Scrapbookpages Blog

July 25, 2015

Photographs of the human hair in the Auschwitz Museum are no longer allowed

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 11:03 am

From a news article, which you can read in full here, I have learned that photographs of the hair, cut from the heads of the Jews at Auschwitz, are no longer allowed. Is this because the hair might be harmed by the flash of cameras? No, I think it is to prevent tourists from being trampled to death.

This quote is from the news article:

Knowing what was behind the glass [display cases] made it all so surreal.

Kevin Wagner of Carlisle was told heading into the [museum] room that no photography was allowed; that the contents [of the display cases] were considered holy by Jews.

There piled high from floor to ceiling [in a display case] was a mound of human hair shaved from the heads of men, women and children doomed to suffer an untimely death in the gas chambers of Auschwitz.

It was a co-mingled mass of strands colored black, brown and red with some even done up in braids. It was way too much to process…way too much to take in at once. Overwhelmed, Wagner broke down and cried while two others in the group left the room unsettled by the sight of so much lost humanity.

“How could another human being do this to somebody?” recalled Wagner, social studies program chair for the Carlisle Area School District.

“It was methodically efficient,” he added. “You can’t wrap your head around how someone can come up with that.”

Wait a minute! Was the hair cut from the heads of the Jews before or after they went into the gas chamber?  It would have been difficult to cut the hair from the dead bodies AFTER the Jews were gassed, so the hair must have been cut BEFORE the gassing. So why does the hair show the effects of gassing?

Personally, I think that the reason that photographs of the hair at Auschwitz are no longer allowed, is because there were, in the past, so many tourists crowding around the hair exhibit, trying to take photos, that there was a serious danger of someone being trampled to death.

When I first visited the exhibits in the main Auschwitz camp in 1998, there were so many people trying to take photos of the hair that I could not get close enough to take a photo. I had to be satisfied with taking a photo of a small amount of human hair.

 Cloth made from human hair is displayed in Auschwitz Museum

Cloth made from human hair is displayed in Auschwitz Museum (click to enlarge photo)

I took the photo above in the Auschwitz Museum in 1998.  I have borrowed the photo below, which was taken by a Polish photographer in 2004.

Auschwitz  28.12.2004 Human hair in display case at Auschwitz Photo Credit: Lukasz Trzcinski

Auschwitz 28.12.2004
Human hair in display case at Auschwitz
Photo Credit: Lukasz Trzcinski

Hungarian Jewish women head to their baracks aftr their heads were shaved

Hungarian Jewish women walking to their barracks after their heads have been shaved, and they have been given uniforms to wear

The photo above shows that the hair of the women at Auschwitz was cut before they were sent to the gas chamber.  In fact, these women look as if they have been selected to work at Auschwitz-Birkenau. Why was their hair shaved?  The hair must have been shaved to prevent typhus, which is spread by lice that hides in the hair. Their public hair was also shaved — by a man.

This quote is also from the news article, cited above:

As World War II in Europe drew to a close, the Red Army of the Soviet Union was advancing rapidly from the east. Eager to hide evidence of the Holocaust, the Nazis burned to the ground the death camp at Belzec.

Wagner [who visited Belzec] described that memorial as a lunar landscape on a slope with a center path where visitors walk down a ramp to a wall carved with hundreds of Jewish surnames. The further Wagner descended, the more confining the space until he felt as though he was about to suffocate.

On my trips to Poland, many years ago, I did not visit Belzec because my tour guide told me that there was absolutely nothing there to see, except an empty field; the memorial had not yet been built. The Holocaust allegedly started with the gassing of Jews at Belzec, so why did Belzec get no respect for many years?

The entire camp that was Belzec has been covered with rocks

The entire camp Belzec camp has been covered with rocks and no one is allowed to dig there Photo Credit: Bonnie M. Harris (Click to enlarge)

The Belzec Memorial includes a very deep path (Photo Credit: Bonnie M. Harris)

The Belzec Memorial includes a very deep path (Photo Credit: Bonnie M. Harris)

The deep path through the Belzec Memorial (Photo credit: Bonnie M. Harris)

The very deep path that was cut through the Belzec Memorial site  (Photo credit: Bonnie M. Harris)

The entire Belzec Camp is now a field of broken concrete Photo Credit: Bonnie M. Harris

The entire Belzec Camp is now a field of broken concrete Photo Credit: Bonnie M. Harris

You can read all about Belzec on my website at

http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Poland/Belzec/Belzec01.html

July 24, 2015

Jean-Marie Le Pen will appear in court for saying Nazi gas chambers were “merely a detail”

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 11:12 am

According to a news story, which you can read in full here, Jean-Marie Le Pen is in trouble for saying that the Holocaust gas chambers were “merely a detail.”

Put his guy in prison as fast as possible!  Who does he think he is? The Holocaust gas chambers are the linchpin of the Holocaust, not a mere detail.

The photo below shows the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp.

The gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp

The gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp (click on the photo to enlarge)

My 2005 photo of the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp shows a REAL gas chamber, and don’t even try to deny it, unless you want to go to prison for 5 years.

You can see more photos of the Auschwitz gas chambers on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/Photos/Gallery2/index.html

July 23, 2015

Holocaust professorship has been launched in Germany

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 12:59 pm

The latest Holocaust news is that a “Holocaust professorship” has been launched in Germany; you can read the full story here.

The photo below accompanies the news article.

Survivors of Ebensee camp

Survivors of Ebensee camp in Austria

In the photo shown above, the prisoners have removed their pants in order to show off their skinny legs.  Note that the prisoner on the far right is holding his pants in front of himself.

