Scrapbookpages Blog

September 22, 2016

The strange story of the Rumbuli forest massacre

Filed under: Holocaust, World War II — furtherglory @ 9:49 am

One of the regular readers of my blog wrote this comment in which the Rumbuli forest was mentioned.

Begin quote from comment written by Talbot:

“Its claimed that these 2,000 deportees from Theresienstadt were taken all the way – 1,300 kilometres – to the Rumbulla Forest just outside Riga in Latvia. Why the Nazis wanted to take them that enormous distance just to kill them all is difficult to fathom. […] The Rumbulla Forest sounds remote and sinister, but a quick glance on Google Earth shows that the “forest” consists of a narrow strip of scrubby heathland – no more than 500 metres wide – between a parallel main road and a major railway line, and right on the outskirts of the sprawling city of Riga.

That’s a strange location for a massacre site, because not only were the 2,000 from Therensienstadt massacred there, but up to 25,000 Latvian Jews from the Riga Ghetto who it is alleged were brought to the site in two batches during late-November and December 1941.The story goes, that after the shootings, the bodies were buried in six huge pits and left there to rot for well over a year before they were all dug up again and somehow burnt in their entirety so that they vanished forever.”

End quote from comment written by Talbot

Theresienstadt was originally set up as a holding camp, from which Jews would be sent to the east, according to Holocaust historians.

The first transport to be sent to the east from Theresienstadt consisted of 2,000 Jews who were sent to Riga on January 9, 1942 from the Bohusovice train station.

According to Holocaust historian Martin Gilbert, all 2,000 of them were taken to the nearby Rumbuli forest where they were shot. The most horrible aspect of this is that the Jewish “self-government” in the camp was initially in charge of selecting the people for the transports, although they did not know what their fate would be at that time.

Unwittingly, they sent the young able-bodied Jews to their deaths, thinking that they were sending workers to labor camps in the east.

A total of 44,693 Jews from Theresienstadt were sent to Auschwitz, where all but a few of them allegedly perished.

On September 8, 1943, a transport of 5,006 Czech Jews was sent to Auschwitz where they were put into a “family camp” which was liquidated six months later. There were 22,503 Jews from Theresienstadt who were transported to unknown destinations in the east.

In keeping with the stated policy at the Wannsee Conference on January 20, 1942, Hitler’s plan was to evacuate all the Jews to the east. Eight thousand Jews were sent from Theresienstadt to Treblinka and 1,000 to Sobibor, two death camps that were right on the border between German occupied Poland and the Soviet Union.

Another 1,000 Jews were transported from the Theresienstadt ghetto to a concentration camp near the village of Maly Trostenets, just outside of Minsk in what is now Belarus, better known to Americans as White Russia.

Two thousand Jews from the Theresienstadt ghetto were sent to Zamosc, 3,000 to Izbica and 3,000 to Lublin, all of which were cities near the eastern border of occupied Poland.

Although the Theresienstadt ghetto was originally supposed to be a home for elderly Jews, the Nazis began including some of the older inmates in the transports to the east after the camp population on September 18, 1942 had reached 58,497, its highest number of prisoners.

With such horrendous overcrowding, the death toll was around 4,000 just for the month of September in 1942 and most of the dead were elderly people. Between September 19, 1942 and October 22, 1942, there were 11 transports carrying ghetto inmates from Theresienstadt to other camps farther east in order to relieve the overcrowding.

Toward the end of the war, there were rumors circulating in all of the major Nazi concentration camps that Hitler had given the order for all the inmates to be killed before the arrival of the Soviet or American soldiers. This was believed to be the purpose for building a gas chamber at Theresienstadt in 1945 at the tail end of the war.

At Auschwitz, the inmates were given the choice to stay in the camp, or to follow the Germans on a death march to the camps in the west before the Soviet army arrived. Very few stayed behind, except those who were too old or too sick to walk, because the prisoners believed that they would be killed if they stayed.

After April 20, 1945, there were 13,454 of these wretched survivors from Auschwitz and other camps who poured into Theresienstadt. Some were housed in the Hamburg barracks, right by the railroad tracks. The others were put into temporary wooden barracks outside the ghetto, which were taken down soon after the war.

