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November 19, 2015

Breckinridge Long is back in the news and not in a good way

Cover of book written by Breckinridge Long

Photo of the Cover of The War Diary of Breckinridge Long

This morning, when I checked my blog statistics, as I always do, I found that the my previous blog post about Breckinridge Long had gotten the most hits.

I wondered why so many people were interested in Breckinridge Long, so I checked the news to find out what is going on.  I found this news article with this headline:

Anti-Syrian Muslim Refugee Rhetoric Mirrors Calls to Reject Jews During Nazi Era

Breckinridge Long

Breckinridge Long

SelectedForLabor.jpg

 

A photo similar to the one above is at the top of the news article. This photo allegedly shows Jewish men marching to the gas chamber at Auschwitz-Birkenau. Notice the train in the background; they have just gotten off a train.

This quote is from the beginning of the news article:

During the 1930s and early 1940s, the United States resisted accepting large numbers of Jewish refugees escaping the Nazi terror sweeping Europe, in large part because of fearmongering by a small but vocal crowd.

They claimed that the refugees were communist or anarchist infiltrators intent on spreading revolution; that refugees were part of a global Jewish-capitalist conspiracy to take control of the United States from the inside; that the refugees were either Nazis in disguise or under the influence of Nazi agents sent to commit acts of sabotage; and that Jewish refugees were out to steal American jobs.

Many rejected Jews simply because they weren’t Christian.

In recent days, similar arguments are being resurrected to reject Syrian refugees fleeing sectarian terrorists and civil war.

This is another quote from the same news article:

During congressional debate in 1940, John B. Trevor, a prominent Capitol Hill lobbyist, argued against a proposal to settle Jewish refugees in Alaska, claiming they would be potential enemies — and charging that Nazi persecution of the Jews had occurred “in very many cases … because of their beliefs in the Marxian philosophy.” Trevor had notably helped author the Immigration Act of 1924, a law designed to curb Jewish migration from Eastern Europe, in part because of anarchist Jewish Americans of Russian descent including Emma Goldman.

Rep. Jacob Thorkelson, a Republican from Montana, warned at the time that Jewish migrants were part of an “invisible government,” an organization he said was tied to the “communistic Jew” and to “Jewish international financiers.”

William Dudley Pelley, a leading anti-Semite and organizer of the “Silver Shirts” nationalist group, claimed that Jewish migration was part of a Jewish-Communist conspiracy to seize control of the United States. Pelley, whose organization routinely used anti-Semitic smears such as “Yidisher Refugees” and “Refugees Kikes,” attracted up to 50,000 to his organization by 1934.

In a previous blog post, I wrote the following about Otto Frank, the father of Anne Frank, who tried to escape the Nazis by coming to the United States, but he was denied entry because he had a criminal record (He had been convicted of cheating the customers of a bank that he owned.)

Begin Quote from previous blog post:

Anne Frank’s mother was an Orthodox Jew but her father was not very religious; he was not a  Zionist.  Besides that, the Franks didn’t qualify for the prisoner exchange camp at Bergen-Belsen because Otto Frank was a fugitive from justice.

In 1933, when Hitler came to power, Otto Frank was not in danger of being persecuted — he was in danger of being prosecuted.  That’s right, Otto Frank and his brother were both indicted for bank fraud in 1933, and were scheduled to be put on trial.  Otto Frank tried to get a visa to come to America, but was denied, so he escaped to Holland and entered the country illegally.  His family followed him a few months later.

Otto Frank had been preparing a hiding place for months, while he told everyone that the family was planning to escape to Switzerland. In July 1942, Margot Frank received a letter from the Zentralstelle für jüdische Auswanderung (Central Office for Jewish Emigration), ordering her to report to a work camp. The next day, the Frank family moved into the annex.

 

 

July 15, 2013

Breckinridge Long (America’s Eichmann???) who denied Otto Frank a visa to enter the USA

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , — furtherglory @ 9:01 am

A new book, written by Jewish author Neil Rolde, entitled Breckinridge Long, American Eichmann??? An Enquiry into the Character of the Man Who Denied Visas to the Jews has recently been published.

