Scrapbookpages Blog

October 26, 2016

the Kraków report

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 8:56 am

A reader of my blog mentioned the Kraków report in a comment. Other followers of my blog might want to know what was in the Kraków report.

The following quote is from the Kraków report:

An Official Polish Report on the Auschwitz ‘Gas Chambers’

Kraków Forensic Institute Confirms Leuchter’s Findings

A recent investigation by a Polish government agency has authoritatively corroborated the findings of Fred Leuchter from his detailed 1988 on-site forensic examination of supposed German wartime extermination gas chambers.

The American execution expert concluded that the “gas chambers” in the former concentration camps of Auschwitz, Birkenau and Majdanek were never used to kill people. (On Leuchter’s findings and the resulting international controversy, see his detailed Report, as well as The Journal of Historical Review, Summer 1989 and Winter 1990-91, and the IHR Newsletter, October 1990 and January 1991.)

Concerned at the impact of Leuchter’s widely-circulated Report, the Auschwitz State Museum, a Polish government agency, commissioned the Institute of Forensic Research (Instytut Ekspertyz Sadowych) of Krakow to carry out its own investigation. The result: In a carefully worded six-page internal forensic report, the Institute’s experts essentially replicated Leuchter’s findings and implicitly corroborated his conclusions.

End quote

In spite of this, it is still against the law to deny the Holocaust gas chambers in 20 countries.

the Holocaust of the bullets

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 7:33 am

Today, I am writing about the “Holocaust of Bullets” which refers to the mass shooting of Jews and others when Germany invaded the Soviet Union.

Normally, when a country goes to war, it means that people, in another country, get shot. But it is a crime when a war includes the shooting of Jews, who are a special category: God’s Chosen People. It is a crime to shoot Jews during a war.

The following quote is from the news article about the “Holocaust of Bullets”:

Begin quote:

The exhibition, which opened [in Berlin] late last month, confronts the mass murder of Jews and other minorities after the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. For all the attention paid to the past here, this display is the first in Germany to focus solely on those executions of more than two million people. Their bodies fell into pits, which were then covered and left as anonymous mass graves.

This “Holocaust of the bullets,” as it has come to be known, is deeply familiar to citizens of the former Soviet Union, particularly in Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltics and large parts of western Russia. The very oldest people in those places have vivid, direct memories; those who are middle-aged were raised on Soviet documentaries and war movies; and the young are exposed to modern displays of remembrance.

In Germany, however, the mass shootings are less known than the gas chambers and horrors of Auschwitz, Treblinka and other camps in Nazi-occupied Poland.

End quote

I first learned about the Holocaust of Bullets when I visited the Wannsee Museum near Berlin. I wrote about this on my website at

http://www.scrapbookpages.com/EasternGermany/Wannsee/Museum.html

On the day that I visited the Wannsee Museum in 1999, I had just visited the Memorial Site at the former Sachsenhausen concentration camp located in Oranienburg, a few miles away. The museum and displays at Sachsenhausen show the biased viewpoint of the Communist resistance fighters against the Nazis, while the Wannsee Museum reflects the viewpoint of the Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Both of these museums are careful to leave out all information that might be favorable to the Nazis.

The entire display in the Wannsee villa is relatively small and does not cover the Holocaust, nor the 12 years of the Nazi regime, in any great depth.

Section 5 in the Wannsee Museum is about the “Mass Executions” by the Nazis. Details are given about the shooting of the Jews by the Einsatzgruppen. There is a telex message on display, dated June 29, 1941 from Reinhard Heydrich to the commanders of the four Einsatzgruppen, which reads as follows:

Begin quote from telex message:

Efforts to carry out purges on the part of anti-Communist or anti-Jewish groups in the territories to be newly occupied must not be hampered. On the contrary, they are to be provoked although without leaving traces – if necessary intensified and carefully guided in the right direction. This must be done in such a way that these local ‘self defense groups’ will not be able to claim later on that they were given instructions or political assurances.

