Scrapbookpages Blog

September 5, 2016

93 year old Holocaust survivor to receive honorary doctorate

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 8:55 am

The following quote is from a news article which you can read in full at http://www.yorkshireeveningpost.co.uk/our-city/north-leeds/chapel-allerton/special-award-for-leeds-auschwitz-survivor-1-8105684

Begin quote

A Leeds pensioner who survived the horrors of the Holocaust and settled in England is to receive an honorary doctorate. Iby Knill, 93. of Chapel Allerton, grew up in Czechoslovakia and escaped to Hungary in 1942 as Nazi persecution of Jews accelerated.

93-year-old Iby Krill

93-year-old Holocaust survivor Iby Krill

As a young woman, she spent time in hiding and helping the local Resistance movement before she was eventually captured and taken to the notorious Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.

Mrs Knill will be given an honorary degree by the University of Huddersfield, where she spoke last year as part of the Holocaust Memorial lecture event. She spent much of her internment working as a slave labourer in an armaments factory, and was liberated by American troops while part of a forced march to Bergen-Belsen when the Nazi retreat began. She later discovered her father had died in the gas chambers, and was reunited with her mother and brother in their home city of Bratislava.

End quote

This is not the first time that Iby Krill has been in the national news. I was reading about her many years ago, and I included her story on my scrapbookpages.com website.

The following quote is from my website:

Begin quote

Iby’s story begins when she was a young girl growing up in her native Czechoslovakia. When the Germans invaded Czechoslovakia in 1938, she escaped over the border into Hungary but was arrested as an illegal immigrant.

“There were five of us, all girls and we made a pact to stay together as we walked through those gates and were greeted by the man we later learned was Dr Josef Mengele,” she says of her arrival at Birkenau. “From that day on it became a test of survival.” Miraculously, she adds, all five of them lived to witness the liberation from the Nazis in 1945.

By 2010, Iby had started writing her story and was seeking a publisher for her manuscript, which is chillingly brutal in its frankness, according to Virginia Mason’s news article.

According to Iby Knill, “The shower unit and the gas chamber looked the same. They had been built that way, so we never knew if we were to be gassed or just showered.”

In her lectures on the Holocaust, Iby describes the infamous Dr Mengele, whose experiments in the name of medical science earned him the nick name, Angel of Death. “We lined up and he would walk in front of us, picking out the weakest. Their fate was the gas chambers.”

She talks of the cramped, inhuman conditions at Birkenau, the incredible hunger and thirst, and worst of all, the scraps of gray, latherless soap made from human ashes, and the constant fear of extermination in the gas chamber.

According to her story, Iby was able to leave the Birkenau death camp only by volunteering to go to the Lippstadt labour camp, a sub-camp of the Buchenwald concentration camp, where she worked in the hospital unit. On Easter Sunday, 1945, while on a death march to the main Buchenwald camp, she was freed by Allied Forces.

End quote from my website

The following quote is also from the news article, cited above:

Begin quote

A fluent German speaker from childhood, she later used her language skills to act as an interpreter for British forces in post-war Germany. She met her husband, British army officer Bert Knill, and in 1947 she came to England as a married woman.

Mrs Knill, who is now a widow and has a Masters degree in theology, did not speak publicly about her past until 2003, and since then has told her story in books and during television appearances. She will take part in an awards ceremony at the university in November, where she will be joined by experts from the fields of engineering, medicine and finance.

End quote

Why do so many Holocaust survivors live to an advanced age. My theory is that a meager diet contributes to living a long life. I am 83 and still going strong. When I was young, my family was very poor; we ate very little meat. Just like the concentration camp inmates, I had a meager diet of vegetables.

