Scrapbookpages Blog

August 5, 2016

Heinrich Himmler,”the monster in the round spectacles”

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 10:14 am

The title of my blog post today comes from an article which you can read in full at

http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/diary-reveals-heinrich-himmler-enjoyed-back-rub-before-killings/news-story/d190b719131293ada01bd5d931ec12a7

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

Himmler had been the one responsible for the introduction of gas chambers, after ordering that more “efficient” ways be found to complete his assigned task of killing Europe’s 11 million Jews.

The scale and horror of the task, however, did not daunt [Himmler] the monster in the round spectacles.

Himmler, like Hitler, liked to rise late and work well into the evening or the early hours.

A typical day, according to his diaries, began with a two-hour massage from Dr Felix Kersten to prepare for his day.

Another daily feature, dutifully recorded in his diary, were [was] his phone calls home to “Mammi and Puppi” — his pet names for wife Margarete and daughter Gudrun.

End quote

I had a childhood friend, whose nickname was “Poopie” which is the way that the word Puppi is pronounced. Correct me if I am wrong, but I think that the word Puppi means “little doll” in German.

The German word Mammi is pronounced the same as the English word Mommie, as far as I know. However, I believe that the German word Mutti, pronounced Mooty, was used more often back then.

The following quote is also from the news article:

Begin quote

The diaries cover 1938 as well as the crucial war years of 1943 and 1944. Historians studying them say they are “of shudderingly outstanding historical significance”.

Again, the understated nature of the entries about hugely significant events is staggering. For example, entries for October 4, 1943, recorded a visit to Poznan, in occupied Poland, for a series of meetings, lunch and, “17.30: speech to SS officers”.

The speech, in fact, was Himmler’s most explicit public description of the Holocaust, in which he described the SS’s mission as “the extermination of the Jewish race”.

He congratulated himself and the rest of the SS for carrying out this “difficult duty” while still being “decent fellows”.

End quote

After the war, Heinrich Himmler tried to escape by putting on a Wehrmacht uniform and a patch over one eye, but he was captured by the British Army about two weeks after the Germans surrendered.

Himmler allegedly committed suicide by biting down on a cyanide capsule, that he had managed to keep hidden in his mouth while eating a sandwich during his interrogation by the British.

Himmler’s daughter did not believe that her father committed suicide. Himmler and his daughter, Gudrun, are shown in the photo below.

Heinrich Himmler and his daughter Puppi

Heinrich Himmler and his daughter Puppi

The story is that Himmler had a cyanide capsule hidden in a hole in one of his back teeth. However, his daughter said that Himmler had a perfect set of teeth with no cavities nor holes.

Photo of Himmler lying dead

Photo of Himmler lying dead

Heinrich Himmler and Reinhart Heydrich

Heinrich Himmler and Reinhart Heydrich in March 1938

 

 

August 4, 2016

What happened to the Gypsies during World War II?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 1:25 pm

The Gypsies [who never gypped anyone] are now being honored at Auschwitz.

The road to the gas chambers at Birkenau

My photo of the road to the gas chambers at Auschwitz-Birkenau

The Gypsies walked down a road, similar to the road that is shown in the photo above, on their way to the gas chambers.

You can read about the gassing of the Gypsies in this news article: http://www.thenews.pl/1/9/Artykul/264747,Roma-Holocaust-victims-remembered-at-Auschwitz-death-camp

Brzezinka, 02.08.2016. Obchody Miêdzynarodowego Dnia Pamiêci o Zag³adzie Romów odby³y siê, 2 bm. w by³ym niemieckim obozie zag³ady Auschwitz II-Birkenau. Wziêli w nich udzia³ ocaleni Romowie i Sinti, przedstawicieli w³adz i dyplomatów. 2 sierpnia przypada 72. rocznica likwidacji tzw. obozu rodzinnego dla Cyganów. Noc¹ Niemcy zg³adzili w komorze gazowej 2897 ¿yj¹cych jeszcze Romów. (cat) PAP/Stanis³aw Rozpêdzik

