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September 6, 2015

A letter from Holocaust survivor Wolf Murmelstein

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:17 am

I have received the following letter from Wolf Murmelstein, one of the regular readers of my blog. Wolf was a child during World War II, and his memories of that time still haunt him. He was confined to the Theresienstadt ghetto, where his father Benjamin Murmelstein was the last Jewish elder. His father was accused of co-operating with the Nazis, which is considered to be a terrible shame for the Murmelstein family.

Magdeburg barracks at Theresienstadt

Magdeburg barracks at Theresienstadt

It is very upsetting to Wolf that most of the people who comment on my blog are revisionists and they do not think that his war-time experience was as bad as he describes it. I can relate, because I am as old as dirt and I was also a child during World War II. To me, the war time years were an unhappy time.

Read the letter from Wolf Murmelstein below:

Dear Furtherglory!

I take it that you were being ironical when you stated that I could make a lot of money talking and writing about my sad life experience as a Holocaust survivor.

I am commenting here on what suddenly has been written on your blog.

1. In 1961, my Father [Benjamin Murmelstein] wrote a book in Italian about Theresienstadt, entitled “The SHOW GHETTO of Eichmann”.

Author fees hardly covered his expenses of typing and other things connected with book publishing. The Italian Publishing House at the Frankfurt Book Show could not find any English or German Publishing House interested in publishing it.

2. In 2013, the book was published again in Italian; fees are at a very low level. Thanks to my personal connections, a Vienna based Publishing House published the German version last year; I still have not seen the sales record.

3. I have relatives and friends who really (!) survived Auschwitz and the Death Marches but avoided recalling their experience as this was painful. I listened only to what they were willing to say and avoided asking any questions.

4. I did not get any money when I was interviewed by the SPIELBERG FOUNDATION, Yale University FORTUNATE ARCHIVE and researchers.

5. In 2011, I was interviewed for the film entitled WOLF, which in 2013 got praise at a Film Festival. I declined any financial reward, so I was free to answer questions in my manner, stating my version of the facts. Furthermore, I could also decline to meet persons with whom I had been in conflict.

6. Instead of lamenting about things which I passed through, I prefer to study the historical background of events which occurred, and to reach conclusions which are not considered to be politically correct in all the various branches of Shoah Business. My studies certainly will not be sponsored by any side of the discussions; see also my comments to the blog posts.

You will be surprised but many Shoah survivors did not achieve success after WWII and, while still alive, are needy.

8. So the deportations, as the lasting defamation of my family after Liberation, had not been helpful for my career, nor for my health.

9. As with many other survivors, I too am told by doctors to avoid taking part in public debates at various meetings, and I myself – as a special survivor – am allowed only to write articles and essays.

When paying for attending a meeting where Mister so and so recalls his so called experience, then the money is wasted. Indeed the interviewers ask suggestive questions which compel the answer which many attendees are ready to accept; this in my opinion.

As you can see, freedom of mind has a heavy cost.

I feel that, in the USA, historical studies are at a poor level, not just in schools and Universities, so that is why I am explaining things on many comments on this blog.

Best Regards.
Wolf Murmelstein.

August 28, 2015

The headline on the newspaper obituary of Dennis Avey contains the word “controversially”

Filed under: Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 9:30 am

Is controversially even a word?  The story of Dennis Avey’s wartime experience, when he allegedly spent two nights in a concentration camp, is so controversial that it might have needed a new word to describe it.  I would have used the word “allegedly” in describing Avey’s alleged trip into the concentration camp at Monowitz, aka Auschwitz III.

Read the full story at

Soldier who broke into Auschwitz...Handout photo issued by Hodder and Stoughton of Denis Avey, who along with former BBC Berlin correspondent Rob Broomby, has written 'The Man Who Broke Into Auschwitz', a new book which tells the story of how the 92-year-old, a former soldier, smuggled himself into Auschwitz twice, saving the life of a Jewish prisoner in the process. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Issue date: Friday April 1, 2011. See PA story HISTORY Auschwitz. Photo credit should read: Dave Poole/Hodder and Stoughton/PA Wire

Handout photo of Dennis Avey issued by Hodder and Stoughton Photo credit: Dave Poole/Hodder and Stoughton/PA Wire

I have written several blog posts under the tag Dennis Avey:

August 27, 2015

Another topic for discussion: the aftermath of World War II

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , , — furtherglory @ 12:23 pm

Wolf Murmelstein, a regular reader of this blog, has submitted a letter with some information for a new topic of discussion.

