Scrapbookpages Blog

June 30, 2016

Treblinka 1 and Treblinka 11

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 5:01 pm

One of the readers of my blog mentioned the Treblinka II camp.

There may be some people reading my blog who do not know that there were TWO Treblinka camps.

I visited the site of the Treblinka I camp in 1998, accompanied by a tour guide. After we finished our tour, we met another tour guide who was preparing to take a group of young students to the site of the Treblinka II camp; he invited me and my guide to go along. My guide advised me not to go because it was a mile there and a mile back, which was quite a hike for a 70-year-old like me.

Treblinka was second only to Auschwitz in the number of Jews who were killed by the Nazis: between 700,000 and 900,000, compared to an estimated 1.1 million to 1.5 million at Auschwitz.

The Treblinka death camp was located 100 km (62 miles) northeast of Warsaw, near the railroad junction at the village of Malkinia Górna, which is 2.5 km (1.5 miles) from the train station in the tiny village of Treblinka.

Raul Hilberg stated in his three-volume book, “The Destruction of the European Jews,” that there were six Nazi extermination centers, including Treblinka. The other 5 extermination camps were at Belzec, Sobibor, Chelmno, Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau, all of which are located in what is now Poland. The last two also functioned as forced labor camps (Zwangsarbeitslager), and were still operational shortly before being liberated by the Soviet Union towards the end of the war in 1944 and early 1945.

The camps at Treblinka, Belzec, Sobibor and Chelmno had already been liquidated by the Germans before the Soviet soldiers arrived, and there was no remaining evidence of the extermination of millions of Jews. The combined total of the deaths at Treblinka, Belzec and Sobibor was 1.5 million, according to Raul Hilberg.

In June 1941, a forced labor camp for Jews and Polish political prisoners was set up near a gravel pit, a mile from where the Treblinka death camp would later be located. The labor camp became known as Treblinka I and the death camp, which opened in July 1942, was called Treblinka II or T-II.

There were no “selections” made at the three Operation Reinhard camps, nor at the Chelmno camp. All the Jews who were sent to these camps, with the exception of a few who escaped, were allegedly killed in gas chambers. There were no records kept of their deaths.

Bridge over the Bug river on the way to Treblinka

Bridge over the Bug river on the way to the Treblinka death camp

Treblinka and the other two Operation Reinhard camps, Sobibor and Belzec, were all located near the Bug river which formed the eastern border of German-occupied Poland. The Bug river is very shallow at Treblinka; it is what people from Missouri would call a “crick” or creek, compared to the Missouri and the Mississippi rivers. It is shallow enough to wade across in the Summer time, or to walk across when it is frozen in the Winter.

As this map shows, the territory on the other side of the Bug river was White Russia (Belarus) and the section of Poland that was given to the Soviet Union after the joint conquest of Poland by the Germans and the Soviet Union in September 1939. This part of Poland was formerly occupied by the Russians between 1772 and 1917; between 1835 and 1917, this area was included in the Pale of Settlement, a huge reservation where the Eastern European Jews were forced to live.

Will you be a “bystander” when the next Holocaust starts?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , , — furtherglory @ 1:40 pm

Child survivors of Auschwitz-Birkenau

How did the children in the photo above manage to survive the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp where anyone under the age of 15 was automatically sent to the gas chamber?


My photo of the Monument at Birkenau in honor of Jews who were murdered there

Today, I am commenting on a news article which you can read in full here. The news article suggests that America should not have free speech — with regard to any statement about the Jews.

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

Today, anti-Semitism is once again on the rise. It is at levels which we have not seen in the Western world since the rise of the Nazi party. It is the moral obligation of all civilized people — Jews and non-Jews alike — to stand up to this bigotry and to put a stop to this age-old hatred. It is unacceptable to stand idly by and watch until it is too late.

What should you do?

Hold the bigots accountable. Call them out. If your alma-mater is supporting anti-Semitic professors, or allowing events to turn into Jew-hating get togethers, write the Dean and let them know that it is unacceptable. If you donate to the university, withhold your donation, and let them know why — in writing. When you do these things, send your letters to your local newspaper to be published. Of course, post it on your social media accounts. If Facebook is hosting an anti-Semitic page, as was the case earlier this year, write Facebook and demand that they take it down. Tell your friends to do the same. Report the page to anti-discrimination organizations and ask them to pressure Facebook as well. Exactly this occurred earlier this year, and Facebook finally responded by taking down the pages in question. If you are at a university where there is an openly anti-Semitic professor, boycott his class. Convince other students to do the same. Then, write a letter to the Dean or the Board of Trustees, telling them why no one is registering for this professor’s courses. A group of professors at Oberlin know what it means to stand up. 174 members of the Oberlin faculty signed a statement strongly condemning the anti-Semitic conduct of Joy Karega. Do the same when you see bigotry and anti-Semitism. And, more simply, do not hesitate to stand up and say something. While it may not get you anywhere online, it certainly will at your office or at your friend’s house. If we do nothing and simply let it fester, it will certainly grow until it is beyond our control. We cannot ignore history.

