Scrapbookpages Blog

May 17, 2016

Survivor of Dachau camp David Markovic tells his story

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 7:09 am
Gate into the Dachau camp

My photo of the gate into the Dachau camp

Today I am writing about David Markovic, a Holocaust survivor of the Dachau concentration camp. You can read his Holocaust story at  http://www.news-press.com/story/news/education/2016/05/16/holocaust-survivor-shares-history-third-grade-orangewood-elementary/84448286/

Way back in 1995, when I knew nothing about the Holocaust, Dachau was the first Holocaust location that I ever visited. After my first visit, I got interested in the Holocaust. I began to study the history of Dachau; I started my scrapbookpages.com website with details about the Dachau camp and the town of Dachau. I have since expanded my website, over the years, to include other camps and and many other places that I have visited.

At Dachau the only way out was through the chimney

Dachau where the only way out was through the chimney of the crematorium

You can read all about the liberation of Dachau on my website at:  http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/DachauLiberation/index.html

The following quote is from the news story, cited above:

He [David Markovic] eventually was placed in Dachau [concentration camp], and on the day he was to be sent to the gas chambers [plural], the camp was liberated [on April 29, 1945]. The English soldiers [who liberated the Dachau camp] fed the survivors for two weeks, but he had gone malnourished far too long. [Actually, it was American soldiers who liberated Dachau.]

[…]

And while Markovic kept his Holocaust memories to his close friends and family, grandson Adam Markovic, who lives in Cape Coral [Florida], said he has become more open to sharing his memories.

“The older he’s gotten, the more I have noticed he wants to share the story,” he said. “Anybody who he gets a chance to talk to, that’s what he’s going to tell them. He’s never talked about it really before.”

And that’s one of the reasons he came out today.

Great-granddaughter Annabelle Hodges is in fifth grade at the school. The 11-year-old told her former teacher about her family’s connection to the Holocaust, and together they arranged the day’s visit.

“We just really wanted to really bless the socks off of him and let him know he is our hero and that he is appreciated,” said Bullock. “It’s just something that I know as a teacher I am going to never forget, and I just hope that if they remember anything this year from me, that they remember this more than anything else.”

End quote

The following quote is also from the same news article:

“…he found his courage, stepping out in front of Jessicah Bullock’s third-grade students at Orangewood Elementary School to talk about the four and half years he spent in Nazi work camps.

“I never thought in my life that I would be alive at this age,” he said, standing behind the microphone on the lunchroom stage. He added his 96th birthday was earlier this month.

Met with applause, Markovic settled into his storytelling, letting time slip back to when he was teachers’ pet at his Czechoslovakia public school.

End quote

There were not many prisoners at Dachau who were from Czechoslovakia.

The largest national group in the main Dachau camp was the Polish prisoners, followed by Russians, French, Yugoslavs, Germans, Jews, and last of all the Czechs, according to the Dachau Official Report.

The Official Report by the U.S. Seventh Army listed the following statistics for the Dachau main camp after the camp was liberated:

Poles: 9,200; Russians: 3,900; French: 3,700; Yugoslavs: 3,200; Jews: 2,100; Czechoslovaks: 1,500; Germans: 1,000. There was also a combined total of 1,000 Belgians, Hungarians, Italians, Austrians, Greeks, etc.

According to Paul Berben, a former prisoner, who wrote a book called “Dachau: 1933 – 1945: The Official History,” there were 67,649 prisoners in Dachau and its 123 sub-camps when the last census was taken on April 26, 1945, three days before the US 7th Army arrived to liberate the camp. There was a total of 22,100 Jews in the Dachau system on April 26, 1945 and most of them were in the sub-camps.

Is it possible that Markovic was a refugee from Czechoslovakia who lived in the Dachau camp after the war?

Unless visitors spend a lot of time in the Museum at the Memorial Site, they will probably leave without learning that Dachau was a refugee camp for Volksdeutsche (ethnic Germans) longer than it was a concentration camp. Even then, visitors are likely to be confused about who the refugees were.

Some guides at Dachau tell visitors that the refugees were people from the Soviet Union or Russia who were fleeing Communism, although they were actually Germans who were the victims of ethnic cleansing after German land in East Prussia, eastern Pomerania, eastern Brandenburg and Silesia was given to Poland, and the Sudetenland in the former Czechoslovakia was given to the newly formed Czech Republic.

A total of 9,575,000 ethnic Germans were expelled from the eastern territories of Germany and 3,477,000 were expelled from Czechoslovakia in 1945 and 1946. An additional 1,371,000 ethnic Germans were expelled from Poland. Altogether, a total of 17,658,000 Volksdeutsche were expelled from their homelands and forced to flee to Germany, which was about the size of the state of Wisconsin after World War II. (Source: A Terrible Revenge by Alfred-Maurice de Zayas)

When a prisoner arrived at Dachau, or any other concentration camp in the Nazi system, a Hollerith punch card was made for him. These cards could be searched and sorted by an IBM Hollerith machine; Dachau had four Hollerith machines. One line of the card had a hole punched to indicate the prisoners classification.