The following quote is from the news article, cited above:

Goethe University in Frankfurt has secured funding to establish Germany’s first ever professor position dedicated to studying the Holocaust, the Hessian Ministry for Science and the Arts announced on Monday.

The programme will launch in 2017 to support a professor researching the history and impact of the Holocaust in which six million Jews were killed by the Nazi regime during the Second World War.

“Seventy years after the end of the Holocaust this is a long overdue step. In the land of the perpetrators, one must not forget what happened,” said regional Science Minister Boris Rhein in a statement.

“It is our duty to be at the forefront of this research. What is special about this Holocaust professorship is that it is not only about understanding the past. Specifically it is about the repercussions of the events up until the present, and that will be the focus of the research.”

There was no explanation for the photo that was shown above the news article, so I am going to explain it to you now.

The photo in the news article shows survivors of the Ebensee sub-camp of the Mauthausen prison camp, posing on May 7, 1945 after they had been liberated by American troops a few days day before.

In the photograph, the prisoners all have shaved heads, a procedure which was used in all the Nazi concentration camps in an effort to control the lice which spreads typhus. Their heads were shaved first on the sides and the next time on the top. These prisoners have a regrowth of hair on the top, but have recently been shaved on the sides of their heads. The privileged Kapos were allowed to have a full growth of hair or a beard if they were bald.

Prisoners celebrate their liberation from Ebensee

Prisoners celebrate their liberation from Ebensee

The photograph above shows a sign that was erected by the German prisoners at Ebensee. It reads “We welcome our liberators.” Among the German prisoners were some who were condemned criminals.

Gate into Ebensee camp

Gate into Ebensee camp

The photograph immediately above was taken on May 6, 1945, after Ebensee, a sub-camp of the Mauthausen Concentration Camp, had been liberated by soldiers in the 80th Division of the US Third Army on May 4th and 5th. The banner, written in French, reads “The French prisoners Salute the Allies.” (Note that all of the prisoners are wearing trousers.)

The banner, that is shown in the photo, had been erected by the anti-Nazi resistance fighters who were imprisoned here after being captured and accused of doing acts of sabotage during the Nazi occupation of France.

The prisoners in these photos are not Jews who were being Holocausted, and such photos should not be used to teach the Holocaust.

According to author Martin Gilbert, the last “death marches” of the war began on May 1, 1945 as the American Army approached; prisoners from the main camp at Mauthausen and the sub-camps at Gusen and St. Valentin were marched to Gunskirchen and Ebensee.

Hundreds of these prisoners died from exhaustion, or  they were shot because they couldn’t keep up with the march, or as they attempted to escape.

When American troops in the 80th Infantry Division arrived on May 4, 1945, there were around 60,000 prisoners from 25 different countries at Ebensee.

The prisoners at Ebensee had been working in underground factories in which Messerschmitt airplanes were being manufactured. German engineers and German civilians also worked in these factories. The site had been chosen because there were natural caves which could be enlarged into tunnels so that the munitions factories could be protected from Allied bombing raids.

According to Martin Gilbert, the author of a book entitled Holocaust, Ebensee was an “end destination” for Jewish prisoners who had been evacuated from camps farther east as the Soviet Army advanced toward Germany.

In the last months of the war, the Ebensee camp was seriously over-crowded with these exhausted prisoners, many of whom had just arrived in the weeks prior to the liberation.

Martin Gilbert wrote the following regarding the evacuations and the death marches:

“Jews who had already survived the ‘selections’ in Birkenau, and work as slave laborers in factories, had now to survive the death marches. Throughout February and March [1945] columns of men, and crowded cattle trucks, converged on the long-existing concentration camps, now given a new task. These camps had been transformed into holding camps for the remnant of a destroyed people, men and women whose labor was still of some last-minute utility for a dying Reich, or whose emaciated bodies were to be left to languish in agony in one final camp.”

According to Martin Gilbert, a train loaded with 2,059 Jews arrived at Ebensee on March 3, 1945. They had survived the death camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau and had first been sent to the Gross Rosen concentration camp, then on to Ebensee.

Forty-nine of the Jewish prisoners had died on the train, and on their first day in the camp, 182 more prisoners died during the disinfection procedure. New arrivals had to be disinfected to kill the body lice which spreads typhus. There was a typhus epidemic in Mauthausen and the sub-camps. According to Martin Gilbert, 30,000 prisoners died in these camps in the last four months of the war.

I sincerely hope that “the professor” will tell the true story of the photo which is shown in the news article, but I don’t think that there is much chance of that happening.

How much influence did Geli Raubal, Hitler’s first girl friend, have on his life?

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 9:55 am
Geli Raubel, Hitler's alleged girl friend

Geli Raubal, Hitler’s niece & alleged girl friend

In doing some research on Hitler’s alleged girl friend, Geli Raubal, the most surprising thing that I learned was that journalist Nerin E. Gun wrote about her. But I will get to that later.  If you can’t wait, scroll down.

The following quote about Geli Raubal is from this source:

There was nothing peaceful about this brutal tyrant [Hitler]. Under his leadership, the Nazi regime was responsible for the genocide of at least 5.5 million Jews and millions of other people who were deemed “sub-human.” Ironically, his first love was a Jewish girl.

Say what?

You don’t hear much about Geli Raubal any more. The story of her untimely death, and the rumor that she was killed by her alleged lover, Adolph Hitler, seems to have faded away. Geli was Hitler’s half niece, the daughter of his half sister Angela and her husband Leo Raubal. Geli was allegedly Jewish, which makes the story even more unbelievable.

