Scrapbookpages Blog

January 2, 2017

Pressac says that the Germans used dummy shower heads inside the Dachau gas chamber

Filed under: Dachau, Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 3:54 pm

DachauE011.jpeg

I took the photo above when I visited the Dachau memorial site. This was the last remaining shower head inside the alleged gas chamber. All the others had been stolen by tourists.

Note that the shower head in the photo above was smashed by a visitor to the Dachau camp.

You can read about Pressac in a recent news article at http://www.5280.com/news/magazine/2016/12/honor-international-holocaust-remembrance-day-boulder

If you have never heard of Jean Claude Pressac, this means that you have never studied the Holocaust.

The news article begins with the following quote:

Begin quote

Between 1933 and 1945, Nazi Germany killed about six million Jews. Nothing will ever adequately answer the question “Why?”—but the Mazal Holocaust Collection, one of the largest private Holocaust archives in the country, provides some clues. In 2014, the daughter of the late Harry Mazal, a Texas businessman, gifted her father’s library to the Program in Jewish Studies at the University of Colorado Boulder. And with January 27 being International Holocaust Remembrance Day, there’s no more appropriate time to explore the collection.

End quote

You can read about the late Henry Mazel at https://www.smashwords.com/profile/view/ahro

I have visited the Dachau memorial site several times, and I have a large section about Dachau on my website at:

http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/index.html

The news article also includes the following quote:

Begin quote

American forces liberated the [concentration] camp at Dachau on April 29, 1945. Two days later, a congressional committee toured the site. Its report unveiled the terrors committed there in grim detail: As Allied forces closed in on Germany, the Nazis relocated captives by train to Dachau. “[A]t least 100 of these civilian prisoners had been jammed into each [of the 50 cars]—locked in—and they had been on the road for several days without food or water. Approximately 3,000 of them were dead upon arrival.”

End quote

I wrote about the Dachau “death train” on my website at http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/DachauLiberation/DeathTrain.html

You can read more about the Dachau camp on this section of my website: http://www.scrapbookpages.com/DachauScrapbook/KZDachau/index.html


December 1, 2016

Is Holocaust education needed more than ever?

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 10:35 am

Why am I asking this question? I have just read this news article which asks the question: http://www.israellycool.com/2016/12/01/does-statement-by-ryerson-student-union-border-on-holocaust-denial/

The following quote is from the news article, sited above:

Begin quote

Today, the Ryerson [University] Student Union released this statement that seems to imply that Holocaust denial is a legitimate disagreement – by claiming that motions like this one on the Holocaust “invoke many views.” It implies there is a legitimate view other than “the Holocaust was a tragedy that needs to be addressed,” a viewpoint that is positively vile and a sign these students need Holocaust education more than ever.

End quote

What a revolting development this is!

There are two sides to everything — except the Holocaust. Regarding the Holocaust, there is only one side to the story. If you believe anything except the Jewish side of the story, you will soon be on your way to jail, in 20 countries, not including America.

My 2005 photo of the gas chamber in the Auschwitz camp

My Oct. 2005 photo of the gas chamber in the Auschwitz main camp

Note that the gas chamber in the main Auschwitz camp was next door to the oven room, but for some unknown reason, the heat of the oven room never caused an explosion.

October 22, 2016

“Museum of an Extinct Race” is back in the news

Filed under: Holocaust, Uncategorized — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 12:35 pm

I previously blogged about the “Museum of an Extinct Race” at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2010/09/05/hitlers-proposed-museum-of-an-extinct-race/

The subject of the “Museum of an Extinct Race” is back in the news. You can read all about it at: https://www.bu.edu/today/2016/spiritual-resistance-to-the-holocaust/

The following quote is from the news article, cited above:

Begin Quote

Held at Auschwitz during World War II, a man presented fellow prisoner Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch Meisels with an impossible ethical choice. His son was marked for execution, he told the rabbi, but he could ransom his boy by swapping another person in his place. Would Jewish law permit that awful decision?

“The rabbi said, ‘Don’t ask me the question,’” says Michael Grodin, a core faculty member at BU’s Elie Wiesel Center for Jewish Studies and director of the center’s Project on Medicine and the Holocaust. “From that, the man gleaned the fact that he probably shouldn’t do that, because otherwise the rabbi would have said OK.…His son died in the gas chambers.”