Some of the newcomers had been evacuated from Buchenwald on April 5th just before the camp was liberated by American troops on April 11, 1945. Before the Americans arrived, Hitler himself had given the order to evacuate the Jews from Buchenwald in an effort to prevent them from exacting revenge on German citizens after they were freed.

Some of them arrived at Theresienstadt in terrible condition after they had been traveling by train for two weeks without food. After the liberation of Buchenwald, some of the prisoners, who had not been evacuated, commandeered American army jeeps and weapons, then drove to the nearby town of Weimar where, in an orgy of revenge, they looted German homes and shot innocent civilians at random; this was the type of thing that the Nazis were trying to prevent by evacuating the concentration camps before they were liberated.

According to Holocaust survivor Ben Helfgott, who was one of the prisoners brought to Theresienstadt in the last days of the war, the inmates of the Theresienstadt ghetto went on a rampage as soon as they were released. They looted homes, beat to death an SS guard from the ghetto, and attacked the ethnic Germans who were now homeless refugees, fleeing to Germany, after being driven out of the Czech provinces of Bohemia and Moravia.

Some of the people who arrived from the evacuated camps were former inmates of Theresienstadt who were now returning. Others were Jews who had been in the eastern concentration camps for years. On May 3, 1945, the ghetto was turned over to the Red Cross, by Commandant Karl Rahm.

According to Martin Gilbert in his book entitled “Holocaust Journey,” Rahm told the Red Cross that he had received orders from Berlin to kill all the inmates in the ghetto before the Russians arrived, but he had disobeyed the order. Gilbert wrote that because of this, Rahm was allowed to leave the camp unmolested on the day before the Russians arrived on May 8, 1945. He was later captured and tried in a Special People’s Court in nearby Litomerice; he was held in the Small Fortress at Theresienstadt until he was executed in 1947.

 

September 20, 2016

Precious dolls that were taken from Jewish girls who were destined for the gas chamber

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 9:46 am

You can read the story of the dolls that were saved from the Holocaust in this news story: http://www.aol.com/article/2016/09/20/these-dolls-were-taken-from-two-girls-destined-for-auschwitz/21475559/

The following quote is from the news article, cited above:

Begin quote

In February of 1944, two young Jewish girls were removed from their school near Dijon, France and deported [directly] to Auschwitz.

While taking sisters Denise and Micheline Lévy, authorities grabbed the dolls the children carried and tossed them to the ground.

A shop owner held onto the discarded toys, but the girls never returned from the concentration camp, reports The Telegraph.

The dolls had since been in the family of Frédérique Gilles, who recently decided they deserved a more fitting home.

On Sunday, they were donated to the Shoah Memorial in Paris.

End quote

Were these girls sent directly from their homes to Auschwitz? Or were they first sent to a transit camp and then sent to Auschwitz?

The first transport to be sent to the east, from the Theresienstadt ghetto, consisted of 2,000 Jews who were sent to Riga on January 9, 1942 from the Bohusovice station. According to Holocaust historian Martin Gilbert, all 2,000 were taken to the nearby Rumbuli forest where they were shot.

The most horrible aspect of this is that the Jewish “self-government” in the Theresienstadt camp was initially in charge of selecting the people for the transports, although they did not know what their fate would be at that time. Unwittingly, they sent the young able-bodied Jews to their deaths, thinking that they were sending workers to labor camps in the east.

 

 

September 19, 2016

95-year-old Hubert Zafke still evading justice

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — furtherglory @ 12:58 pm

You can read about the efforts to convict Hubert Zafke, a depraved Holocaust criminal, at http://www.thelocal.de/20160919/anger-mounts-over-delayed-trial-of-auschwitz-medic

My photo of the Gatehouse at the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp

My 2005 photo of the Gatehouse into Auschwitz-Birkenau camp

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

On Monday, a 95-year-old former medical orderly at the Auschwitz death camp will return to the courtroom in the northeastern lakeside town of Neubrandenburg, accused of more than 3,600 counts of accessory to murder.

The case against Hubert Zafke, who is wheelchair-bound, has been suspended four times since the first hearing in February because of concerns over his health.

