Scrapbookpages Blog

August 15, 2017

Austria’s lower house of parliament has purchased the building Hitler was born in

Filed under: Uncategorized — furtherglory @ 3:36 pm

My photo of the building where Hitler was born

My photo of the stone marker in front of the house where Hitler was born in Austria

Braunau am Inn, where Hitler was born, is a charming town in Austria, with a population of about 17,500 people, on the south bank of the Inn river which separates Austria and Germany.

My photo above shows Salzburger Vorstadt, the street where Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889. The house where Hitler was born is on the right.

The street was renamed Adolf-Hitler-Strasse after the Anschluss of Germany and Austria on March 12, 1938.

The title of my blog post today is a quote from this news article:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/08/15/how-other-countries-have-dealt-with-monuments-to-dictators-fascists-and-racist/?utm_term=.c9b2fe1b61fc

Begin quote from news article:

In 1949, the newfound Federal Republic of Germany banned the swastika from public life. And since 1945, its government has worked to systematically get rid of Nazi-era memorials and architecture. Nazi officials were buried in unmarked graves. Swastikas were ground off buildings. Monuments and statues from the Third Reich were torn down. The military jail that housed high-ranking Nazi officials awaiting their war-crimes trials was torn down, so that it would not become a shrine for neo-Nazis. (According to Schofield, “Officials went so far as to pulverize the bricks and throw the remains into the North Sea.”) Zeppelin Field, former home of Nazi party rallies, was fenced off and visitors warned to keep away.

End quote

HitlerBirthplace01.jpg

My photo of the house where Hitler was born

I was warned not to go to Sobibor, where Jews would be waiting to kill me

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — furtherglory @ 11:18 am

SobiborMonument01.jpg

Two monuments at the Sobibór camp

In the photo above, one monument is in the foreground, while the other monument is the white thing in the background.

SobiborMonument04.jpg

The second monument at Sobibór

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The photo above shows the entrance into Sobibor camp

Sobibór is mentioned in a news article, which you can read in full at http://www.businessinsider.com/a-journey-to-the-death-camps-in-eastern-poland-2017-8?r=UK&IR=T

Begin quote:

Sobibór, along with Bełżec and Treblinka, is one of the three Nazi death camps designed to murder the Jews who arrived there immediately upon arrival, and it is hard to find. Two roads through the woods take you there.

Only one of the two is signposted with a twenty-centimeter sign saying “Muzeum Sobibór”. The other runs parallel to the railway tracks along which the death trains traveled, always deeper into the forest.

Into one of the furthermost corners of Poland, into Yiddishland, into the landscape of the former Shtetls, where Eastern Jewish culture blossomed like nowhere else. Back then, in the 18th, and especially in the 19th century, when the world’s biggest rabbinical school flourished in Lublin, a region where most of the more than three million Polish Jews lived in peace for such a long time.

It is back there, not far from the tri-national border between Poland, Belarus and the Ukraine, that Sobibór lies in the dark green pine forest.

End quote from news article

Here is the kosher version of the story of Sobibór:

(Note, some photos from above are repeated in this version)

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Monument at the Sobibór camp

Sobibór was a death camp, built by the Nazis in March 1942 for the sole purpose of killing European Jews in gas chambers. An estimated 250,000 Jews were murdered at Sobibór during a period of only 18 months, according to the US Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC.

The train station at Sobibór

The old train station at the village of Sobibór is shown in the photograph above; train service to Sobibór was discontinued in 1999. Also shown in the photo above is the house where the Commandant of the camp formerly lived.

Franz Stangl was the first Commandant of the camp. Stangl had previously headed the euthanasia center at Hartheim Castle in Austria where physically and mentally disabled Germans were killed with carbon monoxide in a gas chamber.

After six months at Sobibór, Stangl was transferred to the Treblinka death camp where he served as the Commandant.

The train tracks are barely visible on the left side of the photo above. A railroad spur line was built at Sobibór in order to take the train cars inside the camp. The location of the former camp is to the left, across from the station, in the photo above.