End quote

The debate over the “Judenrat” –  the Jewish officials who, on behalf of their communities, had to face the Nazi-Fascist authorities in Shoah time – is still going on.

In the following quote, from one of his essays, Wolf Murmelstein, a Holocaust survivor, seeks to defend the good name of the members of the Judenrat.

Begin quote

Begin essay written by Wolf Murmelstein:

WHO WERE THE JUDENRAT?

The Judenrat had been selected mainly among former Community Officials, such as Board members and high ranking clerks; besides, Eichmann wanted to secure also the experience that local Zionist leaders had in the emigration sector. Later, mainly in the Ghettoes, also persons with little or no community affiliation had been appointed.

In 1938 at Vienna, Loewenhertz (Community Manager and Zionist leader), after some weeks of imprisonment, had been appointed by the SS with the order to set up the emigration; Goering had forecasted a two-year time frame for Vienna without Jews. In 1939 at Prague, Weidman, the only qualified Community clerk in office that the Nazis had met upon their arrival, had been appointed; President and Vice-president stood already safe abroad. In 1939 at Lodz, the famous Chaim Rumchowsky had been appointed perhaps only accidentally. In 1941, in many Lithuanian communities, the Judenrat had been chosen by draw. Clearly the right knowledge of German was important.

FOLLOW A NO-PARTICIPATION ATTITUDE OR TAKE THE BURDEN?

Persons who stood safe in the time of “that darknes” worked out the theory that the Judenrat, by taking the burden of their appointment, made it easier for the Nazis to manage the deportation of the Jews. This theory should be evaluated, as much as according to moral point of view as according to consistency with real conditions of power in that time in those countries.

The moral point of view:

In 1941, the rabbis of the Vilna School in Lithuania ruled that the burden had to be taken by accepting appointment as Judenrat. The Rabbi of Kaunas/Kovno ruled that in the event the enemy had decided to exterminate a community, but by one means or another, it is possible to put safe a part of the community, then the leaders have to call upon all their spiritual forces and make every possible effort to put safe that part of their community.

In Poland, a Rabbi remarked that “the law of a kingdom is law even if it is a bad law.”

The real conditions of power at that time in those countries:

In 1933 Hitler had been appointed Chancellor by President Hindenburg, according to the Weimar Constitution procedures. So the Holy Seat, as with other foreign governments, had regular diplomatic relationships and negotiated treaties with the Nazi regime, while the racial laws had been considered internal affairs, not subject to any objection. There had not been, in 1938, any meaningful objection to the annexation of Austria, while that of the Sudetenland resulted from the Munich treaty. In March 1939, as Bohemia-Moravia became a Protectorate, Prime Minister Chamberlin expressed deep feelings of sympathy.

The Jewish leaders – Baeck (Berlin), Loewenhertz (Vienna), Murmelstein (Vienna/Terezin), Cerniakow (Warsaw), Rumchowsky (Lodz), Gens (Vilna), Elkes (Kaunas/Kovno) and others – could not be stronger than many “statesmen,” nor resist better than the governments of all the countries defeated and overrun by the Wehrmacht. They had to cope with the real conditions of power and “as ruled by Rabbi Ytzhak Shapiro of Kaunas/Kovno,” put safe the part of their communities that was possible.

The visas for emigration had been granted by the various consular officials on passports issued by the Nazi police. The International Red Cross Commission had to deal through the German General Consul at Geneva in order to obtain access to the last Concentration Camps to help the survivors. In a briefing on May 4th 1945, the Red Cross Delegate M. Paul Dunant referred to the State Minister for the Protektorate, SS General K. H. Frank, and to the Security Police Chief SS Colonel Weinmann for having granted the safe handing over of power at Theresienstadt and the release of the prisoners of the nearby prison. Indeed M. Paul Dunant took over the control of the Theresienstadt Ghetto on May 5th, as the last Commander had just received a regular order to leave from SS General K. H. Frank. The Red Army reached Theresienstadt only two days later.

WHAT KIND OF PROBLEMS DID A JUDENRAT HAVE TO COPE WITH?