The following words were written by Wolf Murmelstein:
Dear furtherglory, Hermie and other readers of this blog!

In various comments here, the question of the post WWII and Holocaust trials has arisen; I want to reply to all of these comments.

From personal experience, and from historical research, I will admit that some of those [post-war] trials were driven by political rivalries for positions, or to prevent some really informed person from giving evidence concerning many wrong doings, which occurred during World War II: For example: denunciations by careless talk, appropriations of Jewish owned assets, etc..

Another chapter [of history] refers to the interest of  the Communist Parties in weakening the middle class in the countries where they rose to power. This was said by Clement Gottwald on April 10, 1945 in a speech to party activists at Kosice. On that day, at Theresienstadt, we were still in danger of being shot in a mass shooting.

So in the East, as well as in the West, the Communist Parties enlisted former Nazis and Fascists to testify. By this means, many of the former Nazis could avoid being put on trial for wrongdoing, as long as they obeyed [Communist] party orders.

Where there had not been any political interest, many accusations leading to judiciary investigations had been found baseless. The accusations were due to hysteria and the persecution complex of traumatized persons. By stating this, the judge could avoid the start of procedures for slander.

In many trials, the statements of the defendants would have been precious historical documents.

I am quoting from memory, but I could find many other examples besides what is quoted below:

Herr Oskar Groening had been employed in the sorting of money and jewels, taken from the victims. By doing this, he avoided being sent to the battlefront in the East.

Herr [John] Demjanuk stated in Munich Court [in Germany] that he had had only one choice: Enlisting in the SS auxiliary or starving to death.

At the Auschwitz trial, it was stated by a defendant that selection started only after the [transport] train with the police escort had left the “station”; clearly this was done for better secrecy.

At the Nuernberg [IMT] trial, Papen had been acquitted, but two years later, he was sentenced by a German court for his high responsibility for the Nazi rise to power.

This subject deserves better analysis and research.

Hope that this letter will be offered for discussion.

Sincerely yours,

Wolf Murmelstein.

August 14, 2015

John Wiernicki, an illegal combatant in World War II, has died

Filed under: Buchenwald, Germany, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 10:54 am

You can read the obituary of John Wiernicki here.

This headline is on a news story about Wiernicki’s recent death:

Janusz Mikolaja Strojnowski (John Wiernicki), Holocaust survivor and architect: born Sarny, Poland (now Ukraine) 28 July 1925; married Anne Macander (died 2015; two sons); died Bethesda, Maryland 17 July 2015.

John Warnicki when he was an illegal combatant in World War II

John Wiernicki when he was an illegal combatant in World War II

This quote is from the news article about Wiernicki’s death:

He [Wiernicki] was a cadet at military school and was 14 when Germany invaded his country [Poland]. He fled into the forests with a band of older cadets and for the next four years fought in guerrilla units, launching hit-and-run attacks.

He was captured by the [German] Gestapo in a mass round-up in 1943 at a railway station and sent to Auschwitz for having false identification papers. Had the Gestapo known he was a partisan fighter, [illegal combatant] he would doubtless have been shot.


Shortly before Auschwitz was liberated [on Jan. 27, 1945], Wiernicki was transferred to Buchenwald in Germany. He escaped while being marched to yet another camp, and was not yet 20 when Germany surrendered.

Wars are fought on the battlefield, unless you are fighting against Germany. Then it is O.K. to fight as an illegal combatant, or partisan.

August 5, 2015

Grandchildren of Holocaust survivors being traumatised by Holocaust lies

[I used the British spelling of traumatized in the title of my post, but don’t worry, I’m not British.]

According to a news article, from Scotland, which you can read in full here, the grandchildren of Holocaust SURVIVORS are being traumatized by the suffering endured by their grandparents 70 years ago.  The prisoners in the Nazi concentration camps, who survived because they weren’t gassed, are now traumatizing their young grandchildren by constantly harping about the horrors of the non-existant  gas chambers.

The gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp with the SS hospital in the background

The gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp with the SS hospital in the background (click to enlarge)

This quote is from the news article:

A CAMPAIGN started in Scotland is calling for help to be given to grandchildren of Holocaust survivors who have inherited the trauma from their relatives.

Some studies conclude there is no effect of trauma two generations on while some claim the breast milk of survivors was affected by stress hormones.

Others in the field of epigenetics claim the atrocities altered the DNA of victims descendants, meaning they have different stress hormone profiles to their peers.

Psychologist Ruth Barnett, whose Jewish father narrowly escaped the Holocaust by fleeing from Germany to Shanghai, says she has witnessed inherited trauma in some of her clients.

She said: “Constantly talking about events like the gas chambers to grandchildren is a way that traumatised people try to get rid of it by sicking it up.

“But unless it is processed properly, they make even more anxiety for themselves and other generations.”

Imagine if my grandparents had constantly talked to me about the gas that was used against the German soldiers in World War I.  Allegedly, Hitler got the idea of gassing the Jews from his war time experience in World War I, when he was blinded by a gas attack.

I look upon this new development as a ploy to get more money out of the German people to pay the grandchildren of the survivors who were not gassed.  If Hitler had only known that this was going to happen, he would have given orders to gas all the Jews, not just the famous Six Million.

You can read another news article here about the grandchildren who have been traumatized.

My suggestion is for the Scottish government to sponsor trips to Auschwitz in which the grandchildren of survivors can visit the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp and be instructed in the science of gas chambers, which proves that this room could NOT have been a gas chamber.

Looking toward the door of the gas chamber which opens inward

Looking toward the door into the Auschwitz gas chamber which opens inward

You can see more photos of the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp on my website at

July 26, 2015

Good news! Rudolf Hess is alive and well and giving speeches in England (updated)

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 12:19 pm

Update 6:50 a.m. July 27, 2015

Yesterday, I mistakenly wrote that Rudolf Hess was present. It was actually a friend of Hess who spoke at the meeting. This quote is from another news article:

Former Spandau prison worker Abdallah Melaouhi, self-described ‘best friend’ of Hitler’s deputy, Rudolf Hess, was also a speaker at yesterday’s event.
Speaking in German, with translation provided by Irving, Melaouhi told the crowd about his time working as a prison nurse. He attended to Hess between 1982 and 1987 when Hess was held prisoner in Spandau, Germany, for war crimes.

Hess, Hitler’s deputy who during the Second World War was held prisoner after his plane crashed in Scotland in 1941, hanged himself in 1987. Melaouhi claimed Hess was murdered and released a book about him, describing him as ‘a man of great vision, intelligence and compassion’.

Update 1:37 p.m. July 26, 2015  Now that I have read the article more carefully, I see that it was the “best friend of Rudolf Hess”, who was there, not Rudolf Hess himself.

Continue reading my original post.

According to a news article, which you can read in full here, Rudolf Hess, who was Hitler’s deputy, is alive and well and he is speaking to Holocaust deniers in London, even women and teenagers.

I wrote about Rudolf Hess in this previous blog post:

This headline is part of the article, cited above:

  • Neo Nazis held secret meeting in four-star hotel in South Kensington
  • Event attracted 120 Right-wing sympathisers, including women and teens
  • ‘Best friend’ of Hitler’s deputy, Rudolf Hess, was also a guest speaker 
Read more:

This quote is from the news article:

Convicted Holocaust denier David Irving addressed fascist sympathisers and neo Nazis at a secret meeting in London yesterday.

Irving, a historian who famously lost a libel case after denying the existence of Nazi gas chambers, was the star speaker at an event that attracted an audience of 120 Right-wing sympathisers, including women and teenagers.

Behind closed doors at a four-star hotel in South Kensington, the discredited author gave a speech condemning the Second World War Allied bombing campaign over Germany and Nazi-occupied Europe as ‘a war crime’.

Irving’s contentious speech was titled: ‘Saturation Bombing in World War II – who is to blame?’

David Irving, famous Holocaust denier

David Irving, famous Holocaust denier

The photo of David Irving, shown above, was included with the news article.  Is this a recent photo?  If so, I am happy to see that he is doing so well.  I assume that Rudolf Hess, who died years ago, was also looking well.

