Scrapbookpages Blog

March 30, 2014

Holocaust Denier Fredrick Töben and changes to Racial Discrimination Act in Australia

Filed under: Germany, Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 11:05 am

Under a proposed new law in Australia, Holocaust Denier Fredrick Töben, a citizen of Australia, could not be prosecuted for “Holocaust Denial,” according to a news article, which you can read at

Fredrick Töben has the title “Holocaust Denier” because, many years ago, he went to the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, and actually descended into the Krema II gas chamber, which is 5 feet underground.  What was he thinking!!!

Fredrick Töben descending into the Krema II gas chamber

Fredrick Töben descending into the Krema II gas chamber at Auschwitz-Birkenau

Notice that he is wearing a suit and tie. Töben is obviously trying to be respectful as he descends into the “Holy of Holies,” as the Krema II gas chamber was called by Robert Jan van Pelt.

Fredrick Töben inspects the walls of the Krema II gas chamber

Fredrick Töben inspects a wall inside the Krema II gas chamber

In the photo above, Töben has his hand on a wall inside the Krema II gas chamber, as he points out that there are no blue stains, caused by Zyklon-B gas, inside the Krema II gas chamber.

According to Germar Rudolf, who is an expert on these matters, the walls of a homicidal gas chamber should have heavy blue stains. But what does he know?

The Holocaustians say that it takes more Zyklon-B gas to kill lice than it does to kill humans, so the walls of the homicidal gas chamber should not have heavy blue stains.

Germar Rudolf inside Krema II, taking samples from the wall

Germar Rudolf inside Krema II, taking samples from the wall of the alleged gas chamber

Germar Rudolf inspecting blue stains on the outside wall of a disinfection building

Germar Rudolf inspecting blue stains on the outside wall of a disinfection building at Auschwitz-Birkenau

The photo above shows the OUTSIDE wall of a building at Auschwitz-Birkenau, which was used for disinfecting the clothing of the prisoners. Zyklon-B causes heavy blue stains, but only when it is used to kill lice, according to the Holocaustians.  I blogged about this locked building, which the Auschwitz Museum will not let tourists see, at:

So what does this have to do with anything?

Currently, Fredrick Töben is in the news, as the Australians grapple with the laws of “racial discrimination.”

You can read about it in this news article:

This quote is from the website, cited above:

Attorney General George Brandis and Deputy Opposition Leader Tanya Plibersek have clashed over whether holocaust deniers will benefit from government’s proposed changes to anti-discrimination laws.

Mr Brandis and Ms Plibersek both cited the case of Holocaust denier Frederick Tobin, who was ordered by the Federal Court to remove material from his website in 2008.

Mr Brandis defended the government’s decision to amend section 18C of the Racial Discrimination Act by removing the words, to ‘offend, insult or humiliate’. Under the changes, the term ‘intimidate’ would be retained and a new provision against racial ‘vilification’ will be introduced.

So who is Fredrick Töben?  The following quote is from Wikipedia:

In 1994 he established the Adelaide Institute, which he directed until 2009. Töben and his associates at the Adelaide Institute have denied “being Holocaust deniers” in interviews conducted by Australian media, claiming they cannot deny that which never happened.[12]

On 10 October 2000, the Australian Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission ruled that the Adelaide Institute should remove website material the Commission considered racial hate speech. On 17 September 2002, the Federal Court of Australia affirmed on appeal the application of Australian anti-racial hatred laws against speech on Töben’s website. It did not, however, force Töben to apologise. The ruling in Toben v Jones (2003) 129 FCR 515, was one of the first applications of Australian anti-racial hatred laws to speech against religious groups.[13][14][15]


In 1998 Töben was imprisoned for nine months at Mannheim Prison for breaching Germany’s Holocaust Law, Section 130, that prohibits anyone from “defaming the dead”.[16]


April 22, 2013

An American public school has opened a Holocaust Museum

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 1:40 pm

A U.S. High School in the Bronx has recently opened a Holocaust Museum.  You can read all about it in the online New York Daily News here.

One of the items on display is an empty Zyklon-B can.  Zyklon-B was the poison gas that was used in the homicidal gas chambers at the Nazi death camps. Zyklon-B was also used in the disinfection chambers in all the camps; the clothes of the prisoners were disinfected in order to kill the lice that spreads typhus.  A photo of the empty can, on display in the High School Museum, is shown below.