Legend has it that Geli (her full name was Angele) was extremely beautiful, but beauty is in the eye of the beholder, as we all know.  Look at the photo below and judge for yourself if she was Jewish.

Geli Raubel is shown on the left (click to enlarge photo)

Geli Raubel is shown on the left (click to enlarge photo)

The following account of her untimely death is from this source

Ronald Hayman, the author of Hitler & Geli (1997) has suggested: “What seems to have happened shortly before Geli died is that Hitler, who often changed his mind at the last minute, reversed his decision about letting her go to Vienna. It is quite likely that the other Nazi leaders were putting pressure on him. Though they would all have been glad to get rid of her, they may have told him it was unsafe to set her free: she knew too much.

They may have found out that she had confided in other men about Hitler’s sexual habits, and Schwarz knew she had modelled for his pornographic drawings. If she talked indiscreetly in Vienna, stories might get picked up by the liberal press at the worst.”

On the morning of Saturday, 19th September, 1931, Geli’s body was found on the floor of her room in the flat. A meeting was held by leading officials, including Franz Schwarz, Gregor Strasser, Baldur von Schirach, Max Amann and Rudolf Hess. They discussed what they should do before the police were brought to Hitler’s apartment.

Eventually, the police were called and Detective Sauer arrived and interviewed the witnesses. Schwarz insisted that Hitler had not been in the apartment at the time of Geli’s death. However, he did discover that the Walther 6.35 pistol that killed Geli was owned by Hitler.

According to the police report, Geli Raubal had been bleeding from a wound near her heart and her clothes were soaked with blood. She was lying face downwards, with her nose against the floor. One arm was stretched out towards the pistol, a Walther 6.35, which was on the couch. The bullet, which had missed her heart, had pierced her lung. Still in her body, it had lodged on the left side of her back above the level of her hip.

On the table was an unfinished letter, which was not a suicide note. It was addressed to someone in Vienna. The police report said that it was to a girlfriend but Baldur von Schirach has claimed it was to her music teacher. The tone was cheerful, and the letter broke off in the middle of the sentence: “When I come to Vienna – I hope very soon – we’ll drive together to Semmering an…” (Semmering is an attractive health resort outside Vienna.)

The police doctor, Dr Müller, certified that the time of Geli’s death was the evening of 18th September: “Rigor mortis had set in several hours previously. It was a fatal shot that penetrated through the dress to pass directly through the skin above the heart, which it in any case missed. It did not come out of the body but lodged in the left side of the back, rather above the level of the hip, where it could be felt beneath the skin.”

Geli Raubel, Hitler's half niece

Geli Raubal, Hitler’s half niece, posing with her puppies

The following quote is from this source:

Geli also complained about the way Hitler controlled her life. Bridget Hitler claimed that her son told her a story that he had got from Anni Winter, Hitler’s housekeeper. She had overheard an argument about Geli wanting to go and stay in Vienna. Geli was very upset because he [Hitler] had originally given his approval but then changed his mind.

Bridget heard Hitler say: “You say you have to go to Vienna? Is it to see that filthy Jew, the one who claims to be a singing teacher? Is that it? Have you been seeing him secretly again? Have you forgotten I forbade you to have anything to do with him? Tell me the truth now. Why do you want to go to Vienna?” According to Bridget she replied: “I have to go to Vienna, Uncle Alf, because I’m going to have a baby.”

The following quote about Geli mentions Nerin E. Gunn, a journalist who wrote about the Holocaust:

Geli also began a relationship with Emil Maurice, his [Hitler’s] chauffeur and bodyguard. Maurice later told Nerin E. Gun, the author of Eva Braun: Hitler’s Mistress (1969), about Geli. He testified that “Her big eyes were a poem and she had magnificent hair.

People in the street would turn round to take another look at her, though people don’t do that in Munich.” Maurice was aware that Hitler was very interested in Geli: “He liked to show her off everywhere; he was proud of being seen in the company of such an attractive girl. He was convinced that in this way he impressed his comrades in the party, whose wives or girlfriends nearly all looked like washerwomen.”

Maurice admitted that he was “madly in love” with Geli and “I decided to become engaged to Geli… she gladly accepted my proposal”. Henriette Hoffmann believes that Geli was in love with Maurice: “He was a sensitive man, not just someone who took pride in fighting, and there was a genuine tenderness behind his affability.”

Geli told Henriette that she no longer wanted to be loved by Hitler and preferred her relationship with Maurice: “Being loved is boring, but to love a man, you know, to love him – that’s what life is about. And when you can love and be loved at the same time, it’s paradise.”

I have written about Nerin E. Gun on the following posts on my blog: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/tag/nerin-e-gun/

Nerin E. Gun was a prisoner at Dachau. He was not quite accurate in what he wrote about Dachau, so I don’t trust his information about Hitler and Geli.

Geli and Hitler

Geli and Hitler

Here is the full story on Geli and Hitler quoted from this source:

Geli Raubal, the daughter of Leo Raubal and Angela Raubal, was born in Linz on 4th June, 1908. When Adolf Hitler rented a house in Obersalzberg he asked his half-sister, Angela Raubal, now a widow, to be his housekeeper. She agreed and in August 1928 brought Geli with her to stay with Hitler.

Geli became a close friend of Henriette Hoffmann, the young daughter of Heinrich Hoffmann, Hitler’s official photographer. The two young women went to the local lake together. After swimming naked they let the sun dry their bodies: “One day a cluster of butterflies settled on the naked Geli. We made ourselves garlands of strawberry leaves and put them on. For us the world was a garden, a forest glade, with fairies dancing in the moonlight and fauns with goat feet making music. We thought life was a party that was just beginning. We didn’t know the forest glade was a battlefield you couldn’t leave till you were defeated. We didn’t know the world was rough and mean and stupid.”