June 26, 2015

New book that I can’t wait to read

You can read a news article here, which has this headline:

Andrew Morton traces the Nazi links of the Duke and Duchess of Windsor

The Duke and Duchess of Windsor meet German leader Adolf Hitler in Munich on October 22, 1937. Photo: AP

The Duke and Duchess of Windsor meet German leader Adolf Hitler in Munich on October 22, 1937. Photo: AP

This quote is from the news article:

Lurking behind these shenanigans and the object of the book is their closeness to Nazi Germany. So close the Duchess, then Mrs Simpson, allegedly had an affair with Joachim von Ribbentrop, the reason for the title 17 Carnations – one for every night of their lovemaking; Morton admits they may have been roses. This was all grist to Hitler’s plan to overcome Britain and reinstate the Duke as puppet King, and Wallis as Queen. “She would have made a wonderful Queen,” he murmured.

Later, von Ribbentrop’s crafty plot for kidnapping the couple, offering as bait up to 50 million Swiss dollars ($200 million today) and a castle in Spain, came to naught. A seething Prime Minister Winston Churchill sent them packing to the Bahamas.

June 22, 2015

Madame Rouffanche, the “lone survivor” of the Oradour-sur-Glane massacre

Filed under: Germany, World War II — Tags: , , , , — furtherglory @ 10:27 am
Altar in the ruins of the Oradour-sur-Glane church

Altar in the ruins of the Oradour-sur-Glane church with 3 windows behind it

This year, I let the June 10th anniversary of the Oradour-sur-Glane tragedy go by without blogging about it. Now I am going to answer a comment made on one of my previous blog posts.

The following comment was made by Anthony Godly:

Was Mme Roufanche ever in the church? After escaping through that church window She hid in a garden (in daylight?). Miraculously, the younger woman with a child was shot and killed whilst trying to escape from the church through that same window, only seconds before Mme Roufanche – a much older Woman – manage to climb up to that window. Did Mme Roufanche have any burn marks, cuts or bruises?

Here is my answer to Mr. Godly’s question:

We don’t  know if Madame Roufanche had any “markes,  cuts or bruises” because she checked into a hospital under an assumed name, and no one was ever allowed to see any of her “burn marks, cuts or bruises.” She stayed in hiding in the hospital for more than a year.

Madame Marguerite Rouffanche, the lone survivor of the massacre in the church, had allegedly managed to escape from the burning church in Oradour-sur-Glane by using a ladder to climb up to a broken window behind the main altar in the church, then allegedly leaping out of a window, which was 9 feet from the ground.

Madame Rouffanche allegedly leaped through this window behind the altar in a church

Madame Rouffanche allegedly leaped through this window behind the altar in a church

Although allegedly hit by machine gun fire from German soldiers, and wounded 4 times in the legs and once in the shoulder, this 50-something, overweight woman was able to crawl to the garden behind the presbytery where she hid among the rows of peas until she was rescued, 24 hours later, at 5 p.m. the next day, and taken to the hospital in Limoges where she was admitted under an assumed name. It took a full year for her to recover from her wounds.

In 1953, she testified before a French military tribunal in Bordeaux about the massacre of the women and children in the church.

The window on the left is the middle window in the church

The window on the left is the middle window in the Oradour-sur-Glane church

Madame Rouffchance had to first climb up this ramp to get to the window

Madame Rouffchance had to first climb up this ramp to get to the window in the Oradour-sur-Glane church

Madame Rouffanche jumped out of the middle window, rolled down the embankment and then stuck the landing

Madame Rouffanche jumped out of the middle window, rolled down the embankment and then stuck the landing

The German attack on the village of Oradour-sur-Glane was prompted by the kidnapping of Sturmbannführer Helmut Kämpfe, the battalion commander of the 3rd Battalion of Das Reich Division, on the night of 9 June 1944. Representatives of the French resistance had sent a ransom note to the “Der Führer” battalion command post on the morning of the 10th of June.

Acting on this information, Sturmbannführer Otto Diekmann, a close personal friend of Kämpfe, took two platoons from 3rd Company/1st Battalion/Regiment “Der Führer” to Oradour-sur-Glane to search for him.

On the search for this “beloved officer,” Diekmann’s men had discovered a burned-out German ambulance that had been set on fire, apparently by the French partisans, near the southern entrance to the village of Oradour-sur-Glane.

