Scrapbookpages Blog

December 21, 2014

69th anniversary of the Nuremberg IMT and Rudolf Hoess is back in the news

In the past, I have written several blog posts about the confession of Rudolf Hoess, the former Commandant of the Auschwitz “death camp.”

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/tag/confession-of-rudolf-hoess/

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/tag/rudolf-hoess-confession/

I also wrote about the trial of Rudolf Hoess on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/History/Articles/RudolfHoess.html

Recently my blog posts, about Hoess, have been getting lots of hits, and I set out to find out why there is so much interest in Rudolf Hoess.  I found a recent news story, in a British newspaper, called The Telegraph.

The news story in the The Telegraph quotes an article, which was written on November 20, 2014, the 69th anniversary of the start of the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal.  This article in the The Telegraph starts with this quote:

Auschwitz commander Rudolf Hoess was one of the men tried in Nuremburg, in a series of hearings which began 69 years ago today. His grandson tells The Telegraph of his shame over his relative’s actions – and why he thinks Europe has not learnt its lessons from the past…

Rudolf Hoess was NOT “tried in Nuremburg (sic)” on November 20, 1945. Hoess was a witness for Ernst Kaltenbrunner in the trial at Nuremberg, which started on Nov. 20, 1945.

This quote is from Wikipedia:

Begin quote:

On 25 May 1946, [Rudolf Hoess] was handed over to Polish authorities and the Supreme National Tribunal in Poland tried him for murder. His trial lasted from 11 March to 29 March 1947. During his trial, when accused of murdering three and a half million people, Höss replied, “No. Only two and one half million—the rest died from disease and starvation.”[34] Höss was sentenced to death by hanging on 2 April 1947. The sentence was carried out on 16 April immediately adjacent to the crematorium of the former Auschwitz I concentration camp. He was hanged on a short drop gallows constructed specifically for that purpose, at the location of the camp Gestapo. The message on the board that now marks the site reads:

“This is where the camp Gestapo was located. Prisoners suspected of involvement in the camp’s underground resistance movement or of preparing to escape were interrogated here. Many prisoners died as a result of being beaten or tortured. The first commandant of Auschwitz, SS-Obersturmbannführer Rudolf Höss, who was tried and sentenced to death after the war by the Polish Supreme National Tribunal, was hanged here on 16 April 1947.”

End quote

Gallows on which Rudolf Hoess was hanged at Auschwitz

Gallows on which Rudolf Hoess was hanged at Auschwitz

The gallows is a stone’s throw from the Auschwitz gas chamber, which you can see in my 2005 photo below.

Gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp

Gas chamber in  Auschwitz camp