Hitler told Otto Wagener: “I can sit next to young women who leave me completely cold. I feel nothing, or they actually irritate me. But a girl like the little Hoffmann or Geli (Raubal) – with them I become cheerful and bright, and if I have listened for an hour to their perhaps silly chatter – or I have only to sit next to them – then I am free of all weariness and listlessness I can go back to work refreshed.” Hitler once commented: “Nothing is more enjoyable than educating a young thing – a girl of eighteen or twenty, as pliable as wax.”

Joachim Fest, the author of Hitler (1973), wrote: “The affection Hitler felt for this pretty, superficial niece soon developed into a passionate relationship hopelessly burdened by his intolerance, his romantic ideal of womanhood and avuncular scruples.” Patrick Hitler met her during this period: “Geli looks more like a child than a girl. You couldn’t call her pretty exactly, but she had great natural charm. She usually went without a hat and wore very plain clothes, pleated skirts and white blouses. No jewellery except a gold swastika given to her by Uncle Adolf, whom she called Uncle Alf.”

Hitler, who had now turned forty, became infatuated with Geli and rumours soon spread that he was having an affair with his young niece. Hitler told Heinrich Hoffman: “You know, Hoffmann, I’m so concerned about Geli’s future that I feel I have to watch over her. I love Geli and could marry her. Good! But you know what my viewpoint is. I want to remain single. So I retain the right to exert an influence on her circle of friends until such a time as she finds the right man. What Geli sees as compulsion is simply prudence. I want to stop her from falling into the hands of someone unsuitable.”

Adolf Hitler also took her with him to meetings. Baldur von Schirach commented: “The girl at Hitler’s side was of medium size, well developed, had dark, rather wavy hair, and lively brown eyes. A flush of embarrassment reddened the round face as she entered the room with him, and sensed the surprise caused by his appearance. I too stared at her for a long time, not because she was pretty to look at but because it was simply astonishing to see a young girl at Hitler’s side when he appeared at a large gathering of people. He chatted animatedly to her, patted her hand and scarcely paused long enough for her to say anything. Punctually at eleven o’clock he stood up to leave the party with Geli, who had gradually become more animated. I had the impression Geli would have liked to stay longer.”

July 22, 2015

New movie entitled “13 Minutes” tells the story of Georg Elser’s failed attempt to kill Hitler

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, movies — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 10:07 am

You can read about a new movie, that tells the story of Georg Elser, in this news article. 

And also in this news article.

Georg Elser, the man who tried to kill Hitler

Georg Elser, the man who tried to kill Hitler, but failed

When I started blogging,  a little over 5 years ago, one of my first blog posts was about the story of Georg Elser.

Display in the Dachau Museum shows a photo of Georg Elser

Display in the Dachau Museum shows a photo of Georg Elser

When I visited the Dachau museum in 2007, one of the most interesting displays in the museum was about Georg Elser, the man who attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler. Elser had been a prisoner at Dachau; he had been released and after his release, he allegedly planted a time bomb in the beer hall where Hitler was scheduled to give a speech.

I purchased a small book which sheds some light on the case of Georg Elser. I wrote about it on this page of my website: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/KZDachau/Bunker/Elser.html

The attempt to kill Hitler failed because Hitler had left the building before the bomb went off. After Elser was arrested for trying to kill Hitler, he was held as a prisoner in the bunker at Dachau where he was treated very well, although he was kept in isolation. He was killed on April 9, 1945, according to a museum display at Dachau.

This quote is from the news article about the movie:

In recent years, German director Oliver Hirschbiegel​ has suffered one setback after another.

His Hollywood remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers was taken out of his hands, his biopic of Princess Diana was universally derided – even his acclaimed Downfall, about the final days of the Third Reich, is best known as the inspiration for endless parodies on YouTube.

Yet Hirschbiegel, for all his woes, remains a talented filmmaker, as he demonstrates again in this tribute to one of the more noteworthy failures of the 20th century: German carpenter Georg Elser​’s 1939 attempt to kill Hitler and other high-ranking Nazis, which might have changed history if not for an error of timing amounting to the 13 minutes of the title.

The suspenseful opening sequence plunges us into the action, with Elser (Christian Friedel​) planting a bomb behind the wall of a tavern where Hitler is due to give a speech. On the soundtrack, his heavy breathing and the ticking of a watch add to the sense of anxiety as we try to work out just what is going on.

According to an exhibit in the Dachau Museum, which was shown at the Dachau Memorial Site in 2003, Georg Elser was secretly executed at Dachau on April 9, 1945, and his death was blamed on an Allied bombing raid.
In the original Museum exhibits, which were put up in 1965 , the execution of Georg Elser, the German hero who tried to kill Hitler, was not mentioned. For five and a half years, Johann Georg Elser had been kept in prison, first at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp and then at Dachau, awaiting trial for his attempt to kill Adolf Hitler on November 8, 1939 with a bomb placed at the Bürgerbräukeller where Hitler was giving his annual speech on the anniversary of his 1923 Putsch.  Hitler left the hall early and was not hurt, although 8 people were killed by the blast and 63 others were injured, according to the Dachau Memorial Site exhibit.