Remember the words of the great Albert Einstein: “The world will not be destroyed by those who do evil, but by those who watch them without doing anything.”

End quote

What prompted all this. The news article starts with this quote:

Begin quote

Erin Schrode, a promising 25-year-old Jewish woman, announces her candidacy for U.S. Congress. In response, she is bombarded by hundreds of anti-Semitic messages: “Fire up the oven.” “Kike.” “Get out of my country, kike. Get to Israel where you belong. That or the oven. Take your pick.” This did not happen in the 1930s. It happened last month in California.

An Oberlin College professor, Joy Karega, posted a photo of Jacob Rothschild, a member of a well-known Jewish banking family, which read: “We own nearly every central bank in the world. We financed both sides of every war since Napoleon. We own your news, the media, your oil and your government.” This was not published in Gleichschaltung, a Nazi newspaper. This was on her Facebook page.

Students at UC Berkley woke up one morning this past year to the words, “Zionists should be sent to the gas chamber” painted on a building.

End quote

it is almost impossible to grasp the gravity of the Holocaust

Filed under: Holocaust — furtherglory @ 8:25 am

The title of my blog post comes from a line in this news article, which is about this year’s March of the Living.  If you don’t know what the March of the Living is, I can’t help you. You are too far out of the loop.

O.K. I will take pity on you and tell you about the March of the Living and the Ride of the Living:

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

Perhaps the reason we struggle to comprehend the Holocaust is because it is almost impossible to grasp its gravity. I find myself mourning the lives of six million strangers. The Holocaust to me is the ghetto wall of Warsaw, the empty synagogue of Tykocin, the mass grave of children in Kielce, the gas chambers of Auschwitz, and the train tracks of Birkenau. It is the unfinished story of every life that ended prematurely due to terror and unjust hatred. It is one of the most horrific events in history and it is our job as human beings to stand in united opposition of prejudice and all those who would seek to take up the practice of genocide.

End quote

Here are some of my photographs which illustrate the places mentioned in the news article, plus a photo that I took of the gate into the Dachau camp.

My photo of the last remaiing sectio of the Warsaw Ghetto wall

My photo of the last remaining section of the Warsaw Ghetto wall


Nozyk Snyagogue in Warsaw

Gas chamber in main Auschwitz camp

Gas chamber in main Auschwitz camp

Railroad tracks coming into Auschwitz-Birkenau gate

Railroad tracks coming into Auschwitz-Birkenau gate

My photo of the gate into the Dachau camp

My photo of the gate into the Dachau camp




June 29, 2016

Viktor Frankl’s book will be made into a movie

Filed under: Holocaust, movies — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 10:30 am
Viktor Frankl

Viktor Frankl

Viktor Frankl was a famous Holocaust survivor; he wrote a best selling memoir entitled Man’s Search for Meaning.

You can read a news article about him at

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

Born in Vienna in 1905, Frankl was an inmate in four concentration camps between 1942 and 1945, while his parents, brother and pregnant wife were all killed. His memoir, which was published in 1946 and written in nine days, is based on his suffering and that of the patients he subsequently treated. By the time of his death in 1997, Man’s Search for Meaning had sold more than 10 million copies in 24 languages.

In the book, Frankl argues that “we cannot avoid suffering but we can choose how to cope with it, find meaning in it, and move forward.” It revealed his method, called “logotherapy,” based on finding meaning in life.

End quote

I previously blogged about Victor Frankl at

The following quote is from my previous blog post, cited above:

Begin quote

But to get back to Viktor Frankl, here is the short version of his experience in the Nazi camps:  He was first sent to the Theresienstadt Ghetto, which was the camp for the prominent Jews.  From there, he was sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau.  Holocaust experts will tell you that the only reason that Jews were sent, from Theresienstadt to Auschwitz, was to kill them.  But after only three or four days at Auschwitz-Birkenau, he was sent to the Dachau main camp.  From there, he was sent to the Kaufering III sub-camp where he worked as a doctor, treating prisoners who had typhus.

Frankl was not registered at Auschwitz-Birkenau, which according to the Holocaust experts, means that he was gassed.  Then he was sent to the Dachau main camp, where he was again not registered before being sent on to the Kaufering III sub-camp.

According to Wikipedia: “In March 1945, he was offered to be moved to the so called rest-camp Türkheim, also affiliated with Dachau. He decided to go to Türkheim, where he worked as a doctor until 27 April 1945, when Frankl was liberated by the Americans.”

End quote

My personal opinion is that Viktor Frankl was never in any camp. I believe that he made up his Holocaust story, but what do I know? Who am I, a lowly goyim, not even human?


