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February 29, 2016

What really happened to the Hungarian Jews?

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , , , , , — furtherglory @ 11:43 am

One of the regular readers of my blog wrote this in a comment:

But, they [the Hungarian Jews] had to be registered in the camps that received them because the camp commanders had to account for that labor force.

So, someone, give me a list of camps where these Jews were sent [after they arrived at Auschwitz-Birkean].

My photo of the gate into the Dachau camp

My photo of the gate into the Dachau camp

Dachau was one of the camps to which Jews were sent from Auschwitz-Birkenau.

I have explained many times that Auschwitz-Birkenau was a TRANSIT camp, as well as a concentration camp, where Jews were imprisoned.

The story of Iby Knill, a Jewish woman who was sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau, explains it. According to Iby Knill, “The shower unit and the gas chamber looked the same. They had been built that way, so we never knew if we were to be gassed or just showered.”

In her lectures to students, about the Holocaust, Iby Knill frequently talks about the infamous Dr. Josef Mengele, whose experiments in the name of medical science have earned him the nick name, Angel of Death.  Iby tells students that “We lined up and he [Dr. Mengele] would walk in front of us, picking out the weakest. Their fate was the gas chambers.”

Iby Knill also tells students about the cramped, inhuman conditions at Auschwitz-Birkenau, the incredible hunger and thirst, and worst of all, the scraps of gray, latherless soap made from human ashes, and the constant fear of extermination in the gas chamber.

According to her story, Iby was able to leave the Auscwitz-Birkenau death camp by volunteering to go to the Lippstadt labour camp, a sub-camp of the Buchenwald concentration camp, where she worked in the hospital unit. On Easter Sunday, 1945, while on a death march to the main Buchenwald camp, she was freed by Allied Forces.

Lily Ebert is another Holocaust survivor whose story is frequently told.

The following information about Lily Ebert is from an article by Ross Lydall in the London Evening Standard on January 26, 2010:

At the age of 14, Lily Ebert was taken from the Hungarian town of Bonybad to Birkenau in a packed cattle car, along with her mother, brother and three sisters. Lily was registered upon arrival in July 1944 and tattooed with the number A-10572, even though she was below the age of 15 and could have been sent directly to the gas chamber.  After about four months at Birkenau, Lily and her three sisters were transferred to an ammunition factory near Leipzig, Germany, which was a sub-camp of the Buchenwald concentration camp.

According to records kept by the Germans at the Dachau concentration camp, between June 18, 1944 and March 9, 1945, a total of 28,838 Hungarian Jews were sent from Auschwitz-Birkenau to Dachau and then transferred to Landsberg am Lech to work on construction of underground factories in the eleven Kaufering sub-camps of Dachau.

Nerin E. Gun was a Turkish journalist, who was imprisoned at Dachau in 1944. His job was to take down the names and vital information from Hungarian Jewish women who were supposedly on their way to be gassed in the Dachau gas chamber.

In his book entitled The Day of the Americans, published in 1966, Gun wrote the following regarding his work at Dachau:

I belonged to the team of prisoners in charge of sorting the pitiful herds of Hungarian Jewesses who were being directed to the gas chambers. My role was an insignificant one: I asked questions in Hungarian and entered the answers in German in a huge ledger. The administration of the camp was meticulous. It wanted a record of the name, address, weight, age, profession, school certificates, and so on, of all these women who in a few minutes were to be turned into corpses. I was not allowed in the crematorium, but I knew from the others what went on in there.

Some of the Jews at Dachau, who had been selected for slave labor, were sent to the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria and its sub-camps where they worked in German aircraft factories.

Other Jews at Dachau were sent to the Stutthof camp near Danzig, according to Martin Gilbert, who wrote the following about this in his book entitled Holocaust:

Begin quote:

Some of the Jews who were selected, at Dachau, for slave labor, were sent to the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria and its sub-camps where they worked in German aircraft factories.

End quote

Others were sent, from Dachau, to the Stutthof camp near Danzig, according to Martin Gilbert, who wrote the following in his book entitled Holocaust:

Begin quote

On June 17 Veesenmayer telegraphed to Berlin that 340,142 Hungarian Jews had now been deported. A few were relatively fortunate to be selected for the barracks, or even moved out altogether to factories and camps in Germany. On June 19 some 500 Jews, and on June 22 a thousand, were sent to work in factories in the Munich area.

[…] Ten days later, the first Jews, 2500 women, were deported from Birkenau to Stutthof concentration camp. From Stutthof, they were sent to several hundred factories in the Baltic region. But most Jews sent to Birkenau continued to be gassed.

End quote

I also wrote about the new born babies at Dachau, whose mothers were Hungarian Jews, on this blog post: