Scrapbookpages Blog

May 14, 2017

News article about Jewish mothers in the Holoaust

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 4:16 pm

http://www.aish.com/jw/s/Jewish_Mothers_in_the_Holocaust.html

The following quote is from the news article in AISH.com which is cited above:

Begin quote

When it came to protecting their children, there can be no greater heroes than these Jewish mothers. And no one better words to describe it, then their own words.

When the Nazis rounded up the Jews of Piotrekow for deportation, Yisrael, age 4, was supposed to accompany his mother, Chaya, to Ravensbruck. This was Himmler’s notorious “women’s” camp where death by starvation, beating, torture, hanging, shooting and medical experiments were a part of the grotesquerie of daily life. Chaya pushed him away, allowing his older brother, bound for Buchenwald, a “safer” camp, could stash Yisrael in a duffel bag, where she believed he would have a better chance of survival.

She didn’t survive. But her son grew up to carry on the 38th generation of rabbis, becoming Chief Rabbi of Israel and one of the most revered Jews in the world: Yisrael Meir Lau.

[…]

Rudolf Hoess, the brutal commandant of Auschwitz, noted in his autobiography that “time and time again” he “witnessed mothers with laughing or crying children [who] went to the gas chambers.” He recalled a young woman who, as she stood at the gas chamber, said: “I deliberately avoided being chosen for labor because I wanted to take care of my children and go through this in full awareness of what was happening. I hope it won’t take long.”

In the book Scrolls of Auschwitz, a tragic scene is described. In 1943, children were undressing in the anteroom of a gas chamber. When guards tried to hurry them, one 8-year-old girl resisted, crying: “Go away, you Jewish murderer! Don’t put your hand, covered in Jewish blood, on my sweet brother. I am his good mother now and he will die in my arms.”

On this Mother’s Day – as we celebrate with carnations, brunches, cards, and words of love – may we all light a candle for these women, for whom there are no words to describe their valor, only prayers.

This prayer is based on the words of Alexander Kimel, a Holocaust survivor:

Almighty God, full of love, remember all the Jewish mothers, that carried their babies to their execution, led their children to the gas chambers, or witnessed their burning. Almighty God, let their anguish, pain and torture never be forgotten. In our memory they will live forever and ever.

End quote from news article

 

June 12, 2016

If you don’t know the difference between Rudolph Hess and Rudolf Hoess, don’t be writing news articles

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 7:58 pm

In a recent news article, which you can read in full here, Rudolf Hess is mistakenly named as the Commandant of the Auschwitz camp.

The name of the Commandant was Rudolf Hoess. Rudolf Hess was Hitler’s deputy and and his close friend.

Rudolf Hess

Rudolf Hess

Rudolf Hoess the Commandant of Auschwitz

Rudolf Hoess

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

German prosecutors have alleged that Helma M., who served as a radio operator for camp commander Rudolph Hess in 1944, received details of incoming shipments of Jews to be murdered at the Nazi camp.

End quote

The photo below was included in the news article:

The inside of the Auschwtiz-Birkenau camp

The inside of the Auschwtiz-Birkenau camp

The newspaper caption on the photo above is this:

The railway track leading to the infamous ‘Death Gate’ at the Auschwitz II Birkenau extermination camp on November 13, 2014, in Oswiecim, Poland. (JTA/Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

This is not the railway track LEADING TO THE INFAMOUS GATE OF DEATH.  This photo actually shows the tracks inside the camp, not the tracks leading to the camp.

My photo below shows the track LEADING INTO the camp.

Tracks leading INTO the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp

My photo of the tracks leading INTO the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp

With regard to Rudolf Hess, here is the background on him, from my scrapbookpages.com website:

It was in the Max Josef room of the Hörhammer Inn that a group of Dachau residents met in November 1922 to form the Bund Oberland which became the Dachau Nazi party in 1929. The Nazi party held regular meetings at the Inn.

The KPD, as the Communist party was called, also held meetings here and the two parties had frequent clashes. The Communists would attempt to break up meetings by the Nazis and prevent them from speaking.

One of the Nazis who was preventing from speaking at a meeting at the Hörhammerbräu was Rudolf Hess, a resident of the nearby town of Augsburg.

Hess became famous during World War II when he took off in his own plane from an airfield in Augsburg and flew to Scotland with the intention of negotiating with the British to end the war in 1940. His peace attempt failed and he spent the rest of the war in prison in England, then the rest of his life in Spandau prison in Berlin after being convicted as a war criminal at Nuremberg.

The following quote is also from the news article:

Begin quote

Despite camp duty rosters that reportedly confirm she was in Hess’s service from April to July 1944, Helma M. escaped prosecution at the end of the war because no evidence that she personally harmed any Auschwitz inmates during her time at the camp was ever presented to German courts.

In recent years however, Germany’s laws regarding the prosecution of former Nazis has shifted, and now defines suspects’ involvement in death camps as sufficient grounds for culpability in Nazi war crimes, even without proof of committing a specific crime.

As a result, a wave of new investigations into former Nazi guards, medics and other camp workers has led to a handful of trials against a dwindling number of aging suspects.

In 2015, Jens Rommel, Germany’s top Nazi hunter, charged Helma M. with complicity in the murders of 260,000 people in the Auschwitz death camp.

End quote

 

June 6, 2016

How many Jews died at Auschwitz?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , , — furtherglory @ 5:06 pm

One of the regular readers of my blog wrote this in a comment:

“Well, no one ever claimed that 4 million Jews died at Auschwitz. So that decline in numbers [down to 1.1 million] has no bearing on the amount of Jews killed at Auschwitz-Birkenau.”

Excuse me — I think that someone did, in fact, claim that 4 million Jews died at Auschwitz. The famous 4 million number was literally carved in stone at Auschwitz-Birkenau.

This stone was displayed at Auschwitz-Birkenau

This stone was displayed at Auschwitz-Birkenau

The sauna building at Birkenau where clothes were disinfected and prisoners took a shower

My photo of the sauna building at Birkenau where the clothes were disinfected with Zyklon-B and prisoners took a shower

On May 14, 1946, the former Commandant of the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp, Rudolf Höß, also known as Rudolf Hoess, signed a sworn affidavit in which he stated that two million Jews had been gassed at Auschwitz-Birkenau between 1941 and 1943 while he was the Commandant.

My 2005 photo of the Fence around the Birkenau camp

My 2005 photo of the fence around the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp

This did not include the period, during which Hoess was not the Commandant, when over 300,000 Hungarian Jews were gassed during a period of 10 weeks in the Summer of 1944, according to the Auschwitz Museum.

The English translation of the German text in the affidavit reads: “I declare herewith under oath that in the years 1941 to 1943 during my tenure in office as commandant of Auschwitz Concentration Camp 2 million Jews were put to death by gassing and a 1/2 million by other means. Rudolf Hoess. May 14, 1946.” The confession was signed by Hoess and by Josef Maier of the US Chief of Counsel’s office.

The original affidavit, signed by Rudolf Hoess, was displayed in a glass case in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC when I visited the museum in the year 2000. The photo that was displayed, along with the affidavit, showed Hungarian Jewish women and children walking to one of the four gas chambers in the Auschwitz- Birkenau death camp on May 26, 1944, carrying their hand baggage in sacks.