September 4, 2016

A new novel about Dr. Mengele is full of lies

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , , , — furtherglory @ 12:39 pm

You can read a new book of fiction about Dr. Mengele, the famous doctor at the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp during World War II:  http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/books/2016/09/03/mischling-affinity-konar-book-review/89535020/

Cover of new fictional book

Cover of new fictional book

The following quote is from the news article, cited above:

Begin quote

Stasha and Pearl are 12 when they are forced into a rail car bound for Auschwitz with their mother and their beloved Zayde. “Mischling” is German for half-breed, an ugly term that prepares the reader for the horrors the twins will endure.

This is not an easy novel to read, but Affinity Konar’s evocative storytelling, fierce characters and haunting prose make Mischling (Lee Boudreaux Books/Little, Brown,  338 pp., *** ½ out of four stars) equally hard to put down.

Stasha and Pearl are based on real-life Auschwitz survivors Eva and Miriam Mozes, who were among 3,000 twins who became guinea pigs for the demented genetic experiments of infamous Nazi Dr. Josef Mengele. Pearl and Stasha are captivating heroines. Pearl is a dancer, the more social of the twins. The introspective Stasha finds her swagger at Auschwitz. When Pearl disappears at a twisted concert performance, Stasha plots vengeance on [Dr.] Mengele.

End quote

Dr. Mengele is normally not given the honor of having the title of  Dr. in his name because he was a Nazi who allegedly tortured little children.

You can read about the children, who were prisoners at Auschwitz-Birkenau on this page of my website:

http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/History/Articles/Liberation2.html

Miriam Moses is the overweight child on the far right

Miriam Moses is the overweight child on the far right

Eva Moses Kor is the child on the far right

Eva Moses Kor is the child on the far right in photo taken at Auschwitz-Birkenau

The following quote is also from the news article:

Begin quote

[Dr.] Mengele enlisted prisoners who were doctors in his horrific experiments, and the beautiful Dr. Miri is one of the book’s many haunting [fictional] characters. Dr. Miri was forced to kill Jewish infants and remove her own sisters’ wombs so they could not reproduce.

End quote

Dr. Mengele was a very handsome and charming man. I personally think that he was gay, but what do I know!

His wife left him after several years of marriage, which was very unusual back then, in Germany, especially since he was noted for being a nice person.

 

September 3, 2016

The T4 program is back in the news

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 3:31 pm
My photo of Hartheim Castle

My photo of the Hartheim Castle where the T4 program took place

You can read about the T4 program in this recent news article:

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/education/story/t4-program-holocoaust-nazi-germany/1/753935.html

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

On September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany leader, Adolf Hitler signed an order approving the T4 Program or popularly known as the T4 Euthanasia Program. This program was structured to kill anyone in Germany who were [was] mentally disabled, emotionally distressed or elderly people or in other words, people who could not contribute to the fighting or working force of the country.

The photo below is concluded in the article.

A poster comparing living-costs of a "healthy family" with a person suffering from an incurable disease

A poster comparing living-costs of a “healthy family” with a person suffering from an incurable disease

The news article continues with this quote:

Begin quote

The program was signed on the same day when Germany declared war on Poland. Hence, calling it a war-time measure. Within Germany, posters were being circulated explaining the need to kill the incurable. The new directives allowed physicians to grant “mercy killing” to the people were suffering from incurable diseases. Though the Nazi officials were calling it euthanasia, they were targeting people not only with genetic defects or incurable diseases but also people who were not contributing to the economic growth of the country.

End quote

Several years ago, I visited Hartheim Castle, where the “mercy killing” took place. I wrote about it on my website at

http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Hartheim/gaschamber01a.html

You can see photos of the gas chamber at Hartheim Castle on my web page cited above.

I previously blogged about Hartheim Castle at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2011/05/31/the-crematorium-at-hartheim-castle/

You can see photos of the “technical room” in the gas chamber at Hartheim on this page of my website: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Hartheim/gaschamber07a.html

You can read more about Hartheim Castcle and the alleged gas chamber there on this section of my website: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Hartheim/index.html

The news article continues with this quote:

How did the T4 program lead to the Holocaust?