Empty Zyklon-B can on display in American public school

Empty Zyklon-B can on display in American public school

Do you notice anything about the hole in the top of the can?  This jagged hole was probably not made by a machine supplied by the Degesch company, which shipped the Zyklon-B to the camps.  This means that this can is probably not from Dachau, where the cans were opened by a machine.  It could be an empty can from Auschwitz.

Cans of Zykon-B at the Mauthausen camp

Cans of Zykon-B at the Mauthausen Memorial Site

My photo above was taken at the Mauthausen Memorial Site, which shows a shower room where prisoners were allegedly gassed with Zyklon-B, although the device that was used to put the Zyklon-B into the room was mysteriously removed, and can no longer be seen.

Notice that the can, with the pellets spilling out, has an opening that might have been made by a Degesch machine.   Degesch machines were never used in the homicidal gas chambers; the Zyklon-B pellets were just dumped onto the heads of the prisoners through holes in the roof of the gas chamber.

Degesch machine used to open a can of Zyklon-B and pour the pellets into a basket

Degesch machine used at Dachau to open a can of Zyklon-B and pour the pellets into a basket from which they could be retrieved

What are the Bronx High School students going to learn in their Holocaust Museum?  Will the teacher say:  “Gather around students and you will learn how Zykon-B was used to save lives in the Nazi concentration camps.  Zylon-B was the poison that was used to disinfect the clothing of the prisoners because typhus is spread by lice.”

This quote is from the news article in the online New York Daily News:

The museum cost $1 million to construct and was paid for by donations – many from the school’s alumni, according to principal Valerie Reidy. She said the museum would be used as part of the school’s curriculum to build students’ character and help link history to current events.

“We teach a lot of things other than content,” she said. “We want to make sure our students become leaders who stand up and say, ‘No. I’m not going to let this happen.’”

Stuart Elenko, who taught at the school from 1964 to 1993, started the collection as a way to teach students tolerance, Jill Veyler, the museum’s curator, said.

Sadly, my High School did not have a million dollar Museum with an empty Zyklon-B can on display, so I didn’t learn tolerance.

March 7, 2013

At Auschwitz, seeing is believing — as long as you turn off your mind completely

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 9:39 am

Another day, another Holocaust Educational Trust student trip to Auschwitz in the news.  You can read about the latest trip, headlined “Inside Auschwitz; the heart of darkness” in the Shropshire Star here.

This quote is from the news article:

There is only so much that youngsters from Shropshire can learn about the Nazi plan to wipe out Jews, gypsies, homosexuals and political opponents during the Holocaust from textbooks, teachers and documentaries.

But seeing is truly believing.


The scheme was set up initially just for Jewish pupils by Rabbi Marcus from the Central Synagogue in London. He first took students 14 years ago and has been on every trip since, about 150.

“I felt there was a need to educate people,” he said. “You learn about it in school but here you see it, feeling, breathing, walking.”
You can be told that Jews were gassed, but when you see empty cylinders of poisonous Zyklon B crystals, it makes it real.

Seeing the empty Zyklon-B cans “makes it real” but what does this prove?  The empty cans are proof that Zyklon-B was used for something, but was it used to kill lice or people?  Do these students ever hear the word typhus spoken on their trips to Auschwitz?

The quote from the news article continues with this:

You can be told Jews had their heads shaved, but when you see two tonnes of human hair, that makes it real.

What are the students told about the reason for shaving the heads of the prisoners?  Are they told that this was done to humiliate the Jews, or were their heads shaved to get rid of any lice that might have brought into the camp?  Are the students told that typhus is spread by lice? Is the word typhus ever mentioned?

Continuing the quote from the news article:

Textbooks tell you they were stripped naked and their possessions taken from them, but when you see 80,000 shoes and 40kg of glasses, that makes it real.

And this was just a fraction of the items recovered after Nazis tried to hide their appalling crimes by burning the storage units at the three Auschwitz camps.

Are the students told that the wooden “storage units” at Auschwitz-Birkenau were still burning on January 27, 1945 when Soviet soldiers arrived to liberate the camp, after the Germans had left with some of the prisoners on January 18, 1945?  Who set the fire in the “storage units,” the Nazis or the Soviets?  Do any of the students ever ask WHY the storage units were burned?

Do the students ask any questions at all on their trips to Auschwitz?

A photo of the suitcases on display at Auschwitz is shown, along with the news article. What do the suitcases tell you?  The suitcases are not deteriorating like the hair that is also on display.  Do any of the students notice this and ask what this means?

Taking students on a trip to Auschwitz and withholding important information should be against the law.  Enough already!

