Scrapbookpages Blog

September 23, 2016

Josef Mengele wasn’t just whistling Dixie…

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , , — furtherglory @ 4:57 pm
Dr. Josef Mengele is the good looking guy on the far left

Dr. Josef Mengele is the good looking guy on the far left side

Notice that I did not give Josef Mengele his title of Dr. even though he had two doctorates. Mengele is never given his titles because he is alleged to have sent thousands of people to the gas chamber while he was whistling music by Mozart.

He even gave hair ribbons to some of the little girls. What a mean person he was! To send little girls to the gas chamber wearing ribbons in their hair!

The following quote is from a news article that you can read at http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/09/23/auschwitz-survivor-describes-how-dr-mengele-whistled-mozart-as-h/

Dr. Josef Mengele

Dr. Josef Mengele

An Israeli artist who survived Auschwitz as a child has told how Dr Josef Mengele used to whistle Mozart as he chose who would be sent to die in the gas chambers.

“He must have loved Mozart, because if he was bored during the selection he always whistled Mozart,” Yehuda Bacon said.

The 87-year-old Mr Bacon was one of the so-called “Birkenau Boys” selected by Dr Mengele to work as forced labourers at Auschwitz.

He has spoken out about his experiences at the extermination camp in a new book published in Germany.

End quote

Dr. Josef Mengele arrived at Auschwitz Birkenau in early May 1943, just at the time that the second typhus epidemic at Birkenau was starting. Dr. Mengele himself contracted typhus while he was at Birkenau.

Dr. Mengele was nicknamed the “Angel of Death” by the prisoners because he had the face of an angel, yet he allegedly made selections for the gas chambers at Birkenau.

He was noted for being nice to the children in the camp, yet he allegedly experimented on them as though they were laboratory rats.

He volunteered to do the selections at Birkenau, even when it wasn’t his turn, because he wanted to find subjects for his medical research on genetic conditions and hereditary diseases, which he had already begun before the war. He particularly wanted to find twins for the research that he had started before he was posted to Birkenau.

Dr. Mengele was well known by all the prisoners because of his good looks and charm. According to Gerald L. Posner and John Ware, the authors of “Mengele, the Complete Story,” many of the children in the Birkenau camp “adored Mengele” and called him “Uncle Pepi.” This information came from Vera Alexander, a survivor of Birkenau, who said that Dr. Mengele brought chocolate and the most beautiful clothes for the children, including hair ribbons for the little girls.

Dr. Mengele had a Ph.D. in Anthropology as well as a degree in medicine, which he received in July 1938 from the University of Frankfurt. He earned his Ph.D. in 1935 with a thesis on “Racial Morphological Research on the Lower Jaw Section of Four Racial Groups.” [So he knew that there were physical differances between the racial groups.]

In January 1937, Dr. Mengele was appointed a research assistant at the Institute for Heredity, Biology and Racial Purity at the University of Frankfurt. He worked under Professor Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, a geneticist who was doing research on twins.

As the war-time director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Hereditary Teaching Genetics, located in Berlin, von Verschuer secured the funds for Mengele’s experiments at Auschwitz. The results of Mengele’s research on twins was sent to this Institute. The grant for Mengele’s genetic research was authorized by the German Research Council in August 1943.

Olga Lengyel, a prisoner at the Birkenau camp, wrote in her book entitled “Five Chimneys” that she had heard about Dr. Mengele from the other inmates before she saw him. Lengyel wrote that she had heard that Dr. Mengele was “good-looking” but she was surprised by how “really handsome” he was. Lengyel wrote, regarding Dr. Mengele: “Though he was making decisions that meant extermination, he was as pleasantly smug as any man could be.”

Lengyel described how Dr. Mengele would take all the correct medical precautions while delivering a baby at Auschwitz, yet only a half hour later, he would send the mother and baby to be gassed and burned in the crematorium.

Lengyel herself was selected for the gas chamber, but managed to break away from the group of women who had been selected, before the truck arrived to take the prisoners to the crematorium.

The first systematic selection for the gas chambers at Birkenau was allegedly made when a transport of Jews arrived at Auschwitz on July 4, 1942. The train stopped a short distance from the Auschwitz train station at a wooden platform called the “Judenrampe,” where the selection process took place.

The Jews who were considered fit to work were marched to the Auschwitz main camp, which was close to the Judenrampe. There they were given a shower, their heads were shaved, a number was tattooed on their left forearm, and a registration card was made for them.

Those who were not considered fit for work were taken immediately by truck from the Judenrampe to two make-shift gas chambers at Birkenau, which were located in two converted farm houses called “the little red house” and “the little white house.”

At least 75% of the Jews in each transport of 2,000 to 3,000 prisoners were deemed unfit for work and were destined for the gas chamber. The little red house, also known as Bunker 1, had a capacity of 800 people in two rooms and the little white house, called Bunker 2, had a capacity of 1,200 in four rooms.

