Scrapbookpages Blog

April 21, 2016

The destruction of the city of Berlin in WWII

Filed under: Germany, World War II — furtherglory @ 10:21 am

In a recent comment, one of the readers of my blog mentioned something about the destruction of Berlin in World War II.

Sony Center in Berlin

Sony Center in Berlin

Berlin has been rebuilt with modern buildings, like the Sony Center, and there is very little left of the old Berlin, except for a few piles of rubble that have been covered over with grass, as you can see in my photo below.

My photo of the rubble in Berlin has been covered over with grass

My photo of a mound of rubble in Berlin covered over with grass

At the beginning of August 1945, three months after the German surrender, which ended World War II, American President Harry Truman was on his way to Potsdam, a suburb of Berlin, for a conference with Allied leaders Churchill and Stalin, when he took a victory lap around Berlin in an Army Jeep to see the devastation wrought by the Allied bombing.

There was not much left of Berlin to see. The capital city of Germany had been bombed 24 times between November 18, 1943 and March 1944, and sporadic hits continued until the city was captured by the Russian army in April, 1945. By that time, the city had been reduced to 98 million cubic yards of rubble.

Each of the bomb attacks involved over 1,000 planes and the dropping of up to 2,000 tons of bombs. Half of the city’s bridges were destroyed and the underground railway tunnels were flooded. There was no gas, electricity or water in the central portion of the city.

The pre-war population of 4.3 million had been reduced to 2.8 million, as people were forced to flee the city; some 1.5 million people became homeless when their homes were bombed.

One out of 7 of the buildings destroyed in Germany by the Allied bombing were in Berlin. Out of a total of 245,000 buildings in Berlin, 50,000 had been completely destroyed and 23,000 had been severely damaged; 80,000 residents of the city had been killed. Even the trees in the Tiergarten, a large park in the center of the city, had been killed in the Battle of Berlin.

There were so many historic buildings destroyed that Berliners jokingly referred to the American and British air raids as Baedecker Bombing. Baedecker travel guide books were used by tourists to locate famous and historic buildings.

A mere 5 years earlier, after the conquest of France in 6 weeks time, Hitler had visited Paris and taken an early morning tour of the deserted streets to see the famous buildings of the capital city, which were all still intact. Hitler’s earliest ambition had been to be an architect, and he made sure that the beautiful buildings of Paris were not destroyed.

Before World War II started, Hitler had big plans to completely rebuild Berlin into a world class city with classic buildings which he and his chief architect, Albert Speer, were working together to design. At least part of his dream has now been realized.

The rubble has been cleared away and Berlin has been completely rebuilt with stunning new modern architecture, although Hitler would hardly approve of the new Berlin, since he hated anything modern, calling it “entartete Kunst” (degenerate art).

Modern art on a historic church in Berlin

Modern art on a historic German church in Berlin

Monument in honor of the Russians who liberated Berlin from the Nazis

Monument in honor of Russians who liberated Berlin and raped German women

Modern building in historic city of Berlin

Modern building in historic city of Berlin

Hitler’s Peace Plans

Filed under: Germany, World War II — Tags: — furtherglory @ 6:35 am

I woke up this morning, and found a very long comment, which was put up last night by one of the followers of my blog. I am publishing the comment so that all my readers can see it.

Hitler’s Peace Plans

Compiled by Mark R. Elsis

“After visiting these two places, you can easily understand how that within a few years Hitler will emerge from the hatred that surrounds him now as one of the most significant figures who ever lived . . .
He had a mystery about him in the way that he lived and in the manner of his death that will live and grow after him. He had in him the stuff of which legends are made.”
Prelude to Leadership: The European Diary of John F. Kennedy, Summer 1945

The Hitler Speech They Don’t Want You To Hear

What The World Rejected
Hitler’s Peace Offers, 1933- 1939
by Dr. Friedrich Stieve

Everything People Believed About Hitler’s Intentions Toward Britain Was A Myth Created By Churchill
by Kevin Myers

An Overview Of Hitler’s Peace Proposals

Evidence The British Forced
Hitler To Continue WWII
The Hitler-Hess Deception
by Martin Allen

Nazis ‘offered To Leave Western Europe In Exchange For Free Hand To Attack Ussr’
It Was One Of The Most Perplexing Episodes Of The Second World War Which, More Than 70 Years On, Remains Shrouded In Mystery.
by Jasper Copping

What the World Rejected: Hitler’s Peace Offers, 1933-1939 – Time To Face The Facts!

