Kristallnacht was the name given to a riot that took place in Germany 78 years ago on November 9th and 10th.
You can read about this event on this news article: http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/2044815/has-world-forgotten-terrible-lesson-kristallnacht
Kristallnacht was the Nazi pogrom against the Jews which started on the night of November 9, 1938.
This was a state-sanctioned riot in which the windows of all the Jewish stores in every city in Germany and Austria were smashed. Police stood by to prevent looting, but merchandise was thrown into the street and destroyed.
Every synagogue in Germany was set on fire; the fire department extinguished the fires only if other nearby buildings were threatened.
A total of 91 people lost their lives.
This travesty took place after a three-day death watch over Ernst vom Rath, a diplomat at the German embassy in Paris who was shot by Herschel Grynzspan, a 17-year old Polish Jew.
Herschel had fled to Paris when the Nazis announced in October 1938 that all Polish Jews in Germany would be deported back to Poland. The Polish government had already torn up their passports when they evicted them earlier. The Poles would not allow them back into their country. It seems that no country wanted the Jews.
Grynzspan’s parents and sister were forced to live in a refugee camp on the border; his motive for killing vom Rath was to call the attention of the world to the plight of the stateless Jews, that no country wanted.
I blogged about this last year at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2015/10/30/77th-anniversary-of-kristallnacht-the-night-of-broken-glass/