sister Margo at Bergen-Belsen

In 1945, when World War II was drawing to a close, civilian prisoners were evacuated from other concentration camps as Soviet troops advanced westward; thousands of these prisoners were brought to the Bergen-Belsen camp which was not equipped to handle such a large number of people.

Finally, the Bergen-Belsen camp was right in the middle of the war zone where bombs were falling and Allied planes were strafing the Autobahn and the railroads.

British and Germans troops were doing battle on the Lüneberg heath right outside the Bergen-Belsen camp.

In February 1945, the situation at Bergen-Belsen became catastrophic when a typhus epidemic broke out in the crowded camp. It was at this time that Anne Frank died in the camp.

Magda Hertzberger’s story is told in the following quote from a news story, which you can read in full at :

Begin quote from Magda’s account of her ordeal:

Selection [at Auschwitz-Birkenau] was at the end of each week and [Dr.] Mengele took pleasure in selecting people for the gas chambers, humming his favorite opera arias while selecting, Herzberger said. Those selected were those not considered useful, such as children up to age 14, the old, the sick, pregnant women, invalids and mentally disturbed, she said.

End quote

Several years ago, I visited the site of the former Bergen-Belsen exchange camp which is now a Memorial Site. I was the only English-speaking person there. How do I know this? When a movie about the camp was shown, it was in German, but as the only English speaker there, I was allowed to see the movie on a TV set in a private room.

After my visit to the Memorial site,  I added a section about the camp to my website, which you can read at

Start with this section, which is about the history of the camp:

The following quote is from the Bergen-Belsen history section on my website:

A section for sick prisoners, who could no longer work in the Nazi forced labor camps, was set aside at Bergen-Belsen in March 1944. In 1945, when World War II was drawing to a close, civilian prisoners were evacuated from other concentration camps as Soviet troops advanced westward; thousands of these prisoners were brought to the Bergen-Belsen camp which was not equipped to handle such a large number of people.

Finally, Bergen-Belsen itself was right in the middle of the war zone where bombs were falling and Allied planes were strafing the Autobahn and the railroads. British and Germans troops were doing battle on the Lüneberg heath right outside the camp. In February 1945, the situation at Bergen-Belsen became catastrophic when a typhus epidemic broke out in the crowded camp.

End quote

Magna Herzberger’s story starts with this quote from the news article:

Herzberger was born and raised in Transylvania, which was a part of Romania when she was born and became a part of Hungary by 1940, she said.

Even at a young age, Herzberger was a fighter, working hard and fighting for her education as well as becoming a junior fencing champion at age 15 following instruction in the sport from her uncle.

The Germans occupied Herzberger’s city in March 1944 and forced Jewish people to wear the yellow Star of David, Herzberger said. In May of the same year, they were forced into the ghetto and at the end of May, were taken to Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp, she said. After arrival, they were forced to undergo selection headed by Josef Mengele, who Herzberger said she saw every single day.

“At the selection platform, my father and uncle were at my side. Both of them wanted to give me some guidelines of principles and behaviors should we be separated. My father reminded me to follow the path of love, forgiveness and tolerance,” Herzberger said. “My uncle advised me to try and maintain my emotional and my physical strength, even if he wasn’t around. Pain increases our endurance and we have to tolerate pain in order to survive and not fall apart under any adverse situation which we may encounter in our lives. I have lived my life living up to that promise.”

Selection was at the end of each week and Mengele took pleasure in selecting people for the gas chambers, humming his favorite opera arias while selecting, Herzberger said. Those selected were those not considered useful, such as children up to age 14, the old, the sick, pregnant women, invalids and mentally disturbed, she said.

What Herzberger was selected for while in Auschwitz was corpse gatherer, hauling bodies to the pits they dug and incinerating them. The gas chambers were working full time and the crematory ovens could not keep up, she said.

After seven weeks, Herzberger was selected for her second camp in the city of Bremen. She and 500 other women were taken for slave labor in order to clear the city and people who were hit by the bombs. By the end of 1945, Herzberger had lost a great deal of weight due to the hard work, lack of food and harsh winter.