Save just one Jew and become a saint

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 8:12 am

Today I am commenting on a news article about a Swedish nun who sheltered Jews during the Holocaust:

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

Pope Francis canonized Maria Elisabeth Hesselblad on Sunday during a Mass at the Vatican’s St. Peter’s Square. The last saint of Swedish origin was Saint Bridget, who was canonized about 625 years ago.

End quote

The portrait of Sweden's Maria Elisabeth Hesselblad (1870-1957), who gave refuge to Jews in her homeland during World War Two, is hung on St. Peter's facade behind other Saint's statues during her beatification ceremony in Vatican April 9. The Pope John Paul II set five people from Asia, Europe and Latin America who devoted their lives to helping the poor and sick on the road to sainthood. VP/FMS

The portrait of Sweden’s Maria Elisabeth Hesselblad (1870-1957), who gave refuge to Jews in her homeland during World War Two, is hung on St. Peter’s facade behind other Saint’s statues during her beatification ceremony in Vatican April 9. The Pope John Paul II set five people from Asia, Europe and Latin America who devoted their lives to helping the poor and sick on the road to sainthood.

The following quote is also from the news article:

Begin quote

Hesselblad isn’t the only Catholic saint who is honored for their actions during World War II.  Maximilian Kolbe, a Franciscan friar, perished in the Auschwitz concentration camp after he was caught sheltering Jewish refugees in his monastery. In 1998, Saint John Paul II canonized Edith Stein, a Catholic convert with Jewish heritage who also lost her life at Auschwitz.

End quote

St. Maria Elizabeth Hesselblad had nothing to do with the Hasselblad camera. Note the difference in spelling.


June 28, 2016

Auschwitz guards put wounded prisoner Max Eisen on a stretcher to carry him to the gas chamber

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 6:02 pm
Max Eisen was saved when he was pulled off a stregher taking him to the gas chamber

Max Eisen was saved when he was pulled off a stretcher, as he was being carried to the gas chamber

You can read the full story of Max Eisen in this news article:

Begin quote from news article, cited above:

Canadian Max Eisen shares his experience surviving Auschwitz and the Holocaust in his new memoir “By Chance Alone.” Michael Swan / The Catholic Register.


As students ask him [Max Eisen] again how he found the will to survive even after his father and uncle had been gassed and he was living alone in the [Auschwitz-Birkenau] camp, Eisen again talks about family.

“We were living in a place where life was not worth a plugged nickel. My father tried to instil [instill] in me the will to go on,” he said. “You needed to be very resilient and you needed a lot of luck.”

Luck came in the form of a Polish doctor in the camp who treated Eisen for a serious head wound that resulted from a run-in with one of the SS guards.

He [Eisen] was still weak and woozy after his treatment, so the guards put Eisen on a stretcher to carry him to the gas chambers. The doctor pulled him off the stretcher, gave him a lab coat, and made him his cleaner and general dogsbody.

Doctor wearing a white lab coat

Doctor wearing a white lab coat

The story of Max Eisen illustrates how nice the Nazis were. After Eisen had a “run in” with an SS guard, he was not left lying wounded on the ground. No, he was carried ON A STRETCHER to a gas chamber so that he could have a proper Holocaust death.

“to the left meant death in the gas chambers”

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 11:06 am

Today I am commenting on an article which you can read in full at

The following quote is from the blog post, cited above:

Begin quote

My question that is dug deep in [into] my mind is, what exactly the Jews did to Hitler, his Nazi commandants cohorts and the entire German nation for them to have had the obsessive need to try [to] wipe them off the face of the earth?

The main objection [objective] of the Nazis was the dehumanization and humiliation of people while making the person [feel] insignificant and maximizing the use of his or her body and belongings. Shaving hair had [a] two fold [purpose], taking away from the person’s recognizable image while using his or her hair for industrial purpose. The human ash at the end of the process of making people simply disappear of [off] the face of the earth was used as fertilizer. They [The] inmates were given a number, which was tattooed on their left arm in order to strip them off [of] their identity name.

Majdanek eagle monument

Majdanek eagle monument Photo credit: Simon Robertson

In Majdanek Camp III a three bird statue stands, built in 1943 by a [Majdanek] camp’s [camp] prisoner whom the Nazis commissioned for the job. The statue, made of prisoners’ ash, in fact is the first Holocaust memorial. [It is shown in the photo above]
the artist had the bird’s head facing east a message to the prisoners that the Russian army is getting closer and hope could be expected to come to them from the east but the Nazis, immersed in their hate for humanity and ego, did not get the message.

Almost at the beginning of the walk through the [Majdanek] camp you walk into an empty filed [field] which was once the “selektzia”-selection field, the Nazis named it ‘rose garden,’ because it was fenced by barbed wire fence that reminded the SS officers or rose bush thorns. [Actually, there was a real rose garden there] There the Nazis decided whom [who] among the arrivals is useful to them and who must die. When, in 1942, the Nazi regime decided to liquidate the Jewish ghettos, Jews arrived to this field and there, according to the Nazis selection system, their pathetic future was decided upon. There prisoners were shaved, striped [stripped] off [of] their clothes and belongings, took [given] a shower and [a] chemicals’ bath and some were gassed either by Zyklon-B or carbon monoxide, which caused them [to have] a terrible death, and then [they were] burned already there.