Brzezinka, 02.08.2016.
Obchody Miêdzynarodowego Dnia Pamiêci o Zag³adzie Romów odby³y siê, 2 bm. w by³ym niemieckim obozie zag³ady Auschwitz II-Birkenau. Wziêli w nich udzia³ ocaleni Romowie i Sinti, przedstawicieli w³adz i dyplomatów. 2 sierpnia przypada 72. rocznica likwidacji tzw. obozu rodzinnego dla Cyganów. Noc¹ Niemcy zg³adzili w komorze gazowej 2897 ¿yj¹cych jeszcze Romów. (cat)
PAP/Stanis³aw Rozpêdzik

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

On 2 August 1944, nearly 3,000 Roma men, women and children from the so-called ‘Gypsy camp’ (Zigeunerlager) were murdered by the Nazis in gas chambers in Auschwitz-Birkenau, which was run by the Germans in occupied Poland.

End quote

Why were those evil Nazis killing these innocent Gypsies, who had never gypped anyone? Why were the evil Nazis killing the innocent Jews, who had never jewed anyone down. Is there a verb for the Nazis? Did the Nazis ever nazi anyone?

I previously blogged about the Gypsies at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2015/08/06/persecuted-gypsies-get-no-respect/

I wrote about the Museum for the Gypsies at Sachsenhausen, on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Sachsenhausen/MemorialSite/GypsyMuseum.html

 

 

 

The Majdanek concentration camp had a diesel-powered gas chamber — who knew?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — furtherglory @ 8:38 am

Before you start thinking that I have lost my mind, read this quote from a news artitle which you can read in full at

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/diaries-holocaust-architect-heinrich-himmler-discovered-russia-180960005/?no-ist

Begin quote from the news article:

Another day’s entry [into Himmler’s diary], Martin Phillips at The Sun reports, casually mentions that Himmler flew to Poland, ate lunch in an airport hotel, then toured the SS Sonderkommando at the Majdanek concentration camp.

[You can read all about the Majdanek camp on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Poland/Majdanek/index.html ]

The Sonderkommando were units of prisoners forced to dispose of the bodies at concentration camps, as Phillips points out. Himmler was there to see a new diesel-powered gas chamber in action, but no new prisoners were scheduled to arrive that day. So he waited while guards rounded up 400 Jewish women and girls from the nearby Lublin ghetto for a demonstration. Later that night, Himmler attended a banquet held in his honor.

One page that James Rothwell at The Telegraph notes, records when Himmler was informed that some police officers in Poland were refusing to fight for their Nazi occupiers. The last entry for the day states “9-10 pm: Orders all ten officers be executed and their families sent to concentration camps before going to bed.” [Throw mama from the train a kiss.]

End quote

Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/diaries-holocaust-architect-heinrich-himmler-discovered-russia-180960005/#o330Kr7RTo4tXHlj.99

I happen to think that Himmler was one of the good guys. I have several pages about him on my website at

http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/HimmlerPhotographs01.html

and at

http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/HimmlerPhotographs.html

August 2, 2016

Jews still lying about Heinrich Himmler after all these years

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 4:32 pm
Heinrich Himmler out for a stroll in Bavaria

Heinrich Himmler out for a stroll in Bavaria

Himmler giving a speech to German soldiers

Himmler giving a speech to German soldiers

Himmler is the man in front, in the first photo above. The man behind him is dressed in a traditional Bavarian outfit. The second photo shows Himmler dressed in his uniform.

The following quote is from a news article which you can read in full at

http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/nazi-monster-heinrich-himmler-described-8548665

Begin quote:

Yesterday the [British newspaper called the Daily] Mirror told how notes belonging to the architect of the Nazi death camps had come to light in a military archive near Moscow.

[These papers came to light many years ago.]