End quote

March 19, 2016

Donald Trump is using a line from a famous Holocaust movie

I wrote about the movie entitled “The boy in the striped pajamas” on a previous blog post:

Today, I am commenting on a recent news article which I am quoting:

Throughout this election season, Donald Trump has been drawing comparisons to Adolf Hitler from his detractors. There have been quite a few of these comparisons, in fact. One comparison, however, was inadvertently made years before Trump bursted onto the campaign scene with his “Make America great again!” slogan.

The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas is a movie from 2008 that explored what the Jewish extermination camps of Hitler’s Germany looked like by framing events from the perspective of a young interned boy and the young son of one of the camp’s head officers.

End quote

Words similar to Trump’s words were used in the fictional movie entitled “The Boy in the Striped pajamas.”

I wrote a review of the movie, on my website, when the movie first came out:

This quote is from the news article, cited above.

Begin quote

The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas is a movie from 2008 that explored what the Jewish extermination camps of Hitler’s Germany looked like by framing events from the perspective of a young interned boy and the young son of one of the camp’s head officers.

There is a poignant scene during which the son of the commandant talks to his sister about what their father really does after he discovers the true nature of the nearby camp. After he calls the camp a “horrible place,” his sister tells him this:

It’s only horrible for them, Bruno. We should be proud of Dad, now more than ever before. He’s making the country great again.

End quote



March 17, 2016

Natalee Holloway is back in the news

Filed under: True Crime — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 4:39 pm
Joran van der Sloot as a young man

Joran van der Sloot before his life was ruined forever

Joran van der Sloot is back in the news:

I have blogged about the Natalee Holloway case on three previous blog posts:

Now Joran is back in the news because he has confessed to killing Natalee.

I don’t believe that Natalee is dead. I think that she ran away from home to get away from her stepfather. I believe that Joran told this story to a news person recently because he wants to put the story to rest.  He believes that Natalee has a new life and is happy, so he wants the story to go away.

Joran is now married, even though he is in prison for life, and he has a child of his own.

New museum will honor Polish people who helped Jews during World War II

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 7:31 am
Jewish men marching to their death in the Holocaust

Jewish men marching to their death in the Holocaust

Today, I read in the news about the Ulma Family Museum in Poland, which has just opened.

The following quote is from a news article about the Museum:

Begin quote

The Ulma Family Museum of Poles Saving Jews, in the village of Markowa, opens at the site in southern Poland where Germans killed an entire family [the Ulma family] for sheltering Jews in 1944. The victims included Jozef Ulma and his wife Wiktoria, who was seven months pregnant, their six small children, and eight [other] Jews in hiding.

It is Poland’s first memorial devoted to the Christians who helped Jews during the war, an act punishable in Poland by the immediate execution of helpers and their entire families.


In 1995, Yad Vashem posthumously bestowed the title of the Righteous Among the Nations on the Ulmas. Yad Vashem said the Ulma family “has become a symbol of Polish sacrifice and martyrdom during the German occupation.”

In 2003 the Catholic Church opened a beatification process for the Ulmas, which is still underway.

End quote

Beatification is the first step toward sainthood. The Ulma family members could become saints for their acts of helping Jews during World War II, when the Nazis wanted to put the Jews in concentration camps, and allegedly gas them.

There were many other families in Poland that hid the Jews from the Nazis during World War II. Will they all be canonized as saints now?

You can read about the Catholic canonization process at

This brings up the question of whether a person can be canonized as a saint for saving a non-Jew.  I don’t think so. The Jews are God’s Chosen People. The rest of mankind is classified as worthless goyim, who are not even human.

March 16, 2016

Different colors of smoke for the different nationalities of concentration camp prisoners, whose bodies were burned

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 1:12 pm

One of the regular readers of my blog made a comment about the different colors of smoke when bodies of prisoners of the concentration camps were burned. Of course, this happened!  I am not a Holocaust denier as some people claim.