End quote from news article

The alleged gas chamber building at Majdanek

The alleged gas chamber building at the alleged Majdanek death camp

The gas chambers at Majdanek are located within sight of the main highway that goes past the camp. The gas chamber building is barrack Number 41 which is shown in my photo above.

A sign on the building, shown in the photo, says “Bad und Desinfektion” (Bath and Disinfection), which the Museum guidebook says was “to lull the vigilance of those condemned to death.”

There are actually two buildings near the entrance to the camp where Zyklon-B was used. Only the building used for gassing people with Zyklon-B was shown on the tour that I took. The other “gas chamber” is in barrack Number 42. This gas chamber was used for delousing clothing, with the same Zyklon-B, when the camp was in operation. Barrack Number 42 is off limits to visitors. Why can’t tourists see building #42, used for killing lice in clothing?

It seems that the stupid Nazis were trying to save the lives of the Jews, by killing lice with Zyklon-B, at the same time that they were killing them with the same Zyklon-B.

Behind the gas chamber building, where you see the row of poplar trees in the photo above, is the street which was part of a main road. The small black building to the right is a guard tower. The large gravel-covered square in front of the building was called the “rose field” or Rosenfeld in German. This was a Nazi joke. There were no roses there, but it was the place where the Jews were assembled on arrival at the camp, and Rosenfeld referred to the “persons selected,” according to the guide book. Selection meant choosing which prisoners were fit for work and which would go to the gas chamber. Rosenfeld is a common Jewish name.

June 26, 2016

Was Chelmno a transit camp or an extermination camp?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 7:15 pm
Chelmno Castle aka the Manor house

Chelmno Castle, aka the Manor house, where Jews were imprisoned Photo credit: Alan Collins

There has been some discussion on my blog about the Chelmno camp. Was it a transit camp, as claimed by Holocaust revisionists, or was it a death camp?

The Chelmno Catholic church where the victms spent their last night

The Chelmno Catholic church where the victims spent their last night Photo Credit: Alan Collins

Here is the official story of Chelmno. The reader can decide for himself or herself.

Chelmno was a Nazi camp located in the small Polish village of Chelmno nad Neren (Chelmno on the river Ner), 60 kilometers northwest of Lodz, a major city in what is now western Poland. The camp, which had been opened by the Germans some time in October or November 1941, was in the Warthegau, a district in the part of Poland that had been annexed into the Greater German Reich after the joint conquest of Poland by Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939.

Foundation of the castle which has been torn down

Foundation of the castle, where the Jews were kept before they were allegedly killed Photo Credit: Alan Collins

Chelmno was called Kulmhof by the Germans and Lodz was known by the German name Litzmannstadt. The Warthegau had been a part of the German state of Prussia between 1795 and 1871. After the German states united in 1871, the Warthegau was in Germany until after World War I when it was given back to the Poles.

After World War II ended in Europe with the surrender of the German Army on May 7, 1945, the provisional Polish government set up the Central Commission for the Investigation of German Crimes in Poland. The purpose was to gather evidence for the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal which was set to begin on November 20, 1945, and for the planned trials of Germans who had committed war crimes in Poland.

The main report by the Central Commission was entitled GERMAN CRIMES IN POLAND; it was originally published in two volumes in 1946 and 1947. The report included an overview of the main Nazi concentration camps and death camps in Poland. Two of the death camps, Auschwitz and Chelmno, had been in Greater Germany while they were in operation but now they are located in Poland.

The Chapter on Chelmno in the report is reprinted below.

Begin quote from report:

Report of the Central Commission for Investigation of German Crimes in Poland

GERMAN CRIMES IN POLAND (Warsaw, 1946, 1947)
Extermination Camp Chelmno (Kulmhof)

Part I

The extermination camp at Chelmno was a typical death camp, i.e. a place designed exclusively for killing all who where brought there. The only ones to be saved were a small group of workers selected by the Germans for work connected with their criminal activities.

The extermination camp at Chelmno demands special attention, because during the German occupation only a very few people in Poland ever knew of its existence and the hundreds of thousands of its victims.

The village of Chelmno (district of Kolo) is situated 14 km. (8 3/4 miles) from the town of Kolo, through which runs the main railway line from Lodz to Poznan, and which is connected with the village of Chelmno by a branch line. Lodz, the second largest city of Poland, which in 1939 had a Jewish population of 202,000, was relatively near (60 km or 37 1/2 miles); the road to it was good and little used.

In the village there was a small country house surrounded by an old park, which was owned by the State and stood empty. In the vicinity was a pine-wood, sections of which, densely planted with young trees, were almost impenetrable. This site the German occupation authorities selected for their extermination camp. The park was enclosed by a high wooden fence which concealed everything that went on behind it.