With the racist laws, economic and social conditions of Jews got continuously worse, so the need for social and educational services that communities had to grant was increasing. Until 1938, people willing to emigrate had to be advised, while from 1938 on, a proper emigration service had to be set up and assistance given for people imprisoned in the Concentration Camps, since for persons at every possible contact with the Nazis, red-tape was involved. Furthermore, new heavy tasks arose in 1939 with the outbreak of war, as Eichmann made an attempt to establish a kind of “Super Ghetto” in Poland, between the Sun and Bug rivers, in the Lublin distict.

As the first groups of Jews from Vienna and Prague had reached the little Polish town of Nisko, thought to become the centre of that “Super Ghetto,” Eichmann in a speech explained clearly the need of various kinds of work to be performed because “otherwise it would mean to die.” Indeed, in the Ghettoes, the Judenrat had to take care of various town services, distribution of food, utilities, etc.

The recruitment of working groups to work for the German army or factories seemed a good way for survival. That this recruitment later turned out as the first step for further deportations is tragic but the Judenrat can not be blamed for it. A Judenrat had the need to keep under strict control, in too many instances without success, all the many associates in order to prevent abuses against the weak categories (like aged or sick people, orphans) since they had dangerous contact with the SS, who looked every time for informers.

Clearly, strict secrecy had to be kept on meaning and details of every action aimed to help people to survive; unfortunately the SS had too many well-informed informers. So a Judenrat stood between the hammer of the SS with its harsh orders and the anvil of the fellow inmates with their natural, but in no way realistic, expectations. When denying a request, the Judenrat could not state the real reasons and so these tragic figures are blamed even sixty years later for the sins of the SS.

HOW DID A JUDENRAT HAVE TO FACE THE SS?

At the time of “that darkness,” Jewish leaders could meet only high-ranking SS officers who had only strict margins of power and were themselves spied upon. Furthermore, the encounters were between those who hated and those who were hated, between one who was sitting comfortably in his armchair and one who had to stand for hours receiving foolish orders expressed in a rude way and could not make any objection. It should be noted that any encounter a Judenrat had with the SS Commander could turn out to be the last one. Indeed, Gens of Vilna had been shot in the mouth as soon he was about to enter the Commander’s Office, Eppstein of Theresienstadt had been shot in a nearby prison

WHAT KIND OF PROBLEMS DID A JUDENRAT HAVE TO COPE WITH?

With the racist laws, economic and social conditions of Jews got continuously worse, so the need for social and educational services that communities had to grant was increasing. Until 1938, people willing to emigrate had to be advised, while from 1938 on, a proper emigration service had to be set up and assistance given for people imprisoned in the Concentration Camps, since for persons at every possible contact with the Nazis, red-tape was involved. Furthermore, new heavy tasks arose in 1939 with the outbreak of war, as Eichmann made an attempt to establish a kind of “Super Ghetto” in Poland, between the Sun and Bug rivers, in the Lublin distict.

As the first groups of Jews from Vienna and Prague had reached the little Polish town of Nisko, thought to become the centre of that “Super Ghetto,” Eichmann in a speech explained clearly the need of various kinds of work to be performed because “otherwise it would mean to die.” Indeed, in the Ghettoes, the Judenrat had to take care of various town services, distribution of food, utilities, etc.

The recruitment of working groups to work for the German army or factories seemed a good way for survival. That this recruitment later turned out as the first step for further deportations is tragic but the Judenrat can not be blamed for it. A Judenrat had the need to keep under strict control, in too many instances without success, all the many associates in order to prevent abuses against the weak categories (like aged or sick people, orphans) since they had dangerous contact with the SS, who looked every time for informers.

Clearly, strict secrecy had to be kept on meaning and details of every action aimed to help people to survive; unfortunately the SS had too many well-informed informers. So a Judenrat stood between the hammer of the SS with its harsh orders and the anvil of the fellow inmates with their natural, but in no way realistic, expectations. When denying a request, the Judenrat could not state the real reasons and so these tragic figures are blamed even sixty years later for the sins of the SS.

HOW DID A JUDENRAT HAVE TO FACE THE SS?

