Scrapbookpages Blog

May 4, 2016

The man who built the oven in which Adolf Eichmann was cremated

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , , , , — furtherglory @ 5:01 pm
Adolf Eichmann before his trial

Adolf Eichmann before he was given drugs before his trial

The following quote is from this news article:  http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israeli-artist-paints-haunting-images-of-Nazi-death-camp-ovens-453094

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Tuly Ziv has created over 100 paintings of furnaces depicting haunting imagery, inspired by a sketch of a furnace that his father, a Holocaust survivor, built and used to cremate the body of Adolf Eichmann, an architect of Hitler’s “Final Solution” who was executed by Israel in 1962 after a war crimes trial in Jerusalem.

Tuly’s father was the only family member to survive Lodz ghetto in Poland and the Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany in the killing of six million Jews during World War Two. His mother survived Auschwitz extermination camp in Poland, where she sorted Jews’ possessions after they were cremated.

After the Holocaust, Tuly’s father, Israel Zaklikowski, immigrated to British-administered Palestine, where he worked in a factory for commercial baking ovens.

On June 1, 1962, Tuly says he recalls his father returning home from work, saying: “Last night I cremated Eichmann”.

Eichmann was one of the architects of the “Final Solution”, the Nazi plan to exterminate the Jewish people, and he oversaw the rounding up and deportation of Jews to death camps such as Auschwitz.

In 1960, Israel’s Mossad intelligence agency abducted Eichmann from Argentina, where he was living under an assumed identity.

An Israeli court found him guilty of crimes against humanity, war crimes and crimes against the Jewish people. He is the only person to have been executed by Israel since its founding in 1948.

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EichmannOnTrial

The photo above shows Eichmann after he was drugged to prepare him for his trial.

On April 25, 1944, in his office at the Hotel Majestic in Budapest, Adolf Eichmann had met with Joel Brand, another leading member of the Jewish Relief and Rescue Committee. Brand had already attended previous meetings with Eichmann and other SS officers in an attempt to bribe them to allow a number of Jews out of Hungary. Now Eichmann said to Brand, “I am prepared to sell one million Jews to you.”

Eichmann proposed an exchange of “Blood for Goods,” in which the British and the Americans would give the Nazis one new truck for every one hundred Jews. Eichmann promised that the trucks would only be used on the Eastern front where the Germans were fighting against the Communist Soviet Union. Brand was asked to go to Istanbul in Turkey to negotiate the deal. Eichmann hoped to obtain 10,000 trucks in exchange for one million Jews.

But even before Brand reached Turkey on May 19, 1944, Eichmann had already ordered the deportation of the Hungarian Jews, which began on April 29, 1944.

According to Laurence Rees, SS officer Kurt Becher, who was a Lt. Col., equal in rank to Eichmann, was trying to blackmail the Weiss family, owners of the biggest industrial conglomerate in Hungary, into giving its shares to the SS in return for safe passage out of the country.

Laurence Rees wrote:

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By the time of his meeting with Brand, Eichmann knew that his rival Becher had successfully arranged for shares of the Manfred-Weiss works to be transferred to the Nazis; in return, about fifty members of the Weiss family were allowed to leave and head for neutral countries.

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Brand was accompanied to Istanbul by another man named Bandi Grosz, a former agent of the Abwehr, the German intelligence agency, whose operations in Hungary had been taken over by an SS officer, Lt. Col. Gerhard Clages. At the last meeting with Brand, SS officers Clages, Becher and several other Nazis had been present.

The following quote is from the same book by Laurence Rees:

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It was not until May 26, 1944 that the head of the Jewish Agency in Palestine notified a British diplomat, Sir Harold MacMichael, of the Nazis’ proposals. But it only took the British a matter of moments to reject the Brand mission, seeing it as an attempt to split the Western allies from the Soviets.

[…]

In mid-June, Grosz was interrogated in Cairo by British intelligence officers and the story that he told was a surprising one. He claimed that Brand’s mission was only a camouflage for his own. Under the direct orders of Himmler, Grosz had been sent to facilitate a meeting in a neutral country between high-ranking British and American officers and two or three senior figures from the SD – Himmler’s own intelligence service. The purpose of the assignation was to discuss a separate peace treaty with the Western allies so that – together – they could fight the Soviet Union.

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Himmler’s offer was immediately turned down. The British perceived Germany to be a threat to the British policy of “balance of power” and had refused all offers to become allies with Germany before the war; they had also refused several peace offers from Germany before the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.

Great Britain and America needed the help of the Soviet Union in their plan to destroy Germany and in return, Churchill and Roosevelt had promised eastern Europe to the Communists as early as 1943 at the Tehran Conference.