December 5, 2012

Yanina Cywinska gets a standing ovation after she tells how she survived the gas chamber at Auschwitz

Filed under: Holocaust, World War II — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 8:18 am

As everyone knows, the lethal gas that was used in the gas chambers of Auschwitz was Zyklon-B, the same gas that was used to disinfect the clothing of the prisoners. But according to Holocaust survivor, Yanina Cywinski, carbon monoxide was originally used at Auschwitz.  Yanina Cywinska was inside the Auschwitz gas chamber, where she watched her father die, before she passed out, but was secretly resuscitated by another prisoner.

If someone survived the gas chamber, it was the policy of the Nazis to allow them to live, never sending them to the gas chamber again.  Thanks to this policy, Yanina is still alive today; she recently gave a talk to students on the Pleasant Valley High School campus in Chico, CA.

Yanina Cywinska, a non-Jew, was sent to Auschwitz, after her family was arrested as Polish Resistance fighters early in World War II.

According to the talk that Yanina gave to students at Pleasant Valley High in November, she was put to work, at the age of 10, dragging bodies out of the gas chamber at Auschwitz. One day, she realized, to her horror, that she was pulling her mother’s body out of the gas chamber.  The Sonderkommandos who dragged the bodies out of the gas chambers were all men, except for Yanina and Greta, another female Sonderkommando who yelled at Yanina to stop whining, which prompted her to continue her grim duties, after the horror of finding her mother’s dead body.

The Sonderkommandos, who worked in the gas chambers, were killed every three months, and replaced by new prisoners.  Strangely, Yanina was not killed along with the others.

This quote is from an article in the online Chico News and Review, which you can read in full here:

Cywinska’s 20-minute speech was the most powerful of the performances. She recounted two harrowing escapes from Nazi execution. Her Polish, non-Jewish family was captured by the Nazis for stockpiling weapons and literally going underground, living in sewers as part of the Polish resistance. Cywinska was separated from her family and forced with other prisoners over five days without food or water to dig an enormous ditch that was to serve as their own mass grave.

She recalled that, while lined up along the ditch, she stepped behind a mother and baby to support them as they stumbled. Her maneuver shielded her from the firing squad’s bullets, allowing her to fall unharmed into the grave. She escaped only to be recaptured and sent to Auschwitz with her family. In the gas chamber she held her father’s hand as he died with the others. She passed out but somehow survived the gas—it was carbon monoxide, not the Zyklon B ordinarily used—and was secretly resuscitated by an inmate.

Her spirit, she said, triumphed after the war, when she went on to fulfill her dreams of becoming an actress and ballerina.

Cywinska’s talk elicited several standing ovations. “I’ve been crying for about an hour now,” exclaimed one woman.

I previously blogged about Yanina Cywinska here.

September 7, 2012

Jews were gassed at Majdanek with the exhaust from captured Soviet tanks. Who knew?

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 5:16 pm

I was startled to read this on the British Mail Online a couple of days ago:

“Victims at Majdanek were forced into gas chambers that were pumped full with the exhaust from captured Soviet tank engines.”

Did the exhaust from the captured Soviet tank engines cause the heavy blue stains that one can still see in the Majdanek gas chambers?  The photo below shows the stains inside one of the Majdanek gas chambers.

Blue stains caused by the use of Zyklon-B in a Majdanek gas chamber

When I visited the Majdanek death camp in 1998, I was told by my private tour guide that these blue stains were caused by Zyklon-B, the gas that was used to kill the Jews.  Was my guide wrong?  Are the blue stains, that are seen in many of the Nazi gas chambers, actually caused by exhaust from tanks? Is that why some of the Nazi gas chambers, for example the gas chambers at Dachau and Mauthausen, have no blue stains?

I also read this on the Mail Online:

The crematoria next door (to the Majdanek gas chamber) still has ash remains of victims in its ovens.

What crematoria (plural) are they talking about?  The Majdanek crematorium building (the only one) is located at the opposite end of the camp from the gas chambers.  There is a small gas chamber, disguised as a shower room, in the crematorium building at Majdanek, but I was told that it used Zyklon-B which was dropped through a hole in the ceiling.  The original crematorium building was burned down, allegedly by the Nazis, and the building was reconstructed by the Soviets.

The photo below shows the reconstructed crematorium building.  In the reconstructed gas chamber in this building, the hole for the Zyklon-B is directly over the floor drain.  The Zyklon-B would have gone down the drain before the victims in the shower room could have been poisoned.

