Scrapbookpages Blog

July 17, 2017

Former guard at Trawniki concentration camp now living in the USA

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Trump, Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 8:35 pm

I have just learned about a former concentration camp guard who was featured in a news article.

http://www.nydailynews.com/opinion/send-nazi-germany-mr-trump-article-1.3298495

http://assets.nydailynews.com/polopoly_fs/1.3298493.1499128532!/img/httpImage/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/article_1200/nazi4e-2-web.jpg

 Photo credit (Turnbull, Bill)

Jakiw Palij — former concentration camp guard

Begin quote from news article:

When President Trump meets with German Chancellor Angela Merkel Thursday in Hamburg ahead of the G20 summit, he should tell her that Germany, in accepting responsibility for the Holocaust, must also accept Jakiw Palij, the last known Nazi war criminal still living in the United States.

Trump can make a stand for justice that his predecessors George W. Bush and Barack Obama never did and right an historical wrong.

[…]

Palij, an old man born in 1923, is still living in Jackson Heights — in Trump’s native Queens — despite the Justice Department and federal courts having stripped him of his ill-gotten U.S. citizenship and ordered him deported 13 years ago.

Palij arrived here in 1949 and obtained U.S. citizenship in 1957, lying about his loyal service to the German Reich as a death camp guard in Nazi-occupied Poland. He had volunteered for the SS and was a guard at Trawniki, which the Germans and their Ukrainian collaborators like Palij used as a training camp for death camp guards. Thousands of Jews were murdered at Trawniki.

End quote

I think that it would be wrong to throw this US citizen out just because he worked as a guard at a German concentration camp years ago.

 

 

July 7, 2017

Ich hatt’ einen Kameraden (Leni Riefenstahl version)

Filed under: Germany, Language, movies, Music — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 12:14 pm

The film Triumph of the Will has a very good rendition of “Once I had a comrade”.  I have set this clip to start 34 minutes and 34 seconds into the movie.  If you click on the video, you can start at that point and hear the song.  The song is used dramatically as the back ground melody for this segment.  This segment begins with a few seconds of a German youth speaking.

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2017/07/05/ich-hatt-einen-kameraden/

I previously posted another version of this song on the link you that you can follow above.

Congressman goes inside Auschwitz “gas chamber” and completely misunderstands everything

Filed under: Auschwitz, Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 10:40 am

Congressman Clay Higgins poses beside two cremation ovens at Auschwitz

My photo of the ovens where Congressman posed

What’s wrong with posing for photos inside the oven room at Auschwitz, you ask?

What the Congressman did was completely disrespectful to the Jews who were gassed and burned during the Holocaust. My photo above shows the back side of the ovens where Jews were burned.

When I visited Auschwitz three times [in 1998, 2005 and 2007] there were signs everywhere, telling tourists that photos were not allowed. I ignored these signs. I am a senile old woman who does not know how to use a camera — my camera kept going off by itself.  That’s my story — and I’m sticking to it.

My photo of the device used to shove the bodies into the oven

Oven on the left — gas chamber on the right

As everyone knows, a gas chamber should not be in a room that is only a few feet from an oven, but the Nazis somehow managed to kill Jews in gas chambers without blowing up the whole building.

My photo of a cremation oven for a single body at Auschwitz

I blogged about Clay Higgins in this earlier blog post.

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2017/07/05/american-congressman-made-a-video-inside-the-auschwitz-gas-chamber/

July 2, 2017

Displaced Persons [DPs] then and now

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Uncategorized, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 11:03 am

As I have mentioned many times, I spent 20 months living in Germany after World War II. My husband was an Army officer. The Army wives lived on the Army base and rarely interacted with the German people.

My husband wanted to “live on the economy” meaning that he wanted to live in a German house, not on the Army base. He wanted to meet the German people and interact with them, so he had rented the upstairs rooms in a German house before I arrived.

As soon as I arrived in Germany, I was taken to the German house, that my husband had rented, and left there all alone while my husband continued doing soldier stuff. Of course, I started crying immediately. My German land lord immediately bounded up the steps and brought me some wine. He spoke to me very soothingly, but I couldn’t understand a word that he said.