What The World Rejected : Hitler’s Peace Offers, 1933-1939 (with C.C.)
Dr. Friedrich Stieve

Churchill, Hitler And The Unnecessary War,_Hitler_and_the_Unnecessary_War

Adolf Hitler: Man Of Peace?
by Mike kinh

Hitler Gives 16 Point Peace Plan,3898320

Hitler’s Peace Plans No Surrender If They Are Rejected ..,4051196

09 Oct 1939 – World Rejects Hitler’s “Peace” Plan …

Witness to History
By Michael Walsh
Complete Disarmament Offered By Hitler:
On May 17th, 1933, in a speech to the Reichstag, Hitler offered complete German disarmament, if others would do likewise. There was no response.
After October 14th, 1933, Hitler again put forward proposals which included arms limitation, particularly the elimination of weapons designed for use against civilian populations, and the preparation of a mutual non-aggression pact. France said ‘non!’ Others did not responds at all, and France, Britain and Russia increased their arms build-up.
On May 21st, 1935, Hitler sought to limit the dropping of gas, incendiary and explosive bombs out side of battle zones. He was also ready to agree to the abolition of the heaviest artillery and tanks, and to accept any limitation on the size of naval vessels. Again, there was no response save for France making an aggressive anti-German alliance with the Soviet Union.
On March 31st, 1936, Hitler formulated a nineteen-point peace plan that included the reduction of arms, and to bring aerial warfare under the protection of the Geneva Convention. His proposals were ignored.
The repeated rejection of Hitler’s proposals to assure equitable peace in Europe would indicate that the Western powers were preparing for armed conflict against Germany, a conflict from which only the allies could benefit. Lord Lothian had predicted such a war in a speech on June 5th, 1934.

World Peace Or War Of Destruction? : Adolf Hitler’s Peace Plan
Author: Adolf Hitler
Publisher: Hamburg : President Heinrich Kessemeier, [1939?]

Prime Minister Winston Churchill Finally Reveals Hitlers Secret Plan For Peace!

Hitler’s War
(Peace) Overtures
by David Irving

Hitler 1936-45: Nemesis
Characteristically, Hitler ‘s first step after his ‘election’ success was to present a ‘peace plan’ – generous in his own eyes – to his coveted allies, the British. On 1 April, his special envoy in London, Joachim von Ribbentrop, the former champagne salesman who had become his most trusted adviser in foreign affairs, passed on the offer Hitler had drafted the previous day to the British government. It included a four-month moratorium on any troop reinforcements in the Rhineland, together with an expression of willingness to participate in international talks aimed at a twenty-five-year peace pact, restricting production of the heaviest forms of artillery alongside bans on the bombing of civilian targets and usage of poison-gas, chemical, or incendiary bombs.
by Ian Kershaw

What The World Rejected:
Hitler’s Peace Offers 1933-1939
by Dr. Friedrich Stieve

Papers From Hitler’s Deputy To Be Auctioned
In the midst of war, Hitler’s deputy flew to Scotland with a peace treaty for the British in his suitcase. Now, documents which could shine a light on what Rudolf Hess really wanted are up for auction in the US.

Hitler Makes A Peace Offer To Britain
19th July 1940: Hitler makes a Peace offer to Britain

Was World War II The Result Of Hitler’s Master Plan?

Historian Uncovers New Account:
Document Suggests Hitler Knew Of Hess’ British Flight Plans
Was Rudolf Hess’s infamous flight to Great Britain in 1941 coordinated with Adolf Hitler? Although historians have long believed that the Nazi Party’s second-in-command was acting on his own, newly revealed statements by a senior Hess adjutant may suggest otherwise.
by Jan Friedmann and Klaus Wiegrefe

When Hitler Dropped Peace Leaflets, Churchill Dropped Bombs!

What the World Rejected:
Hitler’s Peace Offers, 1933-1939 – Time to face the facts!

What The World Rejected : Hitler’s Peace Offers, 1933-1939

Hitler Pleas For Peace — Fdr Prepares For War
by Mike King

The Forced War: When Peaceful Revision Failed (.pdf)
by David L. Hoggan

President Roosevelt And The Origins Of the 1939 War
by David L. Hoggan