The driver of the ambulance had been tied to the steering wheel with wire. He had been burned alive, along with the man sitting next to him in the passenger seat, and four wounded soldiers inside the ambulance.

Before entering Oradour-sur-Glane, the SS rounded up the residents of the hamlets on the south side of the village, because this was the vicinity where the burned out ambulance was found. By coincidence, the one woman who allegedly survived the massacre, Madame Marguerite Rouffanche, lived in a hamlet on the south side of the village.

I believe that Madame Rouffanche was a partisan, who was fighting in World War II as a resistance fighter, aka an illegal combatant.

The destruction of Oradour-sur-Glane had the desired effect because, immediately after the massacre, the Communist partisans, who had been wreaking havoc in the Limosin area, gave the order to stop fighting.

The order was intercepted by the Germans and this immediately lifted their morale. The reprisal had worked; this was basically the reason why reprisals were allowed at that time, although such bestial cruelty as the massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane is, understandably, no longer legal under international law.

In a rambling autobiography entitled “SS Panzergrenadier,” former Waffen-SS soldier Hans Schmidt, with whom I have personally spoken, wrote about the Oradour-sur-Glane massacre from the SS point of view. In a footnote on page 377 of his book, Schmidt debunks the official story that the villagers were innocent.

They were illegal combatants who were stopped by a legal reprisal.

June 21, 2015

Memorial to Lithuanian Jews coming down

Filed under: Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 10:15 am
Lithuanians killing Jews as German soldiers watch

Lithuanians killing Jews as German soldiers watch

I have previously written about the killing of the Lithuanian Jews on these two blog posts:

Now the subject of the Lithuanian Jews is in the news again.

Memorial to Lithuanian Jews killed in the Holocaust is  coming down

Holocaust memorial wall in Vilnius, Lithuania

The caption on the photo above reads:

Shmuel Levin, chairman of the Jewish religious Community of Vilnius and Lithuania, leans against a wall of the power substation built of tombstones from a Jewish cemetery in Vilnius. City officials want to tear the substation down and return the tombstones used to build it to Lithuania’s tiny Jewish community, which was nearly wiped out during the the Holocaust.

This quote is from the news article, which you can read in full here:

As the last generation of Holocaust survivors begin to leave us, it is more imperative than ever that, as an international community, we assure that the memory of the greatest tragedy of the 20th century does not perish with them.

As a descendent of Lithuanian Holocaust victims, I have spent the last 20 years assuring that the awareness of the Holocaust in Lithuania is not forgotten: 212,000 Lithuanian Jews perished under the hands of the Nazi and Lithuanian collaborators. Yet, the only Holocaust memorial in the country’s capital stands hidden away from public view. This monument, which I have commissioned and aptly named Flame of Hope, is a vital physical reminder of the Shoah in Lithuania, and it is my deepest hope that the newly appointed Commission on Jewish Affairs seriously considers moving the monument to a more public site in the center of Vilnius, where its message can resound within the republic and the rest of the world.

Listening to the sound of my mother’s sobbing after the loss of her father, brother, family and friends in Lithuania, as well as taunts of “Polaca cochina” (Dirty Jew) from my Costa Rican classmates motivated me to spearhead a campaign to install a Holocaust monument in Lithuania to commemorate the genocide of 96.4 percent of the Nation’s Jews during the Holocaust.

What a revolting development this is!  The poor  Lithuanian Jews, who never did  anyone any harm, will now have their beautiful memorial removed.

February 20, 2015

Judgment at Nuremberg — the 1961 movie about German judges on trial

Palace of Justice at Nuremberg where trials were held

Palace of Justice at Nuremberg where trials were held after World War II

Yesterday, I watched the 1961 black and white movie, about the Judge’s trial at Nuremberg, on the TV movie channel.  When I first saw this movie in 1961, I knew nothing about the Holocaust, nor about the crimes committed by the Nazis.  I didn’t understand the movie whatsoever, when I saw it in 1961, yet I gave it high praise.

This was a movie which had the best possible actors, including a young unknown actor, William Shatner, who later became famous as Captain Kirk.

One thing that was accurately portrayed in the movie was how the German civilians groveled before the Americans after the war.

The movie shows that the American soldiers and the German civilians, who had had nothing to do with the killing of the Jews, nor the conduct of the war, were getting along fine, and living it up in the German bars.  The Germans were “whistling past the graveyard.”