The T4 Program, named after the Chancellery offices that directed it from the Berlin address Tiergartenstrasse-4, set a strong precedence for the Holocaust. The mass deportation of people to killing centers was a viable blueprint for the establishment of gas chambers such as Auschwitz. The notion that incurable people were economically “burdensome” was being applied on Jews as well, making them equally vulnerable to the order.

How many people were killed under the T4 Program?

Officially, the T4 Program was put to rest in 1941 with at least 70,000 deaths in two years under its credit, but a lot of evidence indicated that the killings were just kept away from public eyes. The unofficial count by the end of the World War 2 in 1945 was estimated at around 2,00,000 deaths. A lot of instances showed that the T4 Program and Holocaust were taking place simultaneously.

End quote

After visiting Hartheim Castle for two days, I came to the conclusion that no one was gassed there. Deformed and mentally ill people were put to death at Hartheim, by injections, not in a gas chamber. These unfortunate people were unable to walk into a gas chamber.

You can see more of my photos of the interior of Hartheim castle on this page of my website: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Hartheim/gaschamber02.html

 

 

 

Jewish Avengers back in the news

Filed under: Germany, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 11:10 am

This recent news story is about the “Jewish Avengers” who tried to poison Nazis during World War II: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/31/jewish-holocaust-survivor-kill-nazis-poison-arsenic-nuremburg

Joseph xxx a survivor of the Avengers

Joseph Harmatz, one of the Avengers, is still alive today

The following quote is from the news article, cited above:

Begin quote

Seventy years after the most daring attempt of Jewish Holocaust survivors to seek revenge, the leader of the plot has only one simple regret – that to his knowledge he didn’t actually kill any Nazis.

Joseph Harmatz is one of the few remaining Jewish “Avengers” who carried out a mass poisoning of former SS men in an American-run prisoner-of-war camp in 1946 that sickened more than 2,200 Germans but ultimately caused no known deaths. A recently declassified US military report obtained by the Associated Press has only added to the mystery of why the brazen operation did not kill Nazis, because it shows the amount of arsenic used should have been fatal to tens of thousands.

Still, the 91-year-old Harmatz says the message echoed into a rallying cry for the new state of Israel, established in 1948 – that the days when attacks on Jews went unanswered were over.

“We didn’t want to come back [to Palestine] without having done something, and that is why we were keen,” Harmatz said in a hoarse, whispery voice from his apartment in north Tel Aviv. He lost most of his family in the Holocaust.

Despite a visceral desire for vengeance after the second world war, most Holocaust survivors were too weary or devastated to seriously consider it. But a group of some 50, most[ly] young men and women who had already fought in the resistance could not let the crimes go unpunished. While there were some isolated acts of Jews harming individual Nazis after the war, the group, codenamed Nakam, Hebrew for vengeance, sought a more comprehensive form of punishment.

End quote

One of my very first blog posts was about the Jewish Avengers:

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2010/11/24/anton-schmidt-two-minutes-of-silence-in-his-honor-at-eichmanns-trial/

 

 

September 2, 2016

The phrase you should never say: “Poland’s former concentration camps”

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: — furtherglory @ 9:41 am

The correct way to write about the former concentration camps in Poland is this: “former NAZI concentration camps in Poland”.

The quote, in the title of my blog post today, is from a news article which you can read in full at http://www.theintelligencer.net/news/community/2016/09/teachers-reflect-on-trip-to-poland/

Begin quote

“Following an impactful trip through Poland’s former concentration camps, local educators are reflecting on their experience for inclusion in a documentary.”

End quote

This news article insinuates that the former camps for Jews, located in Poland, were camps run by the Polish government, not by the German government. The Polish people hate when that happens.

Please get it right! The bad guys were the German people, not the Polish people.

You can read all about the gas chambers at Majdanek on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Poland/Majdanek/Majdanek02.html

The word impactful will not go through a spell checker, which indicates that this is not a word in the English language.