Minutes later, two scruffy looking DPs came up the stairs and knocked on my door. They asked me if they could have the cigarette butts from my ash tray. I assumed that they were going to smoke these cigarette butts, and I didn’t want them to do that, so I handed each of them a carton of cigarettes, and they left.

When my landlord saw them leaving with the cigarette cartons, he came running up the stairs, screaming at me not to give these people anything — because they were DPs.  I said “What’s a DP?”

That was my introduction to the aftermath of war and the people who were displaced by war.

I recently posted a video about displaced persons, which you can see by following the link below:

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2017/07/01/video-germany-45-the-other-story-part-1-east-prussia/

I also wrote about the DPs, in the context of the Dachau camp, on my website at

https://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/KZDachau/DachauLife01E.htm

The photo below shows a display in the Dachau museum.

Display about the refugee camp at Dachau

The photo above shows information in the Dachau Museum about the Dachau refugee camp which housed ethnic Germans who had been expelled from the Sudetenland in what is now the Czech Republic, after World War II ended. Many of the “expellees” from the Sudetenland settled in Bavaria where Dachau is located. One of the streets near the former Dachau camp is named Sudetenland Strasse.

Unless visitors spend a lot of time in the Museum at the Dachau Memorial Site, they will probably leave without learning that Dachau was a refugee camp for Volksdeutsche (ethnic Germans) longer than it was a concentration camp. Even then, visitors are likely to be confused about who the refugees were.

Some guides at Dachau tell visitors that the refugees were people from the Soviet Union or Russia who were fleeing Communism, although they were actually Germans who were the victims of ethnic cleansing after German land in East Prussia, eastern Pomerania, eastern Brandenburg and Silesia was given to Poland, and the Sudetenland in the former Czechoslovakia was given to the newly formed Czech Republic.

A total of 9,575,000 ethnic Germans were expelled from the eastern territories of Germany and 3,477,000 were expelled from Czechoslovakia in 1945 and 1946. An additional 1,371,000 ethnic Germans were expelled from Poland. Altogether, a total of 17,658,000 Volksdeutsche were expelled from their homelands and forced to flee to Germany, which was about the size of the state of Wisconsin after World War II. (Source: A Terrible Revenge by Alfred-Maurice de Zayas)

This building was a restaurant for the refugees at Dachau. It was torn down years ago.

The photograph above shows an old building that was used for disinfecting the clothing at Dachau. Before it was torn down, this building was used as a restaurant when the Dachau camp was a refugee camp for Germans who had been expelled from the Sudetenland in what is now the Czech Republic after the war. It was torn down in 1965 to make room for a Memorial Site. The location of the building is where the Jewish Memorial building now stands.

In her book entitled “The High Cost of Vengence,” Freda Utley wrote the following in a Chapter entitled “Our Crimes Against Humanity”:

The Poles, who were given possession of the territory “east of the Oder-Neisse line,” drove out the inhabitants with the utmost brutality, throwing women and children, the aged and the sick, out of their homes with only a few hours’ notice, and not sparing even those in hospitals and orphanages.

The Czechs, no less brutal, drove the Germans over the mountains on foot, and at the frontier stole such belongings as they had been able to carry. Having an eye for profit as well as revenge, the Czechs held thousands of German men as slave laborers while driving out their wives and children.

Many of the old, the young, and the sick died of hunger or cold or exposure on the long march into what remained of Germany, or perished of hunger and thirst and disease in the crowded cattle cars in which some of the refugees were transported. Those who survived the journey were thrust upon the slender resources of starving occupied Germany. No one of German race was allowed any help by the United Nations. The displaced-persons camps were closed to them and first the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) and then the International Refugee Organization (IRO) was forbidden to succor them. The new untouchables were thrown into Germany to die, or survive as paupers in the miserable accommodations which the bombed-out cities of Germany could provide for those even more wretched than their original inhabitants.

How many people were killed or died will never be known. Out of a total of twelve to thirteen million people who had committed the crime of belonging to the German race, four or five million are unaccounted for. But no one knows how many are dead and how many are slave laborers. Only one thing is certain : Hitler’s barbaric liquidation of the Jews has been outmatched by the liquidation of Germans by the “democratic, peace-loving” powers of the United Nations.