At the time of “that darkness,” Jewish leaders could meet only high-ranking SS officers who had only strict margins of power and were themselves spied upon. Furthermore, the encounters were between those who hated and those who were hated, between one who was sitting comfortably in his armchair and one who had to stand for hours receiving foolish orders expressed in a rude way and could not make any objection. It should be noted that any encounter a Judenrat had with the SS Commander could turn out to be the last one. Indeed, Gens of Vilna had been shot in the mouth as soon he was about to enter the Commander’s Office, Eppstein of Theresienstadt had been shot in a nearby prison suddenly after having been put under arrest, etc.

Any request for allowance of conditions, for exemption from deportation transport, etc. had to be submitted in a way that an SS could understand. And in the event, the allowance or the exemption had not been granted for reasons never stated and which today can only be conjectured. Fellow inmates, followed years later by so-called historians, of course blame the Judenrat as not capable or brave enough.

A Judenrat, after having stood for hours before a rude SS officer, certainly could not behave in a polite, gentlemanlike way; the physical stress should be properly considered. In the states allied with Hitler, the Jewish leaders had some possibility of approaching higher ranking figures. In Bulgaria, it was possible to save almost the entire community and in Rumania a large part. In Slovakia, high-ranking officials had been bribed and the deportations had been stopped; a part of the community could survive.

HOW DID THE ACCUSATIONS AGAINST THE JUDENRAT ARISE?

The first to blame the Judenrat had been, already before the liberation, persons who stood safe in London, Jerusalem, New York or Geneva and, as shown by historians like Hilberg or Laqeur, they had been unable to start any useful action to help those who stood in the hell of that darkness. For such persons, the accusations raised by former inmates against the Judenrat, almost all dead as Martyrs, resulted in being very useful in order to divert attention from their failure to start any useful action, just as from their own political bankruptcy in 1938 and 1939.

The accusations raised by former inmates against the Judenrat can be subdivided into four classes:

1. Accusations arising from hysteria and a persecution complex which suddenly resulted in absurdity at hearings by investigating officers or magistrates.

2. Accusations raised by persons who had been prevented by the Judenrat from trafficking in various ways.

3. Accusations raised by persons for the denial of petty, but absurd, favours.

4. Accusations raised, mainly by Communists, for the purpose of political hatred. Indeed in Poland, the Communist government had an interest in blaming the Judenrat and speaking about Jewish accomplices, in order to have the support of anti-Semite nationalists. Besides those who wanted to divert attention from their failures to help or to politically bankrupt, the absurd accusations against the Judenrat turned out to be advantageous for banks, insurance companies, big corporations and many persons who had bought Jewish properties at very bargain prices. Indeed, the few survivors among the Judenrat – Loewenhertz (Wien), Murmelstein (Wien/Theresienstadt), Cohen (Netherlands) – would have been precious for their knowledge about details of the seizures of Jewish properties in order to obtain a prompt restitution, at a time when documents had been still available and survivors would have had so many more opportunities to start again. Some years later, the “revisionist historians” could speak about Jewish accomplices and guilt.

The writer of the present essay is the son of the last survivor among the few Judenrat who reached the liberation alive, and he feels therefore that it is his duty to fight for the reputation of those Martyrs who had left no one who could do this.

End quote from the writing of Wolf Mermelstein

 

 

 

 

 

October 2, 2016

How a 15-year-old girl was saved when gas chamber number 4 malfunctioned at Auschwitz-Birkenau

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 8:33 am

http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/real-life/true-stories/miracle-that-saved-girl-from-auschwitz-gas-chamber/news-story/e43b559c8fbd77709547cc31eccee4f2

On the website cited above, you can read the story of how 15-year-old Yvonne Engelmann was saved when gas chamber number 4 malfunctioned at Auschwitz-Birkenau — AND SHE WAS LEFT NAKED IN THE GAS CHAMBER OVERNIGHT.

Were there other naked girls who were in the gas chamber with her, and were also saved? The news story doesn’t tell us. Maybe the other girls are all dead now, and they didn’t get a book deal.

Gas chamber number 4 building

Gas chamber # 4 building

The building, shown in the old photo above, was blown up by Jewish inmates in a camp rebellion on October 7, 1944.

The photograph of Krema IV was taken in the Summer of 1943,  just after the building became operational as a gas chamber.

The gas chamber in Krema IV, which was disguised as a shower room, was located above ground in the wing of the building which is on the left side of the photo.

