Scrapbookpages Blog

May 31, 2016

Why Auschwitz was picked as the location for a concentration camp?

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 9:35 am

A few days ago, one of the regular readers of my blog asked a question regarding the following sarcastic statement that I had written:

“The truth is that, with their “utterly twisted and deformed mind[s],” the Auschwitz main camp was originally built by the Germans as a camp for migrant workers. From Auschwitz, the workers could get on a train and travel to any place in Europe. Auschwitz was literally a major “cross road” of Europe.”

The reader’s question was this: “I’m not sure, are you joking with the above statement? Auschwitz I was a concentration camp for Poles deemed by the Germans to be a threat.”

I have a section on the town of Auschwitz on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/Tour/Oswiecim/index.html

Here is the real story regarding the origin of the town of Auschwitz and the beginning of the Auschwitz main camp:

The area of Europe that was inhabited by the German tribes in the Middle Ages became the Holy Roman Empire in the year 800 and by 1270, the Empire had expanded to include the area known as Upper Silesia, where Auschwitz is located. In 1457, Auschwitz became part of the Kingdom of Poland and it was then known by the Polish name Oswiecim.

Most of Silesia was annexed to the German state of Prussia in 1742, except for four duchies. The duchy of Auschwitz was annexed to Galicia, a province which was given to Austria when Poland lost its independence in 1772 and the country was divided between Russia, Prussia and Austria.

Western Galicia soon became known as The Corner of Three Empires: Russia, Prussia and Austria. The town known as Auschwitz, or Oswiecim or Oshpitzin, became a prime location for Jewish traders or merchants during the time that Galicia was part of the Austro-Hungarian empire.

When railroad lines were built in the 19th century, the little town of Auschwitz, at the junction of three empires, became the crossroads of Europe. There were 44 train lines coming into Auschwitz, making it at one time a larger railroad hub than Penn Station in New York City.

It was because Auschwitz was such an important railroad junction that a camp for migrant workers was built in a suburb of the town in 1916; seasonal farm workers from all over Europe were sent from Auschwitz to the large German estates. The migrant worker camp, with its beautiful brick barracks buildings, was the place that eventually became the Auschwitz I concentration camp.

In 1919, Poland became an independent country again and Auschwitz became a Polish town called Oswiecim. The former migrant worker camp was used as a garrison by the Polish Army.

The Auschwitz main camp originally had 20 brick barracks buildings; 14 of them were single story buildings and 6 were two stories high. When this camp was converted into the Auschwitz concentration camp, a second story was added to the 14 single story buildings and 8 new two-story buildings were added, making a total of 28 barracks buildings. Between 13,000 and 16,000 concentration camp prisoners were crowded into these 28 buildings where they slept in three-tiered bunks. At one point, in 1942, there were 20,000 prisoners at the Auschwitz main camp.

Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939 and the town of Oswiecim was captured on September 6th. Following the conquest of Poland, the name of the town reverted back to Auschwitz.

The city of Krakow, located 37 miles from Auschwitz, became the capital of German-occupied Poland, known as the General Government. It is important to note that, during the time that Auschwitz was allegedly a killing center, it was in the Greater German Reich, not in occupied Poland. The Polish people are incensed when Auschwitz is described as a concentration camp in Poland.

Auschwitz was located literally at the junction of the Greater German Reich and occupied Poland; it was also in the heart of “The Black Triangle,” an industrial area with large coal deposits, which is why it was such an important location for the Nazis.

My photo above shows a display in the synagogue in Auschwitz

My 2005 photo above shows a display in the Jewish center in town of Auschwitz

The photo above shows a display of objects in the Auschwitz Jewish Center, which is next door to the Synagogue in the town of Auschwitz. Prominently mentioned in this Center are the Haberfeld and Hennenberg families who were engaged in distilling and selling liquor. During prohabition in America, the Jews were engaged in bringing liquor into American through Canada.

According to a brochure which I obtained from the Jewish Center, Jews first settled in Oswiecim 500 years ago. By 1939, over half of the population of Oswiecim was Jewish.

This quote is from the brochure: “For several centuries, Jews prospered as traders, merchants, professionals and manufacturers, and were entrusted with tax collection and the administration of the lands of the Polish nobility.”

Today, there were no more Jews left in Oswiecim. The last surviving Jew, Shimshon Klueger, died in 2000. Klueger is buried in the Jewish cemetery in Osweicim.

When I visited the Jewish Center in 2005, a movie was being shown on a TV screen in a small back room. In the movie, several survivors, who were children in 1939, told about what it was like in Oswiecim before the German invasion of Poland.

There was a “large Jewish presence in Auschwitz,” according to one survivor. All of the survivors said that they now live in Israel or the United States, but none of them mentioned anything about how they managed to survive the Holocaust.