The first systematic selection for the gas chambers at Birkenau was made when a transport of Jews arrived at Auschwitz on July 4, 1942. The train stopped a short distance from the Auschwitz train station at a wooden platform called the “Judenrampe,” where the selection process took place. The Jews who were considered fit to work were marched to the Auschwitz main camp, which was close to the Judenrampe. There they were given a shower, their heads were shaved, a number was tattooed on their left forearm, and a registration card was made for them.

Those who were not considered fit for work were taken immediately by truck from the Judenrampe to two make-shift gas chambers at Birkenau, which were located in two converted farm houses called “the little red house” and “the little white house.” At least 75% of the Jews in each transport of 2,000 to 3,000 prisoners were deemed unfit for work and were destined for the gas chamber. The little red house, also known as Bunker 1, had a capacity of 800 people in two rooms and the little white house, called Bunker 2, had a capacity of 1,200 in four rooms.

All of the incoming prisoners were told that they would first be given a shower; the prisoners who were selected for work took a real shower, but the rest were taken by trucks to the two old farm houses, where the gas chambers were disguised as shower rooms.

The little white house was located on the west side of the Birkenau camp, behind the Central Sauna which was completed in 1943, and near Krema IV. The Central Sauna got its name because this was the location of the iron chambers where the prisoners’ clothing was disinfected with hot steam. The Central Sauna also contained a shower room with 50 shower heads.

The little red house was located north of where Krema V was built in 1943. Both Krema IV and Krema V allegedly had homicidal gas chambers, disguised as shower rooms, where Zyklon-B gas pellets were thrown through the outside windows, killing the unsuspecting victims inside.

Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler visited Auschwitz-Birkenau on July 17 and 18, 1942 and watched the gassing of 449 women and children in Bunker No. 1, according to his biographer Peter Padfield.

On July 23, 1942, Himmler ordered the quarantine of the Birkenau camp because of a typhus epidemic, but the gassing of the Jews allegedly continued.

On December 28, 1942, Himmler issued an order that the death rate “must be reduced at all costs” according to document 2172-PS that was introduced at the Nuremberg IMT. He meant the death rate from typhus, of course; the gassing of the Jews did not stop.

End of story

 

 

 

 

June 9, 2016

Another Holocaust liar has been outed

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , , — furtherglory @ 4:45 pm
Holocaust liar claims that he is in this photo

Holocaust liar claims that he is the man in the old photo that he is holding up

Update June 24, 2016: http://www.pennlive.com/news/2016/06/accused_holocaust_impostor_adm.html

In the link given above, Joseph Hirt has admitted, after years of lying, that he is not a Holocaust survivor. Will he be prosecuted for this lie? No, of course not! He’s a Jew and Jews lie! What else is new?

You can read this story at http://www.pennlive.com/news/2016/06/a_holocaust_imposter_pa_man_li.html

I immediately recognized the photo, that Holocaust liar Joseph Hirt is holding, in the photo above. I have this photo on my website. It is a photo of a corpse at Dachau.

After the Dachau concentration camp was liberated by American soldiers, German citizens were forced to come, from the town of Dachau, to the Dachau camp to see the horror. There had been a typhus epidemic in the Dachau camp and there were emaciated bodies, like the body shown in the photo below.

The man in the photo had died of typhus; his body was put on display when the residents of the town of Dachau were forced to come to the camp to view the carnage.

A corpse on display at Dachau after the camp was liberated

A corpse on display at Dachau after the camp was liberated

I have the photo, shown above, on my scrapbookpages.com website: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/DachauLiberation/aftermath03.html

The Germans had already discovered that DDT was dangerous to man and beast, and they were refusing to use it. After the Dachau camp was liberated, the Americans sprayed DDT everywhere.

American soldiers sprayed DDT on the surviving priosoners

American soldiers sprayed DDT on the surviving prisoners at Dachau

The American soldiers, who “liberated” Dachau made sure that the residents of Dachau and other towns were forced to confront the horrors of the concentration camps.

According to Harold Marcuse, in his book Legacies of Dachau, after the liberation “a group of Dachau Nazi elite was forced to tour the Dachau crematorium on 8 May 1945.” There they were made to look at the naked, emaciated bodies of the innocent victims of Nazi barbarity, piled up in the mortuary room right next to the gas chamber. Young boys in the Hitler Youth were brought to the camp and forced to look at the corpses on the Death Train, parked at Dachau.

To make matters worse, the news article includes the photo shown below. This photo was taken after Auschwitz-Birkenau was liberated by the Soviet Union; it shows young boys, seemingly in good health, leaving the children’s barracks.

Child survivors of Auschwitz-Birkenau

Child survivors of Auschwitz-Birkenau

The news article, cited above, claims that the photo above shows children being liberate from Dachau. Auschwitz-Birkenau was liberated in January, when there was snow on the ground, but Dachau was liberated in April when there was virtually no snow.

November 18, 2015

Why didn’t Germany use DDT to kill the lice that spreads typhus?