2006 Photo of Crematorium reconstructed by the Soviet Union
Photo Credit: Simon Robertson

The Mail Online news article includes this information:

[Majdanek was] Used for mass killings during Operation Reinhard: the Nazi plan to murder all Polish Jews

Operation Reinhard was the name given to the plan to transport the Jews to three camps: Treblinka, Sobibor and Belzec, which the Nazis claimed were transit camps.  The headquarters of Operation Reinhard was in the city of Lublin, which is where Majdanek is now located.  During World War II, Majdanek was just outside the city limits of Lublin.  The clothing, taken from the Jews, who were sent to the three Operation Reinhard camps, was disinfected with Zyklon-B before being sent to Germany.

Could the rooms at Majdanek, with the heavy blue stains, have been disinfection chambers?  Is that why these rooms were located close to the entrance into the camp, not close to the crematorium which was at the opposite end of the camp?  The building close to the entrance has a shower room that is separate from the alleged gas chambers. A sign in the building, when I visited in 1998, said that the purpose of taking a shower, before going into the gas chamber, was to warm up the body so that the gas could work faster.

Building No. 41 at Majdanek was allegedly a gas chamber

The gas chamber building, shown in the photo above, is located within sight of the street that goes past the Majdanek camp. A sign on the building says “Bad und Desinfektion” (Bath and Disinfection), which the Museum guidebook says was “to lull the vigilance of those condemned to death.”

There are actually two buildings near the entrance to the camp where Zyklon-B was used. Only the building allegedly used for gassing people with Zyklon-B was shown to me by my guide. The other one is barrack Number 42 which was used for delousing clothing with the same Zyklon-B when the camp was in operation. Barrack Number 42 is locked and visitors are not allowed to see it.

The disinfection buildings at Auschwitz, which used Zyklon-B to disinfect the prisoner’s clothing, are also off limits to visitors. I previously blogged about this here.

According to the Mail Online, here is why Majdanek is in the news now:

Authorities in Lublin in eastern Poland want to construct [a new] crematorium near to the Majdanek camp where 80,000 people were put to death during the Second World War

That’s right. There were close to 80,000 deaths, from all causes, at Majdanek.  The exact figure that is now given by the Majdanek Museum is 78,000, including 59,000 Jewish deaths.  The Soviet prosecutors at the Nuremberg IMT alleged that the number of deaths at Majdank was 1.5 million.  I didn’t know, until now, that the deaths at Majdanek were due to gassing with exhaust from Soviet tank engines.  That means that the gassing of the Jews could not have started until enough Soviet tanks had been captured.

January 13, 2012

The murder weapon used at Treblinka — Carbon Monoxide or Zyklon-B gas?

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 9:11 am

The question about the murder weapon used to kill the Jews at the Treblinka death camp came up in a comment on my blog.  Why is this detail important?  Remember Pat Buchanan?  He ruined his chance of ever becoming President of the United States when he wrote, in the New York Post on March 17, 1990:

During the war, the underground government of the Warsaw Ghetto reported to London that the Jews of Treblinka were being electrocuted and steamed to death.

The Israeli court, however, concluded the murder weapon for 850,000 was the diesel engine from a Soviet tank which drove its exhaust into the death chamber. All died in 20 minutes, Finkelstein swore in 1945.

The problem is: Diesel engines do not emit enough carbon monoxide to kill anybody. In 1988, 97 kids, trapped 400 feet underground in a Washington, D.C., tunnel while two locomotives spewed diesel exhaust into the car, emerged unharmed after 45 minutes.

When I visited the Treblinka Memorial site in October 1998, I purchased a small pamphlet from the visitor’s center.  I learned, from this pamphlet, that the first gas chambers at Treblinka used carbon monoxide, but 10 new gas chambers were built and these gas chambers used the poison gas known as Zyklon-B. I learned that Treblinka did not have delousing chambers which used Zyklon-B; all the clothing taken from the prisoners at Treblinka was sent to the Majdanek camp to be disinfected with Zyklon-B before being sent to Germany.

Monument in the location of the gas chambers at the Treblinka death camp

The photo above shows the 26-foot high granite memorial stone, which was designed to resemble a tombstone. It is located approximately on the spot where the gas chambers once stood, according to my tour guide. This view was taken from the front side of the memorial stone, and you can see some of the stones of the symbolic cemetery behind it. The large crack down the middle of the stone is part of the design.  According to the pamphlet which I purchased at the visitor’s center, “The great monument in Treblinka is a homage of the Polish people to those ashes lie under the concrete plates of the symbolic cemetery. It is one of the most tragic monuments of martyrdom in Poland.”     (more…)

October 29, 2011

selections for the gas chamber at the Majdanek death camp

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 11:43 am

Building #41 at Majdanek death camp had 3 gas chambers

Entrance to gas chamber building #41 at Majdanek Photo Credit:

The photo at the top of the page shows a field of gravel with a roller that was used to roll the field smooth.  This field of gravel was called “die Rose Feld” which is German for the Rose Field.  This is where selections were made for the Majdanek gas chamber.