The wizened Zafke is the fourth former concentration camp worker in the dock in this latest series of trials for Nazi-era crimes, following John Demjanjuk in 2011, Oskar Gröning in 2015 and Reinhold Hanning this May – all convicted before solemn, packed courtrooms of complicity in mass murder.

The Demjanjuk case set the legal precedent that defendants could be sentenced for having worked at concentration camps where atrocities were committed without proof of specific crimes by them.

The charges against Zafke focus on a one-month period in 1944 when 14 trains carrying prisoners – including the teenage diarist Anne Frank – arrived at Auschwitz-Birkenau.

[Anne Frank didn’t die in the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp. Does Zafke get any credit for saving her? No, of course not!]

Frank, who arrived in Auschwitz with her parents and sister, was later transferred to another camp, Bergen-Belsen, where she died in March 1945, just two months before the Nazis were defeated.

Prosecutors have said Zafke was aware that the site in Nazi-occupied Poland was an extermination camp, and have accused him of at least 3,681 counts of accessory to murder.

End quote

Why only 3,681 counts of accessory to murder? There must have been more than 3,681 Jews who died of typhus while Zafke was there. If he was there, he is guilty. That’s the law now!

The news article continues on, ad nauseum, and finally ends with this quote:

Begin quote

More than 70 years after the prosecution of top Nazis began in Nuremberg, Germany is racing against time to try the last Third Reich criminals.

Some 1.1 million people, most of them European Jews, perished between 1940 and 1945 in Auschwitz before it was liberated by Soviet forces.

End quote

Note the figure of 1.1 million people who died at Auschwitz between 1940 and 1945. That number is down from an original estimate of 4 million deaths at Auschwitz. Do these aged war criminals get any credit for SAVING almost 3 million people? Sadly, they do not get any credit for saving Jews.

September 18, 2016

Spider Burke and Don Faurot — both gone AND FORGOTTEN

Filed under: Uncategorized — furtherglory @ 10:48 am

Yesterday, I watched as my Alma mater, the University of Missouri, lost a football game, in the very last seconds of the game. It was heart-breaking.

There were a couple of young people watching the game with me. I mentioned Spider Burke, the University of Missouri cheerleader who was world famous in his day.

None of these young people had ever heard of Spider Burke. One of them tried to look him up on the internet, but couldn’t find anything about him.

Spider Burke’s real name was Harold J. Burke. He was born in 1917 and died on December 6, 2010.

Then my young friends tried to do a search for Don Faurot, the football coach at the University of Missouri from 1935 to 1956.  Siri couldn’t find him either.

You can read about Don Faurot at http://www.rockmnation.com/2014/8/4/5967203/mizzous-greatest-11-10-don-faurot-and-a-famous-picture

His name is pronounced “fare row”.

September 16, 2016

If you’ve ever wondered why Hitler killed the Jews, this home movie explains it

Filed under: Holocaust, movies — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 9:02 am

This news article, about a new short film, will help you to understand why Hitler killed the Jews:

http://forward.com/culture/349794/an-auschwitz-home-movie-scored-by-eric-clapton/

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

I’d always avoided Auschwitz,” Philippe Mora says near the beginning of his new documentary, “Three Days in Auschwitz.” “I was like, ‘Who wants to go to Auschwitz?’”

Mora’s question is, at least on the surface, perfectly understandable. After all, with any number of exotic and enticing locations currently available for our visiting or vacationing pleasure, a site [Auschwitz-Birkenau] where at least 1.1 million people (90% of them Jewish) were gassed, shot, starved and worked to death by the Nazis hardly conforms to anyone’s idea of an appealing destination.

[He’s talking about Auschwitz-Birkenau, not Auschwitz, the main camp.]

Of course, one visits former concentration camps not to “get away from it all,” but to bear witness to one of the darkest chapters in human history. And for Mora, a French-born Australian film director and artist whose extensive filmography includes such notable credits as “Mad Dog Morgan,” “Death of a Soldier” and the second and third installments of the “Howling” horror franchise, the emotional, psychological and historical pull of Auschwitz eventually proved too compelling to ignore.