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Health — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 9:04 am

There were thousands of deaths, from typhus, in the German concentration camps because the Nazis refused to use DDT to kill the lice that spread typhus.  Bad Nazis!

American soldier sprays a Dachau inmate with DDT

American soldier sprays a Dachau inmate with DDT after Dachau was liberated

Dachau was “liberated” by American troops on April 29, 1945 after the camp had been turned over to them under a white flag of truce. The man who had surrendered the camp was immediately killed, but that’s another story.

Sick prisoners in the typhus ward at Dachau

Sick prisoners in the typhus ward at Dachau

On 2 May 1945, the 116th Evacuation Hospital arrived at Dachau and set up operations. According to a report made on 20 May 1945, there were 140 prisoners dying each day in the camp; the principle causes of death were starvation, tuberculosis, typhus and dysentery. There were 4,000 prisoners in the prison hospital and an unknown number of sick prisoners in the barracks who had been receiving no medical attention.

Reporters view the bodies of Dachau prisoners who had died after the camp was liberated

Reporters view the bodies of Dachau prisoners who had died after the camp was liberated

There were 18 one-story wooden SS barrack buildings in the Dachau army garrison which were converted into hospital wards. The medical personnel were housed in the SS administration building. A Typhus Commission arrived and began vaccinating all medical personnel and the prisoners. There was a daily dusting of DDT to kill the lice which spreads typhus.

Dachau prisoners being tested for typhus before they could leave the camp

Dachau prisoners being tested for typhus before they could leave the camp

On 3 May 1945, the sick prisoners were brought to the hospital wards. They were bathed, dusted with DDT powder and given clean pajamas to wear; their old prison clothes were burned.

By July 1945, the typhus epidemic in the Dachau concentration camp had been brought under control by the US Army doctors, and all the prisoners had either been released or moved to a Displaced Persons camp at Landsberg. The photograph immediately above shows former inmates being tested for typhus before being allowed to leave.

This quote from Wikipedia explains why DDT is harmful and is no longer used.

Begin quote:

In 1962, the book Silent Spring by American biologist Rachel Carson was published. It cataloged the environmental impacts of indiscriminate DDT spraying in the United States and questioned the logic of releasing large amounts of potentially dangerous chemicals into the environment without a sufficient understanding of their effects on ecology or human health. The book claimed that DDT and other pesticides had been shown to cause cancer and that their agricultural use was a threat to wildlife, particularly birds. Its publication was a seminal event for the environmental movement and resulted in a large public outcry that eventually led, in 1972, to a ban on the agricultural use of DDT in the United States.[10] A worldwide ban on its agricultural use was later formalized under the Stockholm Convention, but its limited use in disease vector control continues to this day and remains controversial,[11][12] because of its effectiveness in reducing deaths due to malaria, which is countered by environmental and health concerns.

Along with the passage of the Endangered Species Act, the US ban on DDT is cited by scientists as a major factor in the comeback of the bald eagle (the national bird of the United States) and the peregrine falcon from near-extirpation in the contiguous United States.[13][14]

End quote

July 20, 2015

Herte Bothe, a cruel female guard at Bergen-Belsen, who served time in prison

Filed under: Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 8:43 am
Herte Bothe looks haggard after working to remove dead bodies at Bergen-Belsen

Herte Bothe looks haggard after working to remove dead bodies at Bergen-Belsen

Before I began writing this blog post about Herte Bothe, one of the guards at Bergen-Belsen, I first checked with Wikipedia to make sure that I got the facts straight.

The following quote is from Wikipedia:

Nevertheless, she [Herte Bothe] was released early from prison on December 22, 1951 as an act of leniency by the British government.[2]

WHAT? Herte Bothe was a dangerous criminal who had committed crimes against humanity, or worse! Why would the British have taken pity on her, and released her from prison early?

Herte Bothe is the tall blonde on the left; she was 6 ft. 3 inches tall

Herte Bothe is the tall blonde on the left in the second row; she was 6 ft. 3 inches tall (click to enlarge)

This quote is also from Wikipedia:

During a rare interview[6] that was broadcast in 2004, Bothe became defensive when asked about her decision to be a concentration camp guard. She replied,
“ What do you mean, made a mistake? No… I’m not quite sure I should answer that. Did I make a mistake? No. The mistake was that it was a concentration camp, but I had to go to it, otherwise I would have been put into it myself. That was my mistake.[7]

Here is another quote from Wikipedia:

In September 1942, Bothe was conscripted as a camp guard at Ravensbrück concentration camp. The former nurse took a four-week training course and was sent as an Aufseherin to the Stutthof camp near Danzig (now Gdańsk). There she became known as the “Sadist of Stutthof” due to her brutal beatings of prisoners.[1]

I wrote about Herte Bothe on my website many years ago.  The following information is from my website scrapbookpages.com.

As of 2005, Herta Bothe was still alive and still defensive about her job as a female guard at Bergen-Belsen, maintaining that she had been conscripted in September 1942, at the age of 21, to work in the concentration camps; she claimed that she would have been put into a concentration camp herself if she had refused.