My photo taken in the US Holocaust Memorial Museum

My photo taken in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

The caption underneath the photo above reads:

On May 14, 1946, Rudolf Hoess, the former commandant of Auschwitz, signed a declaration stating that during his tenure in office, 2 million Jews had been gassed at Auschwitz and another 500,000 killed in other ways.

End quote

Hoess overestimated the number of Jews gassed by about 1 million, according to today’s statistics.

There have been allegations that this confession was obtained from Rudolf Hoess by means of torture.

Rupert Butler wrote in his book entitled Legions of Death, published by Arrow Books in London in 1983, that before Hoess confessed, he had been beaten for three days by a British team of torturers under the command of Jewish interrogator Bernard Clarke.

In April 1967, an International Monument, dedicated to the victims of Fascism, was unveiled at Auschwitz-Birkenau, between the ruins of Krema II and Krema III, the two crematoria buildings where the two largest gas chambers were located.

The ruins of the Birkenau camp

My 2005 photo of the ruins of the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp

The monument included a series of granite plaques which informed visitors that 4 million people had been murdered by the Nazis at Auschwitz-Birkenau. This number was an estimate given by the Soviet Union on May 8, 1945, based on the maximum capacity of the cremation ovens in the main Auschwitz camp and the ovens in the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp.

Four million was the number of deaths at Auschwitz-Birkenau that the Soviet Union had included in their war crimes charges against the Nazis at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal in November 1945.

The Soviet Union also charged that the Nazis had murdered 1.5 million people at the Majdanek death camp. Today, the Museum at Majdanek claims that only 78,000 prisoners, including 59,000 Jews, died at Majdanek.

According to the Auschwitz Museum, after the fall of Communism in 1989, the Soviet Union turned over to the International Committee of the Red Cross 46 volumes of Death Books (Sterbebücher) which they had confiscated from the Auschwitz camp. These records, which had been kept by the political department (Gestapo) at Auschwitz, show that there were around 69,000 registered prisoners who died between July 29, 1941 and December 31, 1943.

The Death books from June 14, 1940 to July 28, 1941 are missing, as are the death books from all of 1944 and January 1945. Based on these records, the International Red Cross has estimated that a total of around 135,000 registered prisoners died in the three Auschwitz camps. These figures are for Jews and non-Jews.

The document in the photo below, which shows records kept in the Nazi concentration camps, is stored at Arolsen, Germany.

Records kept by the Red Cross

Records kept by the Red Cross

In 1990, the plaques at Auschwitz-Birkenau, with the figure of 4 million, were removed. It was not until 1995 that new plaques were placed at the International Monument. There are 20 metal plates inscribed in Yiddish, English and all the major languages of Europe.

The plaques were set on granite slabs on the steps of the International Monument. The number of deaths at Auschwitz, according to each of the 20 metal plates, is 1.5 million. However, the official number of deaths, according to the Jews, is now 1.1 million.

The English inscription reads:

FOR EVER LET THIS PLACE BE A CRY OF DESPAIR AND A WARNING TO HUMANITY, WHERE THE NAZIS MURDERED ABOUT ONE AND A HALF MILLION MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN MAINLY JEWS FROM VARIOUS COUNTRIES OF EUROPE. AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU 1940-1945

 

In 1980, Franciszek Piper, the director of the Auschwitz Museum, began a study of all the available documents at Auschwitz; he calculated that 1,077,180 prisoners, of which 90% were Jews, had died at Auschwitz, based on his estimate of the number of arrivals minus the number of liberated prisoners and the number of transferred, escaped and released prisoners. This number includes the Jews, not registered in the camp, who are assumed to have been gassed immediately upon arrival.

In 1946, Rudolf Hoess was put on trial in Poland; he was charged with the murder of “around 300,000 people held at the camp as prisoners and entered into the camp’s records and around 4,000,000 people, mainly Jews, who were brought to the camp in transports from other European countries for immediate extermination and thus not listed in the camp’s records.” During his trial, Höss changed the figure in his confession to a total of 1,130,000 Jews that were gassed but declared “During my tenure at Auschwitz, millions of people died, whose exact number I cannot determine.”

Rudolf Hoess wrote in his autobiography that Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann and his deputy were the only ones who knew the total number of Jews that were gassed at Auschwitz-Birkenau because Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler had ordered the records to be burned after every special action. The Nazis always used code words when talking about the genocide of the Jews: a mass gassing was called a “special action.”

In the last days of World War II, shortly before Berlin was surrounded by Soviet troops, Eichmann told Hoess that 2.5 million Jews had been murdered at Auschwitz Birkenau. Eichmann was an SS Lt. Col. who was the head of Department IV, B-4, the section of the Reich Central Security Office (RSHA) in Berlin, which was responsible for deporting the Jews. It was Adolf Eichmann who was in charge of deporting the Jews on the trains to the death camps.

According to the Auschwitz Museum, no records of the number of prisoners who died at Auschwitz-Birkenau have ever been found. In an article on the official Auschwitz website, Franciszek Piper wrote the following:

When the Soviet army entered the camp on January 27, 1945, they did not find any German documents there giving the number of victims, or any that could be used as a basis for calculating this number. Such documents (transport lists, notifications of the arrival of transports, reports about the outcome of selection) had been destroyed before liberation. For this reason, the Soviet commission investigating the crimes committed in Auschwitz Concentration Camp had to make estimates.

[…]

The absence of the most important of the statistical sources that the Germans kept in Auschwitz made it practically impossible for historians to research the issue of the number of victims. The reluctance to research this issue also resulted from a conviction of the impossibility of drawing up a full list of transports reflecting the total number of deportees, and above all of the people who were consumed by the gas chambers and crematoria with no registration or records.

In his book entitled “IBM and the Holocaust,” Edwin Black wrote that the Nazis tracked the prisoners by using IBM Hollerith machines which sorted punch cards that were coded with information about each prisoner. The numbers on the tattoos that were put on the arms of the Auschwitz prisoners, starting in 1943, were originally the prisoner’s code number on his Hollerith card.

The following is a quote from the book “IBM and the Holocaust” by Edwin Black:

Begin quote

It was not just people who were counted and marshaled for deportation. Box cars, locomotives and intricate train time tables were scheduled across battle-scared borders – all while a war was being fought on two fronts. The technology had enabled Nazi Germany to orchestrate the death of millions without skipping a note.

End quote

According to Edwin Black, the prisoners were not tracked with an IBM punch card until they were registered in a camp, so there are no records of those who arrived at Auschwitz, but were not registered. Of the millions of Hollerith punch cards used by the Nazis, only around 100,000 survived the war, according to Edwin Black.

The generally accepted figure of 1.3 million who were deported to Auschwitz is not based on the train records kept by the Germans, but rather an estimate made by Franciszek Piper who wrote the following in his article on the official Auschwitz web site:

After an overall analysis of the original sources and findings on deportation to Auschwitz, I concluded that a total of at least 1,300,000 people were deported there, and that 1,100,000 of them perished. Approximately 200,000 people were deported from Auschwitz to other camps as part of the redistribution of labor resources and the final liquidation of the camp.

One of the most distinguished Holocaust researchers, Raul Hilberg, published a separate work (Auschwitz and the Final Solution) on the number of Auschwitz victims. His findings reaffirmed both the figure of 1,000,000 Jewish Auschwitz victims that he had arrived at as long ago as 1961, as well as my own conclusions.

The IBM Hollerith punch cards kept by the Germans for the Jews, Russians and Gypsies, who were registered in the camp and later killed in the gas chambers, were coded as F-6 for “special treatment” or as “evacuations” according to Edwin Black, the author of “IBM and the Holocaust.” The code for “execution” was D-4.