Now it can be revealed an innocent entry on October 4, 1943, in occupied Poland – entitled “Group Leader meeting” – is Himmler outlining the Jewish extermination programme to underlings who carried out the Holocaust.

He told officers in no uncertain terms: “I am talking about the evacuation of the Jews, the extermination of the Jewish people.

“It is one of those things that is easily said. ‘The Jewish people is [are] being exterminated,’ every Party member will tell you, ‘perfectly clear, it’s part of our plans, we’re eliminating the Jews, exterminating them, a small matter.’

End quote

What was the German word that Hitler used, which was translated into the English word exterminate?

Here is the English translation of Himmler’s Posen speech, with the original words between brackets like this < >

Begin quote from Himmler’s Posen speech:

I am thinking now of the evacuation <Evakuierung> of the Jews, the extermination <Ausrottung> of the Jewish people. It is one of those things that’s easy to say: “The Jewish people will be exterminated” <wird ausgerottet>, says every Party comrade, “that’s quite clear, it’s in our program: elimination <Ausschaltung> of the Jews, extermination <Ausrottung>; that’s what we’re doing.” And then they all come along, these 80 million good Germans, and every one of them has his decent Jew.

Of course, it’s quite clear that the others are pigs, but this one is one first-class Jew. Of all those who speak this way, not one has looked on; not one has lived through it. Most of you know what it means when 100 bodies lie together, when 500 lie there, or if 1,000 lie there. To have gone through this, and at the same time, apart from exceptions caused by human weaknesses, to have remained decent, that has made us hard.

This is a chapter of glory in our history which has never been written, and which never shall be written; since we know how hard it would be for us if we still had the Jews, as secret saboteurs, agitators, and slander-mongers, among us now, in every city — during the bombing raids, with the suffering and deprivations of the war.

We would probably already be in the same situation as in 1916/17 if we still had the Jews in the body of the German people.

End quote

I lived in Germany for two years after World War II, and I heard the German people use the word “ausrotten” many times in a conversation.  It was “ausrotten” this and “ausrotten” that. I understood the word to mean “get rid of”. It was used in a sentence many times when the word obviously meant to “get rid of,” not to kill.

I did not take German when I was in college, but my husband did. He would try to speak, in German, to the German people, but they could not understand a word that he said.

In those years, nearly everyone in Germany spoke English, and they preferred to speak English because Americans did not pronounce German words correctly, according them.

Many years after I came back from Germany, I took a college class in German. I still remembered  a little bit of German from my time in Germany, but the teacher would not accept my German. She insisted that I speak like an American speaking German.

Two of the students in my German class made a trip to Germany shortly before the class ended. When they came back, they said that the German people could not understand a word that they said.  Told you so! In Germany, German is spoken differently.

 

Aug. 2 is the day that 2,900 Roma and Sinti prisoners were killed in gas chambers at Auschwitz

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — furtherglory @ 10:35 am

I was no more than 6 years old when I first learned about the Gypsies. [The correct term for these people is Roma and Sinti.] The word Gypsy comes from a term that was made up for them because, traditionally, the Gypsies don’t work — they gyp people.

The Gypsies were also accused of stealing children; that’s why my mother warned me to beware of Gypsies.

Years ago, when I went on a tour that was led by a Jewish tour guide, I was warned to wear my backpack in the front, so that Gypsy fingers would not find their way into my backpack.

The poor innocent Gypsies were Holocausted by the Nazis, for no reason at all, the same as the Jews.

The following quote is from my website:

At the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, a “Gypsy family camp” was set up in wooden barracks in Section BIIe in the camp in February 1943. According to the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Gypsy camp was in existence for only seventeen months and most of the Gypsies perished. The famous Dr. Mengele was in charge of the Gypsy camp; he was the one who allegedly sent the Gypsies to their death in the gas chambers.