After four weeks of training at the Ravensbrück women’s camp, Bothe was first sent to the Stutthof camp near the city formerly known as Danzig, and then to the Bromberg Ost sub-camp in July 1944. She had previously worked as a nurse in a German hospital.

When Bergen-Belsen was voluntarily turned over to the British on April 15, 1945, Herta Bothe had been a guard there, in charge of 60 women prisoners, for no more than seven or eight weeks.

Herte Bothe is the woman on the far right; this photo was taken after she was arrested by the British

Herte Bothe is the woman on the right; this photo was taken after she was arrested by the British (click to enlarge)

Herte Bothe had arrived in the Bergen-Belsen camp between February 20th and February 26th 1945 in charge of a death march of women prisoners who had been evacuated from Poland.

Bothe was one of the 80 guards who volunteered to stay behind to help the British take over the camp, not realizing that under the Allied concept of co-responsibility, she would be put on trial as a war criminal.

In the photo at the top of this page, taken by the British at an Allied prison in Celle, Bothe looks haggard and has dark circles under her eyes after working for weeks in the camp to bury around 17,000 corpses including the bodies of 13,000 prisoners who died after the British took over.

Today, Herta Bothe is infamous because of her defiant attitude and her show of anger when the women were ordered by the British to carry the rotten corpses to mass graves with their bare hands. In interviews years later, Bothe described how she was terrified of contracting typhus because the guards were not allowed to wear gloves or masks.

She described how the arms and legs of the decomposed bodies came off in her hands when she tried to pick them up, and how lifting the emaciated bodies caused her back pain.

Although the British brought in bulldozers and shoved some of the bodies into the mass graves, they forced the former guards to do most of the work manually as their just punishment for the horrible conditions found in the camp.

Bothe was sentenced to ten years in prison after being convicted by a British Military Tribunal in 1946. She was released on December 22, 1951.   She lived to the age of 94.

Herte Bothe lived to the age of 94

June 21, 2015

Queen Elizabeth will soon visit the former Bergen-Belsen exchange camp

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 1:21 pm

Back in the Dark Ages, when I was a student at the University of Missouri School of Journalism, we were taught that there are only 3 rules of Journalism: ACCURACY,  ACCURACY, ACCURACY.

My first Journalism assignment was a job on the copy desk of a city newspaper where I checked news stories for errors and omissions.

There was no google back then; I had to look up possible errors in an encyclopedia, or call someone to verify questionable information. The newspaper had a “morgue” which was filled with previous news stories that I could also use to verify information.

When the presses rolled, and the first newspapers of the day were being printed, it was my job to go into the press room and quickly check the front page for errors before these papers hit the streets. If there was a serious error, it was my job to yell “Stop the presses.”

Today, I read a news article, which has this headline:

Queen Elizabeth II Will Visit Bergen-Belsen, Former Concentration Camp in Germany

Stop the Presses! There is a serious error in this headline.

There was a German army camp near the town of Belsen, and because of this, a POW camp set up there in 1940. This POW camp later became an exchange camp for Jews. It was not until December 1944 that the exchange camp became a concentration camp because none of the Allied countries wanted to exchange German prisoners for Jews.

So Bergen-Belsen should not be described as a “concentration camp” without explaining that the camp was originally set up for Soviet POWs and that it later became an Exchange camp for the purpose of exchanging Jews for German prisoners in American and British internment camps.

The newspaper article mentions that the Queen will visit the memorial to Anne Frank and her sister Margot, both of whom died in the typhus epidemic at Bergen-Belsen.  Could we see a photo of the memorial please?

I took the photos below when I visited the Bergen-Belsen memorial site in 2001.

Memorial stone for Margot Frank and Anne Franck at Bergen-Belsen

Memorial stone for Margot Frank and Anne Franck at Bergen-Belsen

Mass grave behind the Anne Frank memorial stone

Mass grave behind the Anne Frank memorial stone

The thousands of prisoners who died of typhus at Bergen-Belsen are buried in mass graves, like the one shown in the background of the photo above.

Tourists leave momentos  on  the stones at the mass graves at Bergen-Belsen

Tourists leave personal items on the stones at the mass graves at Bergen-Belsen

Yes, the photos above show the mass graves, into which the British shoved the bodies of the dead Jews with bulldozers.

Anne Frank and her sister Margo were originally prisoners at Auschwitz-Birkenau, the infamous death camp, before they were sent to the sick camp at Bergen-Belsen where they both died of typhus.

According to the Memorial Site at Bergen-Belsen, the camp population on December 1, 1944 was 15,257. By February 1, 1945, there were 22,000 prisoners in the camp, and by March 1, 1945, the number of inmates had swelled to 41,520. On April 15, 1945, there were an estimated 60,000 prisoners in the camp.