Note that the roof line of the gas chamber is lower than the roof of the main part of the building. Zyklon-B poison gas pellets were allegedly thrown into the fake shower room through windows on the outside wall of the gas chamber. [a good example of German engineering]

Crematorium IV was across the road from the beautiful brick building, called “die zentrale Sauna”. [the central sauna] This building was used for disinfecting the clothing and for processing the incoming prisoners, by giving them a shower.  The movie Schindler’s List shows incoming prisoners taking a shower in the central sauna.

Crematorium IV was also near “the little white house,” where gassing operations allegedly took place, starting in June 1942, before the Crematorium IV and Sauna buildings were completed.

In the movie “Schindler’s List,” women prisoners are shown exiting from the shower room in the Sauna building; they see the high brick chimney of Crematorium IV, which is across the road from the Sauna. The gas chambers in Crematorium IV and Crematorium V were above ground, but in the movie, the prisoners are shown going down steps into an underground undressing room.

The following quote from the news article tells Yvonne Engelmann’s story:

Begin quote

“I was 14 and a half when war broke out,” Yvonne tells news.com.au.

“I wasn’t allowed to go to school, I couldn’t walk on the street, I had to wear the yellow Star of David and couldn’t mix with any non-Jewish people. Friends I’d grown up with now totally ignored me, solely because I was born a Jew.

“My father was taken to the police station many times and we never knew if he would come back. One day he returned and his front teeth had been knocked out. We lived in fear constantly — we had no idea what would happen to us in the next hour, let alone in the next day.”

Born in Czechoslovakia to shopkeeper parents, Yvonne was an only child.

“I had the most wonderful childhood that anyone could wish for, but unfortunately it was short-lived.”

In the limbo of uncertainty, things went from bad to worse. Her parent’s shop was taken away and the family was forcibly removed from their home to a cramped Jewish ghetto.

At the approach of her 15th birthday, she and her family were taken from the ghetto — along with hundreds of others — to the railway station where they were piled into dozens of cattle wagons.

“Men, women, children, screaming babies — the journey was too horrific to even describe,” she recalls.

“There was no ventilation, it was hot, an overflowing tin bucket was the only toilet … we were stripped of our humanity.”

After five long, gruelling days, Yvonne and the rest of the human cargo had arrived at their final destination: Auschwitz. The most notorious Nazi death camp in history.

End quote

The news article includes a photo of the entrance into the Auschwitz main camp, not the entrance into the Auswitz-Birkenau camp. My photo below shows the entrance into the Birkenau camp.

Gate into Birkenau camp

My photo of the gate into Birkenau

 

 

September 23, 2016

“If Republicans were doing that, they’d be warming up the gas chamber right now.”

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, Trump — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 10:13 am

The title of my blog post is a quote from a speech made by Donald Trump, Jr. — the son of The Donald.

You can read the full story at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/donald-trump-jr-holocaust_us_57dabc4fe4b0071a6e05aee8

Here is the full quote:

Begin quote

In an interview with Chris Stigall on Talk Radio 1210 WPHT, Donald Trump Jr. made the argument that Republicans would be punished if they lied or schemed in fashions similar to Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton’s campaign. And then he decided to talk about gas chambers.

“The media has been her number one surrogate in this. Without the media, this wouldn’t even be a contest, but the media has built her up,” Trump Jr said. “They’ve let her slide on every indiscrepancy [sic], on every lie, on every DNC game trying to get Bernie Sanders out of this thing. If Republicans were doing that, they’d be warming up the gas chamber right now.”

End quote

Donald Jr. is now claiming that he was referring to a gas chamber like the one in Jefferson City, MO which is no longer being used. I don’t know of any place in America that still uses a gas chamber for an execution.

When someone says “gas chamber” now, everyone assumes that the person is referring to a gas chamber like the one allegedly used at Auschwitz-Birkenau shown in my photo below.

Alleged gas chamber in the Auschwitz main camp

My 2005 photo of the alleged gas chamber in the Auschwitz main camp

 

September 5, 2016

93 year old Holocaust survivor to receive honorary doctorate

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 8:55 am

The following quote is from a news article which you can read in full at http://www.yorkshireeveningpost.co.uk/our-city/north-leeds/chapel-allerton/special-award-for-leeds-auschwitz-survivor-1-8105684

Begin quote

A Leeds pensioner who survived the horrors of the Holocaust and settled in England is to receive an honorary doctorate. Iby Knill, 93. of Chapel Allerton, grew up in Czechoslovakia and escaped to Hungary in 1942 as Nazi persecution of Jews accelerated.