In 2002, Edwin Black wrote the following in an article regarding the IBM Hollerith punch card machines in Krakow which were used by the Nazis to keep track of the Auschwitz prisoners:

The machines almost certainly did not maintain extermination totals, which were calculated as “evacuations” by the Hollerith Gruppe in Krakow.

Richard Seaver wrote in the Introduction to Auschwitz, a Doctor’s Eyewitness Account by Dr. Miklos Nyiszli that “in 1944 German authorities destroyed the transport lists of all Jews who had been sent to Auschwitz up to that point, and in the succeeding months ordered the destruction of all other incriminating documents.”

The complete records, compiled by the office of Richard Glücks for all the Nazi concentration camps in the years 1935 to 1944, are now stored on microfilm and kept in the Russian Central Archives in the Central State Archives No. 187603 on Rolls 281 through 286. These records give statistics on the number of Auschwitz deaths from execution, typhus and other natural causes, but not the statistics on the Jews who were gassed.

According to Wikipedia, Richard Glücks attained the rank of a SS-Gruppenführer and a Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS and was, from 1939 until the end of World War II, the head of Amt D: Konzentrationslagerwesen of the WVHA and the highest-ranking “Inspector of Concentration Camps” in Nazi Germany. Close to Himmler, Glücks was directly responsible for the forced labour of the camp inmates; he was also the supervisor for the medical practices in the camps, ranging from human experimentation to the implementation of the Endlösung, in particular the mass murder of the inmates by gassing with Zyklon-B.

Endlösung is the German term for “The Final Solution,” which means the genocide of the Jews. Himmler and Glücks both escaped justice by committing suicide immediately after they were captured by the Allies in May 1945, before they could be interrogated.

According to the records kept by the office of Richard Glücks, there was a total of 121,453 inmates, including 100,743 Jews who were transferred out of Auschwitz-Birkenau to other camps.

The same records show that there was a total of 334,785 prisoners who entered Auschwitz-Birkenau between May 1940 and December 1944, including 161,785 non-Jews.

The records kept by the office of Richard Glücks show that 103,429 inmates of Auschwitz-Birkenau died from typhus, including 58,240 Jews who died from typhus between 1942 and 1944. An additional 4,140 prisoners died of other natural causes between 1940 and 1944, including 2,064 Jews.

The number of people executed at Auschwitz, according to the records stored on microfilm in the Russian Archives, was 1,646 including 117 Jews, 1,485 Poles, 19 Russians, 5 Czechs and 20 Gypsies.

The German records kept by the office of Richard Glücks show that 173,000 Jews were brought to Auschwitz-Birkenau and that 100,743 were transferred to other camps; 58,240 Jews died of typhus; 2064 Jews died of natural causes and 117 Jews were executed, bringing the total number of Jewish deaths at Auschwitz-Birkenau to 60,421. At the end of October 1944, there were 11,836 Jews at Auschwitz-Birkenau, plus a few that were admitted to the camp in November and December 1944, according to the records kept by the office of Richard Glücks.

The German records show that 161,785 non-Jews were brought to Auschwitz-Birkenau from May 1940 to December 1944 and that 45,189 of them died from typhus; 1,529 non-Jewish prisoners at Auschwitz-Birkenau were executed; 2,076 non-Jews died of natural causes, other than typhus. This makes a total of 48,794 non-Jewish deaths at Auschwitz-Birkenau in addition to the 60,421 Jewish deaths, for a combined total of 109,215. This does not include the deaths in January 1945 before Auschwitz was liberated on January 27, 1945.

According to information presented at the Auschwitz Museum, 405,222 prisoners were registered at Auschwitz-Birkenau. The Jews who were immediately sent to the gas chamber were not registered and no records of any kind were kept for them.

Out of the 405,222 prisoners who were registered at Auschwitz and Birkenau, around 340,000 died at Auschwitz and other camps to which they were transferred, according to a Museum guidebook, which I purchased in 2005. This figure includes the prisoners who were registered and then selected later for gassing because they were no longer able to work.

By subtracting the number of prisoners still in the camp the day before it was abandoned, the By subtracting the number of prisoners still in the camp the day before it was abandoned, the number of prisoners sent to other concentration camps, and the number of escapees from the number of prisoners that were registered, the remainder is a number that closely matches the figure of 135,000 deaths that was estimated by the Red Cross. According to Franciszek Piper, the director of the Auschwitz Museum, there were approximately 500 prisoners who escaped from Auschwitz.

The Encyclopedia of the Holocaust puts the total number of Hungarian Jews who died at Auschwitz-Birkenau between May and July 1944 at approximately 550,000, the majority of whom were gassed, but Lucy Dawidowicz wrote in her book entitled “The War Against the Jews,” published in 1975, that 450,000 Hungarian Jews were brought to Auschwitz between May 1944 and October 1944. Raul Hilberg stated in his book entitled The Destruction of the European Jews that the number of Hungarian Jews brought to Auschwitz was 180,000.

According to Franciszek Piper, the majority of the Hungarian Jews, who were sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau, were gassed immediately.

A booklet purchased from the Auschwitz Museum stated that 434,351 of the Hungarian Jews were gassed upon arrival. If these figures are correct, only 3,051 Hungarian Jews, out of the 437,402 who were sent to Auschwitz, were registered in the camp. However, Franciszek Piper wrote that 28,000 Hungarian Jews were registered at Auschwitz-Birkenau. The records from the office of Richard Glücks show that only 23,117 Hungarian Jews were brought to Auschwitz-Birkenau and 21,527 Hungarian Jews were transferred out of the camp.

On July 12, 1944, there were 92,705 prisoners in the whole camp complex, according to the roll call taken that day. In the main camp, there were 14,386 men. At Birkenau, there were 19,711 men and 31,406 women. There were 26,705 men in Auschwitz III. This total did not include the Hungarian Jews who were not registered, according to Danuta Czech. They were held in section B III of Birkenau, called Mexico, while they waited to be gassed or sent to another camp.

On April 12, 1947, just before his execution, Rudolf Hoess signed the following Final Statement, in which he admitted his shame for committing Crimes Against Humanity and for participating in the genocide perpetrated by the Third Reich:

Begin quote from the confession of Rudolf Hoess:

My conscience is forcing me to make also the following assertion: In the isolation prison I have reached the bitter understanding of the terrible crimes I have committed against humanity. As a Kommandant of the extermination camp at Auschwitz, I have realized my part in the monstrous genocide plans of the Third Reich.

By this means I caused humanity and mankind the greatest harm, and brought unspeakable suffering, particularly to the Polish nation. For my responsibility, I am now paying with my life. Oh, that God would forgive me my deeds! People of Poland, I beg you to forgive me! Just now in the Polish prisons have I recognized what humanity really is. In spite of everything that happened I have been treated humanely, which I had never expected, and this has made me feel deeply ashamed. Would to God…that the fact of disclosing and confirming those monstrous crimes against mankind and humanity may prevent for all future ages even the premises leading to such horrible events.

End of confession

March 12, 2016

Who was “the most diabolical criminal in all human history”?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 10:03 am

Just in case there might be some newbs reading this, who don’t know who the most diabolical criminal in all human history was, I won’t keep you in suspense. “The most diabolical criminal in all human history” was, of course, Rudolf Hoess, the commandant of Auschwitz.