A total of 50,000 prisoners died during the two years the camp was in operation, including 13,000 who died of weakness and disease AFTER the camp was liberated. By far the biggest killer in the camp was typhus, a deadly disease that is transmitted by body lice.

The story of Bergen-Belsen can be summed up by a chart that hangs on the wall of the Museum there. It shows that there were 350 deaths in the camp in December 1944 before the typhus epidemic started. In January 1945, after a typhoid epidemic started, there were between 800 and 1000 deaths; in February 1945, after the typhus epidemic broke out, there were 6,000 to 7,000 deaths.

In March 1945, the number of deaths had escalated to an incredible 18,168 in only one month. In April 1945, the deaths were 18,355 in only one month, with half of these deaths occurring after the British took over.

Unlike the death camps in Poland, the Bergen-Belsen camp was not equipped to handle this kind of death rate; there was only one crematory oven in the camp.

There was only one oven to burn the dead bodies at Bergen-Belsen

There was only one oven to burn the dead bodies at Bergen-Belsen

When the British arrived on April 15, 1945, there were 10,000 bodies that were still unburied, and more were dying every day because the Germans could not control the epidemics. By the end of April, in only two weeks time, 9000 more had died. Another 4,000 died before the end of May.

In February 1945, a transport of Hungarian Jews arrived at Bergen-Belsen at a time when the disinfection chambers were temporarily not in use, and as a result, lice got into the camp, causing a typhus epidemic to break out. Heinrich Himmler, who was in charge of all the concentration camps, ordered that “all medical means necessary to combat the epidemic should be employed” but in spite of this, the epidemic quickly spread beyond control.

There were also epidemics of typhoid and dysentery at Bergen-Belsen, as well as a shortage of food and water after the camp became part of the war zone in Germany in the final days of World War II.

A sign that was put up by the British at Bergen-Belsen

A sign that was put up by the British at Bergen-Belsen

A few of the bodies at Bergen-Belsen were buried in individual graves

A few of the bodies at Bergen-Belsen were buried in individual graves

The three old photos, shown above, were sent to me by Kerry Smith; these photos were taken in 1945 by Oswald Lewis, a British soldier who participated in the cleanup operation at Bergen-Belsen.

January 22, 2014

If Hitler were still alive, would Oprah interview him?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , , , — furtherglory @ 8:50 am

Every morning, I check my blog stats to see where readers of my blog are (literally) coming from.  This morning, I found that some readers had been directed to my blog by a website, which features a fake interview, that Oprah might have conducted with Hitler if he were still alive; you can read it here.  I love this ingenious fake interview with Hitler, but there is one tiny mistake and one big mistake in the article.

The tiny mistake is this:  Two photos are shown with the caption “During the war, the Americans were very concerned about lice and typhus.”

A sign that was put up by the British at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp

A sign that was put up by the British at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp

One of the photos on the website is shown above; it is purported to be a sign in the USA, but this is actually a sign that the British put up at Bergen-Belsen, which had a huge epidemic of typhus at the end of the war.

America did not have any typhus epidemics during World War II.  America had a typhus vaccine and all of the American soldiers were vaccinated against typhus before going overseas.

DDT was first used in Italy in 1943 and during World War II, it was being sprayed every where in America.  German doctors had already discovered that DDT is harmful and they were not using it.  Instead, the Germans were killing the lice in clothing by using Zykon-B gas in a machine, such was the one pictured below.  The photo was taken at the Dachau concentration camp.

Machine used at Dachau to kill lice in clothing

Machine used at Dachau to kill lice in clothing

German doctors were working on developing a typhus vaccine at the Buchenwald concentration camp; you can read about this on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Buchenwald/Atrocities1.html

Now for the big mistake in the fake Oprah interview with Hitler, which is contained in this quote:

Oprah: But my understanding is that the Holocaust was well documented.

Hitler: Be careful with the use of that term, “well documented”. Propagandists will often use it as a tool of persuasion, when in fact, there is no documentation. Not only is there no documentation of this fictitious genocide, but two separate forensic tests of the ruins of the Auschwitz “gas chambers” came back negative!

Oprah: Ruins? But the gas chamber is still there at the Auschwitz museum.

Hitler: No. The Auschwitz gas chamber is a post war propaganda reconstruction. The museum curator will even tell you that, but only if you ask. What they claim was the original gas chamber lies in a pile of ruins. These ruins were indeed tested. There is therefore no forensic evidence to support the big lie.

Two photos are shown at this point in the narrative of Oprah’s interview of Hitler.

One photo shows  the ruins of Krema II (crematorium #2) at Auschwitz-Birkenau, which “lies in ruins,” and the other photo shows the gas chamber at the Auschwitz I camp, which was not blown up. You can see photos of the ruins of Krema II on one of my previous blog posts at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2011/10/09/are-the-ruins-of-auschwitz-collapsing/

The photo of the Auschwitz I gas chamber on the fake Oprah interview website is similar to the photo below.