The following quote is from the web site of the USHMM:

In a decree dated December 16, 1942, Himmler ordered the deportation of Gypsies and part-Gypsies to Auschwitz-Birkenau. At least 23,000 Gypsies were brought there, the first group arriving from Germany in February 1943. Most of the Gypsies at Auschwitz-Birkenau came from Germany or territories annexed to the Reich including Bohemia and Moravia. Police also deported small numbers of Gypsies from Poland, Hungary, Yugoslavia, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Norway.

[The two states of Bohemia and Moravia, which are now in the Czech Republic, were part of a German Protectorate from 1938 to 1945; they were not annexed into the Greater German Reich.]

The following quote about the gassing of the Gypsies is from the web site of the USHMM:

They (the Gypsies) were killed by gassing or died from starvation, exhaustion from hard labor, and disease (including typhus, smallpox, and the rare, leprosy-like condition called Noma.) Others, including many children, died as the result of cruel medical experiments performed by Dr. Josef Mengele and other SS physicians. The Gypsy camp was liquidated on the night of August 2-3, 1944, when 2,897 Sinti and Roma men, women, and children were killed in the gas chamber. Some 1,400 surviving men and women were transferred to Buchenwald and Ravensbrück concentration camps for forced labor.

According to a guidebook sold by the Auschwitz Museum, there were 20,943 Roma (Gypsies) who were gassed in the Krema V gas chamber; their bodies were burned in the pits adjacent to Krema V.

Rudolf Hoess wrote in his autobiography, entitled “Death Dealer,” that many of the Gypsy children suffered from an illness called “Noma,” which reminded him of leprosy.

The photo below, taken after the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau, shows Gypsy children who had Noma.

Gypsy children suffering from an illness called Noma

According to Rudolf Hoess, Heinrich Himmler inspected the Gypsy camp on his visit in July 1942.

Hoess wrote in his autobiography entitled “Death Dealer”:

Himmler inspected everything thoroughly. He saw the over-crowded barracks, the inadequate hygienic conditions, the overflowing infirmaries and the sick in the isolation ward. […] Himmler saw everything in detail, as it really was. Then he ordered me to gas them. Those who were still able to work were to be selected, just as with the Jews.

In his date book, Heinrich Himmler noted that, on his visit to Auschwitz in July 1942, he inspected the main camp, the farm at Auschwitz and the Monowitz factories, where photographs were taken of him. He did not mention that he visited Birkenau.

Danuta Czech wrote in her book entitled “Kalendarium” that 1408 Gypsies who were able to work were transferred to the main Auschwitz camp and housed in Blocks 10 and 11 on May 23, 1944. They were later sent to the Buchenwald concentration camp, where there is a memorial sculpture in commemoration of the Roma.

The selection of the Gypsies for the gas chamber took two years, according to Commandant Rudolf Hoess. Regarding the liquidation of the Gypsy Family Camp on August 2, 1944, Hoess wrote the following:

By August 1944 there were only about four thousand Gypsies left and these had to go into the gas chambers. Until that time they did not know what fate was in store for them. Only as they were marched barrack after barrack to Crematory I did they figure out what was going on.

When Hoess wrote that the Gypsies were marched to Crematory 1, he was undoubtedly referring to Krema II, which was a short distance from the Gypsy camp. Crematory 1, or Krema I in German, was in the main Auschwitz camp, three kilometers from Birkenau. By August 1944, Krema I was no longer in operation as a gas chamber.

Both the USHMM and the Auschwitz Museum say that the number of Gypsies gassed on August 2, 1942 was 2,897, not “four thousand” as Hoess stated. However, according to this article, the number of 4,000 given by Hoess might actually be closer to the correct number of Gypsies who were gassed.

Regarding the gassing of the Gypsies, Dr. Miklos Nyiszli wrote the following:

Annihilation time had come for the 4,500 inhabitants of the Gypsy Camp. The measures taken were the same as those taken for the liquidation of the Czech Camp. All the barracks were quarantined. SS guards, leading their police dogs, invaded the Gypsy quarters and chased the inhabitants outside, where they were made to line up. Rations of bread and salami were distributed. The gypsies were made to believe that they were being shipped to another camp, and they swallowed the story. A very easy and efficacious way of calming their fears. No one thought of the crematoriums, for then why would rations of food have been distributed?