The sign on the building in the second photo above reads “Bad und Desinfektion” which is German for Bath and Disinfection. Building #42 is shown on the far left in the photo above.

At Majdanek, there were a total of four gas chambers, according to the Museum guidebook, which I purchased at the camp in 1998. The guidebook says that the gas chamber, right next to the shower room in the building shown above, was “a makeshift chamber which presumably had begun functioning before the other three were opened.”

The fourth gas chamber, which is disguised as a shower room, is in the reconstructed crematorium at the other end of the Majdanek camp.

Remarkably, Building #41 was used both for showers and disinfection — and for gassing the Jews.  An identical building (#42) next door to Building #41 was used to disinfect the clothing with Zyklon-B, the same poison gas which was used to gas the Jews in Building #41.  Building #42 is off limits to tourists.

At Majdanek, prisoners who were selected to work took a shower after being disinfected in one of the two concrete bath tubs used for that purpose.  Some excellent photos of the undressing room and the shower room in Building #41 can be seen here on this blog.

The prisoners who were selected to be gassed also took a shower and were dipped in the tub of disinfectant before going into the gas chamber. The door into the three gas chambers in Barrack # 41 is located in the shower room. When I visited in 1998, a sign in the shower room said that the prisoners were given a shower before gassing to “quite (sic) them down.” The tour guide explained that the victims were given a hot shower so they would die more quickly in the gas chamber because the Nazis found that the heat of the bodies caused the gas to work faster.

Zyklon-B comes in crystal form, like tiny rocks, and the pellets must be heated before they release the poison gas which kills lice or people. The Majdanek gas chamber building has a heating unit outside the chambers which blew hot air into the chamber to activate the poison gas, so a hot shower, before the victims entered the gas chamber, was not really necessary.

Upon entering Barrack No. 41, the gas chamber building, you first come to the bare, unfurnished undressing room which has narrow wooden boards over the concrete floor. Then you enter the shower room, a large room with rows of exposed water pipes and sprinkler-type shower heads on the ceiling; this room also has a wooden floor over concrete. At one end of the shower room, there are two large concrete bathtubs. My tour guide told me that the prisoners were not allowed to loll in the bathtub, but had to get in and out in a few seconds. The bathtubs were probably filled with disinfectant, as was the case at other camps such as Buchenwald. This shower room was also used by incoming prisoners who were selected to work at Majdanek, which was a labor camp as well as an extermination camp for the Jews.

The first of three gas chamber rooms at Majdanek

There are two doors into this first gas chamber room, which is shown in the photo above. When I toured the gas chambers at Majdanek, neither door had a lock on it and no marks where a lock might have been removed. Each of the doors had a glass peephole which is protected by tiny metal bars to prevent anyone on the outside of the room from breaking the glass. On my visit, I observed that the glass in one of the peepholes had been broken, probably from the inside, and had not yet been replaced.

Door into the first gas chamber in Building #41

On the blueprints for the Majdanek gas chamber building, the gas chambers are called “Entlausungsanlage,” which means “delousing station” in English. The Nazis used Zyklon-B, an insecticide, for gassing the Jews, the same poison they used in the disinfection building, right next door to the gas chamber, to kill body lice on the prisoner clothing in an effort to stop typhus epidemics.

The gas chamber next to the shower is the largest of the three rooms and it has the heaviest blue stains, caused by repeated use of Zyklon-B.

Hole in ceiling of Majdanek gas chamber

There are two holes in the ceiling through which the Zyklon-B pellets could be dropped into the room and openings in the wall through which hot air was blown in, according to the guidebook. The photo above shows one of the holes through which the gas pellets were poured.

October 28, 2011

What tour guides at Auschwitz-Birkenau won’t show you…

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , — furtherglory @ 8:36 am

Gate into section where disinfection buildings are located

The building shown in the photo above is one of the two buildings located on the south side of the Birkenau camp, near the ruins of Crematorium II.  On the far right hand side of the picture is the gate into sections B1a and B1b which are on either side of the road that bisects the entire Birkenau camp, going from this spot all the way to the Mexico section on the north side of the camp. Tour guides pass this gate and walk on to the nearby International Monument which is located between the ruins of Gas Chamber II and Gas Chamber III.