Rudolf Hoess the commandant of Auschwitz

Rudolf Hoess

The following quote is from a news article which you can read in full here:

Begin quote

The Auschwitz commander [Rudolf Hoess] who oversaw the deaths of 2.5 million people was captured and interrogated by a Jewish soldier.

Liverpool-born Karl Louis Abrahams was part of the team which tracked down Rudolf Hoess, the man in charge of the [Auschwitz] death camp in Nazi-occupied Poland from 1940 to 1943.

The arrest was made on March 11 1946, 70 years ago this week.

Hoess introduced the use of Zyklon B in the camp’s gas chambers, which could kill 2,000 victims in less than an hour, and confessed in 1946 to being responsible for 2.5 million deaths – most of them Jews.

Sergeant Karl Abrahams joined the British Army Intelligence Corps in 1942, but it was not until 1946 that he was given the mission of his life, to apprehend who he called “the most diabolical criminal in all human history”.

End quote

You can read the confession of Rudolf Hoess on my website here:

http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/History/Articles/DeathStatistics.html

The current number, for the Jews killed at Auschwitz is 1.1 million. Why did Rudolf Hoess confess to more than twice this number?  The newspaper article does not mention that Rudolf Hoess was tortured, by “the Jewish Brigade”, in order to force him to give this false confession.

I wrote about the confession of Rudolf Hoess on my website here:  http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/History/Articles/RudolfHoess.html

I wrote about Rudolf Hoess, the man, on my website here: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/History/Articles/RudolfHoess.html

You can read more lies told by Rudolf Hoess, after he was severely tortured, on my website here:

http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/History/Articles/BelsenIncident.html

Rudolf Hoess was hanged near the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp

Rudolf Hoess was hanged near gas chamber in Auschwitz camp

Mound of grass beside the entrance into the Auschwitz gas chamber

My 1998 photo of the mound of grass beside the entrance into Auschwitz gas chamber

November 8, 2015

Holocaust survivor remembers Auschwitz Commandant Otto Moll, the “killer of Auschwitz”

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 8:41 am

Yes, yes, I know that Otto Moll was not the Commandant of Auschwitz, but stay with me, dear reader, and everything will be revealed to you.

I am writing today about a news article which quotes  a Holocaust survivor named Henry Bawnik:

Begin quote

The Killer of Auschwitz

The next stop for Bawnik was Furstengrube, only 19 miles from Auschwitz, where two lucky breaks again saved him.

When Bawnik and the other prisoners arrived, commandant Otto Moll greeted them. Moll already had a reputation as the “killer of Auschwitz,” running that camp’s crematorium.

Bawnik remembered part of Moll’s speech to the prisoners: “You’ll work hard, we’ll feed you well, but let’s do a little exercise.”

Just then, someone from the kitchen asked whether anyone in the group was a gardener.

“I raised my hand and said yes. I was taken to the garden, and 15 people were beaten to death while doing their exercises.”

End quote

In May 1941, Otto Moll had been transferred from the Sachsenhausen concentration camp to Auschwitz-Birkenau where he was put in charge of digging mass graves. Robert E. Conot, the author of Justice at Nuremberg described Otto Moll as “a drunken, one-eyed, twenty-seven-year-old trumpeter, gardener, and pig farmer.”

Otto Moll

Otto Moll

All the dead bodies of prisoners had to be dug up later and burned on pyres because the corpses were contaminating the ground water at Auschwitz-Birkenau. The mass graves of the prisoners, who had died in the typhus epidemic in the summer of 1942, were in the same location.

Robert Conot wrote that “Moll was placed in charge of 150 inmates set to exhuming and incinerating the bodies on open pyres.” This work took several months to complete, according to Conot, who also wrote that “In June and August of 1942, typhus epidemics devastated Auschwitz.” Moll himself contracted typhus before the excavation was completed.

Otto Moll is considered to be one of the most notorious war criminals, who was put on trial by the American military at Dachau. He was executed on May 28, 1946 after being convicted of participating in a “common design” to violate the Laws and Usages of War by virtue of leading the evacuation of the Kaufering II sub-camp of Dachau to the Dachau main camp in the last days of the war.

Moll had personally led a death march of 450 prisoners, starting from the Kaufering II camp on April 25, 1945 and arriving in the Dachau main camp on April 28, 1945. Moll escaped from Dachau that evening, along with the acting Dachau commandant Martin Weiss and most of the regular guards, but he was captured and arrested in May 1945.

It was not a war crime to evacuate prisoners from a concentration camp, but it was a war crime to prevent the prisoners from escaping from a death march, according to the prosecution at the American Military Tribunal at Dachau.

Albin Gretsch and Johann Schoepp were guards who were also found guilty of preventing prisoners from escaping from transports to Dachau.

Otto Moll had joined the SS in 1936 and had previously served at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, where Rudolf Hoess was a staff member, from 1938 to 1941.

In May 1941, Moll was transferred to Auschwitz-Birkenau where he supervised the digging of mass graves near the gas chambers in the two old farmhouses, known as Bunker 1 and Bunker 2, at Birkenau. Moll was later put in charge of digging up the bodies in the mass graves and burning them in pits.

Robert E. Conot, the author of Justice at Nuremberg described Otto Moll as “a drunken, one-eyed, twenty-seven-year-old trumpeter, gardener, and pig farmer.”

Conot wrote that “Moll was placed in charge of 150 inmates set to exhuming and incinerating the bodies on open pyres.” This work took several months to complete, according to Conot, who also wrote that “In June and August of 1942, typhus epidemics devastated Auschwitz.” Moll himself contracted typhus before the excavation was completed.

Several survivors of Auschwitz accused Moll of throwing live babies into the flaming pits.

Alter Feinsilber, a member of the Sonderkommando at Birkenau who worked under Moll’s supervision, mentioned Moll in his testimony for the prosecution in a Krakow court: “It happened that some prisoners offered resistance when about to be shot at the pit or that children would cry and then SS Quartermaster Sergeant Moll would throw them alive into the flames of the pit.”

Moll was not put on trial in Poland, but any and all testimony was allowed in the Allied war crimes trials, whether or not it pertained to the case.

One of the many war crimes committed by Moll, according to Conot’s book, occurred during the shooting of thousands of Jews who were brought to Majdanek from several labor camps that had been closed following the uprisings at Treblinka and Sobibor in 1943. Moll headed a group of SS men who were brought from Auschwitz to do the shooting.

Regarding the massacre at Majdanek, Conot wrote the following in his book Justice at Nuremberg:

“The Jews were herded together and machine-gunned by the tens of thousands. The bodies were burned on huge pyres, the smoke from which darkened the sky day after day and filled the streets of the city with ash as if from a volcanic explosion.”

I wrote about the mass execution at Majdanek on this blog post:  https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2011/01/29/the-harvest-festival-at-majdanek-on-bloody-wednesday-nov-3-1943/

While Moll was a prisoner at Landsberg, awaiting his execution after being convicted at Dachau, he requested that he be allowed to confront his former boss, Rudolf Hoess, the Commandant of Auschwitz, who was undergoing interrogation for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, where he was a defense witness for Ernst Kaltenbrunner, one of the men on trial.

The prosecution had finished its case at Nuremberg by this time, so it was too late for Moll to be a prosecution witness who could potentially testify that Hoess was lying.