This strategy on the part of the SS was dictated neither by pity nor a regard for those condemned to death, but merely by their desire to expedite a large group of people, without any unnecessary incidents or delays, to the gas chambers, guarded by a relatively small patrol. The strategy worked to perfection. Everything went off as planned. Throughout the night the chimneys of number one and two crematoriums sent flames roaring skyward, so that the entire camp was lighted with a sinister glow.

If Dr. Nyiszli’s story is correct, the method of calming the fears of the Gypsies amounted to a tremendous waste of bread and salami. Or was the “salami” actually what Americans call Thuringer, a type of smoked, semi-dry German sausage similar to our summer sausage? It is doubtful that the Nazis imported salami for the Auschwitz prisoners.

Note that Dr. Nyiszli, who worked in the “crematoriums” performing autopsies for Dr. Josef Mengele, referred to “number one and two crematoriums” but he obviously meant Krema II and Krema III at Birkenau, not Krema I, which was at the main camp.

A group of Gypsies waiting to be gassed at Belzec death camp

The photo above shows a group of Gypsies at the Belzec death camp in Poland. Belzec was one of the three Operation Reinhard camps; it was the first camp to begin the gassing of Jews and Gypsies in March 1942.

The total number of Gypsies allegedly killed in the Holocaust is unknown. Numbers vary, from 220,00 estimated by the USHMM, to an estimated 500,000.

August 1, 2016

the Jews say that the Catholic church at Birkenau must be moved

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 6:11 pm
Building at Auschwitz-Birkenau that was once used by the Nazis

Building at Auschwitz-Birkenau that was once used by the Nazis is now a church

Another view of the Catholic church at Birkenau

Another view of the Catholic church at Auschwitz-Birkenau

The two photos above show the SS headquarters building that was built in 1944 at Birkenau. This building has been converted into a Catholic church and a  Catholic school. It is located about a quarter of a mile north of the red brick gate house of the Birkenau camp, which is on this same road, but on the opposite side of the road.

The road that goes past this church is used by the residents of the village of Birkenau.

In the first photo above, the road in the foreground is inside the former Birkenau camp. A barrier gate prevents cars from driving into the camp, but many people drive around the barrier and enter the former camp, which is now a memorial site. I once took a cab to the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp and the cab driver, who was Jewish, took me to this gate, which is a long way from the main part of the camp, which I wanted to see. When I told him that I didn’t know my way to the main gate into the camp, he offered to sell me a guidebook which had a map of the camp. I bought the guidebook; later I found out that this book was free. He took advantage of me and made some money off my stupidity — and the Jews wonder why they were Holocausted.

The road in the foreground of the photo, leads to the gas chambers in Krema IV and Krema V. These gas chambers were put into operation in the summer of 1943. Before that, the Nazis brought the Jews from the Judenrampe, where they had gotten off the trains, down this road to the “little red house” where the gassing of the Jews first took place. The little red house was torn down long ago, and the exact location of the little red house is in dispute.

The following quote is from a news article, which you can read in full at http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.734696

Begin quote

It’s up to people of moral conscience to raise a voice for the sake of Holocaust memory and declare loud and clear: A church has no place at Auschwitz II.

[…]

At Birkenau, there is a large church in what once was the Nazi commandant headquarters. The church is in direct violation of a 1987 agreement signed by four European cardinals and European Jewish leaders that declares “there will be no permanent Catholic place of worship on the site of the Auschwitz and Birkenau camps.” Pope Francis must recognize this affront and ask that the church be moved.