According to the book entitled “IBM and the Holocaust,” by Edwin Black, the IBM cards had sixteen classifications of prisoners: The number 1 was punched for a political prisoner, 2 for a Jehovah’s Witness, 3 for a homosexual, 4 for dishonorable military discharge, 5 for a member of the clergy, 6 for a Communist Spaniard, 7 for a foreign civilian worker, 8 for a Jew, 9 for an asocial, 10 for a habitual criminal, 11 for a major felon, 12 for a Gypsy, 13 for a Prisoner of War, 14 for a spy, 15 for a prisoner sentenced to hard labor, and 16 for a Diplomatic Consul.

Unfortunately, the students, who listen to the former prisoners of a concentration camp, assume that these prisoners were put into a camp, in wartime, for no good reason.

3 Comments »

  1. Okay . I took the free course ( I should say,”I am taking”) about the holo that FG mentioned on here. It’s free,so I figure I’d check it out. It’s offered by tel aviv university. You can take it in English or Heb language. In addition to the gal that’s presenting the material being extremely painful to look at,her English is f–ked. She said (I think) the holo shows how cruel man can be. If the Germans did kill ( I said,”if”) all the folks the way history said they did,they’re still amateurs. Clearly this gal ain’t never heard of Jeffery Dahmer,Ted Bundy,Henry Lee Lucas or my favorite John “the killer clown” Gacy ( hey. He buried all his stiffs under his house and kept on living there. That’s one hardcore f–ker. Talk about not giving a shit). She went on to say how the holo has effected “the western world”. What. Has it taught the western world how to eat shit and beg for seconds. She’s still foaming at the mouth about the 6 mill number. I thought it was 4 and then 1.5 mill. I always thought the price I get for my finished cattle after the USDA grades the carcass was unpredictable. That ain’t shit compared to the way the Jews are always changing the number of dead. They should start listing the number of dead Jews on the Chicago Board of Trade. I thought hedging on the weather was weird. Sell futures contracts on the number of dead Jews . With the way that number changes,a person would either get rich overnight or lose their ass all together. She went on to say,”the holo has had an influence on architecture “. How’s that ? All the hideous Jew monuments Germany is forced to put up in their country. I’m more than willing to listen to both sides of the story and come to my own conclusion. However if this is the shape of things to come ( I’m only 4 minutes into my first video from the course),it’s gonna be a test of what little sanity I have left.

    Comment by Tim — May 17, 2016 @ 8:45 am

      • FG
        The rather high number of sub-camps administered from Stammlager Dachau should be taken with a grain of salt. In fact a single inmate working on a farm, or in another capacity, was counted as a satellite camp and there were numerous of them, and it could well be that Mr. David Markovic was one of them, he does not really elaborate as to his actual function within the camp.

        My father-in-law had 30 (including two Jews) baking bread for the camp was counted as a sub-camp. I do have their signed names and number on a letter of thanks in my possession. An interesting is sub-camp is:

        BAD OBERSDORF
        The ‘sub-camp’ Obersdorf part of the community of Bad Hindelang in the Allgäu existed from the 20th March 1945 to April 1945 and consisted of one prisoner only, who was allocated and worked for the wife of Rudolf Hess (Heß), Ilse Hess, who lived in a house in Bad Obersdorf after the flight of her husband to England and his subsequent detention there, ran a small farm on the outskirts of the village. She probably requested help through the Labor Exchange (Arbeitsamt) In March 1945, and was sent the Dachau concentration camp prisoner Friedrich (Fred) Georg Frey. Frey, born in 1902 in Röt near Baiersbronn, was a Jehovah Witness and imprisoned because of his faith since 1937. After his original police custody he was detained from September 1937 to September 1939 in Dachau, and then transferred on February 18th 1940 to Mauthausen. Subsequently, he was registered until 1945 until liberati The tasks Frey had to perform among other things like gardening and the care and milking of ewes (sheep) and the Iceland ponies. With these he did an Express-Delivery on behalf of Bad Hindelang into the Hintersteiner valley for Frau Hess, who had been approached by the local authorities to perform this service.
        According to his (Freys) own statement she had defied the order that Frey should not be allowed to be added to the family. Instead Frey had slept in the house, attended the general evening meals and dinners and not wearing prison clothes. [One can only guess that he was expected to live in the stable with the animals, which Frau Hess would not have,sic]
        Frey, who testified about his stay in Dachau, that he was mistreated harshly and had suffered permanent health damage, he did not report about his treatment in the house of Frau Hess.
        The so-called ‘forced labor’ by Frey in the household of Use Hess ended 20 April 1945. Frey self-reported after the Second World War, he had gone home from from Bad Hindelang in May 1945 on his own.
        The legal investigation about the ‘sub-camp’ at Bad Oberdorf ceased in 1973, while the fate of Friedrich Frey is not known. Use Hess later went to Bremen, where she died 1995.

        Comment by Herbert Stolpmann von Waldeck — May 17, 2016 @ 6:09 pm


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