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

Tracey Filben said the experience was rewarding but emotionally draining. She added the trip included visits to Auschwitz, Majdanek and Treblinka concentration camps, along with the Warsaw ghetto, Oskar Schindler’s factory in Krakow and several Jewish memorials.

“Majdanek was a concentration camp that was invaded by the Russians and it is still standing because the Germans couldn’t destroy it to hide the evidence, so we walked through the gas chambers and could see the scratches from people’s fingernails in the wall,” she said. “It’s just impossible to put your head in that space of the sheer volume of the number for killings that went on.”

End quote

I highly disapprove of these student trips, on which today’s young people are taught to hate the German people.

gaschamberwindow.jpg

My photo above shows a window in one of the gas chambers at Majdanek.

At least, the Germans were nice enough to put a window in one of the gas chambers at Majdanek, so that the Jews did not have to die in a room with no light.

You might think that a glass window should not have been put into a gas chamber because the Jews could have broken the window and climbed out.  Actually, this window was very high on the wall, and the Jews were mostly short people.

 

September 1, 2016

Holocaust survivor of 9 concentration camps dead at 91

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 9:55 am
Abraham Pik at the age of

Abraham Pik at the age of 15 before he was sent to a concentration camp by the Nazis

Abraham Pik poses inside a concentration camp

Abraham Pik poses inside a concentration camp building after he was liberated

In the photo immediately above, note that Abraham Pik was chosen to be front and center, in the photo, because he is the only skinny prisoner among the survivors.

You can read about Abraham Pick [Pik] who survived 9 Nazi concentration camps during World War II, on this website:

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3766822/Holocaust-survivor-confined-NINE-different-concentration-camps-teenager-moving-successful-businessman-dies-aged-91.html

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

Holocaust survivor, public speaker and businessman Abraham Peck [Pik] has died after suffering kidney failure at the age of 91.

Peck resided in Fair Lawn for much of his life after moving to US in 1949, just four years after being liberated from a Nazi concentration camp by American armed forces.

He said that he saw it as his duty to tell the world of the horrors he endured in nine separate concentration and forced labor camps from ages of 15 to 20 during the Second World War.

End quote

Unfortunately, Peck’s story tends to disprove the Holocaust.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3766822/Holocaust-survivor-confined-NINE-different-concentration-camps-teenager-moving-successful-businessman-dies-aged-91.html#ixzz4J1NfBj00
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook
The following quote is also from the news article:
Begin quote

Peck’s heart-rending story of being sent to a number of punishing concentration and labor camps during his youth received a wider audience in 2016 after the publication of his biography Abe vs Adolf: The True Story of Holocaust Survivor Abe Peck, written by Maya Ross.

End quote

This photo of the Auschwitz-Birkenau is included in the news story

This recent photo of the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp is included in the news story

 

There is no indication, in the news article, that Abe was ever in the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, but the photo above is included in the article.

 

 

August 31, 2016

“each of the 6 million victims was an ordinary person like Hanna”

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 8:57 am
Hanna's suitcase

Hanna’s suitcase

The story of a little Jewish girl named Hanna, and her famous suitcase, is back in the news. A photo of her suitcase is shown above. WaisenKind means orphan.

http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201608300006.html

Although Hanna was an “orphan,” she allegedly had a brother.The brother of little Hanna survived the Holocaust, perhaps because he was not burdened by a suitcase that he had to carry when he was sent to the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp, or maybe because he was old enough to work.

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

When Fumiko Ishioka holds lectures for schoolchildren [in Japan] about the inhumanity of the Holocaust, she gets through to the kids by showing them an unassuming little brown suitcase.

“Hana’s Suitcase” belonged to Hana [Hanna] Brady, a 13-year-old Jewish girl from Czechoslovakia who perished in the Nazi-run gas chambers at the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland in the closing months of World War II.