View of what tourists see inside the reconstructed gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp

View of what tourists see inside the reconstructed gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp

Ruins of the oven room in Krema II at Auschwitz-Birkenau

My 2005 photo of the ruins of the oven room in Krema II at Auschwitz-Birkenau

The photo above shows the ruins of the oven room in Krema II, not the  ruins of the alleged Krema II gas chamber.  The ruins of the alleged gas chamber in Krema II were “indeed tested” by Germar Rudolf and Fred Leuchter, both of whom  climbed down into the ruins of the alleged gas chamber and did not find enough evidence of Zyklon-B residue, which would prove that it was a gas chamber.

The ruins of the alleged Krema II gas chamber are shown below.

Ruins of alleged gas chamber in Krema II at Auschwitz-Birkenau

Ruins of alleged gas chamber in Krema II at Auschwitz-Birkenau

The alleged gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp was converted into a bomb shelter by the Germans.  For 50 years, the tour guides at Auschwitz told visitors that the alleged gas chamber was original, although it is really a reconstruction, done by the Soviet Union.

You can see photos of the reconstructed gas chamber in the Auschwitz main camp on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/AuschwitzScrapbook/Tour/Auschwitz1/Auschwitz08.html

November 19, 2013

Edith Stein, a Jewish convert to Catholicism, who was gassed at Auschwitz

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 1:36 pm

The subject of saints, who were killed at the Auschwitz death camp, came up recently in the comments on my blog.  There were two Holocaust victims, who were canonized as saints in the Catholic church, after being murdered at Auschwitz.  One was Father Maximilian Kolbe, who was allegedly put to death, after surviving for a couple of weeks in a starvation cell in Block 11 in the main Auschwitz camp. He was a martyr because he had allegedly volunteered to die in place of another prisoner.

The other Auschwitz martyr, who was canonized a saint in 1998, is Edith Stein, who was gassed on the day that she arrived at Auschwitz-Birkenau in the summer of 1942.  Before you start blaming this on Dr. Josef Mengele, the man who famously did selections for the gas chamber, he did not arrive at Auschwitz until May 1943.

There were two serious typhus epidemics at Auschwitz: one in the summer of 1942 and another in the summer of 1943, around the time that Dr. Mengele arrived.

In spite of the fact that Edith Stein was a Catholic and was living in the Netherlands, she was arrested in 1942 because she had been born a Jew; she was sent to the Westerbork transit camp, the same place from which Anne Frank was sent to Auschwitz.  From Westerbrook, she was sent, on August 7, 1942, on a train to Auschwitz.

Edith Stein was 51 years old at that time, and she was a Carmelite nun in the Catholic Church.  She had a PhD in philosophy and was experienced as a teacher in a University. However, there wasn’t much demand for her skills at Auschwitz, except for her experience as a nursing assistant.

If Dr. Mengele had been at the Judenrampe when she arrived at Auschwitz in the summer of 1942, he would have waved her to the right, so that she could help with the victims of the typhus epidemic.  In his absence, she was sent immediately to the gas chamber in “the little white house.”

You can see a photo, which shows the location of “the little white house” on the website of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum at http://en.auschwitz.org/z/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=46&Itemid=35

The photo on the Museum website shows that the reconstructed ruins of “the little white house” are right behind the building called “The Central Sauna,”  which was built to house a shower room and disinfection chambers for the clothes at Auschwitz.  This suggests that “the little white house” could have been a temporary location of a shower room and disinfection chambers for clothes, while the huge Sauna building was under construction.

The location of “the little white house” was at the end of the road, which ran from the Judenrampe, where Jews arrived on the trains, to the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp.  The official story of the Holocaust is that the Jews were brought immediately in trucks to the gas chamber.  The German word for a disinfection chamber is Gaskammer; the little white house had a Gaskammer, and possibly a shower room.

Reconstructed ruins of "the little white house where Edith Stein allegedly was gassed

Reconstructed ruins of “the little white house” where Edith Stein allegedly was gassed

Fortunately, Edith Stein had an easy death in the gas chamber, on August 9, 1942, in “the little white house,” instead of contracting typhus and suffering for weeks in an Auschwitz barrack before dying of typhus.

In 1998, the year that Edith Stein was selected as a candidate for sainthood, the location of “the little white house” was unknown.  I went on a visit to the Auschwitz Memorial Site in 1998, and specifically asked my tour guide to show me “the little white house.”  I was very disappointed to learn that the location of the house was unknown.

When I returned to Auschwitz-Birkenau in 2005, the location of the house had been found and there had been a reconstruction of the alleged remains of the house.

The location of "the little white house" has been reconstructed

The location of “the little white house” has been reconstructed

Before the construction of the four large gas chambers at Birkenau (Krema II, Krema III, Krema IV and Krema V) was finished in 1943, the gassing of the Jews took place in two old farmhouses, which are now called “the little white house” and “the little red house.”