93-year-old Iby Krill

93-year-old Holocaust survivor Iby Krill

As a young woman, she spent time in hiding and helping the local Resistance movement before she was eventually captured and taken to the notorious Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.

Mrs Knill will be given an honorary degree by the University of Huddersfield, where she spoke last year as part of the Holocaust Memorial lecture event. She spent much of her internment working as a slave labourer in an armaments factory, and was liberated by American troops while part of a forced march to Bergen-Belsen when the Nazi retreat began. She later discovered her father had died in the gas chambers, and was reunited with her mother and brother in their home city of Bratislava.

End quote

This is not the first time that Iby Krill has been in the national news. I was reading about her many years ago, and I included her story on my scrapbookpages.com website.

The following quote is from my website:

Begin quote

Iby’s story begins when she was a young girl growing up in her native Czechoslovakia. When the Germans invaded Czechoslovakia in 1938, she escaped over the border into Hungary but was arrested as an illegal immigrant.

“There were five of us, all girls and we made a pact to stay together as we walked through those gates and were greeted by the man we later learned was Dr Josef Mengele,” she says of her arrival at Birkenau. “From that day on it became a test of survival.” Miraculously, she adds, all five of them lived to witness the liberation from the Nazis in 1945.

By 2010, Iby had started writing her story and was seeking a publisher for her manuscript, which is chillingly brutal in its frankness, according to Virginia Mason’s news article.

According to Iby Knill, “The shower unit and the gas chamber looked the same. They had been built that way, so we never knew if we were to be gassed or just showered.”

In her lectures on the Holocaust, Iby describes the infamous Dr Mengele, whose experiments in the name of medical science earned him the nick name, Angel of Death. “We lined up and he would walk in front of us, picking out the weakest. Their fate was the gas chambers.”

She talks of the cramped, inhuman conditions at Birkenau, the incredible hunger and thirst, and worst of all, the scraps of gray, latherless soap made from human ashes, and the constant fear of extermination in the gas chamber.

According to her story, Iby was able to leave the Birkenau death camp only by volunteering to go to the Lippstadt labour camp, a sub-camp of the Buchenwald concentration camp, where she worked in the hospital unit. On Easter Sunday, 1945, while on a death march to the main Buchenwald camp, she was freed by Allied Forces.

End quote from my website

The following quote is also from the news article, cited above:

Begin quote

A fluent German speaker from childhood, she later used her language skills to act as an interpreter for British forces in post-war Germany. She met her husband, British army officer Bert Knill, and in 1947 she came to England as a married woman.

Mrs Knill, who is now a widow and has a Masters degree in theology, did not speak publicly about her past until 2003, and since then has told her story in books and during television appearances. She will take part in an awards ceremony at the university in November, where she will be joined by experts from the fields of engineering, medicine and finance.

End quote

Why do so many Holocaust survivors live to an advanced age. My theory is that a meager diet contributes to living a long life. I am 83 and still going strong. When I was young, my family was very poor; we ate very little meat. Just like the concentration camp inmates, I had a meager diet of vegetables.

August 16, 2016

Donald Trump knows nothing about Holocust gas chambers

Filed under: Holocaust, Trump, Uncategorized — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 10:40 am
Donald Trump pushing a button to turn on the gas

Donald Trump pushing a button to turn on the gas to kill Jews

What a revolting development this is! Bernie Sanders, who is Jewish, is in the gas chamber and Trump is punching the button to gas him to death.

August 14, 2016

The Majdanek camp, as seen by a young Jewish girl

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 9:46 am

You can read here about a tour of the memorial site at the former Majdanek concentration camp, written by a young Jewish girl named Carly Cohen:  http://www.jewishchronicle.org/2016/08/01/leaving-auschwitz/

Carly Cohen on visit to Auschwitz camp

Carly Cohen on a visit to Auschwitz main camp before visiting Majdanek camp

The following quote is from the news article cited above:

Begin quote

One aspect of Majdanek that stood out to me was that there was a town overlooking the camp. People’s balconies looked out to the gas chambers and the barracks in which thousands of people were imprisoned. It is mind-boggling to me how people can wake up, make coffee, and sit on their balconies and welcome in the morning by staring death in the face. I never thought I would experience a place that could prove to be more emotional than Auschwitz. I thought I had experienced the worst of the worst while at Auschwitz-Birkenau, but when I went to Majdanek, I proved myself wrong.