The local inhabitants were expelled from the village, only a few workers being left to do the necessary jobs. Inside the enclosure were two buildings, the small country house and an old granary, besides which the Germans constructed two wooden hutments. The whole enclosure where hundred of thousands of people were done to death measured only 2 hectares (5 acres).

Those who were brought here for destruction were convinced till the very last moment that they were to be employed on fortification work in the East. They were told that, before going further, they would have a bath, and that their clothes would be disinfected. Immediately after their arrival at the camp they were taken to the large hall of the house, where they were told to undress, and then they were driven along a corridor to the front door, where a large lorry, fitted up as a gas-chamber, was standing. This, they were told, was to take them to the bath-house. When the lorry was full, the door was locked, the engine started, and carbon monoxide was introduced into the interior through a specially constructed exhaust pipe. After 4-5 minutes, when the cries and struggles of the suffocating victims were heard no more, the lorry was driven to the wood, 4 km (2 1/2 miles) away, which was enclosed with a high fence and surrounded with outposts. Here the corpses were unloaded and buried, and afterwards burnt in one of the clearings.

Part II

The aim of the Chelmno camp was the extermination of the Jews from the Warthegau, the part of Poland which consisted of the 1939 province (voivodship) of Poznania, almost the whole province of Lodz, and a part of the province of Warsaw, inhabited altogether by 4,546,000 People (including 450,000 Jews).

The camp was established in November 1941. The extermination process began on December 8, with the ghetto population of the cities and towns of the Warthegau, first from the neighbouring Kolo, Dabie, Sompolno, Klodawa and many other places, and later from Lodz itself. The first Jews arrived at Chelmno from Lodz in the middle of January 1942. From that time onwards an average of 1000 a day was maintained, with short intermissions, till April 1943.

Besides those who were brought by rail, others were delivered at the camp from time to time in cars, but such were comparatively rare. Besides those from Poland there were also transports of Jews from Germany, Austria, France, Belgium, Luxembourg and Holland; as a rule the Lodz ghetto served as a distribution centre. The total number of Jews from abroad amounted to about 16,000.

Besides the 300,000 Jews from the Warthegau, about 5,000 Gypsies and about a thousand Poles and Russian prisoners of war were murdered at Chelmno. But the execution of the latter took place mostly at night. They were taken straight to the wood, and shot.

In 1943, four lorries filled with children aged from 12-14 without Jewish emblems were brought. The witnesses took the impression that they were “Aryans.” It was just at this time that the Nazis were expelling the Polish population from the neighbourhood of Zamosc, and as a rule separating children from their parents.

Part III

According to the evidence of three witnesses (Podchlebnik, Srebrnik and Zurawski) who succeeded in escaping from the camp of Chelmno, as well as to that of Polish witnesses drawn from the population of the neighbourhood who had been able to get in touch with the inmates of the camp, and finally, that obtained from the railway transport records, the following preparatory phases in the process of mass execution can be distinguished:

Jews who were taken were told that they were going for military work in the East. Except for those from Lodz, it was the practice to surround the town at dawn with gendarmerie, police, SS, army, and Nazi party units in order to prevent the escape of the Jews. The latter were collected at appointed places, and were allowed to take hand-baggage with them; having been told that they were going to be taken for work on fortifications in the East. Only small numbers of craftsmen, such as tailors, furriers and shoemakers, were selected and sent to the ghetto at Lodz.

At the same time, all that was going on at the camp was kept so secret that the Jews taken there had no notion whatever of what was awaiting them. Many, indeed, applied voluntarily to be sent to Chelmno and the East.

The railway trains which used to bring the Jews from Lodz consisted as a rule of 20-22 wagons. At Kolo the transportees, usually about 1000 at one time, were reloaded and sent by the branch line to Powiercic, the rail-head, whence their baggage was dispatched straight to Chelmno, while they themselves were taken under an escort of 6 to 8 gendarmes to the neighbouring village of Zawadki, and left for the night in a large mill building.

The next morning 3 lorries used to come for them from Chelmno, about 2 km (a mile and a quarter) away. Not more that 100-150 were taken at a time, that being the number which could be gassed in one operation. The whole process was so arranged that the next batch of victims remained till the last moment ignorant of the fate of those who had proceeded them. The whole thousand were disposed of by 1 or 2 p.m.

The loaded lorries entered the camp grounds and stopped before the house, where the newcomers were addressed by a representative of the Sonderkommando, who told them they were going to work in the East, and promised them fair treatment and good food. He also told them that first they must take a bath and deliver their clothes to be disinfected. From the courtyard they were sent inside the house, to a heated room on the first floor, where they undressed. They then came downstairs to a corridor, on the walls of which were inscriptions: “to the doctor” or “to the bath”, the latter with an arrow pointing to the front door. When they had gone out they were told that they were going in a closed car to the bath-house.