Here is the exact quote from the comment:

Begin quote

“He survived when the Germans ran out of gas, and while they were preoccupied, he escaped through the multi-colored smoke from the different nationalities burning in the krema.”

End quote

I am pretty sure that this comment was a joke, but in fact, there were different colors of smoke when the bodies of different nationalities of prisoners were burned in the Nazi concentration camps.

Many years ago, I wrote about this subject on this page of my website:

The following information is from the page of my website, which is cited above:

Begin quote

Mauthausen concentration camp, a Class III camp in Austria for “Return Unwanted” prisoners, was liberated on May 5, 1945; it was the last of the Nazi camps to be liberated by American troops, just three days before World War II ended on May 8, 1945.

The American soldiers were greeted by 37-year-old Lt. Jack H. Taylor, a Commando in the United States Navy, who had been captured after leading a sabotage mission behind enemy lines. Lt. Taylor had been a prisoner at Mauthausen for only 35 days; he had arrived in the camp on April 1, 1945, after being transferred from a Gestapo prison in Vienna because Soviet troops were 50 kilometers from the city and advancing rapidly.

End quote

Photo of Jack Taylor taken shortly after he was liberated from Mauthausen

Photo of Jack Taylor taken at Mauthausen shortly after he was liberated

The photograph above shows Lt. Jack Taylor, taken shortly after his liberation from the Mauthausen camp.

On his jacket, Lt. Taylor was required to wear a red triangle, pointing downward. This identified him as a non-German political prisoner.

Because he was fighting with a group of partisans, Lt. Jack Taylor was an illegal combatant under the Geneva Convention of 1929, and was not entitled to the rights of a Prisoner of War.

Lt. Taylor was imprisoned at the main camp at Mauthausen, but the mountains in the background of the photo indicate that it was taken at one of the sub-camps of Mauthausen.

Only hours after the liberation of the Mauthausen camp, Lt. Col. George C. Stevens, the famed Hollywood director, arrived to shoot some footage of Lt. Taylor for his film entitled “Nazi Concentration Camps,” which was shown at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal on November 29, 1945. Lt. Taylor was a former dentist from Hollywood, California and he started off by saying that this was the first time he had ever been in a movie.

According to Lt. Taylor’s debriefing statement, there were two other American men at Mauthausen and two British citizens, one a pilot and one a spy in the SOE, when the camp was liberated, but none of them testified at Nuremberg, nor  at Dachau.

Lt. Taylor was the only American ever to testify for the prosecution in the Dachau trials and his testimony was considered to be more credible than that of the other former prisoners who might have been seeking revenge, more than justice.

After he was liberated from the Mauthausen camp, Jack Taylor was promoted to the rank of Lt. Commander. He stayed in Europe, after the war, to testify in the war crimes trials.

The photo below shows Lt. Cmdr. Jack H. Taylor on the witness stand at Dachau, looking much the same as he did in the photo taken after he was liberated from Mauthausen.

Jack Taylor on the witness stand

Jack Taylor on witness stand at Dachau

Lt. Cmdr. Taylor was a key witness at the Trial of the 61 accused men from the Mauthausen concentration camp. The prosecution had only to prove that there was a “common design” to commit war crimes at Mauthausen and that each of the accused had participated in that plan because he was associated with the camp in some capacity. Taylor’s testimony proved that there was a “common design” and all 61 of the accused were convicted.

Prior to the proceedings at Dachau in the Mauthausen case, Lt. Cmdr. Jack Taylor had given the following testimony at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal:

Begin quote of Jack Taylor’s testimony:

“In October ’44, I was the first Allied officer to drop onto Austria. I was captured December 1st, by the Gestapo, severely beaten, ah, even though I was in uniform, severely beaten, and, and, considered as a non-prisoner of war. I was taken to Vienna prison where I was held for four months. When the Russians neared Vienna, I was taken to this Mauthausen concentration lager [camp], an extermination camp, the worst in Germany, where we have been starving and, and beaten and killed, ah, fortunately, my turn hadn’t come. Ah, two American officers at least have been executed here. Here is the insignia of one, a U.S. naval officer, and here is his dog tag. Here is the army officer, executed by gas in this lager [camp]. Ah…there were…

[Question: “How many ways did they execute them?”]

Five or six ways: by gas, by shooting, by beating, that is beating with clubs, ah, by exposure, that is standing out in the snow, naked, for 48 hours and having cold water put on them, thrown on them in the middle of winter, starvation, dogs, and pushing over a hundred-foot cliff.”

End of Jack Taylor’s testimony

After only 35 days in the notorious Mauthausen camp, Jack Taylor knew all about the crimes committed there: torture, hangings, shootings, beatings, and the execution of an unnamed American army officer in the gas chamber. A Special Finding, made by the president of the court, Maj. Gen. Fay B. Prickett, declared that there was enough evidence of death by shootings, gassings, hangings and starvation to find every member of the Mauthausen camp personnel guilty of war crimes, including Kapos, who were prisoners that had authority over other prisoners.

This Special Finding in the main Mauthausen proceeding was later used to establish guilt in subsequent proceedings against the staff and Kapos at Mauthausen. The “evidence” presented at the Mauthausen trial was mainly hearsay testimony by witnesses such as Jack Taylor.

Lt. Cmdr. Taylor was the first witness for the prosecution in the Mauthausen case, which was brought before an American Military Tribunal at Dachau. By now, he was an experienced prosecution witness and he elaborated on his Nuremberg testimony.

When asked by prosecutor Lt. Col. William Denson, on direct examination, how many different forms of killing that he had come in contact with in Mauthausen, Taylor testified as follows:

The following quote is from the testimony of Jack Taylor

Begin quote

Gassing, hanging, shooting, beating. There was one particular group of Dutch Jews who were beaten until they jumped over the cliff into the stone quarry. Some that were not killed on the first fall were taken back up and thrown over to be sure. Then there was exposure. Any new transport coming in was forced to stand out in the open, regardless of the time of the year, practically naked. Other forms of killing included clubbing to death with axes or hammers and so forth, tearing to pieces by dogs specially trained for the purpose, injections into the heart and veins with magnesium chloride or benzene, whippings with a cow-tail to tear the flesh away, mashing in a concrete mixer, forcing them to drink a great quantity of water and jumping on the stomach while the prisoner was lying on his back, freezing half-naked in subzero temperatures, buried alive, red-hot poker down the throat. I remember a very prominent Czech general who was held down in the shower room and had a hose forced down his throat. He drowned that way.

End quote from Jack Taylor’s testimony

Prisoners at Mauthausen were allegedly force to jump off this cliff

Prisoners at Mauthausen were allegedly forced to jump off this cliff, which I photographed on my visit to the Mauthausen camp

Of course, Jack Taylor had never seen anyone carried back up to the top of a cliff and thrown off a second time, nor had he ever seen anyone mashed in a concrete mixer, nor buried alive, nor killed with a red-hot poker shoved down his throat. These were stories that he had heard from the other prisoners.

This kind of hearsay testimony was common in all the Dachau proceedings. The purpose of reiterating these stories in sworn testimony on the witness stand was to get these atrocities entered into the record, so that these alleged crimes would go down in history for future generations to read as the gospel truth.

Holocaust survivor who ate human flesh to survive

Freddie Knoller is the short man in the center

Freddie Knoller is the short man in the center

Freddie Knoller looks pretty damned good for 95. Does eating human flesh contribute to longevity? In the past, I have read stories about him eating human flesh in the Bergen-Belsen camp. A new article about him implies that he ate human flesh at Auschwitz.

I mentioned Freddie Knoller in this previous blog post:

Entrance into Auschwitz 1 camp

Entrance into Auschwitz 1 camp

I suspect that Freddie might have been a prisoner in the main Auschwitz camp, not at Auschwitz-Birkenau, since he was confined in a camp because he was a member of the French Resistance.