End quote

 

October 15, 2016

My thoughts about the movie entitled “Denial”

Filed under: Holocaust, movies, Uncategorized, World War II — furtherglory @ 10:43 am

Yesterday, I was the first person to line up at my local theater, for the long awaited opening of the movie entitled “Denial.” I assumed that the theater would be crowded, and I wanted to get a good seat. As it turned out, there were only about 8 other people there.

The actress who plays Debra Lipstadt is on the left and Lispstadt is on the right

The actress who plays Debra Lipstadt is on the left and Lispstadt is on the right

I won’t keep you in suspense, waiting for my verdict on the movie:  this is, by far, the worst movie that I have ever seen in my entire life. I started going to the movies twice a week, when I was four years old, so I have seen a lot of movies, and this was the worst: “the worst Jerry, the worst.”

Why is this movie so terrible, you ask?

David Irving

David Irving

The movie is about David Irving, a famous British writer who has written a million books, give or take a few. The actor, who plays the part of Irving, looks nothing like him. I have met David Irving twice, so I know that Irving is a handsome man, who has a beautiful voice. He speaks perfect English.

Irving is now 78 years old, and he might have lost some of his good looks, but there is no way that he looks like the actor who plays him in the movie. I think that this casting, of an ugly man to play him, was a way of putting down David Irving and denigrating him.

David Irving used to be the world’s most famous writer of history books — until he made the mistake of denying that Jews were killed in gas chambers at Auschwitz. He denied the gas chambers, long before he had even been to Auschwitz.

In the movie, Debra Lipstadt is shown as she tours the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp in the winter when the ruins are covered with snow. The inside of a gas chamber is never shown in the movie.

However, a peephole, into the alleged gas chamber in the Auschwitz main camp, is shown. This peephole was actually for the SS men to look out of the alleged gas chamber in the main camp to see if it was all clear to come out.

I have a photo of the door with the peephole on this blog post: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2016/05/28/the-door-into-the-auschwitz-main-camp-gas-chamber/

The alleged gas chamber in the Auschwitz main camp is located across the street from the SS hospital, and right next to the administrative offices of the Auschwitz camp. This would be the worst possible place to put a homicidal gas chamber.  The alleged gas chamber was a place for the SS men to go in case the camp was bombed.

David Irving has been called a “denier” because he disputes the claim, by the Jews, that the Holocaust was the deliberate, methodical attempt by the Nazis to kill every last Jew in the world.

It wasn’t until 1988, after Irving had written many books about history, that he became a Holocaust denier, claiming that there were no gas chambers used to kill the Jews.

David Irving is famous for saying that “More women died on the back seat of Edward Kennedy’s car at Chappaquiddick than in the gas chambers at Auschwitz.”

This famous remark ruined Irving’s image as a historian and turned him into a Holocaust Denier, the worst label that a person can possibly have. Currently, deniers are in danger of going to prison, for 5 years or more, in 20 different countries, not including the USA, which is the last outpost for deniers.

The thing that has distinguished David Irving from other historians, who deny the Holocaust, is that he was once considered to be a respectable historian, although he was an admirer of Adolf Hitler. I have met David Irving: he is like a walking encyclopedia when it comes to history. He was always nice to me, and did not put me down, when I talked with him.

In her famous book entitled, “Denying the Holocaust”, Debra Lipstadt wrote that Irving went from being an author, with unconventional views about World War II, to being a falsifier of history. She wrote that Irving believed the pseudo scientific “report”  written by “a self-proclaimed American execution expert named Fred A. Leuchter.”  She wrote that Leuchter said that the gassing facilities at Auschwitz had not been used to kill human beings, but to kill the lice that spread typhus. I believe that Fred Leuchter is correct: why would he lie?  I have met Fred Leuchter; he is the nicest person that you will ever meet.

In 1996, Debra Lipstadt and her book publisher, Penguin, were both hit with a libel lawsuit brought against them by David Irving. In one of the early scenes in the movie, Lipstadt, who is portrayed by actress Rachel Weisz, shows disbelief as her attorney, Anthony Julius (played by Andrew Scott), tells her the rules of British libel law. The burden of proof will be on Lipstast, the defendant, not on David Irving.

In other words, Lipstadt will have to prove the truth of the Holocaust in order to validate her claim that Irvin denied established facts. Prior to this, Lipstadt had always refused to debate with Holocaust deniers. Now she is being forced to debate with David Irving, the world’s most famous Holocaust denier.