Along with Elser, Captain Sigismund Payne Best, a British intelligence agent, was also imprisoned at Sachsenhausen, and later at Dachau, while he awaited trial on a charge of conspiracy in the assassination attempt by Elser, which was believed by Hitler to have been instigated by the British government.

The story of Georg Elser’s execution, according to Captain Sigismund Payne Best, is that either Adolf Hitler or Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler had ordered the head of the Gestapo, SS-Gruppenführer Heinrich Müller, to deliver a letter, authorizing the execution of “special prisoner Georg Eller” during the next Allied air raid, to the Commandant of the Dachau concentration camp, Obersturmbannführer Eduard Weiter, on April 5, 1945.

Eller was a code name for Elser so that the other prisoners would not know his true identity. By some strange coincidence, Captain Payne Best had come into possession of this letter in May 1945 shortly before the end of World War II.

Normally, an execution order would have come from RSHA (Reich Security Main Office) in Berlin, addressed to the head of the Gestapo branch office at Dachau, Johann Kick. Kick would have given the order to Wilhelm Ruppert who was the SS officer in charge of executions at Dachau. Ruppert would have given the order to either Franz Trenkle or Theodor Bongartz, the two SS men who carried out executions at Dachau. After the execution, RSHA and the Gestapo would have received documentation that the execution had taken place. In the case of Georg Elser, none of this happened.

Heinrich Müller, the chief of the Gestapo, who allegedly ordered the murder of Georg Elser, was last seen leaving Hitler’s bunker on April 29, 1945, the day that Dachau was liberated. No trace of him has ever been found. Hitler killed himself the next day on April 30, 1945 and Himmler allegedly committed suicide after he was captured by the British in May 1945.

Dachau Commandant Wilhelm Eduard Weiter, who had allegedly received the order to execute Elser, shot himself at Schloss Itter, a subcamp of Dachau in Austria, on May 6, 1945, according to Johannes Tuchel, the author of “Dachau and the Nazi Terror 1933-1945.”

However, Nerin E. Gun claimed in his book “The Day of the Americans” that Weiter was shot in the neck by Ruppert at Schloss Itter because he had refused to obey Hitler’s order to kill all the Dachau prisoners.

Georg Elser had been a prisoner in the Dachau prison, called the bunker, since he was transferred from the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in February 1945, according to Nerin E. Gun, a journalist who was also a prisoner at Dachau. Captain Payne Best was transferred from Sachsenhausen to Buchenwald, and from there to Dachau in April 1945.

July 20, 2015

Herte Bothe, a cruel female guard at Bergen-Belsen, who served time in prison

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 8:43 am
Herte Bothe looks haggard after working to remove dead bodies at Bergen-Belsen

Herte Bothe looks haggard after working to remove dead bodies at Bergen-Belsen

Before I began writing this blog post about Herte Bothe, one of the guards at Bergen-Belsen, I first checked with Wikipedia to make sure that I got the facts straight.

The following quote is from Wikipedia:

Nevertheless, she [Herte Bothe] was released early from prison on December 22, 1951 as an act of leniency by the British government.[2]

WHAT? Herte Bothe was a dangerous criminal who had committed crimes against humanity, or worse! Why would the British have taken pity on her, and released her from prison early?

Herte Bothe is the tall blonde on the left; she was 6 ft. 3 inches tall

Herte Bothe is the tall blonde on the left in the second row; she was 6 ft. 3 inches tall (click to enlarge)

This quote is also from Wikipedia:

During a rare interview[6] that was broadcast in 2004, Bothe became defensive when asked about her decision to be a concentration camp guard. She replied,
“ What do you mean, made a mistake? No… I’m not quite sure I should answer that. Did I make a mistake? No. The mistake was that it was a concentration camp, but I had to go to it, otherwise I would have been put into it myself. That was my mistake.[7]

Here is another quote from Wikipedia:

In September 1942, Bothe was conscripted as a camp guard at Ravensbrück concentration camp. The former nurse took a four-week training course and was sent as an Aufseherin to the Stutthof camp near Danzig (now Gdańsk). There she became known as the “Sadist of Stutthof” due to her brutal beatings of prisoners.[1]

I wrote about Herte Bothe on my website many years ago.  The following information is from my website scrapbookpages.com.

As of 2005, Herta Bothe was still alive and still defensive about her job as a female guard at Bergen-Belsen, maintaining that she had been conscripted in September 1942, at the age of 21, to work in the concentration camps; she claimed that she would have been put into a concentration camp herself if she had refused.

After four weeks of training at the Ravensbrück women’s camp, Bothe was first sent to the Stutthof camp near the city formerly known as Danzig, and then to the Bromberg Ost sub-camp in July 1944. She had previously worked as a nurse in a German hospital.

When Bergen-Belsen was voluntarily turned over to the British on April 15, 1945, Herta Bothe had been a guard there, in charge of 60 women prisoners, for no more than seven or eight weeks.

Herte Bothe is the woman on the far right; this photo was taken after she was arrested by the British

Herte Bothe is the woman on the right; this photo was taken after she was arrested by the British (click to enlarge)

Herte Bothe had arrived in the Bergen-Belsen camp between February 20th and February 26th 1945 in charge of a death march of women prisoners who had been evacuated from Poland.

Bothe was one of the 80 guards who volunteered to stay behind to help the British take over the camp, not realizing that under the Allied concept of co-responsibility, she would be put on trial as a war criminal.

In the photo at the top of this page, taken by the British at an Allied prison in Celle, Bothe looks haggard and has dark circles under her eyes after working for weeks in the camp to bury around 17,000 corpses including the bodies of 13,000 prisoners who died after the British took over.