The following quote is from a news article which you can read in full at

Begin quote

Ninety-five-year-old Freddie Knoller was one of those who survived [Auschwitz].

During the lunch at Salomons [a restaurant in England] he shared his moving story of life under Nazi rule.

He recounted how he joined the French Resistance after fleeing his native Vienna at just 16 years old before being captured and imprisoned at the notorious Auschwitz, where both his parents perished.

He ended up spending 15 months at the camps after a French girlfriend betrayed him, revealing his Jewish identity to the authorities. Hunger among the inmates was so bad they ate anything to survive, including human flesh.


After the liberation, Freddie Knoller went with a British officer to a nearby farm to find food. In the wardrobe [a place to store clothing] he discovered a picture of Hitler which he cut up.

The farmer, a supporter of the Nazi leader, shouted anti-Semitic abuse at Freddie Knoller, who reacted by stabbing him. Soon after this incident he left for France, where he was reunited with his brothers who had survived in the US.

For 35 years Freddie Knoller did not talk about his experiences.

Then, one night, his daughters, aged 19 and 21 at the time, asked what they were going to tell their own children about the life of their grandfather. That was when he opened up.

End quote

His story continues with this quote from the same news article:

He visits at least one school a week in the UK to tell his remarkable story, which he also kept a secret from his wife for three decades, and he works with the Holocaust Educational Trust.

Guests at the lunch were handed signed copies of Freddie Knoller’s book Living with the Enemy. He has also written another book called Desperate Journey (both published by Metro Books) and his testimony can be found in Survival: Holocaust Survivors Tell Their Story, published by the Holocaust Centre.

Discussions are taking place with a view to making a film about his life. Last year saw the broadcast of Surviving the Holocaust: Freddie Knoller’s War on BBC Two.


Freddie Knoller was forced to abandon his family and flee Vienna as Nazi Brownshirts swept through his apartment building in November 1938.

Little more than an ordinary Jewish schoolboy, his desperate journey took him, among many other places, to Paris, where he earned a living guiding the Nazis around the red light district. He was a pimp – an occupation that provoked complex feelings of guilt, elation and fortune.

But his luck ran out, and he was soon on the run again before he fell victim to a girlfriend’s betrayal that saw him transported straight to Auschwitz concentration camp. Against all the odds he survived and has lived to tell his remarkable story.

End quote

Camp prison at Auschwitz main camp

My photo of the Camp prison at Auschwitz  where Freddie might have been a prisoner

March 15, 2016

Should the Confederate flag be banned in America because “Black lives matter”?

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 7:53 am

The following quote is from a newspaper article which you can read in full at

Begin quote

The beginning [of] What is now called the Confederate flag was never the official banner of the Confederate States of America, whose secession prompted the Civil War.

It was actually a battle flag first used in 1861 by the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by Gen. Robert E. Lee. Other military units followed suit, and eventually the flag — a diagonal blue cross inlaid with white stars against a red field — became the de facto battle flag of the Confederate army. Troops fought under a square flag. The rectangular version now familiar to us was employed by the Confederate Navy and known as the “naval jack.”

The cross [on the flag]

The blue cross, also known as a “saltire,” derives from the St. Andrews cross, the main element of Scotland’s national flag. According to legend, the first century Christian martyr St. Andrew considered himself unworthy to be executed in the same manner as Jesus and convinced his Roman executioners to use a different cross for his crucifixion. St. Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, and the saltire in the Confederate battle flag reflects the Scottish ancestry of many [American] Southerners.

The stars [on the flag]

The flag’s 13 white stars signify the 11 Confederate states — South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina and Tennessee — plus allies Kentucky and Missouri.

The memorials [ceremonies]

For several decades after the Civil War, the Confederate battle flag was seen mostly at memorial ceremonies for Southern soldiers. About 1920, though, the flag took on a more cultural meaning.