Lipstadt now has the choice of allowing Irving  to claim victory, or to prove the Holocaust in a court of law. Lipstadt chooses to fight David Irving in court — and she wins the case. She proves the Holocaust, as claimed by True Believers. End of story.

 

October 13, 2016

A photo taken at the Majdanek concentration camp

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:34 am
Burned bodies pulled out of the ovens at Majdanek

Burned bodies in front of ovens at Majdanek

In the comments section of my blog, a reader put up a photo which showed the remains of bodies that had been burned. The photo that was put up on my blog showed only the bottom portion of the photograph above.

The burned bodies in the photo above were pulled out of the ovens by the Soviet soldiers who liberated the Majdanek camp after the Germans had left. The Soviets claimed that the Germans had burned prisoners alive in the ovens.

The black and white photo above shows the ruined crematorium as it looked when Russian soldiers arrived at the camp on July 23, 1944. The wooden crematorium building had been set on fire by the Nazis in order to burn the bodies of Polish political prisoners who had been brought from the Gestapo prison at the Castle in Lublin and executed the day before liberation. Their charred remains are shown in the foreground in the photo.

In the background, of the photo, are the brick ovens with iron doors which were not damaged in the fire. The main gas chamber building, which is located down the slope at the other end of the camp, was not burned, leaving behind ample evidence of the Nazi crimes.

In another room of the crematorium building is the concrete dissection table, on which the bodies were examined for valuables hidden in body cavities, according to the tour guide. It was here also that the gold teeth were removed from the victims after they were gassed.

After the camp was liberated, bones of the cremated victims were gathered and put on display in a glass case, according to accounts written by visitors to Majdanek. I didn’t see any glass case, but there was a large closed casket on display in the crematorium. The casket was covered with funeral wreaths, bouquets of flowers and candles left by visitors.

The tour guide pointed out a new memorial plaque, placed at the crematorium in 1998, which had upgraded the percentage of Jewish victims in the Majdanek camp to 48%. The former number was 41%, which is mentioned in the guidebook. During the Communist regime in Poland, the suffering of the Jews was downgraded and the martyrdom of the Poles was emphasized. Now that is slowing changing to reflect the greater suffering by the Jews. Of the remaining victims, 31% were Polish political prisoners, 16% were POWs from the USSR and 5% were POWs or political prisoners from 26 other countries, according to the Museum booklet. Although most of the prisoners were either Jewish or Christian, there were also a few political prisoners in the camp who were Muslims or Buddhists, according to the Museum booklet.

October 10, 2016

The Sonderkommando Jews

Filed under: Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 2:33 pm
The entrance into the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp is through this building

The photo above was used at the top of a news article about the Sonderkommando Jews

The main entrance into the former Auschwitz-Birkenau camp is through the building shown in the photo above.

I took a similar photo on one of my 3 trips to the memorial site at Auschwitz-Birkenau.

gatehouseinside

You can read about the Sonderkommando Jews in this news article: http://scroll.in/article/818506/stories-from-holocaust-prisoners-forced-to-work-in-the-gas-chambers-should-not-be-silenced

The following quote is from the news article:

Sonderkommando stories

Begin quote

In some of the earliest novels in North America to address the Holocaust in the 1950s and 1960s, characters who are former members of the Sonderkommando function as archetypal survivors: psychologically damaged but also morally suspect.

Holocaust survivors in general were often greeted with unease, facing questions of what compromises they had made and at whose expense. The Sonderkommando clearly stood for this moral dilemma more than any other figure.

By the 1980s, a very different set of ways of presenting the Sonderkommando arose. Greater knowledge of the specific details of the Holocaust produced more of a sense that the Holocaust was a uniquely total attempt to exterminate a people, and a concomitant belief that it tested the capacity of art to represent it.

Claude Lanzmann placed one member of the Auschwitz Sonderkommando, Filip Müller, at the centre of Shoah (1985), his nine-and-a-half-hour documentary film about the “final solution”. For Lanzmann, Müller’s story could only be told through testing the boundaries of film making, stretching it out almost beyond the limits of an audience’s endurance. Müller’s speech rhythms were slowed to a glacial pace, the spliced-in silences resonated with the emptiness of the landscapes over which it served as a voice-over.