Born four years after World War II ended, Mora learned much later that eight members of his family had been killed at Auschwitz. Seeking to come to terms with their deaths, in 2010 he finally traveled to Poland’s Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum for the first time — a visit that inspired several returns and eventually led to the making of “Three Days in Auschwitz,” which was released in select U.S. theaters and on DVD and Video On Demand on September 9.

End quote

Aerial view of Auschwitz

Aerial view of Auschwitz main camp

My photo of Barrack building in Auschwitz main camp

My photo of Barrack buildings in the Auschwitz main camp

You can read about Auschwitz, the main camp, on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/Tour/Auschwitz1/Auschwitz02.html

My photo of the ruins of Krema III gas chamber at Birkenau

My photo of the ruins of Krema III gas chamber at Auschwitz-Birkenau

The women's camp at Birkenau

My photo of the women’s camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau

Quarantine barracks at Birkenau

My photo of the Quarantine barracks at Auschwitz-Birkenau

Why were there “quarantine barracks” in a death camp? Did the Nazis want to make sure that none of the prisoners died of typhus or other diseases? Did they want to make sure that the prisoners were perfectly healthy when they were gassed to death?

My photo of the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp

My photo of the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp

 

September 15, 2016

the Holocaust ovens

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 10:41 am

In a recent news article which you can read in full here  it was mentioned that “the Holocaust ovens were too small to kill 6 million Jews.”

The person who wrote this news article seems to think that Jews were killed, during the Holocaust, by being shoved into cremation ovens while still alive.

According to the official Holocaust story, which you must believe in 20 countries, if you don’t want to go to prison for 5 years or more, the Jews were killed in gas chambers and their dead bodies were then burned in ovens, like the ovens shown in my photos below.

My photo of a cremation oven at Dachau

My photo of a cremation oven at Dachau

My photo of an oven at Dachau

My photo of a cremation oven at Dachau

Jewish prisoners demonstrate how bodies were put in ovens

Jewish prisoners demonstrate how dead bodies were put into ovens

My 2001 photo of Dachau oven

My 2001 photo of a Dachau oven

Dachau oven had pully to raise and lower inner door

Dachau oven had pulley to raise and lower inner door

According to Marcus J. Smith, a U.S. Army doctor, who wrote a book entitled “The Harrowing of Hell,” the chief of the crematorium crew at Dachau was Ludvik “a heavy, powerfully muscled Czech who has labored in the crematorium for a long time.”

Smith wrote that Ludvik sent him a letter in which he complained that his team of 10 people were not being treated as well as they had been by the Nazi SS men who had governed the Dachau camp.

Ludvik wrote in this letter: “We feel that after our liberation, at least the same standard of living should be maintained. But our position is worse than then as to food, drinks and tobacco.”

Smith wrote that, because the cremation efforts at Dachau were too slow, the bodies were buried by German civilians “at the American commander’s request.” The bodies were buried on a hill named Leitenberg.

Dachau bodies were buried on Leightenberg hill

Dachau bodies were buried on hill called Leightenberg

You can read about the burial of the Dachau bodies, by German citizens, on the hill called Leitenberg, on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/DachauTown/HistoricPlaces/Leitenberg01.html

The corpses of Dachau prisoners were taken on carts to the burial site on the hill called Leitenberg where the bodies were transferred to a bulldozed excavation, according to Smith.

He wrote that “Eventually 2,400 bodies were buried.” This would mean that there was a total of 3,110 bodies in the camp, including the bodies of prisoners who died between April 29th and May 6th after the liberation.

There were allegedly 2,310 bodies on the death train that arrived in the camp on April 27, 1945, which would have to be included in this total.

There were 2,226 prisoners who died in the month of May 1945 after the liberation of the camp; they were buried in a cemetery in the town of Dachau.

Christian cross on Leitenberg hill

My photo of Christian cross on Leitenberg hill

Leitenberg was consecrated as a Christian cemetery on December 16, 1949. Most of the prisoners in the Dachau concentration camp in the later years were Catholic. They had been arrested as “resistance fighters” who were fighting illegally during World War II.

Shown in the photo above, which I took in the middle of the Leitenberg cemetery, is a Christian cross, made of wood, which was designed by Klaus Backmund from Munich. On all four sides of the cross are panels which are engraved with likenesses of Christian martyrs.