This is not the first time that a Catholic place of worship was established at Auschwitz. In 1984, Carmelite nuns took over a building at Auschwitz I that once stored the Zyklon B gas used by the Nazis to murder Jews. With the full support of Polish Cardinal Franciszek Marcharski, local authorities granted the nuns a 99-year lease to convert the building into a convent, where the nuns sought to pray for the souls of the murdered. It was around this time that the local Catholic community established the church at Birkenau, called the Parish Church of Brzezinka.
read more: http://www.haaretz.com/jewish/jewish-world-opinions/1.734050

End quote

The Polish Catholics who attend this church are poor farmers who live in the area where the former camp is located. Where will they go now? When I visited Auschwitz-Birkenau for the first time, in 1998, these farmers were still using wagons, pulled by horses. Maybe they have cars now and they can drive to another town to attend Mass.

 

 

July 31, 2016

A survivor of Majdanek tells about the 18,000 Jews who were killed in one hour there

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — furtherglory @ 4:32 pm

Just behind the Mausoleum pictured in the photo below, and a little to the right, is a small stone which commemorates the deaths of around 18,000 Jews who died on that spot on November 3, 1943, an event that was code-named by the Nazis with the cynical word “Erntefest” which means Harvest Festival in English.

The camp inmates called this day “bloody Wednesday.” This was the largest mass execution carried out at any of the concentration camps in the history of the Holocaust. The victims were the last remnants of the Jewish population in the Lublin district.

Can you imagine 18,000 Jews being executed in just one hour?  Why would the Nazis do something like this? These innocent Jews had never done anyone any harm — or had they?

The ashes of the 18,000 Jews who were killed in one hour are under this dome

The ashes of the 18,000 Jews, who were killed in one hour, are under this dome. Photo credit: Simon Robertson

The video below shows the trip taken by Holocaust survivor Cipora Hurwitz to the Majdanek camp where she was a prisoner.

The video above depicts the trip to Poland and the Majdanek death camp that Cipora Hurwitz helped to lead.

The trip became the basis of a new book authored by Cipora. The book is entitled Forbidden Strawberries.

http://www.multieducator.net/Books/Fo….

In the video, Cipora is shown as she takes a group of high school students from Israel and the US on a visit to the Majdanek death camp in Poland.

In his best-selling book Hitler’s Willing Executioners, Daniel Goldhagen wrote that the number of Jews executed at Majdanek that day was 16,500 and that there were an additional 14,000 Jews executed at Poniatowa.

Jews marching to their death on Bloody Wednesday

Jews marching to their death on Bloody Wednesday

But why were these innocent Jews killed by those bad Nazis? Was there any justification for this? Does the term “illegal combatant” mean anything to you?

According to a book entitled The forgotten Holocaust: the Poles under German Occupation, written by Richard Lucas, these Polish resistance fighters were responsible for 6,930 damaged train engines, 732 derailed trains, 979 destroyed train cars, 38 bridges blown up, 68 aircraft destroyed, 15 factories burned down, 4,623 military vehicles destroyed, 25,125 acts of sabotage and 5,733 attacks on German troops.

In preparation for the mass execution at Majdanek, ditches were dug for the bodies behind the spot where the Mausoleum now stands, 50 meters away from the crematorium building. It took 300 prisoners, working two shifts day and night to dig three big ditches over 2 meters deep and 100 meters long, running in a zigzag line. These open ditches are still visible, although they look like they have been filled in somewhat.

Around 100 SS men were brought in from Auschwitz and other locations to do the shooting, according to the Majdanek guidebook. Very early on the morning of November 3, after roll call, all the Jews in Fields III and IV were ordered to form a column and march to the ditches.

The gravely ill Jews from the three typhus barracks in Field III were dragged out of their bunks and dumped onto trucks for transportation to the ditches. Loudspeakers mounted on trucks had been placed near the ditches, and by the camp gate near the street, to drown out the noise of the machine guns.

Simultaneously, a column of over 10,000 Jews were marched toward the gate of Field IV. The first prisoners reached the gate before the end of the column had left the city of Lublin. These victims were from the sub-camps of Majdanek and the work gangs employed outside the camp.