In the movie, one woman survivor said that the Jewish children in Oswiecim were all “organized.” There were many organizations for Jewish children, and she had joined the Zionist movement as a child. Another survivor said that she had a home tutor so that she could learn German. Her father had told her that she would be able to go any place in Europe if she could speak German.

One survivor said that the Jewish houses in Oswiecim had no running water, no electricity, no central heating nor air conditioning, and no inside toilets, but the Jews had “culture.”

Another survivor said that the Jews were not rich, but they had a “rich Jewish life.” One survivor described the life in Oswiecim before the war as “a life of dignity.”

The important point, made in this movie, is that the rich life of the Jews in Poland is now gone: the Nazis not only killed the Jews, they destroyed their rich, dignified way of life in Europe. But it’s all good: The Jews have their rich, dignified way of life in America, and they have made millions off their books and movies about the Holocaust.

 

 

21 Comments »

  1. This quote is from the Oswiecim brochure: “For several centuries, Jews prospered as traders, merchants, professionals and manufacturers, and were entrusted with tax collection and the administration of the lands of the Polish nobility.”

    Reading this, it sounds at first glance entirely admirable and worthy – with the good-hearted, industrious, and community-minded Jews acting nobly to encourage economic growth and well-being for all.

    But when you read it a second time, it is only referring to Jews who prospered – it doesn’t say anything about the conditions that the non-Jewish population was enduring while they prospered ( and was it at their expense? ).

    We also note, that Jews prospered as “traders, merchants, professionals and manufacturers”. There’s no mention of Jews working in agriculture, building construction, or producing goods on the factory floor. ( those activities, of course, are only for goyim ).

    It also states that the Jews “were entrusted with tax collection and the administration of the lands of the Polish nobility”. Now that doesn’t surprise me at all. That is exactly what the Jews would gleefully do – and why they invariably finish up despised and held in contempt by the rest of the people. Alas, Jews would be more than willing to be the agents of collection and enforcement for the government, the wealthy, and the powerful – and of course they enrich themselves in the process at the expense of the non-Jewish population.

    Comment by Talbot — May 31, 2016 @ 11:47 am

    • That’s why the Nazis murdered six million of them during the war, Talbot. They all had attitudes like yours.

      Comment by Jeff K. — May 31, 2016 @ 12:21 pm

      • You wrote:

        “That’s why the Nazis murdered six million of them during the war, Talbot. They all had attitudes like yours.”

        I have written about the numerous times when Jews were chased out of a country or killed. Why have the Jews been hated since the beginning of time?

        https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2016/02/05/how-many-times-have-the-jews-been-exterminated/

        Comment by furtherglory — May 31, 2016 @ 1:04 pm

        • It’s surely a testament to how powerful the Jews are.

          Comment by Anonymous — June 7, 2016 @ 12:26 pm

      • Don’t be ridiculous Jeff – I’m only pointing out some uncomfortable truths. The Jews of Eastern Europe by the 20th century were a people out of place and out of time. Nobody wanted to exterminate them – and nobody did!. The “Shtetl Jews” were unable and unwilling to adapt to the modern world of the nation-state which came into full fruition after the end of the first world war. They wanted to keep themselves in their closed, exclusive, Rabinical-ordered societies – which were largely tribal in nature.

        And it wasn’t just the Nazis who recognised a “Jewish Question” – other countries, like France and Poland, were conscious of a need to deal with what they perceived – rightly or wrongly – as a “problem”.

        Just yesterday – or was it the day before – you were proclaiming that no responsible holocaust authority has ever claimed the figure of 6 million Jews exterminated; but yet here you are today – quoting this figure at me !

        Comment by Talbot — May 31, 2016 @ 1:08 pm

        • “Don’t be ridiculous Jeff – I’m only pointing out some uncomfortable truths.”

          What uncomfortable truths?
          That the Jews made a living? That others used them to collect taxes?
          I thought the complaint was that Jews didn’t work.
          Now the complaint is that they worked, is that right?
          What would make you happy, Jews working or not working?

          “The Jews of Eastern Europe by the 20th century were a people out of place and out of time.”

          I agree that after the Nazis invaded Poland these Jews ran out of time.

          “Nobody wanted to exterminate them – and nobody did!”

          Really? So the Germans put them in ghettos and camps for what reason? To improve their health and lives?
          Why were the Jews sent to Chelmno, the Reinhard Camps and Birkenau, Talbot? Were they all collectively guilty of crimes?

          “Just yesterday – or was it the day before – you were proclaiming that no responsible holocaust authority has ever claimed the figure of 6 million Jews exterminated; but yet here you are today – quoting this figure at me !”

          Guilty as charged, Talbot. I admit I sometimes get lazy.
          But, then again, don’t you? You fall rather easily into stereotypes, Talbot. To me that is the height of laziness.