Breckinridge Long was the US State Department Assistant Secretary during World War II. He reported to Secretary of State Cordell Hull, who allowed him to create his own guidelines in deciding whom to allow to emigrate to America, according to Neil Rolde.

This quote is from a news article, about Rolde’s book, in the Seacoastonline newspaper:

Nazi SS Lt. Col. Adolf Eichmann is widely regarded as one of the major organizers of the Holocaust. When he was tried on charges years later, he said he was “just following orders,” Rolde said.

I put Long into that class. He said he thought he was following orders, and what he was really doing is sending people to the gas chambers,” Rolde said.

[….]

In fact, the son of Macy’s Department Store owner Nathan Strauss petitioned for his friend, Otto Frank, to be able to leave Amsterdam, but the visa was denied. Frank’s daughter was Anne Frank.

As it turned out, Otto Frank ended up in Auschwitz-Birkenau, but he wasn’t sent to the gas chamber, even though he was 56 years old. Jews over 45 were allegedly sent directly to the gas chamber in the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, but not Otto Frank.  He survived and walked all the way back to Amsterdam after the camp was liberated.

One of my earliest blog posts, written two weeks after I started blogging, was entitled Anne Frank –What If.  This quote is from that blog post:

In 1933, when Hitler came to power, Otto Frank was not in danger of being persecuted – he was in danger of being prosecuted.  That’s right, Otto Frank and his brother were both indicted for bank fraud in 1933, and were scheduled to be put on trial.  Otto Frank tried to get a visa to come to America, but was denied, so he escaped to Holland and entered the country illegally.  His family followed him a few months later.

However, it was not because Otto Frank and his brother were crooks that they were denied entry into the US.  Otto Frank’s brother was allowed to enter, but when Otto Frank was denied entry, he escaped to the Netherlands.

This quote is from an article, written by Richard Breitman, which you can read on this website:

In 1938, according to his own testimony, Otto Frank first applied at Rotterdam for immigration visas to the U. S. for himself and his family. As Germans living in the Netherlands, the Franks fell under the American immigration quota for Germany.

At that time there were some prospects for hope. After Nazi Germany took over Austria in mid-March 1938 and launched severe persecution of Austrian Jews, President Franklin D. Roosevelt told his cabinet that he hoped to liberalize U. S. immigration procedures and to persuade Latin American countries to take in additional refugees. He approved a formal list of American proposals on March 22 that implicitly involved full use of the combined German-Austrian immigration quota.

FDR then invited a range of other governments to attend a refugee conference and to set up a new international committee on refugee problems. This conference and the international committee would try to bring about and finance emigration of political refugees from Germany and Austria. But, mindful of widespread public opposition to increased immigration, the U.S. explicitly stated that countries participating would not be expected to change their existing immigration laws.

At the July 1938 refugee conference held at Evian, France one country after another explained why it could not take in more refugees, with some noting in particular why Jews were undesirable. The President’s initiative had seemingly failed, dashing the hopes of hundreds of thousands of Jews and other victims of persecution. Only one country, the Dominican Republic, volunteered to take in substantial numbers of refugees.

The negative public face of the Evian Conference overshadowed some positive developments. For the first time since the 1920s, the United States did make available its full immigration quota for Germany, so that more than 27,000 Germans and Austrians-about 90% of them Jewish-were able to immigrate in the course of a year. And a number of Latin American countries showed themselves open to take in refugees with sufficient means to support themselves-or with foreign backers willing to support them and create jobs for them. Jewish emigration to some Latin American countries such as Cuba, Brazil, and Bolivia quietly continued.

At the same time, Nazi Germany’s persecution of Jews sharply escalated. Especially after the Night of Broken Glass in November 1938, tens of thousands more German, Austrian, and Czech Jews, some of them beaten in concentration camps and released with dire warnings to leave the country soon, became desperate to leave. New would-be emigrants, plus those who had already applied to leave, swamped the places available abroad. By early 1939 the waiting list for an immigration visa to the U. S. contained more than 300,000 names.2

Under these circumstances Otto Frank’s turn on the waiting list for American visas apparently did not come up. Feeling protected by his successful business in Amsterdam, he was not threatened enough to try other opportunities abroad.