On my visit to Leitenberg, I was the only person there, except for two men who were having sex in plain view. They didn’t seem to mind that I saw them. During the Nazi era, these men would have been put into a concentration camp.

 

September 14, 2016

Youngest survivor of Auschwitz now lives in Munich

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — furtherglory @ 12:49 pm
The following quote is from a news story which you can read in full at http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4854115,00.html
 Eva Umlauf was only two years old when she was liberated from [Auschwitz-Birkenau] the Nazi death camp. Despite her young age, she received the Auschwitz ‘trademark’: The number A-26959, which was tattooed on her left arm. Today, at 73, she is a successful pediatrician in Munich who has devoted her life to the treatment of small children.
Upon first listening to Eva Umlauf’s story, it’s hard to believe it. Only a writer with a totally wild imagination could have produced such a story. Well, it did happen. Umlauf is the youngest survivor of the Auschwitz death camp. She was only two years old when the Soviet Army arrived at the camp on January 27, 1945, yet she emerged alive.
[…]
I heard her story a long time ago, but I only recently got to meet her for the first time and discover that this woman, flesh and blood, who is still young and works as a pediatrician in Munich, is the infant from that amazing story I first heard years ago.

Eva Umlauf. Today, she looks back at her life with satisfaction (Photo: Dana Bloch)

Eva Umlauf. Today, she looks back at her life with satisfaction (Photo: Dana Bloch)
[continue quote]

It turns out that there was complete chaos and disorder in the SS prior to the war’s end, with one hand not knowing what the other hand is doing. On the first days of November 1945, after the Germans, who were preparing to withdraw from Upper Silesia, had already destroyed the gas chambers and the crematoria, a transport of young people suddenly arrived in Auschwitz, most of them from Slovakia.

Who had decided on this odd move, why and for what purpose? After all, the Auschwitz camps were in fact no longer operational, and if the Germans wanted to kill these Jews too, why send them to Auschwitz instead of murdering them in Slovakia?

In any event, that shipment arrived and the Germans did not touch it. They put the young people in barracks where they stayed until the survivors left the camp on the night between January 17 and 18. There were no longer gas chambers, but the young Eva, who arrived there with her mother, received the Auschwitz “trademark” anyway: The number tattooed on her left arm—A-26959.

End quote from news story

Strange as it may seem, there were many child survivors of Auschwitz-Birkenau, even babes in arms. These were the children that were too young to march out of the camp when it was abandoned.

Babies being carried as the child survivors march out of Auschwitz-Birkenau

Babies being carried as child survivors march out of Auschwitz-Birkenau

One would think that the Nazis would have been better organized in their plan to exterminate the Jews.  They should not have left babies and young children behind for the Soviet soldiers to find.

You can read all about the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/History/Articles/Liberation.html

Should Holocaust denial be a crime? Debra Lipstadt says “No”

Filed under: David Irving, Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:45 am

According to Wikipedia, Holocaust denial is against the law in 14 European countries:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laws_against_Holocaust_denial

In this recent news story, Deborah Lipstadt explains why Holocaust denial should not be against the law:  http://forward.com/the-assimilator/333780/deborah-lipstadt-explains-why-holocaust-denial-shouldnt-be-a-crime/?attribution=blog-article-related-1-headline

Holocaust historian Deborah Lipstadt slammed leaders of the Claims Conference, but predicted no one will be held accountable for dropping the ball on a $57 million fraud case

Holocaust historian Deborah Lipstadt slammed leaders of the Claims Conference, but predicted no one will be held accountable for dropping the ball on a $57 million fraud case

The following quote is from the news article, cited above:

Begin quote

Famous Holocaust historian Deborah Lipstadt opposed criminalization of Holocaust denial in a debate at the Oxford Union Society last month, which is shown in the video below. Even after years of fighting a libel suit filed against her in 1996 by Holocaust denier David Irving, Lipstadt says she is not in favor of laws against Holocaust denial.

“I support this motion Mr. President, because I am convinced that freedom of speech means nothing unless it includes the freedom for offensive people to be offensive,” she says. “We who are offended by them, must accept that, as a cost of living in a free society.”

