This morning I read on a blog that there are only four Nazi gas chambers still in existence in all of Europe. It took me a minute to think of which four gas chambers, to which this blogger might be referring.
It is universally accepted by Holocaust historians that there were six extermination camps where Jews were gassed during the Holocaust: Auschwitz-Birkenau, Majdanek, Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka.
The gas chambers at Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka were destroyed more than 65 years ago and nothing remains of them. Three of the four gas chambers at Birkenau were destroyed by the Nazis in January 1945 and one was destroyed by the prisoners in October 1944.
There were also gas chambers at Mauthausen, Dachau, Sachsenhausen, Ravensbrück and Stutthof. The original gas chambers at Mauthausen, Dachau and Stutthof are still there, as are the gas chambers in Building No. 41 at Majdanek. There are also reconstructed gas chambers at Majdanek and the main Auschwitz camp.
One of the euthanasia gas chambers, the one at Hartheim Castle, was also used to gas concentration camp prisoners from Dachau and Mauthausen. There is a building located about a mile from the Natzweiler camp, which is alleged to have been a gas chamber where 86 Jews from Auschwitz were brought to be killed; you can read about it on another blog post that I wrote.
I have visited and photographed five of the remaining gas chambers in Europe: Auschwitz, Majdanek, Dachau, Mauthausen and Hartheim. I also visited the site of “the little white house” which was used at Birkenau before the four large gas chambers were built. The location of “the little red house,” which was the first gas chamber at Birkenau, is unknown.
You can read all about “the little white house” here.
The floor of the Sachsenhausen gas chamber is shown in the photo above. The gas chamber was disguised as a shower room with one floor drain. In the background, you can see the ruins of the cremation ovens. You can read about the Sachsenhausen gas chamber here.