The following is a quote from the transcript of the joint interrogation of Hoess and Moll on April 16, 1946 at Nuremberg, in which Moll denies being responsible for gassing Jews in the two farmhouses known as Bunker 1 and Bunker 2 at Birkenau:

Questions directed to Rudolf Hoess:

Q. What did this Otto Moll do at Sachsenhausen and later at Auschwitz?
A. In Sachsenhausen he was a gardener and later at Auschwitz he was used as a leader of a work detail and later on he was used as a supervisor during the various actions.
Q. You mean the actions whereby people were executed and later cremated?
A. Yes.
Q. You told us this morning about his first assignment in 1941 when farm buildings were converted into an extermination plant. Will you restate what you said about that?
A. At first he worked on the farm and then I later moved him into the farm house, which was used as a professional extermination plant.

Questions directed to Otto Moll

Q. Otto Moll, is what the witness has just said true?
A. First, I was used in work in connection with the excavation of the mass graves. Hoess must know that. He is in error if he said that I worked in the buildings where the gassing was carried out. At first I was used for the excavation of the mass graves and he must remember that. Hoess, do you remember Swosten, Blank, Omen, Hatford and Garduck? Those are the people who worked in the building at the time when you alleged I worked there and I was working on excavations. Surely Hoess remembers that.

Otto Moll was one of the prisoners who was hanged at Landsberg, where the gallows faced the former prison cell of Adolf Hitler

Otto Moll was one of the prisoners who was hanged at Landsberg, where the gallows faced the former prison cell of Adolf Hitler

The prisoner in the photo above, who is about to be hanged at Landsberg, is another German criminal, not Otto Moll.  There is a video of Otto Moll as he was being hanged, but you will have to google it yourself.

September 20, 2015

The 6 million number never changes, no matter what

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 10:28 am

“…into the valley of death rode the 600 6 million…”  Source

The number of Jews who died in the Holocaust [6 million] remains the same, no matter what new evidence is found.

The number of Jews killed at Auschwitz was originally 4 million, according to testimony given at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal; now that number is officially down to 1.1 million.

The number of deaths given for Majdanek was originally 1.5 million, but the number of Jewish deaths has been reduced to 59,000.

You can read about the 6 million Jews on this website.

Copy of the confession of Rudolf Hoess hangs in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Copy of the confession of Rudolf Hoess hangs in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

The caption underneath the photo above reads:

On May 14, 1946, Rudolf Hoess, the former commandant of Auschwitz, signed a declaration stating that during his tenure in office, 2 million Jews had been gassed at Auschwitz and another 500,000 killed in other ways. Hoess overestimated the number of Jews gassed by about 1 million.

There have been allegations that this confession was obtained from Rudolf Hoess by means of torture. Rupert Butler wrote in his book entitled Legions of Death, published by Arrow Books in London in 1983, that Hoess had been beaten for three days by a British team of torturers under the command of Jewish interrogator Bernard Clarke.

In 1946, Rudolf Hoess, the former Auschwitz commandant, was put on trial in Poland; he was charged with the murder of “around 300,000 people held at the camp as prisoners and entered into the camp’s records and around 4,000,000 people, mainly Jews, who were brought to the camp in transports from other European countries for immediate extermination and thus not listed in the camp’s records.” During his trial, Hoess changed the figure in his confession to a total of 1,130,000 Jews that were gassed but declared “During my tenure at Auschwitz, millions of people died, whose exact number I cannot determine.”

Rudolf Hoess wrote in his autobiography that Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann and his deputy were the only ones who knew the total number of Jews that were gassed at Auschwitz-Birkenau because Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler had ordered the records to be burned after every special action. The Nazis always used code words when talking about the genocide of the Jews: a mass gassing was called a “special action.”

In the last days of World War II, shortly before Berlin was surrounded by Soviet troops, Eichmann allegedly told Hoess that 2.5 million Jews had been murdered at Auschwitz Birkenau. Eichmann was an SS Lt. Col. who was the head of Department IV, B-4, the section of the Reich Central Security Office (RSHA) in Berlin, which was responsible for deporting the Jews. It was Adolf Eichmann who was in charge of deporting the Jews on the trains to the death camps.

According to the Auschwitz Museum, no records of the number of prisoners who died at Auschwitz-Birkenau have ever been found.

1938 photo shows that virtually no Jews were sent to Sachsenhausen

1938 photo shows virtually no Jews at the Sachsenhausen camp

In order to avoid going to prison for 5 years in 19 different countries which have laws against Holocaust denial, you must believe in the 6 million, even though the numbers no longer add up.

September 6, 2015

Rainer Hoess, grandson of Rudolf Hoess, has gone off the deep end

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 6:30 pm

According to a news article, which you can read in full here, the grandson of Rudolf Hoess, who was the Commandant of Auschwitz-Birkenau, has truly gone off the deep end.

This quote is from the news article, cited above:

Dad-of-four Rainer [Hoess] revealed: “My grandfather [Rudolf Hoess] sent thousands of kids to the gas chamber and then he came home, hugged and kissed his family and said, ‘How was your day?’”

Hand-picked by SS chief Heinrich Himmler, [Rudolf] Hoess readily admitted killing around 1.1 million Jews, gypsies, homosexuals and other prisoners.

So Rudolf Hoess readily admitted killing 1.1 million prisoners?

No, Rudolf Hoess made several confessions after he was almost beaten to death by the British Jewish soldiers who captured him, but in none of his confessions was the number of 1.1 million mentioned.

The number of 1.1 million is the number that is claimed by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC. This included 900,000 Jews and 200,000 others including Gypsies.

Rufolf Hoess [Höss] was arrested by the British Military Police near Flensburg in Schleswig-Holstein on March 11, 1946. In the photo below, he is shown while in custody.

Rudolf Hoess is shown after he was captured by the British

Rudolf Hoess is shown after he was captured by the British

On April 5, 1945, Höss signed a sworn deposition, written in English, which was introduced as evidence at the Nuremberg IMT; he admitted to killing 2.5 million Jews in the gas chambers at Auschwitz-Birkenau, even before the deportation of the Hungarian Jews, which added another 400,000 to the total.

Rudolf Hoess was afraid of the British officers after he was almost beaten to death

Rudolf Hoess was afraid of the British officers after he was almost beaten to death

The following quote is from the sworn affidavit, signed by Rudolf Hoess, which was entered into the proceedings of the Nuremberg IMT:

Begin quote:

I have been constantly associated with the administration of concentration camps since 1934, serving at Dachau until 1938; then as Adjutant in Sachsenhausen from 1938 – 5/1/1940, when I was appointed Kommandant of Auschwitz.

I commanded Auschwitz until 12/1/1943 and estimate that at least 2.5 million victims were executed and exterminated there by gassing and burning, and at least another half million succumbed to starvation and disease making a total dead of about 3 million. This figure represents about 70-80% of all persons sent to Auschwitz as prisoners, the remainder having been selected and used for slave labor in the concentration camp industries; included among the executed and burned were approximately 20,000 Russian prisoners of war (previously screened out of prisoner-of-war cages by the Gestapo) who were delivered at Auschwitz in Wehrmacht transports operated by regular Wehrmacht officers and men.

The remainder of the total number of victims included about 100,000 German Jews, and great numbers of citizens, mostly Jewish, from Holland, France, Belgium, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Greece, or other countries. We executed about 400,000 Hungarian Jews alone at Auschwitz in the summer of 1944.

