Several years ago, when I visited the memorial site at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, I saw the famous photo of Stella Steinbach displayed in the Gypsy museum there.
A permanent exhibition entitled “The National Socialist Genocide of the Sinti and Roma” is shown at the Sachenhausen Memorial Site in the main western building of the SS workshops in the former Industrial Yard, outside the former prison enclosure at Sachsenhausen. This building was constructed in 1937-38; it was converted into museum space in 2001. A sign at the entrance to the Sachsenhausen Memorial Site directs visitors to the left where a road leads through the former Industrial Yard to the Museum.
The exhibits in the Sinti and Roma Museum consist only of photographs and text which tell the history of the Nazi genocide of the Gypsies. All of the text is in the German language with no translations into other languages. There are no artifacts, only photographs on large display boards.
The following quote about Stella Steinbach is from this website: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/ChildHolo.html
Anna Maria (Settela) Steinbach (December 23rd, 1934–July 31st, 1944) was a Dutch girl who was gassed in Nazi Germany’s Auschwitz concentration camp. She remained the symbol of the prosecution of the Dutch Jews, until it was discovered in 1994 that she was not Jewish but had belonged to the Sinti group of the Romani people.
Steinbach was born in Buchten near Born in southern Limburg as the daughter of a trader and violinist. On May 16th, 1944, a razzia against the Roma was organized in the whole of the Netherlands. Steinbach was arrested in Eindhoven. That very same day, she arrived with another 577 people in Camp Westerbork. 279 were allowed to leave again because although they lived in trailers they were not Roma. In Westerbork, Steinbach’s head was shaved as a preventive measure against head lice. Like the other Roma girls and women, she wore a torn sheet around her head to cover her bald head.
On May 19th, Settela was put on a transport together with 244 other Roma to Auschwitz-Birkenau on a train that contained also Jewish prisoners. Right before the doors were being closed, she apparently stared through the opening at a passing dog or the German soldiers. Rudolf Breslauer, a Jewish prisoner in Westerbork, who was shooting a movie on orders of the German camp commander filmed the image of Settela’s fearsome glance staring out of the wagon. Crasa Wagner also was in the same wagon and heard Settela’s mother call her name and warned her to pull her head out of the opening. Crasa Wagner survived Auschwitz and was able to identify Settela in 1994.
On May 22nd, the Dutch Roma, among whom was Settela Steinbach, arrived in Auschwitz-Birkenau. They were registered and taken to the Roma section. Roma that were fit to work were taken to ammunition factories in Germany. The remaining three thousand Roma were gassed in the period from July to August 3rd. Steinbach, her mother, two brothers, two sisters, her aunt, two nephews and a niece were part of this latter group. Of the Steinbach’s family, only the father survived who died in 1946 and lies buried in the cemetery of Maastricht.
One of the displays in the museum, at the Sachsenhauen memorial site, tells about the Gypsies who were transported from Westerbork, a transit camp in the Netherlands, to Auschwitz on May 19, 1944.
At Auschwitz, the Gypsies were put into a separate section where families were allowed to stay together. According to the Sachsenhausen Museum exhibit, on the night of the 2nd and 3rd of August 1944, Settela and her mother and 9 sisters were murdered in the gas chamber at Auschwitz. What else could have happened to them? Could they have been taken to another camp? No one knows.