Today, Herta Bothe is infamous because of her defiant attitude and her show of anger when the women were ordered by the British to carry the rotten corpses to mass graves with their bare hands. In interviews years later, Bothe described how she was terrified of contracting typhus because the guards were not allowed to wear gloves or masks.

She described how the arms and legs of the decomposed bodies came off in her hands when she tried to pick them up, and how lifting the emaciated bodies caused her back pain.

Although the British brought in bulldozers and shoved some of the bodies into the mass graves, they forced the former guards to do most of the work manually as their just punishment for the horrible conditions found in the camp.

Bothe was sentenced to ten years in prison after being convicted by a British Military Tribunal in 1946. She was released on December 22, 1951.   She lived to the age of 94.

Herte Bothe lived to the age of 94

July 19, 2015

Oskar Groening speaks in “Auschwitz Deportation” episode on American Heroes Channel on TV

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 11:55 am

Update 2:30 p.m. July 19, 2015

I have just finished watching Episode 4 of the Auschwitz Deportation series on TV.  I now understand the motivation behind Oskar Groening’s confession regarding his role in the Holocaust.

It turns out that Konrad Morgen had visited Auschwitz to investigate a theft in the Auschwitz camp. It seems that Oskar Groening had stolen money and goods at Auschwitz and had stored the goods in his locker. He had taken the wall off the back of his locker and made a door there. Then he bolted the door on the front of the locker and called a locksmith to open it. When the locksmith was unable to get the door open, he opened up the back of the locker and found the stolen goods. Oskar Groening was in big trouble because he was now a criminal, not a respected SS man. This was what motivated Groening to side with the Jews and start telling lies about how the Jews were treated.  The whole thing back-fired and the Jews turned on him.  That’s how Groenning wound up being tried and convicted of being a war criminal.

Continue reading my original post:

Last night, I watched the Holocaust 103 episode on TV, entitled Auschwitz Deportation, and I was very surprised to see Oskar Groening, looking around 15 or 20 years younger than he is today, as he spoke about his role in the Holocaust.

As Groening spoke, I deduced that he might be mentally unstable. On the show, Groening said that he was “supervising the luggage,” when trains arrived at Auschwitz-Birkenau. He said that he saw SS men “bashing the heads of babies against a lorry.”

Why is he using the British term “lorry” instead of the American term “truck”?  And why is he telling one of the most famous lies about the Holocaust: the bashing of the heads of babies?

I previously blogged about the bashing of babies here and here.  I wrote about a story told by Holocaust survivor Philip Riteman, regarding the bashing of a baby, near the end of this page of my website.

Then it was mentioned on last night’s TV show that “the French were sent to gas chambers.” According to the TV show, there was the story of 4,000 French children without parents who all died because, to the Nazis, “the enemy is the (Jewish) blood inside them.”

After he was totaled out by seeing baby’s heads bashed against the side of a train, Oskar Groening said that he “applied for a transfer to the war front.”  Apparently, Oskar didn’t last long at the front, or maybe he was turned down for some reason, and that’s when he moved to the main Auschwitz camp where his new job was counting the money brought to the camp by the Jews.

But to get back to the beginning of last night’s TV show, the very first thing that is mentioned in the show is that “1.1 million people died in the Holocaust.” This tells you that the show was made fairly recently; the original number of people who died at Auschwitz was 4 million.

The narrator of the show mentions “the scratching of the walls of the gas chamber in the factory of death.” My most popular blog post of all time is the one about the scratching of the walls of the Auschwitz main camp gas chamber: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2011/09/06/dying-victims-scratched-the-walls-of-the-auschwitz-gas-chamber-with-their-fingernails/

Literally millions of people, all over the world have read my blog post, cited above. Could it be that Oskar Groening got his information about the scratches on the wall of the Auschwitz gas chamber from me?

Near the beginning of the show last night, a photo of the Commandant’s house is shown. The photo was similar to my photo below, and it might even have been my photo.

My photo of the house where the Auschwitz commandant, Rudolf Hoess lived with his family

My photo of the house where the Auschwitz commandant, Rudolf Hoess lived with his family

The problem with the photo above is that the house, where Hoess lived, was painted red when he lived there. When I took this photo in 2005, the house had been re-painted.

It is little mistakes like this which make current TV shows about the Holocaust unbelievable.  Would it have killed the producers of this show to have found an old photo which shows the house when it was painted red.

But that wasn’t the worst mistake in the TV show. The narrator said that the gassing of the Jews started in Autumn of 1941 in the main Auschwitz camp. He said that “SS men climbed up on the roof of the gas chamber and dropped powder into the gas chamber.”  As every school child in America knows, the gas was in the form of pellets, not powder. This mistake shows that Groening knows nothing about the gassing of the Jews, and he is just trying to please the Jews so that he won’t have to spend the last years of his life in prison.

The screams could be heard outside the gas chamber, so two motorcycles were revved up to “stifle the screams.”  The screams lasted for 15 to 20 minutes before they stopped.  This is the first time that I heard about the motorcycles being used to stifle the screams.

About 10 minutes into the show, the fake photo of prisoners hanging by their hands is shown. Please try to keep up, people!  This photo was revealed as a fake several years ago.

photo of

photo of “pole hanging” is from a Soviet film

The photograph above, which I took inside the old Dachau Museum in May 2001, shows a scene at Buchenwald that was created in 1958 for an East German DEFA film. (Source: H. Obenaus, “Das Foto vom Baumhängen: Ein Bild geht um die Welt,” in Stiftung Topographie des Terrors Berlin (ed.), Gedenkstätten-Rundbrief no. 68, Berlin, October 1995, pp. 3-8)

This fake photo was not included in the new Dachau Museum which opened in 2003, but all the tour guides at Dachau still dwell at length upon the hanging punishment. I have not been to Dachau since 2008; perhaps the fake photo has been brought back.