As the Welsh minister, Dr. Elfan Rees, head of the refugee division of the World Council of Churches, said in a sermon delivered at Geneva University on March 13, 1949 : “More people have been rendered homeless by an Allied peace than by a Nazi war.”

The estimate of the number of German expellees, or flüchtlinge as the Germans call them, in Rump Germany is now eight or nine million. The International Refugee Organization (IRO) takes no account of them, and was expressly forbidden by act of Congress to give them any aid. It is obviously impossible for densely over-crowded Western Germany to provide for them. A few have been absorbed into industry or are working on German farms, but for the most part they are living in subhuman conditions without hope of acquiring homes or jobs.

The photos below show reconstructed barracks buildings at the former Dachau camp.

Two reconstructed barracks at Dachau

Door into reconstructed barracks at Dachau

 

June 28, 2017

The Holocaust survivor who jumped off a cliff to save himself

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 1:08 pm

The following quote is from a news article which you can read in full at https://www.thejc.com/culture/film/destination-unknown-mosberg-film-documentary-holocaust-1.440039

The photo above shows Holocaust survivor Ed Mosberg who is still alive

Begin quote from news article:

Later, [Ed] Mosberg found himself in a sweltering, airless cattle wagon [on a train], also bound for Auschwitz. However, when the transport arrived, it sat on the rails for a night, because “they were too busy at the crematorium [where bodies were burned]. So they never unloaded us and they took us [instead] to Mauthausen.”

End quote from news article

So what was it like in the Mauthausen prison?

My photo of the Mauthausen quarry

After working in the Mauthausen quarry, the prisoners in the “punishment detail” had to carry a heavy rock on their backs, up the steps and out of the quarry. Only the prisoners in the “punishment detail” had to do this.

My photo of the Mauthausen stairs which the prisoners had to climb to get out of the quarry

[How did I mange to take the photo above, you ask.]

I hired a taxi to take me to the bottom of the stairs, early in the morning, before the Memorial Site was open to visitors. [So I cheated! Sue me!]

Begin quote from news article:

He [Ed Mosberg] worked in the quarry, where exhausted prisoners ascended and descended [the] 186 steps, carrying rocks weighing up to 50Kg. “If somebody stopped for a moment, they’d push them to their death. Or they’d beat you. Or they’d shoot you,” says Mosberg. “Mathausen and Gusen – they were the two worst concentration camps, and they were classified that way by the Germans.”

End quote from news article

Actually, the prisoners only had to carry one heavy rock out of the quarry, at the end of the day. And that was only if they were in the punishment group.

My photo of a rock carrier used at Mauthausen

You can read about the death statistics for the Mauthausen camp on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Mauthausen/KZMauthausen/History/deathstatistics.html

You can read about the Jewish prisoners at Mauthausen on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Mauthausen/KZMauthausen/History/Jews.html

I have a section about the town of Mauthausen on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Mauthausen/Town/index.html

When I was doing research on Mauthausen, I was told by many people, all of them Jews, that I should not go to the town because there were Jews waiting there to kill people and take everything that the visitors owned.

I decided to risk it anyway, and I found that the people in the town were the most friendly people that I had ever met. I’m glad that I stayed in the town.  You can see my photos of the town at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Mauthausen/Town/index.html

June 26, 2017

The voyage of the ship called “The St. Louis” is back in the news

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 11:16 am

The passengers on the ship called “The Saint Louis” wave “goodbye” as the ship leaves — Image copyright Getty Images

You can read about the ship called “The St. Louis” in this news article: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27373131

What does this have to do with the price of eggs in China, you ask. It relates to Trump’s current rules on who can enter America.

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

On 13 May 1939, more than 900 Jews fled Germany aboard a luxury cruise liner, the SS St Louis. They hoped to reach Cuba and then travel to the US – but were turned away in Havana and forced to return to Europe, where more than 250 were killed by the Nazis.

“It was really something to be going on a luxury liner,” says Gisela Feldman. “We didn’t really know where we were heading, or how we would cope when we got there.”

At the age of 90, Feldman still clearly remembers the raw and mixed emotions she felt as a 15-year-old girl boarding the St Louis at Hamburg docks with her mother and younger sister.