The Jewish political prisoners from the Gestapo prison in the Castle in Lublin were also marched to the camp. Around noon, the SS soldiers ordered the Jewish women out of their barracks in Field I, and again the sick were loaded onto trucks, while those able to walk were marched to the ditches.

The shooting started at around 6 or 7 o’clock in the morning, and lasted without a break until 5 p.m., with 100 victims at a time ordered to strip in a nearby barrack and then lie down in the ditches in groups of 10, where they were then machine-gunned to death.

Each new group had to lie down on top of the dead bodies from the previous group. The men were shot separately from the women.

The barbed wire fence was cut between Field V and the ditches, so that a column of armed policemen could form a passage, along which the victims were funneled into the ditches.

This operation was, by no means, done in secret. The shooting was done at the top of the low hill where the Mausoleum now stands and in full view of nearby residents who lived behind the area.

The loud dance music which went on for almost 12 hours that day ensured that the local residents knew that something unusual was going on, even if they couldn’t see it.

On the same day, there were other mass executions of Jews at the labor camps near the villages of Poniatowa and Trawniki.

According to a book entitled Poland, the Rough Guide, the liquidation of the Lublin Jews continued on November 4th and 5th. A total of 43,000 inhabitants of the Lublin ghetto were machine-gunned to death at Majdanek. The same book says that after the city was liberated by the Soviet Union, “Jewish partisan groups began using Lublin as their operational base.”

The bodies of the victims of the massacre at Majdanek were burned, near the ditches, on pyres formed from old truck chassis, and the ashes were thrown onto the compost pile behind the clothing warehouse barracks, which now hold the tourist exhibits. It is these ashes of the massacre victims which have now been given a place of honor in the Mausoleum.

 

the Manor house at Chelmno

Filed under: Germany, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:10 am

One of the readers of my blog mentioned the Manor house at Chelmno in a comment.

The Chelmno Schlosslager had neither prisoner barracks nor factories; its sole purpose was to murder Jews and Roma who were not capable of working at forced labor for the Nazis. In 1939, there were around 385,000 Jews living in the Warthegau; those who could work were sent to the Lodz ghetto where they labored in textile factories which made uniforms for the German army.

On January 16, 1942, deportations from the Lodz ghetto began; records from the ghetto show that 54,990 people were deported before the final liquidation of the ghetto in August 1944. The Jewish leader of the Lodz ghetto, Chaim Rumkowski, compiled the lists of people to be deported, although he had no knowledge that they were being sent to their deaths at Chelmno.

The gassing of the Jews at Chelmno was carried out in two separate phases. In the first phase, between December 7, 1941 and April 1943, Jews from the surrounding area and the Lodz ghetto were brought to Chelmno and killed on the day after their arrival. Although the Nazis destroyed all records of the Chelmno camp, it is alleged that around 15,000 Jews and 5,000 Roma, who were deported from Germany, Austria, Belgium, France, Czechoslovakia and Luxembourg, were brought to Chelmno to be killed in this remote spot.

Chelmno was allegedly a Nazi extermination camp. It was located in the small Polish village of Chelmno nad Neren (Chelmno on the river Ner), 60 kilometers northwest of Lodz, a major city in what is now western Poland.

Foundation of the Manor house

Foundation of the Manor house at the Chelmno transit camp [Photo credit: Alan Collins]

Location of Manor house at Chelmno

Location of the Manor house at Chelmno transit camp [photo credit: Alan Collins]

The site of another building at Chelmno Photo Credit: Alan Collins

The site of another building at Chelmno [photo Credit: Alan Collins]

Alan Collins, the photographer who visited the site of the camp, and took these photos, wrote the following with regard to the fate of the Jews at Chelmno:

Begin quote:

The [Jewish] victims were driven to the Castle Site during phase 1 which stared in December 1941, though the building is sometimes described as a Manor House. They were made to undress after being told they were going to be resettled in the east but required a shower before they left.