The little red house was located north of where the fourth gas chamber, called Krema V, was built. It was completely destroyed by the Nazis and nothing remains of it. The little red house was the site of the first gassing of the Jews at Birkenau, beginning in March 1942, around the time that the first typhus epidemic started. The little white house was put into operation as a gas chamber in June 1942.

The little white house was located just west of the Central Sauna, which was built in 1943 to house a shower room and numerous disinfection chambers used to kill lice in the clothing of the prisoners.

What did “the little white house” look like before it was torn down?

As far as I know, there is no photo of it, but it might have looked something like the little white house below.  This little house is located on the road to Auschwitz.

A little white house, near the Auschwitz camp in Poland

A little white house, near the Auschwitz camp in Poland

Note that the little white house, shown in the photo above, has what appears to be a brick foundation, and it is very small, just like “the little white house” where Jews were killed during a typhus epidemic in 1942.

What?  You don’t believe that converted Jews were killed in “the little white house” during a typhus epidemic? Oh, ye of little faith.

January 27, 2013

Survivors of the Ebensee subcamp of Mauthausen claimed to be subjects of medical experiments

Filed under: Dachau, Health, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 12:00 pm
Army Signal Core photo of Ebensee survivors, May 7, 1945

Army Signal Core photo of Ebensee survivors, May 7, 1945

You can check here to confirm that the photo above was taken by the US Army Signal Core at the Ebensee sub-camp of Mauthausen.

This quote, concerning the photo, is from the web page, cited above:

ARC Identifier: 531271
Title: Starved prisoners, nearly dead from hunger, pose in concentration camp in Ebensee, Austria. The camp was reputedly used for “scientific” experiments. It was liberated by the 80th Division., 05/07/1945

Creator: Department of Defense. Department of the Army. Office of the Chief Signal Officer. (09/18/1947 – 02/28/1964) ( Most Recent)

Type of Archival Materials:
Photographs and other Graphic Materials
Level of Description:
Item from Record Group 111: Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 – 1982

Note that the description of the photo says that the camp (Ebensee), where this photo was taken, was reputedly used for “scientific” experiments. Reputedly?  Sorry, not good enough.

This same photo is shown on this web page, but without a caption.  The text adjacent to the photo reads as follows:

In Auschwitz experimental medicine was tried by doctors (namely Dr. Helmuth Vetter) on sick patients, mostly typhus.  However, even when it was obvious the patient was being hurt, the experiment would continue.  Many patients lost their lives and few were saved.  Even worse, the experiments were not trying to cure the patients but to see bodily reactions to the disease and different medicine.

(survivors from the medical ward)

In conclusion, by carrying out these experiments and trying them on inmates in the camps, the Nazi physicians broke their Hippocratic Oath (stated in the Introduction) that had been put in place and followed for almost two thousand years.  They not only broke their promise as a doctor but they killed and injured many innocent prisoners for the simple reason of wanting to find out how individuals would react to different amounts and types of medicines.

The photo of the Ebensee survivors is shown in the space next to the words (survivors from the medical ward).  The web page that shows this photo and identifies it as the “survivors from a medical ward” is from the website of the University of California at Santa Barbara, specifically from the website of faculty member Harold Marcuse.  The article, written by Professor Marcuse, concerns “The book Nazi Medicine: Doctors, Victims and Medicine in Auschwitz by Howard Fertig explores the role of medicine and those affected by it in the Auschwitz concentration camp.”

Even though the photo might show survivors of a medical experiment, the men in the photo are probably not survivors of the medical experiments in Block 20 in Auschwitz, which is what the article is about.  The survivors of the Auschwitz experiments might have joined the “death march” out of Auschwitz, and they might have ended up at Ebensee, where there was a typhus epidemic in progress, but it is highly unlikely.

The photo below, which is also included in the article about Nazi medical experiments, was taken in the typhus ward at Dachau; American doctors are caring for the typhus patients.

Prisoners in the typhus ward at Dachau

Prisoners in the typhus ward at Dachau

The above photo was taken by the US Army Signal Core at Dachau; yet it is used in a history course by the University of California at Santa Barbara to illustrate Nazi medical experiments.  What’s wrong with that, you ask?  Substituting photos is totally disingenuous and should be against the law.  The photo should be identified, on the UCSB website, as being a photo taken in a typhus ward at Dachau.

As for the Ebensee camp, here is the real story, which the students at Santa Barbara should have been told.

Gate into the Ebensee subcamp

Gate into the Ebensee subcamp

The photograph above was taken on May 6, 1945, after Ebensee, a sub-camp of the Mauthausen Concentration Camp, was liberated by soldiers in the 80th Division of the US Third Army on May 4th and 5th.

The banner, written in French, reads “The French prisoners Salute the Allies.” It was erected by the anti-Nazi resistance fighters who were imprisoned here after being captured and accused of doing acts of sabotage during the Nazi occupation of France.

German Ebensee prisoners welcome their liberators

German Ebensee prisoners welcome their liberators

The photograph above shows a sign that was erected by the German prisoners in the Ebensee camp. The English translation is  “We welcome our liberators.” Among the German prisoners were some who were condemned criminals that had been released from the regular prisons and sent to work in the concentration camps.