And Primo Levi devoted part of his essay “The Grey Zone” (1986) to the Sonderkommando. For him too, silence was the only possible response. He urged readers to dwell on rather than pass over the Sonderkommando’s situation, but argued that such meditation could only end in the impossibility of judging them.

End quote

You can read all about the gatehouse at Auschwitz-Birkenau on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/Tour/Birkenau/Gatehouse.html

October 8, 2016

What is the true story of Babi Yar?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized, World War II — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 9:39 am
The ravine where the Babi Yar massacre took place

Ravine where the famous Babi Yar massacre took place

Babi Yar is back in the news. The photo above is included in a news story, which you can read in full at

http://jewishnews.timesofisrael.com/the-holocaust-of-the-bullets-babi-yar/

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

Each one had a name, each with a face, each with a story. The agonising story of Babi Yar, in which more than 33,000 Jews were murdered and thrown into a ravine outside Kiev, Ukraine, was revisited last week in ceremonies at the site to mark the 75th anniversary of the massacre.

End quote

This photo has been claimed to show the children killed at Babi Yar

This photo has been claimed to show the children killed at Babi Yar

The photo above is a still shot, taken from a documentary film made by the Soviet Union when they liberated the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp. The Soviets used this photo in their false claims about Babi Yar.

The photo actually shows a few of the 611 children, who were left behind at Birkenau. The children greeted the liberators, holding out their arms to show their tattoos.

Notice that the boy in the front, in the photo above, is wearing a prison uniform which looks as though it would fit an adult. This same film clip was included in a film entitled “The Nazis: Nazi War Crimes,” produced by the Soviet Union. It was claimed that this film clip was shot by the Nazis just before these children were killed at Babi Yar, the ravine near Kiev in the Ukraine.

I previously wrote about this on this blog post: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2016/09/12/the-fourth-attempt-to-convict-hubert-zafke-of-war-crimes-committed-during-world-war-ii/

The following quote is also from news article cited above:

Begin quote

For years, the Soviet Union demanded [claimed] that Babi Yar was effectively covered up and even today there is an insistence that those who died there were simply Ukrainian citizens — which they were — rather than having been killed because they were Jews.

For their part, many Ukrainian nationalists believe Soviet oppression was a direct result of the role played by Communist Jews.

One of the harshest critics of the direction of the proposed Holocaust Memorial Centre for the victims of Babi Yar is Vladimir Vyatrovich, director of Ukraine’s Institute for National Memory. He is angry that Ukrainian nationalists are painted primarily as collaborators with the Germans, and frequently cites a case of a member of the local policeman in Kiev who saved a Jewish boy and was himself shot by the Germans.

End quote

 

 

 

 

October 7, 2016

Holocaust criminal Hubert Zafke still being tortured

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized, World War II — furtherglory @ 1:10 pm

You can read the latest news about Hubert Zafke at http://www.jurist.org/paperchase/2016/10/trial-of-auschwitz-medic-postponed.php

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

[JURIST] A German court says the trial of a former medic who served at the Auschwitz death camp [Guardian profile] must be postponed due to complaints. The Neubrandenburg state court has received [AP report] numerous complaints that the judge and others in the court are biased, and the trial has been held up as prosecutors have been attempting to remove several of the judges. The medic, Hubert Zafke, faces charges [AFP report] on more than 3,681 counts of being an accessory to murder. The trial of the 95-year-old Zafke [JURIST report] got underway several weeks ago but was stalled [BBC report] numerous times after judges ruled he was unfit to stand trial over concerns about his mental and physical health. In response, the prosecution team and lawyers representing the victims’ families have accused the judges of bias, causing a delay between sessions as the judges respond. Due to this delay, the court now says that the trial must be restarted.

End quote

This photo accompanies the news article:

Child survivors of Auschwitz-Birkenau

Child survivors of Auschwitz-Birkenau

The photo above is not appropriate to illustrate an article about the Nazis killing Jews. The photo shows Jewish children who were not killed during the Holocaust. A photo showing DEAD Jews should have been used.