End quote

Notice that Hoess includes “citizens” of Hungary in the prisoners who were gassed while he “commanded Auschwitz until 12/1/1943.” Wrong!!!

The first two transports of Hungarian Jews did not arrive at Auschwitz-Birkenau until May 2, 1944. Nevertheless, when Hoess was asked, during cross examination by American prosecutor Col. Harlan Amen, if his affidavit was correct with regard to the statement above, he answered “Es stimmt.” The English equivalent would be “That’s correct.”

The following is a quote from the Judgment handed down at the Nuremberg IMT:

German missions were sent to such satellite countries as Hungary and Bulgaria, to arrange for the shipment of Jews to extermination camps and it is known that by the end of 1944, 400,000 Jews from Hungary had been murdered at Auschwitz. Evidence has also been given of the evacuation of 110,000 Jews from part of Romania for “liquidation.”

Adolf Eichmann, who had been put in charge of this program by Hitler, has estimated that the policy pursued resulted in the killing of 6,000,000 Jews, of which 4,000,000 were killed in the extermination institutions.

Adolf Eichmann did not testify at the Nuremberg IMT. The Judgment at Nuremberg, with regard to the killing of 6 million Jews in the Holocaust, was mostly based on hearsay testimony given in an affidavit, dated 26 November 1945, by former SS officer Wilhelm Höttl.

Höttl stated that Adolf Eichmann, the head of the Jewish section of the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA), had told him in August 1944 that four million Jews had been killed in the extermination camps, and another two million had been killed by the Einsatzgruppen on the Eastern front.

After the German surrender in May 1945, Höttl had been recruited to work with American intelligence.

Rudolf Höss also mentioned in his sworn affidavit, entered into the proceedings at Nuremberg, that he had personally received an order from Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, the SS general in charge of all the concentration camps, to exterminate the Jews who were deported to Auschwitz.

Höss wrote in his autobiography that Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler ordered the extermination of all the Jews in the summer of 1941, six months before the Final Solution was planned at the Wannsee Conference on January 20, 1942.

The following quote is from the autobiography of Höss:

The sub-section (of RSHA) concerned with the Jews, controlled by Eichmann and Gunther, had no doubts about its objective. In accordance with the orders given by the Reichsführer SS in the summer of 1941, all Jews were to be exterminated. The Reich Security Head Office raised the strongest objections when the Reichsführer SS, on [Oswald] Pohl’s suggestion, directed that the able-bodied Jews were to be sorted out from the rest.

In an appendix to his autobiography, written in January and February 1947 while he was in prison in Poland, there is a statement made by Höss at a later date and typewritten by someone else.

The following is a quote from a typewritten statement allegedly taken from Höss:

In the summer of 1941, I cannot remember the exact date, I was suddenly summoned to the Reichsführer SS, directly by his adjutant’s office. Contrary to his usual custom, Himmler received me without his adjutant being present and said in effect:

“The Führer has ordered that the Jewish question be solved once and for all and that we, the SS, are to implement that order. […] I have now decided to entrust this task to you. […] You will learn further details from Sturmbannführer Eichmann of the Reich Security Head Office who will call on you in the immediate future.”

[…]

“The Jews are the sworn enemies of the German people and must be eradicated. Every Jew that we can lay our hands on is to be destroyed now during the war, without exception. If we cannot now obliterate the biological basis of Jewry, the Jews will one day destroy the German people.”

In the typewritten statement, Höss went on to say that in the autumn of 1941, a secret order was given to transfer Russian political Commissars in the POW camps to the nearest concentration camp for liquidation. These prisoners were shot in the gravel pit near the clothing warehouses or at the black wall in the courtyard of Block 11 at the main Auschwitz camp.

Höss wrote the following regarding the first gassing at Auschwitz in September 1941:

When I was absent on duty, my representative, Hauptsturmführer Fritsch, on his own initiative, used gas for killing these Russian prisoners of war.

This was the first time that Zyklon-B was ever used by the Nazis for homicidal gassing.

The Auschwitz Museum currently maintains that approximately 1.1 million people died at Auschwitz of all causes, 90% of whom were Jews.

Rudolf Höss testified at his trial in 1947 before the Supreme National Tribunal in Warsaw that Adolf Eichmann had told him a number of times that 400,000 Hungarian Jews were exterminated at Auschwitz.

Based on the testimony of members of the Sonderkommando who had removed the bodies from the gas chambers at Auschwitz-Birkenau, the Nuremberg Nuremberg Tribunal found him guilty of the murder of 300,000 non-Jews who were registered and at least 2.5 million Jews who were brought to the camp for immediate extermination and were never registered.

For the gassing of the Hungarian Jews between May and July 1944, the gas chambers in Bunker 2, an old farm house near the Central Sauna building, had to be put into operation again, since the four large gas chambers in the crematoria at Birkenau did not have the capacity to handle up to 12,000 victims who were gassed each day during the height of the “Hungarian Action.”

The gas chamber in Krema I was no longer in use, and Bunker 1, another old farm house which was used for gassing in 1942, had been torn down.

According to the testimony of Henryk Tauber at the trial of Auschwitz Commandant Rudolf Höss in Poland, up to 5,000 corpses could be burned each day in Krema II and Krema III alone. As many as 3,000 corpses could be burned each day in Krema IV and Krema V. The old burning pits were re-excavated and five new burning pits, which were dug near Krema V, were used to dispose of the remaining 4,000 corpses produced by the gas chambers each day during the height of the deportation of the Hungarian Jews.

Tauber was a member of the Sonderkommando unit which removed the bodies from the gas chambers and put them into the ovens. This information comes from a book entitled Auschwitz Nazi Death Camp, published by the Auschwitz Museum in 1996.

The following information is also included in the book Auschwitz Nazi Death Camp:

In the end, according to a letter from the Zentralbauletung der Waffen-SS und Polizei Auschwitz to Administrative Groups C of SS-WVHA of June 28, 1943, it was found that each crematorium had the following capacities in 24 hours: Crematorium I – 340 corpses, Crematorium II – 1440 corpses, Crematorium III – 1440 corpses, Crematorium IV – 768 corpses, Crematorium V – 768 corpses.

Altogether, the crematoria could burn a total of 4,756 corpses a day.

The Birkenau camp was built on marshy ground but prisoners in a punishment Kommando had been forced to dig a deep drainage ditch, called the Königsgraben, at the western end of the camp near where the burning pits were located.

According to the book Nazi Death Camp, around 100 members of the Sonderkommando who worked in the gas chamber buildings at Birkenau were among the 60,000 prisoners who were marched out of the camp, under SS escort, on January 18, 1945 when the three Auschwitz camps were abandoned.

The Nazis didn’t anticipate that some of these Sonderkommando workers would survive and testify against them in war crimes trials after the war. Besides Tauber, there were two others, Szlama Dragon and Alter Feinsilber, aka Stanislaw Jankowski, who also testified about the gassing of the Jews at the trial of Rudolf Höss in Poland after the war.

Three other members of the Sonderkommando, who were murdered after a few months on the job, had managed to hide their diaries, containing accounts of the gassing of prisoners at Birkenau, in containers which they buried in the ground to be discovered later by survivors.

I find it remarkable that the grandson of Rudolf Hoess believes the lies told about his grandfather.

June 23, 2015

My review of “Auschwitz: Hitler’s Final Solution”

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 10:10 am

Last night, I watched a new TV special entitled “Auschwitz: Hitler’s Final Solution.”