The prisoners at Ebensee worked in underground factories which manufactured Messerschmitt airplanes. German engineers and civilians also worked in these factories. The Ebensee site was chosen because there were natural caves which could be enlarged into tunnels so that the munitions factories could be protected from Allied bombing raids.

According to Martin Gilbert, the author of a book entitled Holocaust, Ebensee was an “end destination” for Jewish prisoners who were evacuated from camps farther east as the Soviet Army advanced toward Germany. In the last months of the war, the Ebensee camp was seriously over-crowded with these exhausted prisoners, many of whom had just arrived in the weeks prior to the liberation.

Children at the Ebensee camp after it was liberated

Children at the Ebensee camp after it was liberated

Martin Gilbert wrote the following regarding the evacuations and the death marches:

Jews who had already survived the “selections” in Birkenau, and work as slave laborers in factories, had now to survive the death marches. Throughout February and March [1945] columns of men, and crowded cattle trucks, converged on the long-existing concentration camps, now given a new task. These camps had been transformed into holding camps for the remnant of a destroyed people, men and women whose labor was still of some last-minute utility for a dying Reich, or whose emaciated bodies were to be left to languish in agony in one final camp.

According to Gilbert’s book, a train loaded with 2,059 Jews arrived at Ebensee on March 3, 1945. They had survived the death camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau and had first been sent to the Gross Rosen concentration camp, then on to Ebensee. Forty-nine of the Jewish prisoners died on the train, and on their first day in the camp, 182 died during the disinfection procedure. New arrivals had to be disinfected to kill the body lice which spreads typhus. There was a typhus epidemic in Mauthausen and the sub-camps and, according to Martin Gilbert, 30,000 prisoners died in these camps in the last four months of the war.

According to Martin Gilbert, the last death marches of the war began on May 1, 1945 as the American Army approached; prisoners from the main camp at Mauthausen and the sub-camps at Gusen and St. Valentin were marched to Gunskirchen and Ebensee. Hundreds of them died from exhaustion, or were shot because they couldn’t keep up, or as they attempted to escape. When American troops in the 80th Infantry Division arrived on May 4, 1945, there were around 60,000 prisoners from 25 different countries at Ebensee.

You can read more about the Ebensee camp on another blog here and here.

October 30, 2011

World War II veteran recalls “pilots mistakenly bombing and strafing their own troops”

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 8:22 am

Curtis Peters, a 93-year-old American veteran of World War II, recently gave an interview to a newspaper reporter, which you can read here.  He told the usual stories about the atrocities that he witnessed when he was taken to see the Dachau concentration camp in May 1945.

This quote from his interview caught my attention:

The Army at the time was suffering heavy casualties from pilots mistakenly bombing and strafing their own troops.  Peters was put to work marking the army unit locations on maps to  pilot briefings.

The major I was working for said “These pilots killed a whole bunch more of our men than the enemy, and we’ve got to do something to stop the slaughter,” Peters said.  “I like to think I helped save a few of our guys.”

Peters arrived at Dachau too late to see the train with open gondola cars filled with bodies of prisoners that had been killed when American planes strafed the train. (One of the survivors of the train testified at the trial of the SS man in charge of the train that American planes had strafed the train.) He only saw the bodies of the prisoners who had died from typhus and were being taken by horse-drawn wagons to Leitenberg hill for burial.  Photos of these events are shown below.

Bodies of typhus victims were hauled out of Dachau camp in horse-drawn wagons

Bodies found on the "death train" at Dachau by the American liberators on April 29, 1945

May 11, 2011

90-year-old survivor of Dachau tells his story

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, World War II — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:33 am

Memories of Dachau, as told by Torbjoern Oevsttun, a 90-year-old Norwegian survivor, were written recently by a blogger and you can read his stories here.  According to another post on the blog, “Torbjoern was arrested because he was a member of the Kristian Stein organisation which was illegal, but did not carry a death sentence. They didn’t know about his other activities. If they had he would not be alive today.”  (Torbjoern was fighting illegally with the Norwegian Resistance.)

This quote from the blog tells about executions at Dachau, something that is completely new to me:

An area about a kilometre outside their (Dachau) camp, called Hermansplatz, was the place of execution.  Doomed prisoners were marched to this site daily.  A few managed to escape, but not many.  Torbjoern talked about the daily massacre of hundreds of men.  There were 400 prisoners in each barrack, measuring 10×9 metres.

When the Norwegians arrived in Dachau there were 30,000 prisoners in the camp and more arrived every day.  It looked like the Germans were determined to exterminate as many people as possible.  They began with the outermost barracks and worked their way systematically, killing 400 a day.  It sends chills down my spine when I heard Torbjoern say that their barrack was one day away from being the next target.  But that’s when the Americans arrived.  The day was 29th of April 1945.

(more…)

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