The plaques on the wall at the entrance have the same message in different languages. The English version reads:

Begin quote

At this site, between the years 1942 and 1943, there existed a Nazi death camp where 250,000 Jews and approximately 1,000 Poles were murdered. On October 14, 1943, during the revolt by the Jewish prisoners the Nazis were overpowered and several hundred prisoners escaped to freedom. Following the revolt the death camp ceased to function. “Earth conceal not my blood” (Job)

End quote

The Sobibór camp was on the eastern edge of German-occupied Poland, five kilometers west of the Bug river. The Bug river was as far as trains from western Europe could go without changing the wheels to fit the train tracks in the Soviet Union, which were a different gauge.

On the other side of the Bug river from Sobibór was Ukraine, which had belonged to the Soviet Union until it was taken by the Germans shortly after their invasion of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941.

The unsuspecting victims who arrived at Sobibór were told that they would be sent to work camps in Ukraine after they had taken a shower, but instead, the Jews were immediately killed in gas chambers disguised as shower rooms.

Sobibór was one of the three Aktion Reinhard camps which were set up following the Wannsee Conference on January 20, 1942 when “The Final Solution to the Jewish Question in Europe” was planned. The head of Aktion Reinhard (Operation Reinhard) was SS-Brigadeführer Odilio Globocnik, who had previously been the Gauleiter of Vienna, Austria. Globocnik and Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler both committed suicide after being captured by the British.

The other two Aktion Reinhard camps were Belzec and Treblinka. The first Commandant at Belzec was Christian Wirth, who was also the Inspector of the Aktion Reinhard camps. Belzec and Treblinka were also very near the Bug river which formed the eastern border between German-occupied Poland and the Soviet Union. Across the Bug river from Treblinka was Belorussia (White Russia) which is now called Belarus.

According to the figures given by the Nazis at the Wannsee Conference, there were approximately 5 million Jews in the Soviet Union in January 1942, including 2,994,684 in Ukraine and 446,484 in Belorussia. There were another 2,284,000 Jews in the area of German-occupied Poland known as the General Government. At the Conference, the Nazis claimed that they were planning to resettle some of the Jews who were living in the General Government into Ukraine, an area of the Soviet Union which Germany controlled at that time.

The Nazis claimed that the Aktion Reinhard camps were transit camps for the “evacuation of the Jews to the East,” a euphemism for the genocide of the Jews. Unlike the death camps at Auschwitz and Majdanek, the three Aktion Reinhard camps did not have ovens to cremate the bodies. The Jews were not registered upon arrival at the Aktion Reinhard camps and no death records were kept.

At the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal in 1946, documents were introduced which showed an exchange of letters in 1943 between Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, the head of all the concentration camps, and Richard Glücks, the Inspector of the Concentration Camps, in which Glücks suggested that Sobibór be converted into a concentration camp.

In a letter dated 5 July 1943, Himmler rejected this idea. This indicates that Sobibór was not a concentration camp, but rather a place that was not part of the Nazi concentration camp system.

The three Aktion Reinhard camps were all in remote locations, but “each site was on a railroad line linking it with hundreds of towns and villages whose Jewish communities were now trapped and starving” in the spring of 1942, according to Martin Gilbert’s book entitled “The Holocaust.”

Sobibór was linked by rail with many large Jewish communities, including Lublin, Wlodawa and Chelm. Jews were also brought from the Theresienstadt ghetto, located in what is now the Czech Republic, and from the Netherlands, to be gassed at Sobibór.

The city of Lublin in eastern Poland was the headquarters of Aktion Reinhard. The clothing taken from the victims at the three Aktion Reinhard camps was sent to the Majdanek camp in Lublin to be disinfected with Zyklon-B before being shipped to Germany. There were no disinfection chambers for delousing the clothing at Sobibór.

Deportations to Sobibór began in mid April 1942 with transports from the town of Zamosc in Poland, according to Holocaust historian Martin Gilbert. The Jews from the Lublin ghetto were also sent to Sobibór to be gassed, although there were several gas chambers at Majdanek just outside the city of Lublin.

During the first phase of the extermination of the Jews at Sobibór, which lasted until July 1942, around 100,000 Jews were gassed to death. Their bodies were buried in mass graves, then dug up later and burned on pyres.

During the next phase, the bodies were burned immediately, according to Toivi Blatt, one of the few survivors of Sobibór. At the age of 15, Blatt had been selected to work in sorting the clothing in the camp.