Before the door of the country house stood a large lorry with a door in the rear, so placed that it could be entered directly with the help of a ladder. The time assigned for loading it was very short, gendarmes standing in the corridor and driving the wretched victims into the car as quickly as possible with shouts and blows. When the whole of one batch had been forced into the car, the door was banged and the engine started, poisoning with its exhaust fumes those who were locked inside. The process was usually complete in 4 or 5 minutes, and then the lorry was driven to Rzuchow wood about 4 km (2 1/2 miles) away, where the corpses were unloaded and burnt.

Meanwhile lorries were bringing from Zawadki the next batch of 100-150 persons, destined to be disposed of in the same way, all traces of the previous batch having been removed and their belongings (clothing, shoes, etc.) taken away.

When the camp was “liquidated” in 1944, the gas-chamber lorries were sent back to Germany. At the inquiry it was established that they had originally been brought from Berlin. There were three of them, one large enough to hold about 150 persons, and two with a capacity of 80-100 each. Their official name was Sonderwagen.

As the Sonderkommando of the camp had no repair shops, and the cars often needed overhaul, they were sent to the Kraft und Reichsstrassenbauamt repair shops at Kolo. Eight Polish mechanics who had worked there and were examined at the inquiry described their construction as follows: the large lorry measured 6 x 3 metres (20 x 10 ft.) and the smaller ones 4.5 or 2,3 x 2.5 metres (15 or 16 x 8 ft.). The outside was covered with narrow overlapping boards, so that it looked as though it were armoured. The inside was lined with iron plates and the door fitted tightly, so that no air could let in from outside. The outside was painted dark gray.

The exhaust pipe was placed underneath and discharged its gas through a vent in the middle of the floor, which was guarded by a perforated iron plate, to prevent it from choking. On the floor of the car was a wooden grating. The engine was probably made by Sauer. By the driver’s seat was a plate with the words: Baujahr 1940-Berlin. In the driver’s cabin were gas-masks.

Part IV

In Rzuchow wood, 4 km (2 1/2 miles) from Chelmno, the camp authorities enclosed two sections and posted sentries on the adjoining roads. Here the gas-lorries brought the corpses from Chelmno. After the door was opened, ten minutes were allowed for the complete evaporation of the gas, and then the bodies were unloaded by the Jewish Waldkommando, and carefully searched for concealed gold and valuables. Gold teeth were pulled out, finger-rings torn off.

Until the spring of 1942 the remains were buried in large common graves, one of which measured 270 x 9 x 6 metres (885 x 30 x 20 ft.). In the spring of 1942 two crematoria were built, and after that, all the dead were burnt in them (and the bodies previously buried as well). Details about the furnaces are lacking, for the investigator could find no witnesses who had been in the wood in 1942 or 1943. Those who lived near had only noticed two constantly smoking chimneys within the enclosure.

The furnaces were blown up by the camp authorities on April 7, 1943. Two new ones were, however, constructed in 1944, when the camp activities were resumed. The witnesses Zurawski and Srebrnik, and the captured gendarme Bruno Israel, who saw them in 1944, describe them as follows:

They were built deep in the ground and did not project above its surface; and were shaped like inverted cones with rectangular bases. At the top on the ground level the furnaces measured 6 x 10 m (20 x 33 ft.) and they were 4 m (13 ft.) deep. At the bottom by the ash-pit they measured 1.5 x 2 m (95 x 6 in. ft.). The grates were made of rails. A channel to the ash-pit ensured the admittance of air and permitted the removal of ashes and bones. The sides of the furnace were made of firebrick and faced with cement. In the furnace were alternate layers of chopped wood and corpses: to facilitate combustion, space was left between the corpses. The furnace could hold 100 corpses at a time, but as they burned down, fresh ones were added from above.

The ashes and remains of bones were removed from the ash-pit, ground in mortars, and, at first, thrown into especially dug ditches; but later, from 1943 onwards, bones and ashes were secretly carted to Zawadki at night, and there thrown into the river.

Part V

The number of people killed at Chelmno could not be calculated from reliable data or railway records as the camp authorities destroyed all the evidence. The investigators were therefore obliged to confine themselves to the evidence given by witnesses concerning the number of transports sent to Chelmno.

In order to obtain as accurate an estimate as possible, witnesses were called from various points through which the transports passed (Lodz, Kolo, Powiercie, Zawvadki and Chelmno) or on individual observation and the counting based on the collective Railway tickets which they had seen (e. g. that of the woman Lange, a German booking-clerk at Kolo station), or finally individual observation and the counting of transports; or finally on what the members of the Sonderkommando told them about the number of victims.

All the witnesses agree that the average number of persons brought to the camp was at least 1000 a day. There were times when the number was larger, but 1000 may be accepted as a reliable average – exclusive of those who were brought in cars. These latter were not a negligible proportion, coming as they did from numerous small towns.