The movie starts out with a photo of the Nazi emblem, as the credits roll.

Nazi emblem designed by Albert Speer

Nazi emblem designed by Albert Speer in 1933

Then we see the emblem blown up with a mighty blast.

Building at the Zeppelin Field where the Nazi eagle was blown up

Building at the Zeppelin Field where the Nazi eagle was blown up

This quote is from the 1945 news reel, which shows the blowing up of the emblem:

A swastika will no longer flaunt its crooked arms above the Nazi shrine. With the situation well in hand, the Yanks stage a review. Newsreel and Signal Corps camera men made this record of the last days of Hitler’s Germany. The cleansing fires of the war have purged Germany of Nazi power. Let’s be sure it never again rises from her ashes.

Here’s what Wikipedia has to say about the Judges trial, which is the subject of the 1961 movie:

Begin Quote:

The trial depicted in the film [Judgment at Nuremberg] was part of the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials (formally the Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals), a series of twelve U.S. military tribunals, held after World War II (1946-49) in the Palace of Justice, Nuremberg, that tried surviving members of the military, political, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany for war crimes following the Trial of the Major War Criminals before the International Military Tribunal (IMT).

The film focuses on the trial of certain judges who served before and during the Nazi regime in Germany and who either passively, actively, or in a combination of both, embraced and enforced laws that led to judicial acts of sexual sterilization and to the imprisonment and execution of people for their religions, racial or ethnic identities, political beliefs and physical handicaps or disabilities.

End quote

During the film, there were many atrocities shown, which were not actually mentioned during this trial; this was a film about the trial of the Nazi Judges, not the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal. The movie showed the gas chamber at Dachau, as well as the shrunken heads found at Buchenwald, and other alleged Nazi crimes.

I wrote about the showing of the shrunken head, at the Nuremberg IMT, in this previous blog post:

I previously blogged about the Nuremberg Trials at

This article explains the trial:

Begin quote:
Judges Judging Judges—Judgment at Nuremberg

By Michael Asimow, UCLA Law School (August 1998)

Stanley Kramer’s masterpiece Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) stands alone as the finest film about judges ever made.

In the film, four Nazi judges are placed on trial at Nuremberg before a panel of three American judges. Three of the German judges are Nazi thugs but one of them, Ernst Janning (played by Burt Lancaster), was quite different.

Janning had been a famous and aristocratic legal scholar, a drafter of the Weimar constitution, and a man who detested Hitler and the Nazis. Yet he remained on the bench under the Third Reich.

All defendants are convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment. The chief American judge, Dan Haywood (played memorably by Spencer Tracy), brushes aside the various excuses offered by defense counsel Rolfe (a role for which Maximilian Schell won an Oscar).


The Nuremberg war crime trials presented many thorny jurisprudential issues, such as the problem of ex post facto criminal law and the issue of how the court obtained jurisdiction over the defendants. In particular, what justification is there for an international (rather than a German) tribunal to try a case in which the offenses were committed by Germans against other Germans?

Judgment at Nuremberg is based on the third Nuremberg trial (there were a total of thirteen) . Charges were brought against sixteen functionaries in the legal system—judges, prosecutors, and officials of the Ministry of Justice. They were by no means the worst offenders in the Nazi justice system, but the worst offenders were dead.

Janning is a conglomeration of several actual defendants, including Franz Schlegelberger who was formerly undersecretary in the Ministry of Justice. Schlegelberger offered the defense that if he were to resign, a worse man would take his place. The Court thought there was much truth in this but convicted him anyway.

The key evidence against Janning was the Feldenstein case. Feldenstein was an elderly Jew convicted under the Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor for having sex with Irene Hoffman, a much younger Aryan woman (played by Judy Garland).

Janning was the judge and he sentenced Feldenstein to death. At the Nuremberg trial, Janning conceded that he had decided to condemn Feldenstein even before the trial began, regardless of what the evidence would show.

However, like everything else in the movie, the Feldenstein case presents serious issues. There was solid evidence presented at the trial that Feldenstein and Hoffman had a sexual relationship, even though they denied it and Hoffman continued to deny it at Nuremberg. Given that evidence, is it right to say that Janning’s decision to find Feldenstein guilty was itself a war crime?

End Quote

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