[Why was little Hanna allowed to live in a death camp until the “closing months of World War II?” Children under the age of 15 were allegedly killed immediately.]

Hanna’s story has been published in 40 countries, while drama and film adaptations of her tragic life have also been created.

Ishioka has spoken about the Holocaust to more than 200,000 children in Japan and 10 foreign countries over the past 13 years.

In July, the 45-year-old hosted her 1,000th “Hana’s Suitcase” class at a senior high school in Tokyo.

End quote

Excuse me! I think that this young Japanese girl should be telling stories about how the “Japs” tortured and killed prisoners of war, not about the Jews. I was a young child during World War II and all we ever heard about was the atrocities committed by the Japanese. We knew nothing about young Jewish girls who carried suitcases into a prison camp during wartime.

American soldiers, who were ethnic German, were sent to the Pacific rim during World War II, not to Germany. I had an uncle, who was sent to the Pacific; he returned home with stories of the atrocities committed by the Japs.

The following quote is also from the news article:

Begin quote

Ishioka later learned that Hana’s older brother survived a concentration camp and was living in Canada. The two met and Hana’s brother told Ishioka the story of his little sister.

Ishioka says that children strongly feel the tragedy of the Holocaust when they see the suitcase during her lectures.

She repeatedly urges the kids to “imagine,” so they can understand that each of the 6 million victims was an ordinary person like Hana [Hanna].

End quote

You can see a large photo of the famous suitcase at the top of the news article. For some reason, I was unable to copy the photo.

 

August 29, 2016

How the ruins of Auschwitz-Birkenau have changed over the years

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 3:55 pm
Recent photo of the ruins of a gas chamber

Recent photo of the ruins of the Krema II gas chamber at the Auschwitz-Birkenau memorial site

In the photo above, note the height of the trees in the background. The old photo below shows virtually no trees.

A photo of the same ruins, taken in 1945

Photo of the ruins of Krema II at Auschwitz-Birkenau, taken in 1945

My photo of the ruins taken in 1998

My 2005 photo of the same ruins

Krema II at Auschwitz-Birkenau, shown in the photos above, was the site of the largest mass murder in the history of mankind, according to Robert Jan Van Pelt, a noted Holocaust historian.

It was here that over 500,000 Jews were  gassed to death with Zyklon-B, an insecticide that was also used to disinfect clothing in the camp, according to Mr. Van Pelt.

The old black and white photo was taken shortly after Auschwitz was liberated by the Soviet Union on January 27, 1945.

The photo at the top of the page shows the same view of the ruins of Krema II, taken recently. The trees in the background are at the west end of the Auschwitz II camp, aka Birkenau.

These photos show the on-going effort to preserve the ruins of Krema II. Robert Jan Van Pelt calls Krema II the “Holy of Holies.” He feels that this is a place that demands great reverence and respect for the thousands of innocent victims who perished here.

My 2005 photo of the ruins of the oven room for Krema II

My 2005 photo of the ruins of the oven room in Krema II where bodies were burned

Old photo shows Krema II before it was blown up

Old photo shows Krema II building before it was blown up

The old black and white photo above shows the Krema II building in 1943, when it was still under construction; the roof of the partially-underground gas chamber, covered with about two inches of snow, is on the right.

The ceiling of the gas chamber room was around eight feet high; the exterior roof was about three feet above ground.

There were four holes in the roof of the gas chambers in both Krema II and Krema III; the roofs were made of reinforced concrete, six inches thick. Through these four holes on the roof, an SS man, wearing a gas mask, would lower an open can of Zyklon-B gas pellets down into four wire-mesh columns inside the gas chamber.

When the gassing was finished, the pellets were retrieved and sent back to the Degesch company so that they could be filled with poison and used again.

Michael Kula, a Holocaust survivor, testified as an eye-witness to the use of wire-mesh columns for the Zyklon-B pellets, but these columns are no longer in existence.