As to how many railway trains arrived during the whole time of the camp’s existence, investigators found that the extermination activities at Chelmno lasted from December 8, 1941 to April 9, 1943. From April 1943, till the final “liquidation” of the camp in January 1945, strictly speaking, the camp was not functioning; the total number of transports in this period amounting only to 10, bringing approximately 10,000 people.

Considering only the time from December 8, 1941 to April 7, 1943, 480 days, we must allow for a break of two months in the spring of 1942, when transports were stopped, as well as for certain interruptions due to merely technical causes, which, it was found, did not exceed 70 days altogether. This gives (61 + 70) or 131-150 days lost. The remainder, 330 days of full activity, may be unhesitatingly accepted, and if 1000 victims were murdered a day, the total was 330,000. To this number must be added the 10,000 killed in 1944. The final total therefore is 340,000 men, women and children, from infants to old folks, killed at the extermination camp at Chelmno.

Part VI

This mass destruction was carefully planned, down to the smallest detail. The victims were kept in ignorance of their fate, and the whole German staff did not exceed 150-180 persons. Sonderkommando Kulmhof consisted only of a party of 20 SS-men, N. C. O.s of gendarmerie, and over 100 members of the German police, who served as sentinels, helping in the camp and in the wood where the corpses were burnt, and guarding the neighbouring roads.

At the head of the camp was Hauptsturmführer Hans Bootman. For the first few months, the Commandant of the camp was a certain Lange who had come, like all the SS-men, from Germany. The assistant of the Commandant was first Lange, then Otto Platte and Willi Hiller. All activities in the camp were managed by Untersturmführer Heffele. In charge of the works in the wood was Wachmeister Lenz. The crematoria were superintended by Hauptscharführer Johann Runge, who had directed their construction with the help of Unterscharführer Kretschmer. Hauptscharführer Gustav Laps, Hauptscharführer Burstinge and Gilow served as drivers of the gas-wagons.

The investigators cited the names of 80 Germans who were members of the Sonderkommando. In addition to their wages, they received hush-money (Schweigegeld) amounting to 13 RM a day. The Canteen was well stocked with food and spirits. The inquiry showed that Greiser Gaulciter of the Warthegau, during one of his visits to the camp at the beginning of March 1943, handed each of the members of the Sonderkommando 500 RM at a banquet specially given for them, and invited them to his estate when on leave.

It should be pointed out that when, in January 1945, in view of the Soviet offensive, arrangements were being made for the final “liquidation” of the camp, the camp authorities waited till the last minute for Greiser to give the evacuation order (evidence of Israel Bruno, the arrested gendarme from Chelm).

The camp was also inspected personally by Himmler, and Dr. Bradfisch, chief of the Gestapo at Lodz, and Hans Bibow, the manager of the Ghettoverwaltung at Lodz, were constant visitors.

It was found that Greiser and the higher functionaries of the German administration who were in contact with the camp had received valuables which had belonged to murdered Jews. But the gendarmerie and police were very severely punished if they appropriated such things.

Apart from the Sonderkommando, some 70 Jewish workers and 8 Polish prisoners from concentration camps were employed in the camp on searching and burning the corpses. They worked in two parties: the Hauskommando in the camp enclosure, and the Waldkommando in the wood. As a rule, after several weeks of work, these Jewish workers were killed, and replaced by fresh ones, newly arrived. They were fettered to check their movements. The workers at the ash-pit in the wood as a rule did not live longer than a few days. The attitude of members of the Sonderkommando towards the Jewish workers was cruel. Members of the SS used them as living targets, shooting them like hares.

Besides this, members of the Sonderkommando very often killed infants and small children, as well as old people, although they knew that they would be gassed anyway within the next few hours.

Part VII

A further important factor inspiring the destruction of the Jews by the Nazi authorities was economic. The value of the property owned by 340,000 people amounted to a large sum. The majority of things had been already taken from the Jews at the time of the evacuation of the ghettos, but many valuables and gold were stolen in the camp itself.

The things which were seized were sent to different centres, mostly to Lodz, where they were collected and underwent a final examination before being sent to the Reich. It was stated for instance, that on September 9, 1944, 775 wristwatches and 550 pocket watches were sent from Chelmno to the Ghettoverwaltung at Lodz.

At the inquiry it was stated that the clothing of the victims was sold for the benefit of the winter assistance fund (Winterhilfe). Among the documents of the case, there is a letter of January 9, 1943 to the ghetto administration at Lodz, sent by the Winterhilfswerk des Deutschen Volkes: Der Gaubeauftragte Poznan. It runs as follows: “Concerning the supply of textiles for NSV by the ghetto authorities. According to a personal understanding between you, my principal local Manager Kichhorn and the local Manager Koalick, clothes, dresses, and underwear are to be provided after cleaning. The 1,500 suits supplied do not correspond in any way to the textiles which we saw at Chelmno (Kulmhof), which were put at the disposal of the ghetto authorities: Your consignment contains various assorted articles of clothing, but no whole suits. Many articles of this clothing are badly stained and partly permeated with dirt and blood-stains. (Ein grosser Teil der Bekleidungsstucke ist stark befleckt und teilweise auch mit Schmutz und Blutflecken durchsetzt). In one of the consignments sent to Poznan containing 200 jackets, on 51 of them the Jewish stars had not been removed! As they are mostly Polish workers in the camps of the district, the danger is that the settlers (Ruckwanderer) who receive this clothing will become aware of its origin and WHW will be discredited (und das WHW somit in Misskredit kommt).”