They were forced through the ground floor of the building and via a ramp into a specially constructed lorry which was waiting at the end of the building. The exhaust of the lorry could be directed into the rear of the vehicle.

The lorry was driven to the Forest Site in the Rzuchowski Forest, about 4km away and the victims disposed of. To add to the horror the Manor House was blown up by the SS on the 7th April 1943 with a group of victims inside the building. These people had arrived unexpectedly late and it was feared by the Germans that they had typhus so they were ordered to go to the first floor of the building which was blown up with them inside.

End quote from Alan Collins.

The victims of the Nazis at Chelmno also included Polish citizens and Soviet Prisoners of War. The POWs were taken directly to the Rzuchowski forest where they were shot.

The Yad Vashem Museum in Jerusalem has a list of 12 names of children from Lidice who were sent to Chelmno, although other sources claim that the number of orphans from Lidice was far higher. These were children whose parents had been killed when the Czech village of Lidice was completely destroyed in a reprisal action after the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich.

The Chelmno camp, which was opened by the Germans some time in October or November 1941, was in the Warthegau, a district in the part of Poland that had been annexed into the Greater German Reich after the joint conquest of Poland by Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939.

Chelmno was called Kulmhof by the Germans and Lodz was known by the German name Litzmannstadt.

The Warthegau had been a part of the German state of Prussia between 1795 and 1871. After the German states united in 1871, the Warthegau was in Germany until after World War I, when it was given back to the Poles.

The Jews were brought on trains to the village of Kolo, 14 kilometers from Chelmno. Kolo was the closest stop on the main railroad line from Lodz to Poznan. At Kolo, the victims were transferred to another train which took them on a narrow gauge railroad line 6 kilometers to the village of Powiercie.

From Powiercie, the victims had to walk 1.5 kilometers through a forest to the village of Zawadka where they spent their last night locked inside a mill. They were then transported, by trucks, the next day to Chelmno.

You can see more photos, taken by Alan Collins, on this page of my website: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Poland/Chelmno/Tour01A.html

 

July 30, 2016

an oldie but goody – how to tell if you are having a stroke

Filed under: Health — Tags: — furtherglory @ 11:46 am

A blog post that I wrote 5 years ago is now getting a lot of hits, and I don’t know why.

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2011/05/07/how-to-tell-if-you-are-having-a-stroke/

One of the regular readers of my blog has been MIA for several weeks now. I suspect that he may have had a stroke, or maybe his doctors have warned him not to participate in blog discussions that might upset him to the point of causing him to have a stroke.

I had a mild stroke several years ago, but I have recovered completely.

How did the Holocaust gas chambers really work?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 9:18 am

One of the readers of my blog asked this in a comment: “Lets just say for now that the Holocaust actually happened? How would you describe it?”

I assume that the real question is “How did the gas chambers work?”

I have been blogging for over six years now; in the year 2001, I wrote an explanation of how the gas chambers worked, according to two eye-witnesses who wrote books about it.

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2011/10/15/eye-witness-description-of-the-procedure-used-in-the-auschwitz-birkenau-gas-chambers/

My photo of the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp

My 2005 photo of the gas chamber in Auschwitz

The Krema I gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp, shown in the photo above, is a reconstruction which was done by the Soviet Union in 1947.

The original gas chamber had been converted by the Germans into an air raid shelter in September 1944. A new entrance door, which can be seen in the background of the photo above, had been added.

In September 1944, the original gas chamber in the Auschwitz main camp had been divided into four small rooms. In the photo above, you can see the reconstructed opening into the oven room on the left hand side. This opening had been closed up when the gas chamber was converted into an air raid shelter. During the reconstruction, the opening into the oven room was moved a few feet.

My photo above was taken with flash; the room is actually very dimly lit and looks much darker.

This YouTube video shows what tourists see today, when they take a tour of the main Auschwitz camp:

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