Found in Strasbourg: bodies of Jews used in experiments at Natzweiler

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 9:08 am

In a news article, which you can read in full here, it was reported today that the remains of 86 Jews, used in Nazi experiments during World War II, have been found.

This quote is from the news article:

The remains of 86 Jews used for Nazi experiments have been found at a laboratory in eastern France, it emerged today.

They had been killed in German gas chambers in 1943 during the Second World War Holocaust before their corpses and body parts were taken to the legal medical institute in Strasbourg.

It was thought they had been buried in a common grave in 1946, following the liberation of the city by the Allies two years earlier.

But the Strasbourg authorities confirmed many of the remains were, more than 70 years on, still being stored.

The discovery has raised serious concerns, with one organisation, which represents the UK Jewish community, stating that ‘serious questions’ needed to be asked.

A Board of Deputies of British Jews spokesman said: ‘This discovery raises serious questions about who knew about these remains and why they did not reveal this sooner.

This building, near the Natzweiler concentration camp, was the gas chamber building

This building, near the Natzweiler concentration camp, was the  building where Jews were gassed

When I visited the former Natzweiler concentration camp in 2004, I had to hire a driver to take me there, as there were no trains nor buses that went to the former camp.

I tried to hire another driver to take me to the gas chamber building, but I was told that it was strictly off limits and no one is allowed to get anywhere near it. I don’t know if that is still the case.

August Hirt conducting an autopsy on the body of a Jew that was gassed at Natzweiler

Dr. August Hirt conducting an autopsy on the body of a Jew who was allegedly gassed at Natzweiler

A book which I purchased from the Natzweiler Memorial Site, on my visit in 2004, has this to say about the gas chamber:

4. The affair of the Israelite corpses

Hirt, professor of anatomy in Strasbourg, received corpses from the camp of Russian war prisoners at Mutzig, but as he thought they were too lean, he asked for people in a good physical condition for studies on heredity.

87 Israelites (30 of whom were women) were sent from the camp at Auschwitz. They were shut up in block 13 at the Struthof where they were measured, and they had to undergo experiments on sterilization. On August 11, 13, 17, 19, 1943, under the direction of doctors from Strasburg, the S.S. gassed the 87 Israelites in the gas chamber at Struthof with cyanide. Death occurred after 30 to 60 seconds. The corpses were transported to the Institut d’Anatomie in Strasburg. 17 entire corpses (3 of which being women’s) were found at the liberation as well as many dissected pieces.

According to Dr. Lang, there were 16 of the 86 bodies (3 women and 13 men) that were found intact in November 1944, not 17, and an autopsy was performed on the bodies.

“The liberation” referred to in the above quote probably means the liberation of France in August 1944. The Natzweiler-Struthof camp was abandoned in September 1944 so it was not actually “liberated.”

Dr. Hans-Joachim Lang was able to identify the 86 Jews who were gassed at Natzweiler after locating their prisoner numbers in the Auschwitz archives. The 29 women and 57 men who were gassed had been deported to Auschwitz from Norway, Poland, Greece, France, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands.

The bodies of the 86 victims are buried in the Jewish cemetery of Strasbourg and a grave stone with the 86 names was placed there in December 2005.

The Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp was located on top of a 2,500 foot high mountain in the Vosges range, which was a ski area before the camp was built, and still is today as far as I know.

Natzweiler-Struthof was not a death camp, specifically built for the Holocaust, which was the mass extermination of the Jews. It was a camp for the imprisonment of convicted German criminals and Anti-Fascist resistance fighters.

However, the reason that Natzweiler is so well known today is that a small number of Jews were killed there in a gas chamber, according to the Simon Wiesenthal Center and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

The gas chamber building, shown in the photo above, has been preserved, although I don’t know if anyone is allowed to see it. However, it is not necessary to examine the gas chamber because we have the confession of Josef Kramer, in which he said that he personally gassed 80 Jews. Kramer made his confession after he was arrested at Bergen-Belsen when that camp was voluntarily turned over to the British on April 15, 1945.

Le Struthof, as the camp is known to the French, was located 31 miles from Strasbourg where Dr. August Hirt, a Professor at the University of Strasbourg, was conducting research on racial characteristics. When he requested Jewish skeletons that were undamaged by bullet holes or body blows, Heinrich Himmler ordered that Jews should be brought from Auschwitz to Natzweiler so that they could be killed in a gas chamber there.

In August 1943, a special gas chamber was constructed by adapting an existing building, formerly owned by the Struthof hotel, which was located about a mile from the concentration camp on a side road. This room had previously been used as a refrigerator room by the hotel.

Killing the Jews in one of the gas chambers at Auschwitz and shipping the skeletons to Strasbourg wouldn’t do – the skeletons had to be prepared with great care by Dr. Hirt himself.

According to a Tübingen Professor, Dr. Hans-Joachim Lang, two anthropologists, who were both members of the SS, Dr. Hans Fleischhacker and Bruno Beger, were sent in June 1943 to Auschwitz to select Jews to be gassed so that their skeletons could be added to the rassistische/rassenideologische collection of Dr. August Hirt. There were 57 men and 29 women in the group that was selected.

In the documents submitted to the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal, it is mentioned that the Jewish victims were put into quarantine for a time at Auschwitz because there was a typhus epidemic in the camp; then they were brought to Natzweiler-Struthof.