“I was always aware of how anxious my mother looked, embarking on such a long journey, on her own with two teenage daughters,” she says.

[..]

By early 1939, the Nazis had closed most of Germany’s borders and many countries had imposed quotas limiting the number of Jewish refugees they would allow in.

Cuba was seen as a temporary transit point to get to America and officials at the Cuban embassy in Berlin were offering visas for about $200 or $300 each – $3,000 to $5,000 (£1,800 to £3,000) at today’s prices.

When six-year-old Gerald Granston was told by his father that they were leaving their small town in southern Germany to take a ship to the other side of the world, he struggled to understand what that meant.

“I’d never heard of Cuba and I couldn’t imagine what was going to happen. I remember being scared all the time,” he says, now aged 81.

For many of the young passengers and their parents however, the trepidation and anxiety soon faded as the St Louis began its two-week transatlantic voyage.

Feldman, who shared a cabin in the lower part of the ship with her sister Sonja, spent her time walking around the deck chatting with boys of her own age, or swimming in the ship’s pool.

On board, there was a dance band in the evenings and even a cinema. There were regular meals with a variety of food that the passengers rarely saw back home.

Under orders from the ship’s captain, Gustav Schroder, the waiters and crew members treated the passengers politely, in stark contrast to the open hostility Jewish families had become accustomed to under the Nazis.

The captain allowed traditional Friday night prayers to be held, during which he gave permission for the portrait of Adolf Hitler hanging in the main dining room to be taken down.

Six-year-old Sol Messinger, who was traveling with his father and mother, recalls how happy everyone seemed. In fact, he says, the youngsters were constantly being told by the adults that they were now safe from harm: “We’re going away,” he heard people say again and again on that outward journey. “We don’t have to look over our shoulders any more.”

But as the luxury liner reached the coast of Havana on 27 May, that sense of optimism disappeared to be replaced by fear, then dread.

Granston was up on deck with his father and dozens of other families, their suitcases packed and ready to disembark, when the Cuban officials, all smiles, first came aboard.

It quickly became clear that the ship was not going to dock and that no-one was being allowed off. He kept hearing the words “manana, manana” – tomorrow, tomorrow. When the Cubans left and the ship’s captain announced that people would have to wait, he could feel, even as a little boy, that something was wrong.

For the next seven days, Captain Schroder tried in vain to persuade the Cuban authorities to allow them in. In fact, the Cubans had already decided to revoke all but a handful of the visas – probably out of fear of being inundated with more refugees fleeing Europe.

The captain then steered the St Louis towards the Florida coast, but the US authorities also refused it the right to dock, despite direct appeals to President Franklin Roosevelt. Granston thinks he too was worried about the potential flood of migrants.

By early June, Captain Schroder had no option but to turn the giant liner back towards Europe. “The joy had gone out of everything,” Feldman recalls. “No-one was talking about what would happen now.”

As the ship headed back across the Atlantic, six-year-old Granston kept asking his father whether they were going back to see their grandparents. His father just shook his head in silent despair.

By then, people were openly crying as they wandered the ship – one passenger even slit his wrists and threw himself overboard out of sheer desperation. “If I close my eyes, I can still hear his shrieks and see the blood,” Granston says quietly.

In the end, the ship’s passengers did not have to go back to Nazi Germany. Instead, Belgium, France, Holland and the UK agreed to take the refugees. The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) posted a cash guarantee of $500,000 – or $8 million (£4.7m) in today’s money – as part of an agreement to cover any associated costs.

On 17 June, the liner docked at the Belgian port of Antwerp, more than a month after it had set sail from Hamburg. Feldman, her mother and sisters all went on to England, as did Granston and his father.

They both survived the war but between them they lost scores of relatives in the Holocaust, including Feldman’s father who never managed to get out of Poland.

Two-hundred-and-fifty-four other passengers from the St Louis were not so fortunate and were killed as the Nazis swept across Western Europe.