According to Wikipedia, at the Tehran Conference, Churchill and Roosevelt agreed to the following:

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Poland’s borders were declared to lie along the Oder and Neisse rivers and the Curzon line, despite protests of the Polish government-in-exile in London. Churchill and Roosevelt also gave Stalin free rein in his own country, and allowed the USSR to set up puppet communist governments in Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, the Baltic states, Romania, and other Eastern European countries.

By turning down Himmler’s offer of an alliance against the Soviet Union, the lives of a million Hungarian Jews were sacrificed; in the end, the British lost their empire and Hungary became a Communist country.

Great Britain and America eventually became allies with Germany in 1948 against the Soviet Union in the Cold War, which lasted until 1989.

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“forgiveness is the best revenge” Eva Moses Kor

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — furtherglory @ 10:42 am
Recent photo of Eva Moses Kor

Recent photo of Eva Moses Kor, a famous Holocaust survivor

The title of my blog post today comes from a news article which you can read in full at http://democratherald.com/corvallis/news/local/the-power-of-forgiveness/article_108391ff-fcab-51f1-946a-d38f3c55bf11.html

The following quote is from the news article, cited above:

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In 1984 [Eva Moses] Kor founded an organization called CANDLES, or Children of Auschwitz Nazi Deadly Lab Experiments Survivors, and ultimately located 122 other surviving [Dr. Josef] Mengele Twins.

But her biggest personal breakthrough didn’t come until a decade later, after she met a Nazi doctor named [Dr.] Hans Munch who had worked at Auschwitz, where his job was to monitor the gas chambers and record the number of the dead.

At her request, he told her in detail about how the gas chambers operated. He also treated her with kindness and respect, and he confessed his personal torment at the memory of what he had done in the death camps.

“This is my problem,” he told her. “This is my nightmare that I live with every day of my life.”

Grateful for his openness, she struggled for the appropriate way to thank him. The solution she came up with shocked the world.

In 1995, during a ceremony at Auschwitz to mark the 50th anniversary of the camp’s liberation, she read a letter in which she forgave the Nazis for the crimes they had perpetrated against herself and her family. Some people were outraged by the letter, but for Kor it was transformative and liberating in the truest sense of the word.

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Why would Dr. Hans Munch confess something like that? Can you say “mentally ill”?

the Nazis would laugh at how they turned human beings into animals

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Holocaust — furtherglory @ 9:12 am

The title of my blog post today is a line from this news article: http://coralspringstalk.com/the-three-musketeers-how-a-13-year-old-survived-in-a-nazi-concentration-camp-2-14703

dachau-survivors.jpg

The photo above was taken in the Dachau concentration camp. There are no photos of skinny men or boys at Auschwitz, so this photo was used instead, in the news article.

ChildSurvivorsAuschwitz.jpg

The photo above shows young boys walking out of a barracks at Auschwitz-Birkenau.

The news article could not use a photo taken at Birkenau because this would be Holocaust denial, which is against the law in 19 countries, but not yet in the USA.

The following quote is from the news article:

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To survive in a concentration camp is almost impossible. It depends on whether there is work for you so the captures will feed you. Work is the reason for the Nazis to keep you alive, and while this reason was there, you have food that keeps you alive so you can work. The Nazis would send the able-bodied children and other victims to work at the local refinery, road details, building, farm work, or wherever they needed. There was no kitchen, instead they would throw them food and watch all the people grab for it, like animals tearing at meat. The stronger would remain strong as they grabbed the food from the weak, and the weak would get weaker because they could not fight for the food that would make them strong. All this time, the Nazis would laugh at how they turned human beings into animals. They believed themselves to be Gods. They were the animals.

Sholom found a way to survive. He formed an alliance with two older boys. All three made a pact that saved their lives in the concentration camp. They became the Three Musketeers. One Jewish boy was in Auschwitz because he happened to be at the wrong place at the wrong time. He came to Poland a few days before the Germans launched the invasion of Poland. He was in London, England with his parents at the time traveling to a wedding. His parents were dead. The other boy came from the town of Lodz, Poland. He was captured and sent to the concentration camp in 1939. It was now 1943 and he had survived four years in hell. Lodz used to have 150,000 Jews representing a fourth of the population of that city. Almost every Jew was either starved to death living in the Lodz Ghetto, or were sent to Auschwitz where they were exterminated. This one Jewish boy survived. He did not know how long he was there. He did not want to know.

The pact formed by the Three Musketeers was quite simple: They would split whatever food they found into thirds, one third for each of them. As well, they would fight for each other and found strength in numbers making sure no one would take away the food they found.

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