Scrapbookpages Blog

June 30, 2016

Treblinka 1 and Treblinka 11

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 5:01 pm

One of the readers of my blog mentioned the Treblinka II camp.

There may be some people reading my blog who do not know that there were TWO Treblinka camps.

I visited the site of the Treblinka I camp in 1998, accompanied by a tour guide. After we finished our tour, we met another tour guide who was preparing to take a group of young students to the site of the Treblinka II camp; he invited me and my guide to go along. My guide advised me not to go because it was a mile there and a mile back, which was quite a hike for a 70-year-old like me.

Treblinka was second only to Auschwitz in the number of Jews who were killed by the Nazis: between 700,000 and 900,000, compared to an estimated 1.1 million to 1.5 million at Auschwitz.

The Treblinka death camp was located 100 km (62 miles) northeast of Warsaw, near the railroad junction at the village of Malkinia Górna, which is 2.5 km (1.5 miles) from the train station in the tiny village of Treblinka.

Raul Hilberg stated in his three-volume book, “The Destruction of the European Jews,” that there were six Nazi extermination centers, including Treblinka. The other 5 extermination camps were at Belzec, Sobibor, Chelmno, Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau, all of which are located in what is now Poland. The last two also functioned as forced labor camps (Zwangsarbeitslager), and were still operational shortly before being liberated by the Soviet Union towards the end of the war in 1944 and early 1945.

The camps at Treblinka, Belzec, Sobibor and Chelmno had already been liquidated by the Germans before the Soviet soldiers arrived, and there was no remaining evidence of the extermination of millions of Jews. The combined total of the deaths at Treblinka, Belzec and Sobibor was 1.5 million, according to Raul Hilberg.

In June 1941, a forced labor camp for Jews and Polish political prisoners was set up near a gravel pit, a mile from where the Treblinka death camp would later be located. The labor camp became known as Treblinka I and the death camp, which opened in July 1942, was called Treblinka II or T-II.

There were no “selections” made at the three Operation Reinhard camps, nor at the Chelmno camp. All the Jews who were sent to these camps, with the exception of a few who escaped, were allegedly killed in gas chambers. There were no records kept of their deaths.

Bridge over the Bug river on the way to Treblinka

Bridge over the Bug river on the way to the Treblinka death camp

Treblinka and the other two Operation Reinhard camps, Sobibor and Belzec, were all located near the Bug river which formed the eastern border of German-occupied Poland. The Bug river is very shallow at Treblinka; it is what people from Missouri would call a “crick” or creek, compared to the Missouri and the Mississippi rivers. It is shallow enough to wade across in the Summer time, or to walk across when it is frozen in the Winter.

As this map shows, the territory on the other side of the Bug river was White Russia (Belarus) and the section of Poland that was given to the Soviet Union after the joint conquest of Poland by the Germans and the Soviet Union in September 1939. This part of Poland was formerly occupied by the Russians between 1772 and 1917; between 1835 and 1917, this area was included in the Pale of Settlement, a huge reservation where the Eastern European Jews were forced to live.

Will you be a “bystander” when the next Holocaust starts?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , , — furtherglory @ 1:40 pm

Child survivors of Auschwitz-Birkenau

How did the children in the photo above manage to survive the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp where anyone under the age of 15 was automatically sent to the gas chamber?

Monument08

My photo of the Monument at Birkenau in honor of Jews who were murdered there

Today, I am commenting on a news article which you can read in full here. The news article suggests that America should not have free speech — with regard to any statement about the Jews.

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

Today, anti-Semitism is once again on the rise. It is at levels which we have not seen in the Western world since the rise of the Nazi party. It is the moral obligation of all civilized people — Jews and non-Jews alike — to stand up to this bigotry and to put a stop to this age-old hatred. It is unacceptable to stand idly by and watch until it is too late.

What should you do?

Hold the bigots accountable. Call them out. If your alma-mater is supporting anti-Semitic professors, or allowing events to turn into Jew-hating get togethers, write the Dean and let them know that it is unacceptable. If you donate to the university, withhold your donation, and let them know why — in writing. When you do these things, send your letters to your local newspaper to be published. Of course, post it on your social media accounts. If Facebook is hosting an anti-Semitic page, as was the case earlier this year, write Facebook and demand that they take it down. Tell your friends to do the same. Report the page to anti-discrimination organizations and ask them to pressure Facebook as well. Exactly this occurred earlier this year, and Facebook finally responded by taking down the pages in question. If you are at a university where there is an openly anti-Semitic professor, boycott his class. Convince other students to do the same. Then, write a letter to the Dean or the Board of Trustees, telling them why no one is registering for this professor’s courses. A group of professors at Oberlin know what it means to stand up. 174 members of the Oberlin faculty signed a statement strongly condemning the anti-Semitic conduct of Joy Karega. Do the same when you see bigotry and anti-Semitism. And, more simply, do not hesitate to stand up and say something. While it may not get you anywhere online, it certainly will at your office or at your friend’s house. If we do nothing and simply let it fester, it will certainly grow until it is beyond our control. We cannot ignore history.

Remember the words of the great Albert Einstein: “The world will not be destroyed by those who do evil, but by those who watch them without doing anything.”

End quote

What prompted all this. The news article starts with this quote:

Begin quote

Erin Schrode, a promising 25-year-old Jewish woman, announces her candidacy for U.S. Congress. In response, she is bombarded by hundreds of anti-Semitic messages: “Fire up the oven.” “Kike.” “Get out of my country, kike. Get to Israel where you belong. That or the oven. Take your pick.” This did not happen in the 1930s. It happened last month in California.

An Oberlin College professor, Joy Karega, posted a photo of Jacob Rothschild, a member of a well-known Jewish banking family, which read: “We own nearly every central bank in the world. We financed both sides of every war since Napoleon. We own your news, the media, your oil and your government.” This was not published in Gleichschaltung, a Nazi newspaper. This was on her Facebook page.

Students at UC Berkley woke up one morning this past year to the words, “Zionists should be sent to the gas chamber” painted on a building.

End quote

it is almost impossible to grasp the gravity of the Holocaust

Filed under: Holocaust — furtherglory @ 8:25 am

The title of my blog post comes from a line in this news article, which is about this year’s March of the Living.  If you don’t know what the March of the Living is, I can’t help you. You are too far out of the loop.

O.K. I will take pity on you and tell you about the March of the Living and the Ride of the Living: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/tag/ride-of-the-living/

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

Perhaps the reason we struggle to comprehend the Holocaust is because it is almost impossible to grasp its gravity. I find myself mourning the lives of six million strangers. The Holocaust to me is the ghetto wall of Warsaw, the empty synagogue of Tykocin, the mass grave of children in Kielce, the gas chambers of Auschwitz, and the train tracks of Birkenau. It is the unfinished story of every life that ended prematurely due to terror and unjust hatred. It is one of the most horrific events in history and it is our job as human beings to stand in united opposition of prejudice and all those who would seek to take up the practice of genocide.

End quote

Here are some of my photographs which illustrate the places mentioned in the news article, plus a photo that I took of the gate into the Dachau camp.

My photo of the last remaiing sectio of the Warsaw Ghetto wall

My photo of the last remaining section of the Warsaw Ghetto wall

NozykSnyagogue

Nozyk Snyagogue in Warsaw

Gas chamber in main Auschwitz camp

Gas chamber in main Auschwitz camp

Railroad tracks coming into Auschwitz-Birkenau gate

Railroad tracks coming into Auschwitz-Birkenau gate

My photo of the gate into the Dachau camp

My photo of the gate into the Dachau camp