End quote

 

June 24, 2017

The proposal to insure the biological continuation of the German people is racist. Who knew?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 2:05 pm

Here is an interesting quote from the above video:

Begin quote

The proposal to “ensure the biological continuation of the German people” will be, by the democratic parties, for whom I shall speak today, rejected with the greatest insistence, and condemned utterly.  This proposal is racist and inhuman, narrow-minded and backwards, and shows once again, the terrifying ideology of the Nationalist party and its spiritual similarity to Nazi-ideology.

End quote

I recommend that people watch this short video.  It contains some good examples of Hitler’s speaking style with subtitles, and some good classical background video.  Please take 6 minutes to watch.

I am glad that I got to see Germany while it was still Germany.

 

June 6, 2017

It is time to play name that boat!

Filed under: Germany, Uncategorized, World War II — Tags: — furtherglory @ 1:09 pm

Image result for higgins boat

Contest rules:

Like “always” if you think this contest is too easy; you can become a winner by giving a helpful hint.  The more obscure the hint, the more points you get.

I will start:

Hint: This boat had a forward draft of 2 feet, 2 inches.

 

D-Day landings began on this day: June 6, 1944

Filed under: movies, TV shows, World War II — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 8:03 am

Footage dramatizing before dawn fighting, sunrise, and the first shore landings, on June 6th, 1944 as seen by paratroopers who had been dropped behind the lines into France.

May 3, 2017

May 1945 — Germans surrender

Filed under: Germany, Uncategorized, World War II — Tags: — furtherglory @ 10:26 am

Execution of 16 Year Old German Heinz Petry by the US Fire Squad 

We are lucky to have someone commenting on my blog, who served as a German solderer in World War II, and was an eye witnesses to the end of war.  My blog post today includes material from his blog which you can read in full by following the links provided.

The two links are a two part account of HK Stolpmann of those days.  The second link is from his account of his experience on May 9th 1945.  The first link is about the general mistreatment and often execution of German youth at the end of the war.  I have selected a few highlights, but those interested in learning more about those days should definitely follow these links.

http://dachaukz.blogspot.com/2011/03/my-own-surrender-to-3rd-us-army-9th-may.html

Begin quote from the above link:

It was an entirely different position the Allies took when HJ [Hitler Youth] members were captured or surrendered in their original uniform, with their swastika armband on their sleeves….

These boys had no rights under any rules to be treated as POW’s when captured and were faced with summary execution.

End quote

http://dachaukz.blogspot.co.nz/2011/03/sonndorf-pow-camp-to-dachau-kz.html

Begin quote:

The final act was  signed in Berlin together with the Russians in the morning of May the 8th.  At that time my platoon of 15 boys and one Officer, Lieutenant Becker marched towards the German border from within Czechoslovakia in the area of Schuettenhofen.  There was a sort of no-mans land and all troop movements were strictly forbidden, we did not adhere to this order. As we had thrown all our weapons down to comply to Doenitz’s command, except our Lt. who carried his MP38 to protect us to some degree against Czech partisan’s ambushes when [on May 9th 1945] we met the first American soldiers confronting a massive column of tired and dejected Germans that all were trying to avoid capture by the Russians.  I have never seen my Lieutenant ever since.

End quote.

Further down in the same blog post, Stolpmann continues:

Begin quote

At that time we did not know that Eisenhower had issued an order on March 10th 1945 and verified by his initials on a cable of that date, that German Prisoners of War be predesignated as “Disarmed Enemy Forces” or DEF.  Eisenhower  ordered that these Germans did not fall under the Geneva Convention, and were not to be fed or given water or medical attention. The Swiss Red Cross was not to inspect the camps, for under the DEF classification, they had no such authority or jurisdiction.

End Quote.

Stolpmann remembered about these days in a recent comment on this blog:

…’Unser Führer ist gefallen’ – which means ‘[Our Führer died in combat action’]

Indeed I did find a scrap of newspaper while spending the first days as a POW (DEF) in Sonndorf, which claimed that our beloved leader with the flag in one hand and a rifle in the other died fighting for the glory of our people and the Third Reich. Beside it was one of the first actual accounts of another newsprint that Hitler had committed suicide in his bunker prior to marrying Eva Brown!

I was so disgusted by what I felt was American propaganda that I tore the paper to pieces and held the other one to my chest, proud of my Führer!

So much for brainwashing.

End quote.

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