I have blogged about Zafke numerous times, including this blog post: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2016/09/12/the-fourth-attempt-to-convict-hubert-zafke-of-war-crimes-committed-during-world-war-ii/

The news article continues with this quote:

Begin quote

German courts have recently seen an increase of war crime charges against former members of the Nazi party. Prior to 2011, German prosecutors often chose not to charge individuals they regarded as “cogs” in, rather than active members of, the Nazi war machine. The 2011 conviction [JURIST report] of former Nazi guard John Demjanjuk may have emboldened German prosecutors to pursue cases against all those who materially helped Nazi Germany function.

A court in Kiel, Germany, ruled last month that a 92-year-old woman charged with Nazi crimes is unfit to stand trial [JURIST report]. In December a German court allowed [JURIST report] the trial of a 95-year-old Auschwitz paramedic accused of being an accessory to the murder of 3,681 people at Auschwitz. In September 2014 German authorities imprisoned Oskar Groening, known as the “accountant of Auschwitz,” who was charged [JURIST report] as an accessory to the murder of 300,000 people. Last year Groening was given a four-year jail sentence for his role at Auschwitz, a sentence he said he would appeal [JURIST reports].

End quote

The Jewish motto is REVENGE, REVENGE, REVENGE.

Now you see this motto in action. The Jews are not increasing their popularity by putting old men, with one foot in the grave, on trial.

 

 

What is the real story on Jan Karski?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 7:49 am
Jan Karski

Jan Karski

One of the readers of my blog put up a link to an old article about Jan Karski, which was written in the year 2000.

You can also read about Jan Karski on this website: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1383612/Jan-Karski-warned-Holocaust-1942-believed-him.html

Jan Karski is famous because he is the man who first TOLD THE WORLD ABOUT THE HOLOCAUST. No one knew that the Nazis were killing Jews, until Karski BROKE INTO AUSCHWITZ and told the world about this horror. I wrote about this on this blog post: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2015/11/10/jan-karski-is-back-in-the-news/

One of my very first blog posts, back in the 2012, was about Jan Karski: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2012/05/27/bob-dylan-and-jan-karski-to-receive-the-presidential-medal-of-freedom/

I also wrote about how Jan Karski told the world about the Holocaust in another blog post: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2015/08/31/jan-karski-the-man-who-first-told-the-world-about-the-holocaust/

 

 

 

September 26, 2016

The failed Jewish plot to kill Nazis

Filed under: Germany, World War II — furtherglory @ 10:29 am

sinwelltower

Sinwell tower in Nuremberg is shown in my photo above

A Jewish plot to kill Nazis is back in the news. You can read about it at https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/31/jewish-holocaust-survivor-kill-nazis-poison-arsenic-nuremburg

This quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

Seventy years after the most daring attempt of Jewish Holocaust survivors to seek revenge, the leader of the plot has only one simple regret – that to his knowledge he didn’t actually kill any Nazis.

Joseph Harmatz is one of the few remaining Jewish “Avengers” who carried out a mass poisoning of former SS men in an American-run prisoner-of-war camp in 1946 that sickened more than 2,200 Germans but ultimately caused no known deaths. A recently declassified US military report obtained by the Associated Press has only added to the mystery of why the brazen operation did not kill Nazis, because it shows the amount of arsenic used should have been fatal to tens of thousands.

[…]

The mission was simple.

“Kill Germans,” Harmatz said flatly.

How many?

“As many as possible,” he quickly replied.

The first idea described by Harmatz was initiated by the resistance fighter and poet Abba Kovner: to poison the water supply of Nuremberg. But there were deep reservations even among the Avengers that such an operation would bring mass death to innocent Germans and undermine international support for the eventual creation of the state of Israel. Either way, when Kovner sailed for Europe with the poison, he drew suspicion from British authorities and was forced to toss it overboard.

So attention shifted toward Plan B, a more limited operation that specifically targeted the worst Nazi perpetrators.