Old photo shows gate into the section of Auschwitz-Birkenau where disinfection chambers were located

Old photo shows gate into the section of Auschwitz-Birkenau where disinfection chambers were located

Two buildings in sections B1a and B1b were used to delouse the prisoners’ clothing with Zyklon-B, the same gas that was used to kill the Jews in the gas chambers. The two buildings are shaped like the letter T and are mirror images of each other. The color photo above shows building BW5b which is located in the B1b section of Birkenau. These buildings are on the left side of the camp as you are standing at the entrance gate into the camp. The east wing of the building in the color photo above was used for delousing.

The second delousing building at Birkenau is BW5a in the B1a section, which is on the other side of the fence on the right in the photo below. The west wing of the BW5a building was used for delousing. Both of these brick buildings also had shower rooms for the prisoners.

Disinfection building at Auschwitz-Birkenau

The photo above shows the blue stains on the east wing of the BW5a building. These stains, called “Prussian Blue,” are the result of heavy use of Zyklon-B.  Both of the disinfection buildings at Birkenau had a chamber that used Zyklon-B and also a hot air apparatus which was used to kill lice. On the blueprint of the building, the disinfection chamber was labeled “Gaskammer,” which is the German word for gas chamber.

The two disinfection buildings at Birkenau were not open to visitors when I visited Birkenau in October 2005; a sign on the door of one of the buildings said “Conservation Works.” I looked through a window of one of the buildings and I could see standing water inside the building.

Sign inside the Gaskammer building at Birkenau

The photo above shows a sign on the wall inside one of the disinfection buildings; it reads “Eine Laus dein Tod,” which means “One louse your death.”

In July 1942, a typhus epidemic got started at Birkenau when lice were brought into the camp by civilian workers. Three hundred inmates were dying each day before it could be brought under control. In November 1942, disinfection began in these two brick buildings in the women’s camp in an attempt to stop the epidemic.

According to Gerald Reitlinger who wrote a book entitled The Final Solution, the head of the concentration camps, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, issued an order on December 28, 1942 which stated: “The death rate in the camps must be reduced at all costs.”

The delousing of the clothing was a continuous operation, according to Franciszek Piper, the former director of the Auschwitz Museum. After the clothing was hung up in the delousing chamber, Zyklon-B pellets were put on the floor and left for a period of 24 hours before the doors were opened. In contrast, the gassing of the Jews took only 20 minutes, according to Piper.

Hot air oven used for delousing clothes

In the Summer of 1943, two small hot air chambers were put in the BW5a disinfection chamber. The photo above, taken in the Central Sauna, shows what the hot air chambers looked like. (Keep this in mind if you ever want to get rid of head lice. Just use a hair dryer to kill the lice.)

On the blueprints of these buildings, the delousing room was called a Gaskammer which means gas chamber in English. In November 2008, some blueprints of the Birkenau disinfection buildings were found in an apartment in Berlin. A close-up of the blueprints is shown in the photo below.

Gaskammer shown on blueprint of disinfection building at Auschwitz-Birkenau

Close-up of delousing building door shows blue stains

So why are the disinfection buildings not shown to tourists at Auschwitz-Birkenau?  Why are these buildings being allowed to rot away with standing water inside?  It could be because these buildings have the power to turn people into Holocaust deniers.  The photo below shows famous Holocaust denier Germar Rudolf taking samples from the southwest wall of building BW5b.  The second photo below shows Germar taking samples from a room in BW5a. He also took samples from Gas Chamber II and found no signs of Zyklon-B use.

Germar Rudolf taking samples from the blue stains on the wall of a disinfection chamber at Birkenau

Heavy blue stains caused by use of Zyklon-B in disinfection chamber at Birkenau

Caution:  Don’t go wandering around the buildings that are off limits at Auschwitz-Birkenau.  You could wind up in prison in Germany for 5 years or more.  Just remember that it takes more Zyklon-B to kill a louse than it does to kill a human, and you’ll be in no danger of going to prison.

October 15, 2011

Eye-witness description of the procedure used in the Auschwitz-Birkenau gas chambers

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , , , — furtherglory @ 10:41 am

There were two survivors of the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp who wrote eye-witness descriptions of how the gassing of the Jews was accomplished.  One of these books was written by Filip Müller, who was a Sonderkommando at Auschwitz. He wrote a book, published in 1979, entitled Eyewitness Auschwitz, Three Years in the Gas Chambers.

