Scrapbookpages Blog

December 12, 2016

Frederick the Great

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Holocaust, World War II — furtherglory @ 1:10 pm

Today, a young person who is studying world history, asked me about “Frederick the Great.” This young person wanted to know what Frederick ever did that made him so great?

For one thing, Frederick the Great was involved in the history of Theresienstadt.

I have a whole section, about Theresienstadt, on my scrapbookpages.com website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/CzechRepublic/Theresienstadt/TheresienstadtGhetto/History/index.html

My photo of the original old fortress at Theresienstadt

My photo of the original old fortress near the city of Theresienstadt

My photo of the main gate into Theresienstadt

My photo of the main gate into Theresienstadt

Theresienstadt was a prominent place that became involved in the Holocaust.

The following quote is from my website:

[Before World War II started] there was a dispute between Germany and Poland regarding the free city of Gdansk, which had formerly been known as the German city of Danzig. The population of Danzig was 100% German; the city of Danzig had been taken from the Germans in the Treaty of Versailles.

Another bone of contention was the industrial section of Silesia which had been given to Poland after World War I.

In a self-determination vote, the people of Silesia had voted to become part of Germany, but this was ignored by the League of Nations, even though this was one of Wilson’s Fourteen Points.

Although war had been avoided in the conflict between the Germans and the Czechs, this time there was no “appeasement” of Hitler.

Great Britain and France, after signing an agreement to protect Poland in case of an attack by Germany, were forced to declare war on Germany. World War II began two days after the Germans fired the first shots near Danzig on September 1, 1939.

Hitler’s prediction that another World War would mean the annihilation of the European Jews, then became an actuality.

The town of Theresienstadt soon became one of the most infamous transit centers in Hitler’s systematic plan to exterminate European Jewry.

With the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, Czechoslovakia again became an independent country and all the ethnic Germans, except for the few who could prove that they were anti-Fascist during the war, were expelled from their homes and sent into war-torn Germany, many of them dying along the way from hunger and exhaustion.

The Czechs and the Jews exacted their revenge by attacking these refugees as they fled to Germany. Many of the refugees had to live for as long as 18 years in the former Nazi concentration camps, such as Dachau, until they could find new jobs and homes, as Germany was slowly rebuilt.

As soon as a typhus epidemic at Theresienstadt was brought under control, the prisoners were released and the Small Fortress at Theresienstadt became a prison for German Nazis from 1945 to 1948.

In its long and ignominious history, Theresienstadt has come full circle and is now the Czech town of Terezin. The country of Czechoslovakia has now been split once again into the two independent countries: the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

what the world needs now is more Holocaust museums

Filed under: California, Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:03 am

You might think that the world has enough Holocaust museums and monuments, but you would be wrong. The world can never have enough Holocaust remembrance.

The following quote is from a news article, which you can read in full at https://www.apollo-magazine.com/challenge-designing-holocaust-memorial-britain/

Begin quote

On 18 November, the Government [of Great Britain] announced the 10 shortlisted teams in the running to design a £50 million national Holocaust memorial for Britain, to be erected in Victoria Tower Gardens just outside the Palace of Westminster. The memorial project is a legacy of the coalition government led by David Cameron, whose cross-party Holocaust Commission recommended its construction after a survey revealed that of 8,000 British secondary school children, less than a third knew what ‘anti-Semitism’ was, and ‘the majority of those surveyed did not know some of the most fundamental facts that explain why and how the Holocaust happened’.

Announcing the subsequent design contest, Cameron’s successor Theresa May said: ‘We need to ensure that we never forget the horrors of the Holocaust and the lessons that must be learnt from it.’

The shortlist is impressive. It includes well-established firms such as Ralph Appelbaum Associates (best known for designing the US Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington D.C.) and Studio Libeskind (founded by ‘starchitect’ Daniel Libeskind, whose existing projects include the Jewish Museum in Berlin and the redevelopment of the World Trade Centre), alongside artists Rachel Whiteread and Anish Kapoor, and prominent authors James E. Young, Jonathan Safran Foer, and Simon Schama, whose works, in one way or another, have dealt with the theme of memory.

All are well-versed in the international vernacular of commemorative architecture, not least Young, who served on the judging panels for both Berlin’s Denkmal for the Murdered Jews of Europe and the National September 11 Memorial in New York. We must assume that our collective memories are safe in the hands of these experts in the sombre, grey palate of 21st-century memorialisation.

End quote

I have written several blog posts about Daniel Liebeskind, and his “degenerate art” which you can read at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/tag/daniel-libeskind/

I have a section, on my scrapbookpages.com website, about Daniel Liebeskind and his art: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Berlin2002/JewishMuseum/JewishMuseum01.html

Jewish art in Berlin by Daniel Liebeskind

My photo of Jewish art in Berlin, designed by Daniel Liebeskind

Thank God that Daniel Liebeskind’s contract to put Jewish art in the city of Sacramento was canceled. Instead, his proposed Sacramento design was installed inside a park in Russia.