Scrapbookpages Blog

May 18, 2018

The Gypsies who were murdered in the Holocaust

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — furtherglory @ 2:23 pm

You can read about the fate of the Gypsies in the Holocaust here: https://www.thoughtco.com/gypsies-and-the-holocaust-1779660

The following quote is from the article above:

Begin quote

The Gypsies of Europe were registered, sterilized, ghettoized, and then deported to concentration and death camps by the Nazis. Approximately 250,000 to 500,000 Gypsies were murdered during the Holocaust – an event they call the Porajmos (the “Devouring”).

A Short History

Approximately a thousand years ago, several groups of people migrated from northern India, dispersing throughout Europe over the next several centuries.

Though these people were part of several tribes (the largest of which are the Sinti and Roma), the settled peoples called them by a collective name, “Gypsies” — which stems from the one-time belief that they had come from Egypt.

Nomadic, dark-skinned, non-Christian, speaking a foreign language (Romani), not tied to the land – the Gypsies were very different from the settled peoples of Europe. Misunderstandings of Gypsy culture created suspicions and fears, which in turn led to rampant speculations, stereotypes, and biased stories. Unfortunately, too many of these stereotypes and stories are still readily believed today.

Throughout the following centuries, non-Gypsies (Gaje) continually tried to either assimilate the Gypsies or kill them. Attempts to assimilate the Gypsies involved stealing their children and placing them with other families; giving them cattle and feed, expecting them to become farmers; outlawing their customs, language, and clothing as well as forcing them to attend school and church.

End quote

What was “The Holocaust?”

Filed under: Holocaust — furtherglory @ 2:07 pm

Beginners, who know nothing, can start with this website: http://www.projetaladin.org/holocaust/en/40-questions-40-answers/basic-questions-about-the-holocaust.html

The following quote is from the website cited above:

Begin quote

What does the term “Holocaust” mean?

The Holocaust was the systematic persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators between 1933 and 1945. The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were “racially superior” and that the Jews, deemed “inferior,” were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community. Gypsies, people with mental and physical disabilities, and Poles were also targeted for destruction or decimation for racial, ethnic, or national reasons.

What does “Final Solution” refer to?

The term “Final Solution” refers to Germany’s plan to murder all the Jews of Europe. The term was used at the Wannsee Conference, which took place in Berlin on January 20, 1942, where German officials discussed its implementation. The Nazis used the term “Final Solution” to conceal the plan that, in its entirety, called for the murder of all European Jews by shooting, gassing and other means. Approximately six million Jewish men, women, and children (1.5 million children) were killed during the Holocaust — two-thirds of the Jews living in Europe before World War II.

How many Jews were killed in the Holocaust?

Between five and six million Jews – out of a Jewish population of nine million living in Europe – were killed during the Holocaust. It is impossible to know exactly how many people died as the deaths were comprised of thousands of different events over a period of more than four years. About half of the Jewish victims died in concentration camps or death camps such as Auschwitz. The other half died when Nazi soldiers marched into many large and small towns in Germany, Poland, the Soviet Union and other areas and murdered people by the dozens or by the hundreds.

End quote

You can read the official, kosher, version of the Holocaust on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/USHMM/Intro.html

You can also read about the Holocaust at https://www.thoughtco.com/holocaust-facts-1779663