In the video, she details her strong opinions on freedom of speech and why Holocaust criminalization will not benefit the cause against Holocaust deniers.

End quote

Now that I have permission from Deborah Lipstadt, I will continue to deny the Holocaust.

The name Lipstadt is the name of the town in Germany, from which Deborah’s ancestors came. My German ancestors came from a town in Germany that was only a few miles from the town of Lipstadt, but Deborah and I are world’s apart in our thinking.

I have met David Irving twice and have heard him speak on each occasion. Sadly, Irving is now only a shadow of his former self, and can no longer defend himself against people like Deborah Lipstadt.

 

 

September 13, 2016

Denial is not a river in Egypt

Filed under: David Irving, Holocaust, movies, World War II — furtherglory @ 8:46 am

Denial is the title of a new movie about Debra Lipstadt’s lawsuit against David Irving.

You can read about the new movie in this news article: http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/movies/2016/09/13/tiff-toronto-rachel-weisz-denial-holocaust/90296080/

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

In ‘Denial,’ a university professor [Debra Lipstadt] writes a book about people who deny the Holocaust ever happened. One of the deniers [David Irving] suddenly sues her for libel. They both fight to prove their version of history in this film based on a true story.

End quote

Krema1gaschamber.jpg

David Irving denies that the room. shown in my 2005  photo above, is  a  homicidal gas chamber

The news article continues with this quote:

Begin quote

The stakes are high: In English civil courts, the burden of proof in libel cases is on the defendant, and if Irving had won, it would have legitimized anyone who claimed the Holocaust was fabricated. Astoundingly, that means Lipstadt’s legal team had to prove the Holocaust occurred. “The film is about the fight for truth in general,” says Weisz, who flew to Toronto on her day off from rehearsing her upcoming off-Broadway play, Plenty.

Denial takes dialogue verbatim from trial records (Irving argues forcefully that there were no gas chambers at Auschwitz). Weisz, who identifies as Jewish, filmed at Auschwitz, chronicling a trip that Lipstadt and her Scottish power lawyer (Tom Wilkinson) took for research. “It’s the first time they’ve ever let anyone film there” for anything other than a documentary, says Weisz, who had never been to the death camp before.

End quote

 

September 12, 2016

The fourth attempt to convict Hubert Zafke of war crimes committed during World War II

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:28 am
Hubert Zafke sits in a wheelchair in the courtroom

Hubert Zafke bows his head as he sits in a wheelchair in the courtroom where he is charged with war crimes

Hubert Zafke, shown in the news photo above, tries to look as innocent as he can, as he sits in judgement for his crimes against the Jews during World War II.

I have written 3 previous blog posts about Hubert Zafke, the vicious German war criminal, who killed Jews when he worked as a medic at Auschwitz, seventy years ago.  He claims that he tried to save lives when he worked as a medic. Yeah, right. That’s what they all say.

My photo of Barack buildig #15 at Auschwitz

My photo of Barack building #15 in the Auschwitz main camp

My 3 previous blog posts about Zafke:

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/tag/hubert-zafke/

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

According to the indictment, the SS medic [Zafke] served for several weeks in the summer of 1944 in the medical unit at Auschwitz during World War Two.

Hubert Zafke denies the charges, arguing he treated only wounded soldiers and members of the SS.

Prosecutors say that, like other SS guards at Auschwitz, Mr Zafke was well aware of the camp’s function as “an industrial-scale mass murder site”. According to the indictment, thousands of people died while he was there.

Teenage Jewish girl Anne Frank arrived at Auschwitz-Birkenau during the period covered by Hubert Zafke’s indictment. She died in another camp, at Bergen-Belsen, shortly before it was liberated by the British Army in 1945.

The chances of securing convictions for the last surviving Nazis have become harder as the remaining defendants are all now in their nineties.

In June, a German court sentenced former Auschwitz guard Reinhold Hanning, 94, to five years in jail for being accessory to the murder of at least 170,000 people.

But a state court in the northern city of Kiel ruled on Friday that a 92-year-old woman, Helma M, was unfit to stand trial on charges of being accessory to 260,000 counts of murder. She was the SS radio operator for the commandant at Auschwitz.

End quote from news article

 

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