 

 

August 28, 2016

I am re-posting an oldie but goody

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: — furtherglory @ 12:28 pm

I can’t think of anything new to write about, so I am re-posting an old blog post, which I consider to be one of my best posts:

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2015/02/07/cnn-show-voices-of-auschwitz-hosted-by-wolf-blitzer/

August 27, 2016

The cremation ovens at the Majdanek camp

Filed under: Holocaust — furtherglory @ 9:05 am
The front side of the ovens at Majdanek

The front side of the cremation ovens at  the Majdanek camp

The back side of the Majdanek ovens Photo Credit: Simon Robertson

The back side of the Majdanek ovens Photo Credit:  Simon Robert

The original wooden crematorium building at Majdanek was allegedly burned to the ground by the Nazis on July 22, 1944, just before they abandoned the camp; the cremation ovens remained intact and tourists can still see these ovens today.

The reconstructed crematorium at Majdanek, which is open to tourists, is located at the top of a long slope, behind the spot where the barracks in Field V once stood. The reconstructed crematorium is a copy of the second crematorium that was built in the camp; it was not put into operation until the autumn of 1943, according to the Museum guidebook.

When the Majdanek camp first opened, the bodies were buried in mass graves, but from June 1942 on, the bodies were burned in the first crematorium, or on pyres made from the chassis of old lorries (trucks), according to information in the camp guidebook.

The first crematorium is no longer in existence, and I never learned the exact location of it when I visited the camp in 1998.  The original crematorium had two ovens which had been brought to Majdanek from the Sachsenhausen camp in Germany. The new crematorium was outfitted with five Kori ovens which were fueled with coke.

As you first walk into the crematorium at Majdanek, you see a row of five ovens. The ovens are placed so close to the entrance door that you realize that there would not have been enough room for workers to slide the bodies inside. Then you walk around to the other side and see that the bodies were allegedly put into the ovens from the back side and the ashes taken out on the front side, only a few feet from the entrance door.

According to Martin Gilbert in his book entitled “Holocaust Journey,” there is a gas chamber in the crematorium building. This gas chamber, like the building, is a reconstruction. Since this gas chamber is a reconstruction, it does not show the blue staining that is present in the other alleged gas chambers at Majdanek, which were used for the disinfection of the clothing of the prisoners.

The reconstructed gas chamber room in the crematorium is very small; it has a hole in the ceiling for pouring in the poison gas crystals, and there is a floor drain directly below the hole. The door to this gas chamber is missing, and may have been taken to another museum to be displayed.

A casting of an alleged Majdanek gas chamber door was on display at the United States Holocaust Museum in Washington, D.C. when I visited the museum several years ago.

Right next to the room, at Majdanek, which has the 5 ovens, there is an alcove, or room open on one side, which has a large concrete bathtub. According to my tour guide, this tub was used by the SS man in charge of the ovens, when he took a bath. In the shower room adjacent to the other gas chambers at Majdanek, there are two similar concrete bathtubs where the prisoners were dipped into disinfectant before taking a shower. The reconstructed gas chamber in the crematorium resembles a shower room.

Crematorium building

Old photo of the Crematorium building at Majdanek before it was burned

The black and white photo below shows the ruined crematorium as it allegedly looked when Russian soldiers arrived at the camp on July 23, 1944. The wooden crematorium building had allegedly been set on fire by the Nazis in order to burn the bodies of Polish political prisoners who had been brought from the Gestapo prison at the Castle in Lublin and executed the day before liberation of the camp. [Actually, these prisoners had been killed by the Russians when they first arrived in Lublin.]

MajdanekKrema.jpg

The photo above shows the bodies of the men who were brought to the camp, from a nearby prison, and burned by the Russian liberators of the camp, who then blamed the Germans for this deed.

In another room of the crematorium building is the concrete dissection table, on which the bodies were examined for valuables hidden in body cavities, according to the tour guide. It was here also that the gold teeth were removed from the victims after they had allegedly been gassed.

 

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