          Comment by Jeff K. — May 31, 2016 @ 1:38 pm

          • Falling easily into stereotypes is something we all probably do at times throughout our lives. But we have to do the best we can in the circumstances.

            Changing the subject on to a less controversial historical event: today is the centenary of the Battle of Jutland in 1916. It was the only full-scale naval engagement between British and German warships in WW1. It took place in the middle of the North Sea between England and the European continent. The result was an indecisive one. The British lost more Dreadnoughts in the battle than their opponents, but the German Fleet never put to sea again in strength for the remainder of the war.

            It was quite a poignant joint British/German military ceremony which took place this morning in a Royal naval cemetery on the Orkney Islands just off the northern tip of Scotland. Here, lie many of the fallen seamen from both sides whose bodies were washed ashore after the battle was over. Out in the bay beyond, lay anchored a German and a British warship together. A very moving occasion.

            Comment by Talbot — May 31, 2016 @ 2:27 pm

            • Nice to see the limeys and krauts get along.
              😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂
              Naturally I’m teasing.

              On a serious note it’s good to see the Germans and British, rivals they once were, celebrate this momentous date together.

              Comment by Jeff K. — May 31, 2016 @ 3:32 pm

        • May I ask where you are from?

          Comment by Anonymous — June 2, 2016 @ 7:53 pm

          • I’ll give you a clue – A country just off the N.W. coast of Europe – Shakespeare called it “This Sceptred Isle, Set in a Silver sea.”

            Comment by Talbot — June 3, 2016 @ 12:49 am

  2. Some more info….

    JR

    Auschwitz was an enormous work camp at the confluence of several rivers and had been chosen by the senior SS establishment as a site for factories. It initially occupied the barracks of a former Imperial Austrian artillery unit, later taken over by the Poles.

    There was an extensive and very important artificial rubber (Buna) factory and a large system designed to manufacture gasoline out of coal, that resource being plentiful in the region.

    After the introduction of Soviet prisoners of war post June, 1941, terrible outbreaks of typhus occurred in Auschwitz and the death tolls were enormous.

    Because the SS rented their prisoners out to over a hundred small German firms, it was imperative for them to take steps to halt this typhus epidemic. This was never completely accomplished and inmates transferred from Auschwitz to other camps merely spread the disease.

    Rumors were begun in 1942-1943 by British intelligence, that “many thousands” of Jewish prisoners were being gassed in huge “gas chambers” and their bodies burnt.

    It is entirely true that any prisoner in German custody, be them political prisoners, professional criminals or Jews, were cremated upon their death and, at least in the beginning, their ashes sent to their families. During the war this was not possible and ashes were merely dumped into a nearby river. It is important to note that it was absolutely vital to cremate the infected corpses of the many typhus victims and this may well have been the origin of the gas chamber/cremation story now being put about by Soviet propagandists.

    Plans of the Auschwitz camp exist and it can be said categorically that no gas chambers for the killing of any prisoners existed in the camp. What did exist were rather small delousing chambers to kill the lice carrying typhus that could be found in the clothing of newly-arrived Polish and Russian prisoners.

    Inmate clothing was confiscated and shipped to Germany as raw material and each inmate was issued clean prison garb. Also, the heads of all arriving prisoners were shaved to prevent the spread of body lice and all inmates were subject to showers with medicated soap whose purpose was to kill any lice remaining on the body.

    Now, DDT is used for this purpose but this compound did not exist in Germany at the time. Apparently the soap was not entirely effective and permitted the spread of typhus in the camps.

    Political Analysis

    The Soviets are deeply concerned with the U.S. use, and intended use, of former German military and security personnel. In order to counter what they see as a potential threat from their former, bitter enemies, they have embarked on a campaign very similar to ones used by British propagandists in the 1914-1918. The similarities are quite remarkable all in all, Then, the German were accused of raping nuns, cutting off their hands, throwing babies up into the air and catching them on bayonets and other fabrications.

    Much of this was taken, in toto, from reports on Belgian atrocities in the Congo some time before.

    The British also introduced the story about turning human bodies into soap by rendering their fat. This same story became prevalent during their anti-German campaigns during the late conflict.

    It is interesting to note that there is a considerable body of evidence that the British authorities utilized the services of GLÜCKS in setting up British detention centers in Palestine during their on-going war with Zionist terrorist groups prior to the creation of the current state of Israel.

    There is no effective way of dealing with this anti-German propaganda. It is considered unproductive to make any attempt at refutation of the growing legends because the world-wide Jewish community is now supporting and exploiting the Soviet propaganda and are obviously utilizing it for their own ends.