Ruins of Krema III gas chamber with SS entrance into the gas chamber in the center

The second survivor who wrote a book describing the gas chambers was Dr. Miklos Nyiszli, a doctor who was working, as a pathologist, with the Sonderkommando squad at Birkenau.  I blogged about his book yesterday, but I am writing about it again because his eye-witness description of the gas chamber deserves more publicity.  He described the gas chamber building that was near the soccer field, which would be Krema III, shown in the photo above.

The description of the operation of the Birkenau gas chambers begins on p. 47 in Chapter VII of Dr. Nyiszli’s book.  He begins with a description of the arrival of a transport train, which he sees from the window of the crematorium building (probably Krema III) where he lives with other members of the Sonderkommando group.  As soon as the train arrives, the men in the furnace room of the crematorium prepare “to welcome the new convoy.”  Enormous ventilators are turned on to fan the flames in the 15 ovens.  Dr. Nyiszli describes the “incineration room as 500 feet long, with a concrete floor and barred windows.”

The incinerators (cremation ovens) at Auschwitz-Birkenau

It only takes 5 or 6 minutes for the victims to arrive at the crematorium after they have been selected to go to the left; they march into the courtyard of Krema III, in groups of five. The entrance to the gas chamber is only 300 yards from the ramp where the selection has been made.

Women directed to the left are destined to be gassed

Victims walking past Krema III in the background

Regarding the march to the gas chamber, Dr. Nyiszli wrote: “For the most part the babies were carried in their fathers’ arms or else wheeled in their carriages.”

Wait a minute!  The fathers carried the babies to the gas chamber?  A man young enough to have a babe in arms was young enough to work.   And baby carriages on the trains to Auschwitz?  In all the Holocaust survivor books that I have ever read, I’ve never heard of that. Nor is it shown in any of the photos that the Nazis took.

Then Dr. Nyiszli mentions “the water faucets, used for sprinkling the grass” in the courtyard of the gas chamber building.  Automatic sprinklers at Birkenau?  I was 11 years old in 1944, and I had no idea that sprinklers had been invented at that time.  In California, everyone has sprinklers on their lawn because it never rains in the Summer, but it rains in Poland, so why were sprinklers needed?

Then Dr. Nyiszli writes:  “They (the victims) began to take pots and pans from their luggage, and broke ranks, pushing and shoving in an effort to get near the faucets and fill their containers.”  NO! NO! NO!  The luggage was left behind.  The victims did not carry their luggage into the gas chamber.  Look at the luggage in the Auschwitz Museum.  You can easily see that the luggage was not subjected to Zyklon-B gas; it is completely undamaged.

Luggage brought by Jews to Auschwitz has not deteriorated

But then, Dr. Nyiszli describes how the SS men “waited patiently till each had quenched his thirst and filled his container” with water from the sprinklers.  The photo below shows a child carrying a pail on the way to the gas chamber.  This appears to me to be a lunch pail for carrying food, not a pail for water.

Children carrying pails to the gas chamber at Birkenau

Finally, the victims “advanced for about 100 yards along a cinder path edged with green grass to an iron ramp, from which 10 to 12 concrete steps led underground to an enormous room dominated by a large sign in German, French, Greek and Hungarian: ‘Baths and Disinfection Room.’”

Sign for showers at Birkenau

Disinfection sign at Birkenau

The two photos above show that there really were Bath and Disinfection signs at Birkenau, but they were in the Sauna, where the prisoners had to take a shower and be disinfected before they were admitted into the camp.

Here is Dr. Nyiszli’s description of the undressing room, probably in Krema III at Birkenau:

The room into which the convoy proceeded was about 200 yards long: its walls were whitewashed and it was brightly lit. In the middle of the room rows of columns. Around the columns, as well as along the walls, benches. Above the benches, numbered coat hangers. [...]  There were 3,000 people in the room: men, women and children.

Ruins of Krema III undressing room

The photo above shows the ruins of the undressing room of Krema III, which according to Dr. Nyiszli held 3,000 people. Note the broken columns in the ruins.

Ruins of the gas chamber in Krema III at Birkenau

Note the columns in the photo of Krema III above; the columns held up the roof of the gas chamber; the roof was three feet above ground.