From the above it may be concluded that German philanthropic institutions knew that the clothing sent from Poland had been owned by murdered Jews.


The final activities of the camp at Chelmno in 1944 differ from those of 1941-1943 in this, that the victims were brought from Kolo by a local branch railway line direct to Chelmno, where they were left for the night in the church, and the next day were taken directly to Rzuchow wood. In this wood, at a distance of only 150 metres from the crematoria, two wooden huts were constructed, one of them designed, as was previously the country house at Chelmno, to be a dressing room for those going to the bath, and the other as a clothing and baggage store.

The general procedure was exactly as before, the victims, completely naked, being forced into gas-lorries and told they were going to the bath-house. After gassing the victims, the lorries were driven to a nearby clearing, in which stood the crematoria where the corpses were burnt.

The total number of persons murdered in 1944 was about 10,000. According to the testimony of the witness Peham, the wife of a gendarme from the camp at Chelmno, trainloads of Hungarian Jews in 1944 were to be directed there. In the end, however, they were not sent there, but to Oswiecim.

In the autumn of 1944, the camp in the wood was completely destroyed, the crematoria being blown up, the huts taken to pieces, and almost every trace of crime being carefully removed. A Special Commission from Berlin directed, on the spot, the destruction of all the evidence of what had been done. But up to the last moment, January 17, 1945, the Sonderkommando and a group of 47 Jewish workers stayed there.

In the night of January 17/18, 1945, the Sonderkommando shot these last remaining Jews. When they tried to defend themselves and two gendarmes were killed, the Sonderkommando set fire to the building. Only two Jews, Zurawski and Srebrnik, survived.

End of official story of Chelmno camp.

I personally think that the Chelmno camp was a transit camp. Jews were brought there and then sent on to other camps where they were put to work. There was no gas chamber at Chelmno, only alleged “gas vans.”

the Holocaust has been turned into a game now?

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:19 am

You can read the news article about a new Holocaust game for children at

The title of my blog post today is a quote from the news article, cited above.

The photo below was copied from the news article.

Auschwitz photo has been enhanced to make it look more incriminating

Auschwitz-Birkenau photo has been enhanced to make the child survivors look worse

same photo as the one above

original photo  of Birkenau child survivors

I have the photo above on my website. This is how the photo originally looked before it was photoshopped into a more incriminating photo. I use Photoshop to enhance my photos, not to make them look worse.

I don’t think that this photo should have been used in the news article. These children are under the age of 15. As everyone knows, children under 15 were sent to the gas chambers at Birkenau.

The young girl on the far right in the photo is Eva Moses Kor who has made a career out of being a survivor. You can read her story here:

The following quote is from the news article:

Begin quote

An app-based “game” posted on Google Play that let users “live like a real Jew in the Auschwitz Concentration Camp” has been removed after it was widely condemned.

At United with Israel, Colette Avital of the Center of Organizations of Holocaust Survivors said, “We cannot understand how the top management of Google approved such a cynical game, turning the martyrdom of six million Jews into an object for amusement and enjoyment.”

The World Jewish Congress noted that the comment section attached to the app offering attracted anti-Semitic comments. [and the comments were published]

End quote

You can read all about Auschwitz-Birkenau on my website at

On my website, I have photoshopped some photos, but to make them look better, not worse.

I wrote extensive notes about my trips to Auschwitz in 1998 and in 2005:

I returned to Auschwitz one more time — in 2007. It is very sad to see how Auschwitz-Birkenau has turned into a tourist attraction.  It is extremely disconcerting to see Jews walking around the Birkenau camp, laughing.  They are laughing “all the way to the bank” as an old saying goes.

June 25, 2016

a couple of oldies, but goodies…

Filed under: Health — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 12:06 pm

Every morning, I check my blog stats to see what people have been reading.

I have found that there is a renewed interest in two of my very first blog posts.

When I first started blogging, I had many categories, but my blog gradually became a Holocaust blog because that was the subject that got the most hits. Recently I have learned that two of my very old blog posts have been getting lots of hits, but I don’t know why this is happening.

If you can’t stand the thought of making turtle soup yourself, you can ask a Chinese TCM doctor to recommend someone who will make it for you — for a price, of course.

You must buy your soup turtle from a Chinese store, and you must start with a live turtle. The turtles that are used to make soup are different than other turtles.

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