The Nuremberg IMT documents show that 86 corpses were brought to the Anatomie Institute of the Reichsuniversitat Strassburg and that an assistant of Prof. August Hirt saw the tattoos on the arms and secretly wrote down the 86 numbers on a piece of paper.

Update, 9:30 a.m. today

According to another news article, which you can read in full here:

When the story of Alice Simon was last told in the newspaper in 1994, her family in Wisconsin believed they finally had learned her fate. Records at Auschwitz death camp suggested she was murdered there by the Nazis.

Another shock was yet to come.

Alice, a 56-year-old widow who had sent her two children to safety in England, actually left Auschwitz alive, only to be killed days later in the gas chamber at another camp, Natzweiler-Struthof, in August 1943.

And there was more. The Nazis had a diabolical plan to create a museum display of Jewish people’s skeletons. Alice was one of those 86 people.

Hans-Joachim Lang, a German historian, painstakingly identified all of those victims from the numbers tattooed on their arms. Alice was marked with 45263. Lang learned as much as he could about each one and their families, and in 2004 wrote a book called “Die Namen der Nummern,” which translates to “the names of the numbers.”

July 18, 2015

Oskar Groening didn’t “pour gas into the gas chamber,” but he is nevertheless a war criminal

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 8:49 am

My blog post today is an answer to the information in this news article.

This quote is from the news article, cited above:

During his time at Auschwitz, Groening’s job was to collect the belongings of the deportees after they arrived at the camp by train and had been put through a selection process that resulted in many being sent directly to the gas chambers.

“The conviction of Oskar Groening for his actions sends an unequivocal message that, although he may not have led or directly participated in the atrocities at Auschwitz, he was clearly an accessory to the crimes perpetrated by the Nazis,” the UK’s Holocaust Educational Trust said in a statement Wednesday, asserting that his actions directly facilitated the murder of 300,000 Jews. […]

“The world has to understand that it is not an excuse to have worked on the economic system” of the camps, Holocaust educator Rabbi Avraham Krieger told The Jerusalem Post. “He knew that he was part of a whole machinery of killing. Just because didn’t hold a gun or pour gas into the gas chamber it doesn’t change the picture.”

He didn’t POUR GAS into the gas chamber? Was this liquid gas, like the gas that you might pour into the gas tank of a car?

My photo of Zyklon-B pellets, taken at Mauthausen camp

My photo of Zyklon-B pellets, taken at Mauthausen memorial site

Hole in the ceiling of the Auschwitz 1 gas chamber, through which the gas pellets were thrown

Hole in the ceiling of the Auschwitz 1 gas chamber, through which the gas pellets were thrown

The gas that was allegedly used to kill the Jews was in the form of pellets that were thrown into the alleged gas chambers through holes in the roof. IMHO, the gas was thrown into the gas chambers, not poured.

Degesch machine was used in disinfection gas chambers

Degesch machine was used in disinfection gas chambers

The Nazis used Zyklon-B for disinfecting the clothing of the prisoners, and allegedly for the gassing of the Jews.  The machine in the photo above was used for disinfecting the clothing of the prisoners in order to save lives.  By using this machine, the pellets could be automatically put into a basket where they could be recovered and reused.  In the homicidal gas chambers, the Zyklon-B pellets were allegedly dropped on the heads of the prisoners, and the pellets could not be recovered.

I don’t believe that Oskar Groening knew anything whatsoever about the gassing of the Jews at Auschwitz, or he might have explained all this.

July 17, 2015

Proof of the Holocaust: a judge takes “Judicial Notice”

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 8:28 am
This gas chamber at Dachau was found by the American liberators of the camp

This gas chamber at Dachau was found by the American soldiers who liberated the camp

I have finished reading a book entitled The Holocaust Case, Defeat of Denial by William John Cox.

The proof of the Holocaust is given on page 41 of the book in the chapter headlined “The Decision.”

For anyone not familiar with legal terms, any judge can take judicial notice of anything, meaning that a judge can declare that anything is true and that it doesn’t have to be proved — because it is true — in the judge’s opinion.

This quote is from page 41 of the book, cited above:

[The Judge said this]

Under Evidence Code Section 452(h) this Court does take judicial notice of the fact that Jews were gassed to death at Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland during the summer of 1944.

[The author of the book wrote this]

The judge not only took judicial notice that Jews were gassed to death in the Auschwitz concentration camp in the summer of 1944, but his ruling went further than I had ever hoped for and clearly laid to rest the most critical issue in the case.  The Holocaust was simply a fact!

[The Judge wrote this]

Now, that is not the entire issue in this lawsuit as I see it.  And in taking that judicial notice, I am not relying on offers of proof, really, by–or declaration by this plaintiff. It just is simply a fact that falls within the definition of Evidence Code Section 452(h).

It is not reasonably subject to dispute. And it is capable of immediate and accurate determination by resort to sources of reasonably indisputable accuracy. It is simply a fact. It does not determine this lawsuit necessarily. (Appendix C)

It is time for me to shut down my blog.  Nothing that I have to say will make any difference. The Holocaust is a fact, as declared by a judge, who knew absolutely nothing about it.

In other words, any person, who has done no study of the Holocaust whatsoever, knows that the Holocaust is a fact. And if that person is a judge, he or she can take judicial notice that the Holocaust is a fact.

My 2005 photo below shows the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp.  This gas chamber is a fact, as ruled by a judge, so don’t go denying it. [ Don’t worry about the hot ovens next door, this would not have caused an explosion.]

Krema1gaschamber

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