End quote

One of the first places that I visited, when I began touring the sites of the Holocaust, was Majdanek. I was very impressed by the sight of the Majdanek camp, but not for the same reason that this young girl was impressed.

When I began my tour of the camps in Poland in 1998, the first place that I visited was Treblinka.

In sharp contrast to the alleged extermination camp at Treblinka, which is in a wooded area as remote as Ted Kaczynkski’s Montana cabin, the Majdanek concentration camp is situated in a major urban area, four kilometers from the city center of Lublin, and can be easily reached by trolley car.

The location of the Majdanek camp is in an area of rolling terrain and can be seen from all sides; it could not be more public or accessible.

The Majdanek concentration camp is located in an entirely open area with no ten-foot wall around it to hide the activities inside the camp, as at Dachau. There was no security zone established around the Majdanek camp, as at Birkenau, and there is no natural protection, such as a river or a forest, as at Treblinka.

Besides being bounded on the north by a busy main road, the Majdanek camp was bounded on the south by two small villages named Abramowic and Dziesiata.

According to the camp guidebook, Heinrich Himmler ordered the liquidation of the Jews in the Lublin district after the insurrection on October 14, 1943 at Sobibor, one of the Operation Reinhard extermination camps on the Polish-Russian border, in which 300 Jews, led by a Jewish Russian Prisoner of War, escaped into the nearby woods.

At that time, the three largest concentrations of Jews in Eastern Poland were at the camp at Majdanek and at the labor camp at Poniatowa, a tiny Polish village where 18,000 people were held, and at the Polish village of Trawniki where 10,000 Jews were imprisoned in a labor camp.

People driving past the camp, while it was in operation, had a completely unobstructed view, being able to see the tall brick chimney of the crematorium wafting smoke from the top of a slope not far away, and the gas chamber building which is a few yards from a busy street.

Majdakek is also known as Maidenek, which is the German version of the name.

What really impressed me, when I visited the Majdanek memorial site was the huge stone monument at the entrance.

Huge monument at entrance to Majdanek Memorial site

Huge monument at entrance to Majdanek Memorial site

Monument as viewed from inside the camp

Monument as viewed from inside the former Majdanek camp

The population of Lublin has more than tripled since the end of World War II and the former Majdanek concentration camp is now within the city limits, like a municipal park except that it is a ghastly eyesore. There are several modern high-rise apartment buildings overlooking the camp on two sides.

On one side of the camp, is a Roman Catholic cemetery which was there even when the camp was in operation.

On the other side of the street, directly across from the former concentration camp, there is now a Polish military installation since this street is part of the main road into the Ukraine and Russia. During World War II, the street which borders the Majdanek concentration camp was the main route to the eastern front for the German army.

The city of Lublin is near the eastern border of Poland and what is now the Ukraine. Between 1772 and 1918, when Poland had ceased to be an independent country and was divided between Prussia (Germany), Austria and Russia, Lublin was in the Russian sector.

In April 1835, Russian Czar Nicholas I issued a decree which created the Pale of Settlement, a territory where Russian Jews were forced to live until after the Communist Revolution of 1917. Lublin was located within the Pale of Settlement, as was the city of Warsaw.

The census of 1897 counted 4,899,300 Jews who were crowded into the Pale of Settlement, which was like a huge reservation similar to those where the Native Americans were forced to live during the same time period in the western USA.

In 1881, Russia began evicting the Jews from the Pale, which began a mass migration. By 1914, two million Jews had left the Pale and had settled in Germany, Austria, America and other countries.

In 1939, when Poland was again divided between Germany and the Soviet Union, Lublin came under the control of Russia again. This lasted until June 1941 when the Nazis launched an attack on the Communist Soviet Union, the ideological enemy of Fascist Germany.