Dr. Nyiszli wrote that, after 3,000 people had been crowded into the undressing room, “Some of the soldiers arrived and announced that everyone must be completely undressed in ten minutes.”  He wrote that the people in the gas chamber “were struck dumb with surprise.  Modest women and girls looked at each other questioningly.” [...] “The aged, the paralyzed, the mad were helped to undress by a Sonderkommando squad sent for that purpose.”  The Sonderkommando squad was made up of Jewish men, so it was O.K for them to help with the undressing of the victims.

Dr. Nyiszli’s description of the gassing procedure continues with this quote:

Making his way through the crowd (of 3,000 people), an SS opened the swing-doors of the large oaken gate at the end of the (undressing) room.  The crowd flowed through it into another equally well-lighted room.  The second room was the same size as the first, but neither benches or pegs were to be seen.  In the center of the room, at thirty-yard intervals, columns rose from the concrete floor to the ceiling.  They were not supporting columns, but square sheet-iron pipes, the sides of which contained numerous perforations, like a wire lattice.

Notice in the photos above, that the sheet-iron pipes were removed before the Krema III gas chamber was blown up by the Nazis.  The purpose of these pipes was to hold the Zyklon-B gas pellets, so that they would not have to be removed from the floor after the victims were dead.  The Nazis were no fools — they were careful to leave no evidence behind.

Dr. Nyiszli’s description of the gassing continues with this quote:

Everyone was inside. A hoarse command rang out: “SS and Sonderkommando leave the room.”  They obeyed and counted off.  The doors swung shut and from without, the lights were switched off.

At that very instant the sound of a car was heard:  a deluxe model, furnished by the International Red Cross.  An SS officer and a SDG (Sanitatsdienstgefreiter: Deputy Health Service Officer) stepped out of the car. The Deputy Health Officer held four green sheet-iron cannisters.  He advanced across the grass, where, every thirty yards, short concrete pipes jutted up from the ground.  Having donned his gas mask, he lifted the lid of the pipe, which was also made of concrete. He opened one of the cans and poured the contents — a mauve granulated material into the opening.

HOLD IT!  The color of the gas pellets was mauve?  Mauve is sort of a dusty rose color.  I have seen Zyklon-B gas pellets at two different camp memorial sites. The pellets were a very light bluish-green color.  Definitely not mauve!

The gassing procure continues with this quote from Dr. Nyiszli’s book:

Twenty minutes later the electric ventilators were set going in order to evacuate the gas.  The doors opened, the trucks arrived, and a Sonderkommando squad loaded the clothing and the shoes separately. They were going to disinfect them. This time it was a real case of disinfection.  Later they would transport them by rail to various parts of the country.

The ventilators, patented “Exhator” system, quickly evacuated the gas from the room, but in the crannies between the dead and the cracks of the doors, small pockets of it still remained.  Even two hours later it caused a suffocating cough.  For that reason the Sonderkommando group which first moved into the room was equipped with gas masks. Once again the room was powerfully lighted, revealing a horrible spectacle.   [...]

The Sonderkommando squad, outfitted with large rubber boots, lined up around the hill of bodies and flooded it with powerful jets of water.

Dr. Nyiszli wrote that the Sonderkommando squad was killed every four months. (Other sources say that the Sondekommando squad was killed every THREE months.) The first assignment of the new group was to carry the bodies of the previous group to the ovens, so the Sonderkommando men knew that they would only live for four months.  Yet, they carried on, removing the dead Jews from the gas chambers. There were 12 squads killed before the 13th squad decided to blow up the Krema IV gas chambers in a revolt.

Dr. Nyiszli worked with the 14th and last Sonderkommado squad.  Members of the last squad were allowed to live; they were marched out of the camp on January 18, 1945 when the camp was abandoned. Several of them gave testimony about the gas chambers.

October 10, 2011

Saved by the malfunction of the gas chamber

Filed under: Holocaust — Tags: , — furtherglory @ 8:04 am

I always thought that the gas chambers used by the Nazis to kill the Jews at Auschwitz were constructed with a simple fool-proof way of introducing the Zyklon-B gas pellets through holes in the roof.  What could go wrong?  There was no mechanical device that could break down.

Zyklon-B gas pellets were poured through a hole in the ceiling of the Auschwitz gas chamber

Today, I read a very touching account here written by a grandson about his grandfather who was “on line for the gas chamber at Auschwitz” three times, but each time he was miraculously saved at the last minute.

This quote is from the article written by the grandson:

“Incredibly, at that exact moment the mechanism which operated the chamber of death malfunctioned. He and all around him were saved from death.”

Holes on the roof of the Auschwitz gas chamber

Zyklon-B gas pellets were used to gas the Jews


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