Let me say, right off the bat, the show was not as bad as I was expecting. There were lots of good aspects of the show.  For example, the name of the Auschwitz commandant, Rudolf Höss was pronounced correctly. (It sounds something like “Hearse.”)

Since the title of the show included the name Auschwitz, not Auschwitz-Birkenau, I was expecting the show to be about the main Auschwitz camp, but the show started off by showing aerial footage of the huge 425 acre Birkenau camp with it’s huge number of wooden barracks, as the narrator told us that 1.1 million people had died at this place.  This indicates that this show was made recently, since the number of deaths is now down from the original 4 million, that was claimed at the Nuremberg IMT,  to 1.1 million, claimed by the current official Auschwitz website.

Then we see the railroad tracks on the inside of the Birkenau camp with the Gate of Death faintly shown in the background.

Finally, we get to the start of the show, which is labeled “Origins – April 1940”.  So it turns out that the show is going to be about the main Auschwitz camp where Rudolf Höss was the first Commandant. We see a shiny black car, traveling towards us, on what looks like a dirt road.  I think that this scene is authentic because, when I first went to Poland in 1998, the roads looked a lot like this.

One of the best things about the show is that Rudolf Höss is humanized. One scene shows him getting his hair cut by a prisoner who says, on the show, that he could have easily slit the Commandant’s throat, but it would have meant his own death, and the new Commandant could have been worse.

At the very end of the show, Rudolf Höss is shown as a loving father, sitting around the fire, with his arms around his children. That’s how one of his daughters has described him. How could such a nice man have killed all those Jews.  Stay tuned for more.

Color photos are shown of the red roof tops of the barracks buildings in the main camp, as we are given the first mistaken information about the main camp. We are told that these building date back to 1940, when the main Auschwitz camp was “a former Polish Army barracks.”  We are told that the main camp was “not for Jews, but for “Polish political prisoners.”  Close, but no cigar. The main camp was first used for illegal combatants, who were fighting as “resistance fighters.”

But to get back to the origins of the main Auschwitz camp, it was built as a camp with barracks for farm workers who stayed there between  jobs, and traveled by train to work on farms throughout Poland.

Auschwitz was the main railroad hub in Europe.  From Auschwitz, a person could go anywhere in Europe, without changing trains.  I wrote about this on this previous blog post: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2014/05/16/why-auschwitz-was-chosen-by-the-germans-as-the-location-of-their-largest-camp/

As the show continues, we learn that “in 1940, the motto of Dachau was put over  the gate into the main Auschwitz camp.”  Of course, we are not told the real meaning of this slogan and why it was put on the main Auschwitz camp, but not on the gate at Birkenau. I wrote about the meaning of the “Arbeit Macht Frei” sign on this blog post: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2010/02/25/arbeit-macht-frei-what-does-it-stand-for/

It is not long before the show gets to the first big lie: a fake photo of “pole hanging.”

This photo is a still shot from a film

This photo is a still shot from a film made by the Soviet Union

I took the photo above in the Museum at Dachau in May 2001. The photo, which is a depiction of the alleged tree hanging punishment at Buchenwald, was not included in the new Museum at Dachau which opened in May 2003.

According to Harold Marcuse, Professor of History at the University of California at Santa Barbara, this scene was created in 1958 for an East German DEFA film, which is why the photo is no longer used. Reference: H. Obenaus, “Das Foto vom Baumhängen: Ein Bild geht um die Welt,” in Stiftung Topographie des Terrors Berlin (ed.), Gedenkstätten-Rundbrief no. 68, Berlin, October 1995, pp. 3-8.

Right after the fake photo is shown, we see some photos of the house where Rudolf Hoess lived.  Then, after a commercial, we see the red roofs of the main camp again. We are told that Auschwitz was located in an area where there was lots of coal, and that the IG Farben company needed coal for their factories where synthetic rubber was being made. We are told that Heinrich Himmler visited the town of Auschwitz, and that the residents were thrown out so that Germans could take over the town.

According to this show, Hitler wanted to “reshape entire countries.”  We are told that Hitler thought that the Russians were “inferior human beings” and that he was “planning mass starvation in the Soviet Union.”  We are told that “the Nazis envisioned the extermination of 3 million Russians in the Soviet Union.”

Then we get to the crux of the matter: “The Jews had lost World War I for Germany.”  I believe that this is correct. Hitler turned against the Jews because he believed that they were the cause of Germany losing World War I.

We were shown photos of Jews being beaten in Ukraine. We were told that 10,000 Jews were gathered in Ukraine and then taken out and shot. We are shown the footage of the dead Jews falling into ditches as they are shot.  But the narrator says: “the Jews cheated the Germans.”  At last, a reason for why the Germans killed the Jews. I never thought that I would ever hear that on TV.

As we see film footage of the survivors of Birkenau marching out, we hear that we are usually told that the Jews were killed for no reason, but a former German soldier, who is on the show, says that “they were killed for a reason.”

I thought that the show would never get around to the gas chambers, but finally the big day arrives and we hear that it was in the Summer of 1941 that prisoners were first “killed by gassing.”

At that point, I thought that we would see a photo of the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp, but no, we are told that the gassing started with the “gibbering idiots” and “disabled children” and was then extended to “disabled adults”.

I thought that, at this point, we would see a photo of the gas chamber at Hartheim castle, but no! We are told about another place, that I have never heard of, where the “disabled were sent into a shower room,” and “carbon monoxide was turned on.”

We are told that “the first Auschwitz prisoners were sent to Germany to be gassed, and that these were “worn out prisoners who could no longer work.”  Unfortunately, the location of the gas chamber in Germany was not mentioned.

Finally, we get to the first gassing at Auschwitz. This was the experiment that was allegedly done in Block 11 in the main camp. It was mentioned that “the windows were blocked with sand.”  I have written about this on my website and on this blog post: https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2013/03/16/the-first-gassing-of-prisoners-by-the-nazis-took-place-in-block-11-at-auschwitz/

The detail about the window being blocked with sand makes me think that this story is a lie. I don’t think that any German person would ever do something like that. It would have been difficult to get the sand out of the window well, although not impossible.

Block 11 had window wells around the basement windows

Block 11 had window wells around the basement windows

Finally, the show gets around to the first homicidal gas chamber where Jews were killed in the Holocaust. I thought that we would see some  photos of the inside of the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp, but no! All we see is a photo of the door into the gas chamber, similar to my photo below.

Door into the gas chamber in the Auschwitz main camp

Door into the gas chamber in the Auschwitz main camp

Why can’t we see a photo of the gas chamber in the main camp? Is it because people in the audience would die laughing?

Then we see a photo of two ovens in the gas chamber building, but no photo of the gas chamber room.  The photo of the ovens was similar to my photo below.

A photo of the ovens in the main Auschwitz camp was shown in the docutmentary

A photo of the ovens in the main Auschwitz camp was shown in the documentary

During the show, there were extensive quotes from the confessions of Rudolph Hoess, but there was no mention that these were confessions obtained by many days of British soldiers torturing Hoess. I have quoted his confessions on this page of my website:  http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/History/Articles/RudolfHoess.html

Rudolf Hoess appears to be afraid of the nice British officer

Rudolf Hoess appears to be afraid of the nice British officer

It should have been explained in the show that Rudolf Hoess confessed after many days of being kept awake and tortured.  The photo above shows that he is afraid of the British officer who is talking to him. However, the words from his confession were quoted in the show,  as the absolute truth, without saying that these were the words of Rudolf Hoess after many days of torture.