Lublin, being close to the border of the German-controlled General Government of Poland, was one of the first cities to be conquered by the Germans. The German conquest of the Soviet sector of Poland in the last 6 months of 1941 brought Polish Communists and also millions of Jews, who were the sworn enemies of the Nazis, under the control of the Germans.

In order to avoid having partisans attack them from the rear as they advanced into Russia, the Nazis rounded up those whom they considered their political enemies and confined them in the Majdanek camp, along with the captured Soviet POWs.

But, to get back to the apartment houses, with their balconies overlooking the camp, I did not photograph them because I did not want to invade their privacy. However, my tour guide did point out the balconies, as she told me about the Polish residents watching as the Germans shot thousands of Jews at Majdanek.

The gas chambers at Majdanek are on the other side of the camp, near the highway, where thousands of vehicles were passing by. People could observe the Jews entering the alleged gas chamber building.

The Nazis claimed that the Jews were only taking a shower, not being gassed to death, in this building. The identical building right next to the gas chamber building is closed to tourists. The clothing of the Jews was disinfected in this building, in order to kill the lice that spreads typhus.

 

 

August 10, 2016

Good news! Germany has found more elderly citizens to put on trial

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 9:24 am

 

Stutthof building claimed to be a gas chamber

Stutthof building claimed to have been a homicidal gas chamber

The following quote is from a news article which you can read in full here: http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/216183

Begin quote

German investigators said on Tuesday they have identified eight suspected Nazi war criminals who worked at the former Stutthof concentration camp near Gdansk, Poland, NBC News reported.

End quote

I blogged about the Stutthof camp at https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2013/08/15/survivor-of-the-stutthof-camp-was-not-sent-to-the-gas-chamber-because-she-pinched-her-cheeks-and-stood-tall-in-order-to-look-healthy/

One might ask why a lowly typist at a little-known concentration camp would be put on trial as a war criminal.

The answer is: She was there, so she is guilty because she did nothing to save the Jews. She might claim that she didn’t know that the Jews were being gassed while she was busy typing.  She should have made it her business to find out, and she should have given her own life to save the Jews.

The following quote is also from the news article:

Begin quote

German prosecutors have in recent years have attempted to bring surviving Holocaust perpetrators to justice while there is still time.

End quote

I don’t think the German people should worry about this. There is no reason why dead people cannot be put on trial. Remember that the first three laws of the Jewish religion are Revenge, Revenge, Revenge.

July 16, 2016

Elie Wiesel’s book “Night” is about what happens when “the Nazis get you”

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 8:49 am

ShowImage.ashx.jpg

The title of my blog post today comes from a news article which you can read in full at https://newrepublic.com/minutes/134838/elie-wiesel-boy-lived

The following quote is from the news article, cited above:

Begin quote

Night was first published in English in 1960, and it would take many more years before it became a staple of high school and college courses. (It was chosen for Oprah’s Book Club in 2006.) Sequentially and substantively, it is a kind of sequel to Frank’s diary: It is about what happens when the Nazis get you.

End quote

Why were the Nazis out to get the Jews? It was because of the Jewish propensity to Lie, Steal and Cheat.  Basically, the Nazis were puritans: they loved their mothers, and they did not lie, steal and cheat.

Everything that Elie wrote was a lie. Elie was never in a camp. Elie was in hiding throughout the war. Elie never even met a Nazi. Elie was safe at home in Romania, hiding in his basement.

Elie Wiesel and Oprah at Auschwitz-Birkenau

Elie Wiesel and Oprah at Auschwitz-Birkenau

My photo of the ruins that Elie and Oprah visited

My photo of the ruins shown in the photo of Elie and Oprah at Auschwitz-Birkenau

In January 2006, Oprah Winfrey had chosen “Night”for her book club selection. Shortly after that, she toured the Auschwitz main camp and the Birkenau camp with Elie Wiesel as her guide. The photo above shows Oprah and Elie in Birkenau, standing beside the ruins of Crematorium III, where thousands of Hungarian Jews were allegedly gassed and burned in 1944. Oprah was speechless as Elie Wiesel described the horror of the Holocaust, including the murder of innocent children.

What will be the legacy of Elie Wiesel? Will he go down in history as “Elie the Liar”?

You can read more about Elie Wiesel at http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/reading-elie-wiesel-in-auschwitz/article8860273.ece

 

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