Students at the University of Alabama brandished the flag to celebrate a football victory over the University of Washington in 1926. Fans of other Southern schools — most notably the University of Mississippi — soon adopted the flag as an unofficial pennant. Historian John M. Coski reports the University of Florida adopted an orange-and-blue version of the Confederate banner as its official flag in 1952. [the flag was also displayed a the University of Missouri when I attended this school]

New identity

Southerners serving overseas during World War II displayed the flag to project regional identity. Around the same time, the Ku Klux Klan adopted the flag as a symbol of its quest for white domination. Southern politicians, such as Strom Thurmond, a 1948 candidate for president from the Dixiecrat Party, also employed the flag as a totem of resistance to forced racial integration.

State flag

The official flags of Florida and some other Southern states include versions of the St. Andrew’s cross. Florida Gov. William Bloxham, a Confederate veteran, successfully urged the Legislature to add the saltire to an existing state flag in 1900, but it’s not clear if the new design was based on the Confederate flag.

The flag and the law

Florida statutes protect the Confederate flag and its replicas from desecration “by word or act.” The U.S. Supreme Court has rejected similar laws protecting the American flag from burning or mutilation as unconstitutional. Randall Marshall, legal director for the American Civil Liberties Union of Florida, said he knows of no attempted prosecutions under the law protecting the Confederate flag. Florida law also forbids the depiction of the flag for commercial gain, but that law is rarely if ever enforced.

Sources: “The Confederate Battle Flag: America’s Most Embattled Emblem”; Ledger research by Gary White

End quote

In my humble opinion, Black Lives do Matter, but not to the extent that white people must give up their history and traditions.

March 14, 2016

“Approximately 90 percent of the Jews deported to Birkenau were sent almost immediately to the gas chambers”

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — furtherglory @ 12:52 pm

The title of my blog post today is a quote from a news article, which you can read in full here:

The news article begins by giving the credentials of the author:

Begin quote

Woodstock Academy welcomed Dr. Sarah Cushman as its third guest in a Genocide Speaker Series on March 7.

Cushman is the head of educational programming at the Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Clark University in Worcester [England]. She has made it her mission to take a hard look at the Holocaust and examine how people came to be so brutal to others.

After receiving a B.A. in history and education from Bowdoin, she completed a PhD in holocaust history at Clark University. She was a Steven Spielberg Fellow in Holocaust History, a Holocaust Educational Foundation Graduate Research Fellow, a recipient of the Crown Family Doctoral Research Scholarship, and a recipient of the Lipper Doctoral Research Scholarship. For a Charles H. Revson Foundation Fellowship, Cushman researched the lives of women at the Birkenau concentration camp.

End quote from news article

With all these credentials, Dr. Sarah Cushman is obviously an expert on the Holocaust, so who am I to criticize or doubt her claims.

Here is the story of the Holocaust, as told by Dr. Cushman:

Begin quote from news article with my comments in brackets like this […]:

Approximately 90 percent of the Jews deported to Birkenau were sent almost immediately to the gas chambers. [Auschwitz Birkenau was 425 acres in size. Why were Jews sent to such a large place, only to be gassed upon arrival?]

They included pregnant women, women with young children, the elderly, and the disabled.

[It is well known that babies were born in the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp, and they survived.]

Ten percent were reserved for slave labor. Unsanitary conditions, starvation, disease, exposure to the elements, and forced hard labor killed most of them within three months of arrival, according to Cushman. [Why are so many Holocaust survivors alive today, and out on the lecture circuit telling lies?]

Some were guinea pigs in medical experiments. Some were forced to work as prostitutes for privileged male prisoners. The best jobs were in the factories, kitchens, and as couriers. Few women had access to these opportunities. Some served as prisoner functionaries. In return for supervising women prisoners, they received certain privileges, including more food and better clothing. The positions also came with a degree of power that required them to brutalize the women under their control.  [Their position of power also gave them the opportunity to save the women under their control. They were not REQUIRED to brutalize the women prisoners.]

I wrote about the Auschwitz brothel on this blog post: ]


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