    Since a significant number of former German SS and SD personnel are now employed by American intelligence, it is recommended that any material concerning the use of these individuals be strictly limited in its dissemination and that any records now extant be accorded the greatest security protection.

    Comment by jrizoli — May 31, 2016 @ 9:42 am

    • You wrote: “During the war this was not possible and ashes were merely dumped into a nearby river. It is important to note that it was absolutely vital to cremate the infected corpses of the many typhus victims and this may well have been the origin of the gas chamber/cremation story now being put about by Soviet propagandists.”

      Sorry, but I don’t believe that ashes were dumped into a nearby river. The Nazis were concerned with the environment long before anyone else ever thought of this. I don’t believe that they threw ashes into a river in which they went swimming.

      Comment by furtherglory — May 31, 2016 @ 9:58 am

      • I too became agitated when I read about the Germans dumping human ashes in nearby rivers. This is all unproven b.s. – propaganda at its worst. The Germans, of all people, would not do something like this; it is completely out of their national character.

        This kind of disgusting activity is something that low-level Jews and intelligence agents would dream up – and probably would happily carry out themselves!

        Comment by Talbot — May 31, 2016 @ 10:44 am

        • “The Germans, of all people, would not do something like this; it is completely out of their national character.”

          Why?

          Comment by Jeff K. — May 31, 2016 @ 11:25 am

          • You wrote: “Why?” You were asking why the Germans would not dump ashes in nearby rivers.

            It is my understanding that you have never been to Germany. I have, and I have talked to German people many times. If you make the slightest mistake, they will very politely correct your mistake.

            The German people were concerned about the environment long before the people in any other country were concerned with it.

            Comment by furtherglory — May 31, 2016 @ 11:41 am

            • Human ash is not toxic.
              Granted, from what I’ve read a concentrated pile of ash will cause an effect not unlike too much fertilizer.

              I doubt dumping ashes would harm the environment in a river, I think it would act like any sediment in water and either float or sink.

              Besides, necessity can override environmental concerns.

              I’m a little surprised, frankly. It looks like Jim quoted a denier book, you would think the author would be more sensitive to German sensibilities.

              Comment by Jeff K. — May 31, 2016 @ 11:54 am

        • Talbot
          ASHES INTO A RIVER
          The bodies of the War Criminals hanged by Master Sergeant John C. Woods at Nuremberg were taken to Dachau as a symbolic gesture for incineration, fourteen caskets were unloaded for cremation but were for some reason taken to a crematorium in Munich and the ashes scattered over the river Isar, not far from the Deutsches Museum.
          PS.: Woods touched a high voltage cable at the Neucelar Testing facilities at Christmas Island and electrucuted himself. Is there a God in Heaven?

          Comment by Herbert Stolpmann von Waldeck — May 31, 2016 @ 11:15 pm

          • Edit
            Should read: Marshall Islands

            Comment by Herbert Stolpmann von Waldeck — June 1, 2016 @ 2:25 am

            • Thanks for that information H.S von Waldeck.

              Wikipedia states the following;- “The executioners were Master Sergeant John C. Woods and his assistant, military policeman Joseph Malta. Woods may have miscalculated the lengths for the ropes used for the executions, such that some of the men did not die quickly of an intended broken neck but instead strangled to death slowly. Some reports indicated some executions took between 14 minutes to 28 minutes. The Army denied claims that the drop length was too short or that the condemned died from strangulation instead of a broken neck. Additionally, the trapdoor was too small, such that several of the condemned suffered bleeding head injuries when they hit the sides of the trapdoor while dropping through.”

              So you maybe correct – there was some kind of “Divine Justice” handed out to the “Hangman of Nuremburg” after all.

              I note you mention 14 caskets were taken for cremation – but I thought there were only ten executions, plus the body of Hermann Goering.

              Comment by Talbot — June 1, 2016 @ 3:20 am

              • Talbot

                IThe information that 14 caskets were unloaded , I received from a German source., but I can’t remember which one. With the ten hanged plus Göring and the possibility that the Allies kept Dr. Robert Ley in the Deep Freeze, makes twelve..

                There were of course civilian industrials held in custody, some very old like Krupp that could have died. I simply have no answer.

                Comment by Herbert Stolpmann von Waldeck — June 1, 2016 @ 7:38 pm

    • You wrote: “There was an extensive and very important artificial rubber (Buna) factory and a large system designed to manufacture gasoline out of coal, that resource being plentiful in the region.”

      I have a section on my website about the Buna factory at Monowitz.

      Quote from my website: “There was an extensive and very important artificial rubber (Buna) factory and a large system designed to manufacture gasoline out of coal, that resource being plentiful in the region.”

      The factories at Monowitz are still being used. Monowitz is off limits to tourists.

      Comment by furtherglory — May 31, 2016 @ 10:10 am


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