[…]

Undercover members of the group found work at a bakery that supplied the Stalag 13 POW camp at Langwasser, near Nuremberg. On 13 April 1946, using poison procured from one of Kovner’s associates, three members spent two hours coating some 3,000 loaves of bread with arsenic. The goal was to kill 12,000 SS personnel, and Harmatz oversaw the operation from outside the bakery.

“The terrible tragedy was about to be forgotten, and if you don’t punish for one crime, you will get another,” explained Dina Porat, the chief historian at Israel’s Yad Vashem memorial, who is about to publish a book on the Avengers. “This is what was driving them, not only justice but a warning, a warning to the world that you cannot hurt Jews in such a manner and get away with it.”

Under German regulations, authorities in Nuremberg later investigated Harmatz and Leipke Distal, who worked undercover in the bakery for months, after they revealed details of the operation in a 1999 television documentary. The prosecutors eventually concluded that even though there was an attempted murder they would not file charges because of the “extraordinary circumstances”.

End quote

Nuremberg church that was bombed in World War II

Nuremberg church that was bombed in World War II

I was very interested in this story because, when I lived in Germany for 20 months after World War II, the house where I lived was 9 miles from Nuremberg. I used to walk the 9 miles, and back, very frequently.

I took photos of Nuremberg and put them on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Nurnberg/Nurnberg09.html

While I was living in Germany, I learned how to pronounce the word Nürnberg correctly, but don’t worry: if you mispronounce the word, the Germans are too polite to correct you.

 

 

September 25, 2016

The Labor camp and the Death camp at Treblinka

Filed under: Holocaust, World War II — furtherglory @ 6:18 pm

treblinkasign

The original sign at the Treblinka camp is shown in the photo above.

My photo of the location of the train station

My 1998 photo of the location of the train station at Treblinka

The Treblinka camp for Jews, during World War II, was divided into three sections. On the far left of the train platform where the Jews arrived [shown in the photo above] was the section where the guards and administrators lived.

The 1,000 Jews who worked at Treblinka lived in Camp 1 near the SS barrack where the Nazi guards lived. Today, only the area where the Jews were allegedly gassed and burned, has been preserved; the rest of the camp is now covered with trees. The whole camp covered about 22 acres but today’s visitors see an area that is only about 7 acres in size.

Stone with a map showing the direction to the labor camp and the death camp

My 1998 photo shows a stone with a map showing which way to the Treblinka labor camp and the way to the death camp

The photograph above shows a large memorial stone at the beginning of the cobblestone path which leads up to the site of the former Nazi death camp at Treblinka.

On the stone is a map showing a gravel pit in the center with the Treblinka labor camp to the left and the extermination camp to the right. On a real map, the gravel pit and the former labor camp are located to the south of the extermination camp.

The labor camp was in existence for about a year before the death camp was established at Treblinka. The labor camp was located about a mile from the death camp. When I visited the site of the camp in 1998, there was a group of students who were going to see the site of the labor camp. I was told by my tour guide that there was nothing to see there, so I did not join the tour.

Each of the six stones at the alleged death camp is inscribed with a different language including Hebrew, English and Polish. The inscription in English says that the camp was in operation from July 1942 to August 1943 and that during those 13 months, 800,000 Jews were killed there.

The inscription also mentions the Aug. 2, 1943 uprising, calling it the “armed revolt which was crashed [crushed] in blood by the Nazi hangmen.”

This gate into the camp was built for tourists after the war

My 1988 photo of the stone gate into Treblinka that was built for tourists

My photo above shows two stones placed at an angle to form a gate into the former Treblinka death camp. In the foreground, there are 6 memorial stones, set close together. [You can only see one of the stones in the photo.]

Each of the six stones is inscribed with a different language including Hebrew, English and Polish. The inscriptions say that the camp was in operation from July 1942 to August 1943 and that during those 13 months, 800,000 Jews were killed there.

It was this uprising, along with those at Sobibor and in the Warsaw ghetto, which allegedly motivated the Nazis to execute all the Jews at the Trawniki forced labor camp near Lublin, and all the Jews at the Poniatowa camp, in November 1943.

You can read more about Treblinka on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Poland/Treblinka/introduction.html

and at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Poland/Treblinka/Treblinka04.html

 

 

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