June 2, 2015

Daughter of Rudolf Hoess has been dragged back into the news, due to the trial of Oskar Groening

Rudolf Hoess after he was tortured by the British and forced to confess

Auschwitz Commandant Rudolf Hoess after he was tortured by the British and forced to confess to gassing the Jews

This quote is from a news article in a British newspaper, which you can read in full here:

When [the daughter of Rudolf Hoess] is told about an incident at the [Auschwitz] camp, when her father was spoken to by a pregnant Jewish woman on her way to the gas chamber with her children, she [the daughter of Rudolf Hoess] has had enough. “That’s it, I have heard enough,” she says.

“I heard everything I need to know. He [her father] did what he did.”

Unfortunately, the name of the “pregnant Jewish woman on her way to the gas chamber with her children” is not named in the news article. Who could it have been?

Maybe it was Miriam Rosenthal.  I blogged about her in this previous blog post:  https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2012/08/26/pregnant-at-auschwitz-the-story-of-miriam-rosenthal/

This quote from the news article explains why the daughter of Rudolf Hoess has been dragged into the news again:

Now she [the daughter of Rudolf Hoess] has told all to Stern Magazine from Germany: prompted to embark upon the painful journey of remembrance by the Oskar Groening trial which is currently going on in the country. Groening, 93, is charged with aiding and abetting the murder of 300,000 Hungarian Jews in 1944 when he worked there as an S.S. guard – an S.S. guard employed by her father [Rudolf Hoess].

This photo of child survivors of Auschwitz was taken about 4 weeks after the camp was liberated

This photo of child survivors of Auschwitz was taken about 4 weeks after the camp was liberated

This photo was taken on the same day as the previous photo

This photo was taken on the same day as the previous photo

Note how the photo directly above, which is shown with the article, has been photo-shopped to increase the contrast in order to show how terrible it was at Auschwitz-Birkenau. Both of these photos are still photos from a film taken by the Soviet liberators of Auschwitz.

I have complained many times about the inappropriate use of photos to make the Holocaust look worse than it actually was. The photo of Rudolf Hoess, that is shown below, would be a better photo to use in an article about his daughter. This photo shows him before he was tortured by the British.

Rudolf Hoess the Commandant of Auschwitz

Rudolf Hoess the Commandant of Auschwitz

But I am getting ahead of myself. The news article actually starts with this misleading quote:

Born Ingebirgitt Hannah Hoess, she now lives under an assumed name in Washington, US, where her social life has brought her into contact with former US President Bill Clinton and his deputy Al Gore.
It is a long way from the banks of the Sola River in southern Poland, a tributary of the Vistula which, as she sat and played as a child, would turn grey then black before her eyes: the result of the human ash tipped into it from the crematoria ovens at the camp which her father Rudolf oversaw.

The Sola river where ashes from the cremoria were allegedly thrown

The Sola river where ashes from the  Auschwitz cremoria were allegedly thrown

As a child, the children of Rudolf Hoess played at the Sola River which was close to the main Auschwitz camp, and close to the house where Hoess lived with his family.

Besides that, there was a place called Solahütte, which was a little known SS resort some 30 km south of Auschwitz on the Sola River.  I don’t think that the SS men at Auschwitz would have polluted the river that ran through their vacation spot.

I previously blogged about the ashes from the crematoria at Auschwitz on this blog post:

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2011/06/27/where-are-the-ashes-of-the-1-1-million-people-killed-at-auschwitz-birkenau/

Here is another quote from the news article:

Dad [Rudolf Hoess] was strict when it came to etiquette,” says Ingebrigitt. “At the dining table, the children were allowed to speak only if they were asked.

“But he was never angry. At the table he spoke of family things and what we would do on weekends for excursions. But never something next door, because we never knew anything. Never.”

Next door was the supreme killing plant of the Third Reich where vast gas chambers capable of “processing” 12,000 human beings every 24 hours were in operation night and day.

The house where Rudolf Hoess and his family lived was only a few yards from the gas chamber in the main camp

The house where Rudolf Hoess and his family lived at Auschwitz

In the photo above, the gas chamber (not shown) was to the left, and only a few yards from the house. On the right was the garden where the children of Rudolf Hoess played. The balcony (not shown) was on the back of the house.

The balcony was on what Americans would call the “second floor.”  In German terms, the first floor of a house is called the ground floor and what we call the “second floor” is called the first floor in Germany.

This quote is also from the news article:

She [the daughter of Rudolf Hoess] says she sleepwalked and remembers now seeing the smoke from the crematoria, which consumed the bodies of the dead and turned them into ash to be fed into the [Sola] river, 100 metres away from a balcony on the first floor of the family house. She could see the floodlights and the watchtowers [in the Auschwitz main camp].

December 21, 2014

69th anniversary of the Nuremberg IMT and Rudolf Hoess is back in the news

In the past, I have written several blog posts about the confession of Rudolf Hoess, the former Commandant of the Auschwitz “death camp.”

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/tag/confession-of-rudolf-hoess/

https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/tag/rudolf-hoess-confession/

I also wrote about the trial of Rudolf Hoess on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/History/Articles/RudolfHoess.html

Recently my blog posts, about Hoess, have been getting lots of hits, and I set out to find out why there is so much interest in Rudolf Hoess.  I found a recent news story, in a British newspaper, called The Telegraph.

The news story in the The Telegraph quotes an article, which was written on November 20, 2014, the 69th anniversary of the start of the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal.  This article in the The Telegraph starts with this quote:

Auschwitz commander Rudolf Hoess was one of the men tried in Nuremburg, in a series of hearings which began 69 years ago today. His grandson tells The Telegraph of his shame over his relative’s actions – and why he thinks Europe has not learnt its lessons from the past…

Rudolf Hoess was NOT “tried in Nuremburg (sic)” on November 20, 1945. Hoess was a witness for Ernst Kaltenbrunner in the trial at Nuremberg, which started on Nov. 20, 1945.

This quote is from Wikipedia:

Begin quote:

On 25 May 1946, [Rudolf Hoess] was handed over to Polish authorities and the Supreme National Tribunal in Poland tried him for murder. His trial lasted from 11 March to 29 March 1947. During his trial, when accused of murdering three and a half million people, Höss replied, “No. Only two and one half million—the rest died from disease and starvation.”[34] Höss was sentenced to death by hanging on 2 April 1947. The sentence was carried out on 16 April immediately adjacent to the crematorium of the former Auschwitz I concentration camp. He was hanged on a short drop gallows constructed specifically for that purpose, at the location of the camp Gestapo. The message on the board that now marks the site reads:

“This is where the camp Gestapo was located. Prisoners suspected of involvement in the camp’s underground resistance movement or of preparing to escape were interrogated here. Many prisoners died as a result of being beaten or tortured. The first commandant of Auschwitz, SS-Obersturmbannführer Rudolf Höss, who was tried and sentenced to death after the war by the Polish Supreme National Tribunal, was hanged here on 16 April 1947.”

End quote

Gallows on which Rudolf Hoess was hanged at Auschwitz

Gallows on which Rudolf Hoess was hanged at Auschwitz

The gallows is a stone’s throw from the Auschwitz gas chamber, which you can see in my 2005 photo below.

Gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp

Gas chamber in  Auschwitz camp

Older Posts »